Numbers
Jump to: Smith'sISBEEaston'sWebster'sConcordanceThesaurusGreekHebrewLibrarySubtopicsTerms
Smith's Bible Dictionary
Numbers

the fourth book of the law or Pentateuch. It takes its name in the LXX. and Vulgate (whence our "Numbers") from the double numbering or census of the people, the first of which is given in chs. 1-4, and the second in ch. 28. Contents . --The book may be said to contain generally the history of the Israelites from the time of their leaving Sinai, in the second year after the exodus till their arrival at the borders of the Promised land in the fortieth year of their journeyings It consists of the following principal divisions: 1, The Preparations for the departure from Sinai. (Numbers 1:1; Numbers 10:10)

  1. The journey from Sinai to the borders of Canaan. ch. (Numbers 10:11; Numbers 14:45)
  2. A brief notice of laws and events which transpired during the thirty-seven years wandering in the wilderness. ch. (Numbers 15:1; Numbers 19:22)
  3. The history of the last year, from the second arrival of the Israelites in Kadesh till they reached "the plains of Moab by Jordan near Jericho." ch, (Numbers 20:1; Numbers 36:13) Integrity . --This, like the other books of the Pentateuch, is supposed by many critics to consist of a compilation from two or three or more earlier documents; but the grounds on which this distinction of documents rests are in every respect most unsatisfactory, and it may, in common with the preceding books and Deuteronomy, be regarded as the work of Moses. The book of Numbers is rich in fragments of ancient poetry, some of them of great beauty and all throwing an interesting light on the character of the times in which they were composed. Such, for instance, is the blessing of the high priest. ch. (Numbers 6:24-26) Such too are chants which were the signal for the ark to move when the people journeyed, and for it to rest when they were about to encamp. In ch. 21 we have a passage cited from a book called the "Book of the Wars of Jehovah." This was probably a collection of ballads and songs composed on different occasions by the watch-fires of the camp, and for the most part, though not perhaps exclusively, in commemoration of the victories of the Israelites over their enemies.
Easton's Bible Dictionary
Numbers, Book of

The fourth of the books of the Pentateuch, called in the Hebrew be-midbar, i.e., "in the wilderness." In the LXX. version it is called "Numbers," and this name is now the usual title of the book. It is so called because it contains a record of the numbering of the people in the wilderness of Sinai (1-4), and of their numbering afterwards on the plain of Moab (26).

This book is of special historical interest as furnishing us with details as to the route of the Israelites in the wilderness and their principal encampments. It may be divided into three parts:

1. The numbering of the people at Sinai, and preparations for their resuming their march (1-10:10). The sixth chapter gives an account of the vow of a Nazarite.

2. An account of the journey from Sinai to Moab, the sending out of the spies and the report they brought back, and the murmurings (eight times) of the people at the hardships by the way (10:11-21:20).

3. The transactions in the plain of Moab before crossing the Jordan (21:21-ch. 36).

The period comprehended in the history extends from the second month of the second year after the Exodus to the beginning of the eleventh month of the fortieth year, in all about thirty-eight years and ten months; a dreary period of wanderings, during which that disobedient generation all died in the wilderness. They were fewer in number at the end of their wanderings than when they left the land of Egypt. We see in this history, on the one hand, the unceasing care of the Almighty over his chosen people during their wanderings; and, on the other hand, the murmurings and rebellions by which they offended their heavenly Protector, drew down repeated Marks of his displeasure, and provoked him to say that they should "not enter into his rest" because of their unbelief (Hebrews 3:19).

This, like the other books of the Pentateuch, bears evidence of having been written by Moses.

The expression "the book of the wars of the Lord," occurring in 21:14, has given rise to much discussion. But, after all, "what this book was is uncertain, whether some writing of Israel not now extant, or some writing of the Amorites which contained songs and triumphs of their king Sihon's victories, out of which Moses may cite this testimony, as Paul sometimes does out of heathen poets (Acts 17:28; Titus 1:12)."

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
(n.) pl. of Number. The fourth book of the Pentateuch, containing the census of the Hebrews.
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
NUMBERS, BOOK OF

num'-berz:

I. TITLE AND CONTENTS

1. Title

2. Contents

II. LITERARY STRUCTURE

1. Alleged Grounds of Distribution

2. Objections to Same

(1) Hypothesis Unproved

(2) Written Record Not Impossible

(3) No Book Ever Thus Constructed

(4) Inherent Difficulties of Analysis

(a) The Story of the Spies

(b) Rebellion of Korah

(c) Story of Balaam

III. HISTORICAL CREDIBILITY

1. See ming Chronological Inaccuracies

(1) The Second Passover (Numbers 9:1-5)

(2) The Thirty-seven Years' Chasm

(3) Fortieth Year

2. So-called Statistical Errors

(1) Number of the Fighting Men

(2) Size of the Congregation

(a) Multiplication of People

(b) Exodus in One Day

(c) Support in Wilderness

(d) Room at Mt. Sinai

(e) Slow Conquest of Canaan

(3) Number of the Firstborn

3. Alleged Physical Impossibilities

(1) Duties of the Priests

(2) Assembling of the Congregation

(3) Marching of the Host

(4) Victory over Midian

IV. AUTHORSHIP

1. Against the Mosaic Authorship

(1) Alternating Use of Divine Names

(2) Traces of Late Authorship

2. For the Mosaic Authorship

(1) Certain Passages Have the Appearance of Having Been Written by Moses

(2) Acquaintance on the Part of the Author with Egyptian Manners and Customs

LITERATURE

I. Title and Contents.

1. Title:

Styled in the Hebrew Bible bemidhbar, "in the wilderness," from the 5th word in Numbers 1:1, probably because of recording the fortunes of Israel in the Sinaitic desert. The 4th book of the Pentateuch (or of the Hexateuch, according to criticism) was designated Arithmoi in the Septuagint, and Numeri in the Vulgate, and from this last received its name "Numbers" in the King James Version, in all 3 evidently because of its reporting the 2 censuses which were taken, the one at Sinai at the beginning and the other on the plains of Moab at the close of the wanderings.

2. Contents:

Of the contents the following arrangement will be sufficiently detailed:

(1) Before leaving Sinai, Numbers 1:1-10:10 (a period of 19 days, from the 1st to the 20th of the 2nd month after the exodus), describing:

(a) The numbering and ordering of the people, Numbers 1-4.

(b) The cleansing and blessing of the congregation, Numbers 5; 6.

(c) The princes' offerings and the dedication of the altar, Numbers 7; 8.

(d) The observance of a second Passover, Numbers 9:1-14.

(e) The cloud and the trumpets for the march, Numbers 9:15-10:10.

(2) From Sinai to Kadesh, Numbers 10:11-14:45 (a period of 10 days, from the 20th to the 30th of the 2nd month), narrating:

(a) The departure from Sinai, Numbers 10:11-35.

(b) The events at Taberah and Kibroth-hattaavah, Numbers 11.

(c) The rebellion of Miriam and Aaron, Numbers 12.

(d) The mission of the spies, Numbers 13; 14.

(3) The wanderings in the desert, Numbers 15-19 (a period of 37 years, from the end of the 2nd to the beginning of the 40th year), recording:

(a) Sundry laws and the punishment of a Sabbath breaker, Numbers 15.

(b) The rebellion of Korah, Numbers 16.

(c) The budding of Aaron's rod, Numbers 17.

(d) The duties and revenues of the priests and Levites, Numbers 18.

(e) The water of separation for the unclean, Numbers 19.

(4) From Kadesh to Moab, Numbers 20; 21 (a period of 10 months, from the beginning of the 40th year), reciting:

(a) The story of Balaam, Numbers 22:2-24:25.

(b) The zeal of Phinehas, Numbers 25.

(c) The second census, Numbers 26:1-51.

(d) Directions for dividing the land, Numbers 26:52-27:11.

(e) Appointment of Moses' successor, Numbers 27:12-23.

(f) Concerning offerings and vows, Numbers 28-30.

(g) War with Midian, Numbers 31.

(h) Settlement of Reuben and Gad, Numbers 32.

(i) List of camping stations, Numbers 33:1-49.

(j) Canaan to be cleared of its inhabitants and divided, Numbers 33:50-34:29.

(k) Cities of refuge to be appointed, Numbers 35.

(l) The marriage of heiresses, Numbers 36.

II. Literary Structure.

According to modern criticism, the text of Numbers, like that of the other books of the Pentateuch (or Hexateuch), instead of being regarded as substantially the work of one writer (whatever may have been his sources of information and whoever may have been its first or latest editor), should be distributed-not always in solid blocks of composition, but frequently in fragments, in sentences, clauses or words, so mysteriously put together that they cannot now with certainty be separated-among three writers, J, E and P with another D (at least in one part)-these writers, individuals and not schools (Gunkel), belonging, respectively: J to the 9th century B.C. (circa 830), E to the 8th century B.C. (circa 750), P to the 5th century B.C. (circa 444), and D to the 7th century B.C. (circa 621).

1. Alleged Grounds of Distribution:

The grounds upon which this distribution is made are principally these:

(1) the supposed preferential use of the Divine names, of Yahweh (Yahweh, "Lord") by J, and of Elohim ("God") by E and P-a theory, however, which hopelessly breaks down in its application, as Orr (POT, chapter vii), Eerdmans (St, 33;) and Wiener (EPC, I) have conclusively shown, and as will afterward appear;

(2) distinctions in style of composition, which are not always obvious and which, even if they were, would not necessarily imply diversity of authorship unless every author's writing must be uniform and monotonous, whatever his subject may be; and

(3) perhaps chiefly a preconceived theory of religious development in Israel, according to which the people in pre-Mosaic times were animists, totemists and polytheists; in Mosaic times and after, henotheists or worshippers of one God, while recognizing the existence of other gods; and latterly, in exilic and post-exilic times, monotheists or worshippers of the one living and true God-which theory, in order to vindicate its plausibility, required the reconstruction of Israel's religious documents in the way above described, but which is now rejected by archaeologists (Delitzsch and A. Jeremias) and by theologians (Orr, Baentsch (though accepting the analysis on other grounds) and Konig) as not supported by facts.

2. Objections to Same:

Without denying that the text-analysis of criticism is on the first blush of it both plausible and attractive and has brought to light valuable information relative to Scripture, or without overlooking the fact that it has behind it the names of eminent scholars and is supported by not a few considerations of weight, one may fairly urge against it the following objections.

(1) Hypothesis Unproved.

At the best, theory is an unproved and largely imaginary hypothesis, or series of hypotheses-"hypothesis built on hypothesis" (Orr); and nothing more strikingly reveals this than

(a) the frequency with which in the text-analysis conjecture ("perhaps" and "probably") takes the place of reasoned proof

(b) the arbitrary manner in which the supposed documents are constructed by the critics who, without reason given, and often in violation of their own rules and principles, lift out of J (for instance) every word or clause they consider should belong to E or the Priestly Code (P), and vice versa every word or clause out of E or P that might suggest that the passage should be assigned to J, at the same time explaining the presence of the inconvenient word or clause in a document to which it did not belong by the careless or deliberate action of a redactor; and

(c) the failure even thus to construct the documents successfully, most critics admitting that J and E cannot with confidence be separated from each other-Kuenen himself saying that "the attempt to make out a Jehovistic and an Elohistic writer or school of writers by means of the Divine names has led criticism on a wrong way"; and some even denying that P ever existed as a separate document at all, Eerdmans (St, 33, 82), in particular, maintaining, as the result of elaborate exegesis, that P could not have been constructed in either exilic or post-exilic times "as an introduction to a legal work."

(2) Written Record Not Impossible.

It is impossible to demonstrate that the story of Israel's "wanderings" was not committed to writing by Moses, who certainly was not unacquainted with the art of writing, who had the ability, if any man had, to prepare such a writing, whose interest it was, as the leader of his people, to see that such writing, whether done by himself or by others under his supervision, was accurate, and who besides had been commanded by God to write the journeyings of Israel (Numbers 33:2). To suppose that for 500 years no reliable record of the fortunes of Israel existed, when during these years writing was practiced in Egypt and Babylon; and that what was then fixed in written characters was only the tradition that had floated down for 5 centuries from mouth to mouth, is simply to say that little or no dependence can be placed upon the narrative, that while there may be at the bottom of it some grains of fact, the main body of it is fiction. This conclusion will not be readily admitted.

(3) No Book Ever Thus Constructed.

No reliable evidence exists that any book either ancient or modern was ever constructed as, according to criticism, the Pentateuch, and in particular Numbers, was. Volumes have indeed been composed by two or more authors, acting in concert, but their contributions have never been intermixed as those of J, E, D and P are declared to have been; nor, when joint authorship has been acknowledged on the title-page, has it been possible for readers confidently to assign to each author his own contribution. And yet, modern criticism, dealing with documents more than 2,000 years old and in a language foreign to the critics-which documents, moreover, exist only in manuscripts not older than the 10th century A.D. (Buhl, Canon and Text of the Old Testament, 28), and the text of which has been fixed not infallibly either as to consonant or vowel-claims that it can tell exactly (or nearly so) what parts, whether paragraphs, sentences, clauses or words, were supplied by J, E, P and D respectively. Credat Judaeus Apella!

(4) Inherent Difficulties of Analysis.

The critical theory, besides making of the text of Numbers, as of the other books of the Pentateuch, such a patchwork as is unthinkable in any document with ordinary pretension to historical veracity, is burdened with inherent difficulties which make it hard to credit, as the following examples taken from Numbers, will show.

(a) The Story of the Spies:

Numbers 13 and 14 are thus distributed by Cornill, Driver, Strack and E B:

JE, Numbers 13:17 b-20, 22-24, 26b-31, 32b, 33; 14:3, 4, 8, 9, 11-25, 39-45.

P, Numbers 13:1-17 a, 21, 25, 26a (to Paran), 32a; 14:1, 2 (in the main), 5-7, 10, 26-38 (in the main).

Kautzsch generally agrees; and Hartford-Battersby in HDB professes ability to divide between J and E.

(i) According to this analysis, however, up to the middle of the 5th century B.C., either JE began at Numbers 13:17 b, in which case it wanted both the instruction to search the land and the names of the searchers, both of which were subsequently added from P (assuming it to have been a separate document, which is doubtful); or, if JE contained both the instruction and the names, these were supplanted by 13:1-17a from P. As the former of these alternatives is hardly likely, one naturally asks why the opening verses of JE were removed and those of P substituted? And if they were removed, what has become of them? Does not the occurrence of Yahweh in 13:1-17a, on the critical principles of some, suggest that this section is the missing paragraph of JE?

(ii) If the JE passages furnish a nearly complete narrative (Driver), why should the late compiler or editor have deemed it necessary to insert two whole verses, 13:21 and 25, and two halves, 13:26a and 32a, if not because without these the original JE narrative would have been incomplete? Numbers 13:21 states in general terms that the spies searched the whole land, proceeding as far North as Hamath, after which 13:22 mentions that they entered the country from the South and went up to Hebron and Eshcol, without at all stating an incongruity (Gray) or implying (Driver) that they traveled no farther North-the reason for specifying the visit to Eshcol being the interesting fact that there the extraordinary cluster of grapes was obtained. Numbers 13:25, 26 a relate quite naturally that the spies returned to Kadesh after 40 days and reported what they had found to Moses and Aaron as well as to all the congregation. Without these verses the narrative would have stated neither how long the land had been searched nor whether Moses and Aaron had received any report from their messengers, although 13:26b implies that a report was given to some person or persons unnamed. That Moses and Aaron should not have been named in JE is exceedingly improbable. Numbers 13:32 a is in no way inconsistent with 13:26b-31, which state that the land was flowing with milk and honey. What 13:32a adds is an expression of the exaggerated fears of the spies, whose language could not mean that the land was so barren that they would die of starvation, a statement which would have expressly contradicted 13:27 (JE)-in which case why should it have been inserted?-but that, notwithstanding its fruitfulness, the population was continually being wasted by internecine wars and the incursions of surrounding tribes. The starvation theory, moreover, is not supported by the texts (Leviticus 26:38 Ezekiel 36:13) usually quoted in its behalf.

(iii) To argue (Driver) for two documents because Joshua is not always mentioned along with Caleb is not strikingly convincing; while if Joshua is not included among the spies in JE, that is obviously because the passages containing his name have been assigned beforehand to P. But if Joshua's name did not occur in JE, why would it have been inserted in the story by a post-exilic writer, when even in Deuteronomy 1:36 Joshua is not expressly named as one of the spies, though again the language in Deuteronomy 1:38 tacitly suggests that both Caleb and Joshua were among the searchers of the land, and that any partition of the text which conveys the impression that Joshua was not among the spies is wrong?

(iv) If the text-analysis is as the critics arrange, how comes it that in JE the name Yahweh does not once occur, while all the verses containing it are allocated to P?

(b) Rebellion of Korah:

Numbers 16 and 17 are supposed to be the work of "two, if not three," contributors (Driver, Kautzsch)-the whole story being assigned to P (enlarged by additions about which the text analysts are not unanimous), with the exception of 16:1b, 2a, 12-15, 25, 26, 27b-34, which are given to JE, though variations here also are not unknown.

It is admitted that the JE verses, if read continuously, make out a story of Dathan and Abiram as distinguished from Korah and his company; that the motives of Dathan and Abiram probably differed from those of Korah and his company, and that Dathan and Abiram were swallowed up by an earthquake, while the 250 incense-offerers were destroyed by fire. To conclude from this, however, that three or even two narratives have been intermixed is traveling beyond the premises.

(i) If JE contained more about the conspiracy of the Reubenites, Dathan and Abiram, than has been preserved in the verses assigned to it, what has become of the excised verses, if they are not those ascribed to P; and, if they are not, what evidence exists that P's verses are better than the lost verses of JE? And how comes it that in P the Divine name used throughout, with one exception, 16:22, is Yahweh, while in JE it occurs only 6 t? (ii) If JE contained only the parts assigned to it and nothing more happened than the Reubenite emeute, why should the Korahite rebellion have been added to it 4 centuries later, if that rebellion never happened? (iii) If the Korahite conspiracy did happen, why should it have been omitted in JE, and nothing whispered about it till after the exile? (iv) If the two conspiracies, ecclesiastical (among the princes) and civil (among the laymen), arose contemporaneously, and the conspirators made common cause with one another, in that there was nothing unusual or contrary to experience. (v) If Moses addressed himself now to Korah and again to Dathan and Abiram, why should not the same document say so? (vi) If Dathan and Abiram were engulfed by an earthquake, and the 250 princes were consumed by fire from the tabernacle, even that does not necessitate two documents, since both events might have occurred together. (vii) It is not certain that P (16:35-43) represents Korah as having been consumed by fire, while JE (16:31-33) declares he was swallowed up by the earth. At least P (26:10) distinctly states that Korah was swallowed up by the earth, and that only the 250 were consumed by fire.

Wherefore, in the face of these considerations, it is not too much to say that the evidence for more documents than one in this story is not convincing.

(c) Story of Balaam:

Numbers 22-24 fare more leniently at the hands of analysis, being all left with JE, except 22:1, which is generously handed over to P. Uncertainty, however, exists as to how to partition chapter 22 between J and E. Whether all should be given to E because of the almost uniform use of Elohim rather than of Yahweh, with the exception of 22:22-35a, which are the property of J because of the use of Yahweh (Driver, Kautzsch); or whether some additional verses should not be assigned to J (Cornill, HDB), critics are not agreed. As to Numbers 23 and 24, authorities hesitate whether to give both to J or to E, or chapter 23 to E and chapter 24 to J, or both to a late redactor who had access to the two sources-surely an unsatisfactory demonstration in this case at least of the documentary hypothesis. Comment on the use of the Divine names in this story is reserved till later.

Yet, while declining to accept this hypothesis as proved, it is not contended that the materials in Numbers are always arranged in chronological order, or that the style of composition is throughout the same, or that the book as it stands has never been revised or edited, but is in every jot and tittle the same as when first constructed. In Numbers 7, e.g., the narrative goes back to the 1st day of the 1st month of the 2nd year, and in chapter 9 to the 1st month of the 2nd year, though chapter 1 begins with the 1st day of the 2nd month of the 2nd year. There are also legislative passages interspersed among the historical, and poetical among the prosaic, but diversity of authorship, as already suggested, cannot be inferred from either of these facts unless it is impossible for a writer to be sometimes disorderly in the arrangement of his materials; and for a lawgiver to be also a historian, and for a prose writer occasionally to burst into song. Assertions like these, however, cannot be entertained. Hence, any argument for plurality of documents rounded on them must be set aside. Nor is it a fair conclusion against the literary unity of the book that its contents are varied in substance and form and have been subjected, as is probable, to revision and even to interpolations, provided always these revisions and interpolations have not changed the meaning of the book. Whether, therefore, the Book of Numbers has or has not been compiled from preexisting documents, it cannot be justly maintained that the text-analysis suggested by the critics has been established, or that the literary unity of Numbers has been disproved.

III. Historical Credibility.

Were the narrative in this book written down immediately or soon after the events it records, no reason would exist for challenging its authenticity, unless it could be shown either from the narrative itself or from extraneous sources that the events chronicled were internally improbable, incredible or falsified. Even should it be proved that the text consists of two or more preexisting documents interwoven with one another, this would not necessarily invalidate its truthfulness, if these documents were practically contemporaneous with the incidents they report, and were not combined in such a way as to distort and misrepresent the occurrences they related. If, however, these pre-existing documents were prepared 500 (JE) or 1,000 (P) years after the incidents they narrate, and were merely a fixing in written characters of traditions previously handed down (JE), or of legislation newly invented and largely imaginary (P), it will not be easy to establish their historical validity. The credibility of this portion of the Pentateuch has been assailed on the alleged ground that it contains chronological inaccuracies, statistical errors and physical impossibilities.

1. See ming Chronological Inaccuracies:

(1) The Second Passover (Numbers 9:1-5)

The critical argument is that a contemporary historian would naturally have placed this paragraph before Numbers 1:1. The answer is that possibly he would have done so had his object been to observe strict chronological order, which it manifestly was not (see Numbers 7 and 9), and had he when commencing the book deemed it necessary to state that the Israelites had celebrated a second Passover on the legally appointed day, the 14th of the 1st month of the 2nd year. This, however, he possibly at first assumed would be understood, and only afterward, when giving the reason for the supplementary Passover, realized that in after years readers might erroneously conclude that this was all the Passover that had been kept in the 2nd year. So to obviate any such mistaken inference, he prefixed to his account of the Little Passover, as it is sometimes called, a statement to the effect that the statutory ordinance, the Great Passover, had been observed at the usual time, in the usual way, and that, too, in obedience to the express commandment of Yahweh.

(2) The Thirty-seven Years' Chasm.

Whether Numbers 20:1 be considered the beginning of the 3rd or of the 40th year, in either case a period of 37 years is passed over-in the one case in almost unbroken silence; in the other with scarcely anything of moment recorded save Korah's rebellion and the publication of a few laws concerning offerings to be made when the people reached the land of their habitation. To pronounce the whole book unhistorical because of this long interval of absolute or comparative silence (Bleek) is unreasonable. Most histories on this principle would be cast into the wastebasket. Besides, a historian might have as good reason for passing over as for recording the incidents of any particular period. And this might have been the case with the author of Numbers. From the moment sentence of death was passed upon the old generation at Kadesh, till the hour when the new generation started out for Canaan, he may have counted that Israel had practically ceased to be the people of Yahweh, or at least that their fortunes formed no part of the history of Yahweh's kingdom; and it is noticeable that scarcely had the tribes reassembled at Kadesh in preparation for their onward march than Miriam and Aaron, probably the last of the doomed generation, died. Accordingly, from this point on, the narrative is occupied with the fortunes of the new generation. Whether correct or not, this solution of the 37 years' silence (Kurtz) is preferable to that which suggests (Ewald) that the late compiler, having found it impossible to locate all the traditions he had collected into the closing years of the wanderings, placed the rest of them in the first 2 years, and left the interval a blank-a solution which has not even the merit of being clever and explains nothing. It does not explain why, if the narrator was not writing history, there should have been an interval at all. A romancer would not have missed so splendid an opportunity for exercising his art, would not have left a gap of 37 years unfilled, but like the writers of the apocryphal Gospels would have crowded it with manufactured tales.

On the better theory, not only is the silence explained, but the items inserted are accounted for as well. Though the unbelieving generation had ceased to be the people of Yahweh, Aaron had not yet been sentenced to exclusion from the promised land, He was still one of the representatives of the kingdom of Yahweh, and Korah's rebellion practically struck a blow at that kingdom. As such it was punished, and the story of its breaking out and suppression was recorded, as a matter that vitally concerned the stability of the kingdom. For a like reason, the legislative sections were included in the narrative. They were Yahweh's acts and not the people's. They were statutes and ordinances for the new generation in the new land.

(3) Fortieth Year.

The events recorded as having taken place between the 1st of the 5th month (the date of Aaron's death) and the 1st of the 11th month (the date of Moses' address) are so numerous and important as to render it impossible, it is said, to maintain the credibility of this portion of the narrative. But

(a) it is not certain that all the events in this section were finished before Moses began his oration; neither

(b) is it necessary to hold that they all occurred in succession; while

(c) until the rapidity with which events followed one another is ascertained, it will not be possible to decide whether or not they could all have been begun and finished within the space of 6 months.

2. So-called Statistical Errors:

(1) Number of the Fighting Men.

This, which may be set down roughly at 600,000, has been challenged on two grounds:

(a) that the number is too large, and

(b) that the censuses at Sinai and in Moab are too nearly equal.

The first of these objections will be considered in the following section when treating of the size of the congregation. The second will not appear formidable if it be remembered

(a) that it is neither impossible nor unusual for the population of a country to remain stationary for a long series of years;

(b) that there was a special fitness in Israel's ease that the doomed generation should be replaced by one as nearly as possible equal to that which had perished;

(c) that had the narrative been invented, it is more than likely that the numbers would have been made either exactly equal or more widely divergent; and

(d) that so many variations occurring in the strength of the tribes as numbered at Sinai and again in Moab, while the totals so nearly correspond, constitutes a watermark of truthfulness which should not be overlooked.

(2) Size of the Congregation.

Taking the fighting men at 600,000 and the whole community at 4 1/2 times that number, or about 2 1/2 millions, several difficulties emerge which have led to the suggestion (Eerdmans, Conder, Wiener) that the 600,000 should be reduced (to, say, 6,000), and the entire population to less than 30,000. The following alleged impossibilities are believed to justify this reduction:

(a) that of 70 families increasing to 2 1/2 millions between the descent into, and the departure from, Egypt;

(b) that of 2 1/2 millions being led out of Egypt in one day;

(c) that of obtaining support for so large a multitude with their flocks in the Sinaitic desert;

(d) that of finding room for them either before the Mount at Sinai, or in the limited territory of Palestine; and

(e) that of the long time it took to conquer Palestine if the army was 600,000 strong.

(a) Multiplication of People:

As to the possibility of 70 souls multiplying in the course of 215 years or 7 generations (to take the shorter interval rather than the longer of 430 years) into 2 1/2 millions of persons giving 600,000 fighting men, that need not be regarded as incredible till the rate of increase in each family is exactly known. Allowing to each of Jacob's grandsons who were married (say 51 out of 53), 4 male descendants (Colenso allows 4 1/2), these would in 7 generations-not in 4 (Colenso)-amount to 835, 584, and with surviving fathers and grandfathers added might well reach 900,000, of whom 600,000 might be above 20 years of age. But in point of fact, without definite data about the number of generations, the rates of birth and of mortality in each generation, all calculations are at the best problematical. The most that can be done is to consider whether the narrative mentions any circumstances fitted to explain this large number of fighting men and the great size of the congregation, and then whether the customary objections to the Biblical statement can be satisfactorily set aside.

As for corroborative circumstances, the Bible expressly states that during the years of the oppression the Hebrews were extraordinarily fruitful, and that this was the reason why Pharaoh became alarmed and issued his edict for the destruction of the male children. The fruitfulness of the Hebrews, however, has been challenged (Eerdmans, Verger schichte Israels, 78) on the ground that were the births so numerous as this presupposes, two midwives (Exodus 1:15) would not have sufficed for the necessary offices. But if the two to whom Pharaoh spake were the superintendents of the midwives throughout Goshen, to whom the king would hardly address himself individually, or if they were the two officiating in Hellopolls, the statement in Exodus 1:15 will appear natural enough, and not opposed to the statement in Exodus 1:10 that Pharaoh was alarmed at the multiplication of the Hebrews in his land. And, indeed, if the Hebrews were only 30,000 strong, it is not easy to see why the whole might of Egypt could not have kept them in subjection. Then as to the congregation being 2 1/2 millions if the 2 fighting men were 600,000, that corresponds with the proportion which existed among the Helvetii, who had 92,000 men capable of bearing arms out of a population, including children, old men and women, of 368,000 souls (Caesar, BG, i, 20). This seems to answer the objection (Eerdmans, Vorgeschichte Israels, 78) that the unschooled Oriental is commonly addicted to exaggeration where numbers are concerned.

(b) Exodus in One Day:

The second difficulty would be serious were it necessary to suppose that the Israelites had never heard about their projected journey till the 14th of the 1st month.

Read Complete Article...

Greek
5071. tetrakosioi -- four hundred
... For example, the of these two numbers strongly "" ("total "). ... (tetrakosion) -- 1
Occurrence. 5070, 5071. tetrakosioi. 5072 . Strong's Numbers.
//strongsnumbers.com/greek2/5071.htm - 7k

5036. tachus -- quick, swift
... swift. Of uncertain affinity; fleet, ie (figuratively) prompt or ready -- swift.
(tachus) -- 1 Occurrence. 5035, 5036. tachus. 5037 . Strong's Numbers.
//strongsnumbers.com/greek2/5036.htm - 7k

4912. sunecho -- to hold together, to hold fast, pass. to be ...
... (sunechomenous) -- 1 Occurrence. (sunechontes) -- 1 Occurrence. (sunechousin) --
1 Occurrence. 4911, 4912. sunecho. 4913 . Strong's Numbers.
//strongsnumbers.com/greek2/4912.htm - 7k

4486. rhegnumi -- to break apart, by ext. to throw down
... (rexei) -- 2 Occurrences. (rexon) -- 1 Occurrence. (rexosin) -- 1 Occurrence. (ressei)
-- 1 Occurrence. 4485, 4486. rhegnumi. 4487 . Strong's Numbers.
//strongsnumbers.com/greek2/4486.htm - 7k

450. anistemi -- to raise up, to rise
... (anistamenos) -- 1 Occurrence. (anistasthai) -- 1 Occurrence. (anistatai) --
1 Occurrence. 449, 450. anistemi. 451 . Strong's Numbers.
//strongsnumbers.com/greek2/450.htm - 8k

4921. sunistemi and sunistano -- to commend, establish, stand near ...
... (sunistasthai) -- 1 Occurrence. (sunistemi) -- 1 Occurrence. (sunistesin) -- 3
Occurrences. 4920, 4921. sunistemi and sunistano. 4922 . Strong's Numbers.
//strongsnumbers.com/greek2/4921.htm - 8k

4905. sunerchomai -- to come together, by ext. to accompany
... (sunelthon) -- 2 Occurrences. (sunercheto) -- 1 Occurrence. (sunerchonto) -- 1
Occurrence. 4904, 4905. sunerchomai. 4906 . Strong's Numbers.
//strongsnumbers.com/greek2/4905.htm - 8k

518. apaggello -- to report, announce
... (apengeilen) -- 10 Occurrences. (apengele) -- 1 Occurrence. (apengellon) -- 1
Occurrence. 517, 518. apaggello. 519 . Strong's Numbers.
//strongsnumbers.com/greek2/518.htm - 8k

4625. skandalon -- a stick for bait (of a trap), generally a snare ...
... (skandalon) -- 8 Occurrences. (skandalou) -- 2 Occurrences. (skandalon) -- 1
Occurrence. 4624, 4625. skandalon. 4626 . Strong's Numbers.
//strongsnumbers.com/greek2/4625.htm - 8k

4624. skandalizo -- to put a snare (in the way), hence to cause to ...
... (skandalisthete) -- 1 Occurrence. (skandaliso) -- 1 Occurrence. (skandalisomen) --
1 Occurrence. 4623, 4624. skandalizo. 4625 . Strong's Numbers.
//strongsnumbers.com/greek2/4624.htm - 8k

Strong's Hebrew
6367. Pi Hachiroth -- a place on the E. border of Egypt
... Pi-hahiroth. (In Numbers 14:19 without Pi-.). see HEBREW peh. see HEBREW chowr.
6366, 6367. Pi Hachiroth. 6368 . Strong's Numbers.
/hebrew/6367.htm - 6k

5640. satham -- to stop up, shut up, keep close
... Or satham (Numbers 24:15) {saw-tham'}; a primitive root; to stop up; by implication,
to repair; figuratively, to keep secret -- closed up, hidden, secret, shut ...
/hebrew/5640.htm - 6k

6310. peh -- mouth
... sound, speech, X spoken, talk, tenor, X to, + two-edged, wish, word. see
HEBREW pa'ah. 6309, 6310. peh. 6311 . Strong's Numbers.
/hebrew/6310.htm - 7k

5869. ayin -- an eye
... presence, + regard, resemblance, sight, X thee, X them, + think, X us, well, X
you(-rselves). 5868, 5869. ayin. 5870 . Strong's Numbers.
/hebrew/5869.htm - 7k

5674a. abar -- to pass over, through, or by, pass on
... 5), went away (1), went back (1), went forward (1), went over (1), went through
(3). 5674, 5674a. abar. 5674b . Strong's Numbers.
/hebrew/5674a.htm - 7k

5704. ad -- as far as, even to, up to, until, while
... long (much) as, (so) that, till, toward, until, when, while, (+ as) yet.
see HEBREW ad. 5703, 5704. ad. 5705 . Strong's Numbers.
/hebrew/5704.htm - 7k

5975. amad -- to take one's stand, stand
... make to be at a, with-)stand (by, fast, firm, still, up), (be at a) stay
(up), tarry. 5974, 5975. amad. 5976 . Strong's Numbers.
/hebrew/5975.htm - 7k

5493. sur -- to turn aside
... revolt, X be sour, take (away, off), turn (aside, away, in), withdraw, be without.
5492b, 5493. sur or sur. 5494 . Strong's Numbers.
/hebrew/5493.htm - 7k

5750. od -- a going around, continuance, still, yet, again, beside
... while (having being), (as, because, whether, while) yet (within). see HEBREW
uwd. 5749b, 5750. od or od. 5751 . Strong's Numbers.
/hebrew/5750.htm - 7k

559. amar -- to utter, say
... X suppose, talk, tell, term, X that is, X think, use (speech), utter, X
verily, X yet. 558, 559. amar. 560 . Strong's Numbers.
/hebrew/559.htm - 7k

Library

Numbers
... NUMBERS. ... The Hebrew title of Numbers is either "And he said" or "in the wilderness";
the latter is fairly appropriate"certainly much more so than the Greek.] ...
//christianbookshelf.org/mcfadyen/introduction to the old testament/numbers.htm

Book x. On Numbers
... Book X. On Numbers. In truth, we interpret, however briefly, these numbers
of perfect names. The mystical account of these examples ...
/.../eucherius/the formulae of st eucherius of lyons/book x on numbers.htm

Sixth Tractate. On Numbers.
... THE FIFTH ENNEAD SIXTH TRACTATE. ON NUMBERS. 1. It is suggested that
multiplicity is a falling away from The Unity, infinity being ...
//christianbookshelf.org/plotinus/the six enneads/sixth tractate on numbers.htm

On Numbers. By the Holy Bishop and Martyr Hippolytus, from ...
... Part I."Exegetical. On Numbers. By the Holy Bishop and Martyr Hippolytus,
from Balaam's Blessings. Now, in order that He might ...
/.../the extant works and fragments of hippolytus/on numbers by the holy.htm

Pythagoras' System of Numbers.
... Chapter XVIII."Pythagoras' System of Numbers. ... And from the duad, again, as Pythagoras
states, (are generated) the triad and the succeeding numbers up to ten. ...
/.../the refutation of all heresies/chapter xviii pythagoras system of numbers.htm

Preface to Origen's Homilies on Numbers.
... Preface to Origen's Homilies on Numbers. Addressed to Ursacius. [3445] Written
in 410. [3446]. My dear brother, I might rightly address ...
/.../preface to origens homilies on.htm

Ignorance of Numbers, Too, Prevents us from Understanding Things ...
... Book 2 Chapter 25. Ignorance of numbers, too, prevents us from understanding
things that are set down in� 25. Ignorance of numbers ...
/.../on christian doctrine in four books/chapter 25 ignorance of numbers.htm

The Waters of Life. --Numbers xxi.
... ORIGINAL HYMNS HYMN LVI. The Waters of Life."Numbers xxi. 8.8.8.8.8.8 James
Montgomery. The Waters of Life."Numbers xxi.. Spring up, O well! ...
/.../montgomery/sacred poems and hymns/hymn lvi the waters of.htm

The Science of Numbers not Created, but Only Discovered, by Man.
... Book II. Chapter 38."The Science of Numbers Not Created, But Only Discovered,
by Man. 56. Coming now to the science of number, it ...
/.../on christian doctrine in four books /chapter 38 the science of numbers.htm

Recapitulation of Theologies and Cosmogonies; System of the ...
... Theologies and Cosmogonies; System of the Persians; Of the Babylonians; The Egyptian
Notion of Deity; Their Theology Based on a Theory of Numbers; Their System ...
/.../chapter xliii recapitulation of theologies and.htm

Thesaurus
Numbers (136 Occurrences)
... Easton's Bible Dictionary Numbers, Book of. The ... LXX. version it is called
"Numbers," and this name is now the usual title of the book. ...
/n/numbers.htm - 71k

Kohathites (18 Occurrences)
... Easton's Bible Dictionary The descendants of Kohath. They formed the first of the
three divisions of the Levites (Exodus 6:16, 18; Numbers 3:17). ...
/k/kohathites.htm - 15k

Yearling (48 Occurrences)
...Numbers 6:12 And he shall again consecrate to Jehovah the days of his separation,
and shall bring a yearling lamb for a trespass-offering. ...
/y/yearling.htm - 19k

Spoon (13 Occurrences)
... is kreagra, literally, "fork"): A hollow vessel, a censer; a small vessel in which
incense was to be burnt, as is seen from the account given in Numbers 7 of ...
/s/spoon.htm - 10k

Vows (38 Occurrences)
... They were made under a great variety of circumstances (Genesis 28: 18-22; Leviticus
7:16; Numbers 30:2-13; Deuteronomy 23:18; Judges 11:30, 39; 1 Samuel 1:11 ...
/v/vows.htm - 19k

Kohath (30 Occurrences)
... ko'-hath, ko'-hath-its (qehath, qohathi; Kaath): Second son of Levi, and ancestor
of Moses and Aaron (Genesis 46:11 Exodus 6:16-20 Numbers 3:17 1 Chronicles 6:1 ...
/k/kohath.htm - 18k

Kid (42 Occurrences)
... (KJV WBS YLT). Numbers 7:16 One kid of the goats for a sin offering: (KJV WBS YLT).
Numbers 7:22 One kid of the goats for a sin offering: (KJV WBS YLT). ...
/k/kid.htm - 20k

Sihon (34 Occurrences)
... were smitten with the sword, his walled towns were captured, and the entire country
of the Amorites was taken possession of by the Israelites (Numbers 21:21-30 ...
/s/sihon.htm - 20k

Spice (25 Occurrences)
... Exodus 25:6; Exodus 30:7; Exodus 31:11; Exodus 35:8, 15, 28; 39:38:00; 40:27 (the
King James Version only); Leviticus 4:7; Leviticus 16:12 Numbers 4:16 2 ...
/s/spice.htm - 18k

Spy (27 Occurrences)
...Numbers 10:33 And they journey from the mount of Jehovah a journey of three days;
and the ark of the covenant of Jehovah is journeying before them the journey ...
/s/spy.htm - 16k

Concordance
Numbers (136 Occurrences)

Matthew 3:5
Then large numbers of people went out to him--people from Jerusalem and from all Judaea, and from the whole of the Jordan valley--
(WEY)

Matthew 4:25
And there went after him great numbers from Galilee and Decapolis and Jerusalem and Judaea and from the other side of Jordan.
(BBE)

Matthew 7:13
Go in by the narrow door; for wide is the door and open is the way which goes to destruction, and great numbers go in by it.
(BBE)

Matthew 8:1
And when he had come down from the mountain, great numbers of people came after him.
(BBE)

Matthew 8:11
And I say to you that numbers will come from the east and the west, and will take their seats with Abraham and Isaac and Jacob, in the kingdom of heaven:
(BBE)

Matthew 13:2
And great numbers of people came together to him, so that he got into a boat; and the people took up their position by the sea.
(BBE)

Matthew 15:30
And there came to him great numbers of people having with them those who were broken in body, or blind, or without voice, or wounded, or ill in any way, and a number of others; they put them down at his feet and he made them well:
(BBE)

Matthew 24:10
And numbers of people will be turned from the right way, and will give one another up and have hate for one another.
(BBE)

Mark 1:34
Then He cured numbers of people who were ill with various diseases, and He drove out many demons; not allowing the demons to speak, because they knew who He was.
(WEY)

Mark 2:2
and such numbers of people came together that there was no longer room for them even round the door. He was speaking His Message to them,
(WEY)

Mark 10:1
And he got up, and went into the country of Judaea on the other side of Jordan: and great numbers of people came together to him again; and, as was his way, he gave them teaching.
(BBE)

Luke 1:14
And you will be glad and have great delight; and numbers of people will have joy at his birth.
(BBE)

Luke 1:16
And through him great numbers of the children of Israel will be turned to the Lord their God.
(BBE)

Luke 2:34
And Simeon gave them his blessing and said to Mary, his mother, See, this child will be the cause of the downfall and the lifting up of great numbers of people in Israel, and he will be a sign against which hard words will be said;
(BBE)

Luke 4:42
And when it was day, he came out and went to a waste place; and great numbers of people came looking for him, and they came to him and would have kept him from going away.
(BBE)

Luke 5:15
But news of him went out all the more, in every direction, and great numbers of people came together to give hearing to his words and to be made well from their diseases.
(BBE)

Luke 10:24
For I say to you that numbers of prophets and kings have had a desire to see the things which you see, and have not seen them, and to have knowledge of the things which have come to your ears, and they had it not.
(BBE)

Luke 12:1
At that time, when thousands of the people had come together, in such numbers that they were crushing one another, he said first to his disciples, Have nothing to do with the leaven of the Pharisees, which is deceit.
(BBE)

Luke 15:17
But when he came to his senses, he said, What numbers of my father's servants have bread enough, and more, while I am near to death here through need of food!
(BBE)

John 3:26
they came to John and reported to him, "Rabbi, he who was with you on the other side of the Jordan and to whom you bore testimony is now baptizing, and great numbers of people are resorting to him."
(WEY)

John 7:31
And numbers of the people had belief in him, and they said, When the Christ comes will he do more signs than this man has done?
(BBE)

John 10:41
Large numbers of people also came to Him. Their report was, "John did not work any miracle, but all that John said about this Teacher was true."
(WEY)

John 11:55
Now the Passover of the Jews was near, and numbers of people went up from the country to Jerusalem to make themselves clean before the Passover.
(BBE)

Acts 5:14
and more and more believers in the Lord joined them, including great numbers both of men and women--
(WEY)

Acts 5:16
And numbers of people came together from the towns round about Jerusalem, with those who were ill and those who were troubled with unclean spirits: and they were all made well.
(BBE)

Acts 9:31
The Church, however, throughout the whole of Judaea, Galilee and Samaria, had peace and was spiritually built up; and grew in numbers, living in the fear of the Lord and receiving encouragement from the Holy Spirit.
(WEY NIV)

Acts 11:24
For he was a good man and full of the Holy Spirit and of faith: and a great number were joined to the Lord.
(See NAS)

Acts 11:26
When he had found him, he brought him to Antioch. It happened, that for a whole year they were gathered together with the assembly, and taught many people. The disciples were first called Christians in Antioch.
(See NAS NIV)

Acts 16:5
So the Churches went on gaining a stronger faith and growing in numbers from day to day.
(WEY RSV NIV)

Acts 19:26
And you see, for it has come to your ears, that not only at Ephesus, but almost all through Asia, this Paul has been teaching numbers of people and turning them away, saying that those are not gods who are made by men's hands:
(BBE NIV)

Acts 26:10
And this I did in Jerusalem: and numbers of the saints I put in prison, having had authority given to me from the chief priests, and when they were put to death, I gave my decision against them.
(BBE)

Acts 28:23
So they arranged a day with him and came to him in considerable numbers at the house of the friends who were entertaining him. And then, with solemn earnestness, he explained to them the subject of the Kingdom of God, endeavouring from morning till evening to convince them about Jesus, both from the Law of Moses and from the Prophets.
(WEY BBE NAS RSV NIV)

Romans 5:15
But the free giving of God is not like the wrongdoing of man. For if, by the wrongdoing of one man death came to numbers of men, much more did the grace of God, and the free giving by the grace of one man, Jesus Christ, come to men.
(BBE)

Romans 5:19
Because, as numbers of men became sinners through the wrongdoing of one man, even so will great numbers get righteousness through the keeping of the word of God by one man.
(BBE)

Hebrews 6:14
Saying, Be certain that I will give you my blessing, and make your numbers very great.
(BBE)

Hebrews 7:23
And it is true that there have been a great number of those priests, because death does not let them go on for ever;
(See NAS)

Revelation 8:11
The name of the star is 'Wormwood;' and a third part of the waters were turned into wormwood, and vast numbers of the people died from drinking the water, because it had become bitter.
(WEY)

Genesis 17:2
I will make my covenant between me and you, and will multiply you exceedingly."
(See NIV)

Genesis 17:20
As for Ishmael, I have heard you. Behold, I have blessed him, and will make him fruitful, and will multiply him exceedingly. He will become the father of twelve princes, and I will make him a great nation.
(See NIV)

Genesis 26:14
For he had great wealth of flocks and herds and great numbers of servants; so that the Philistines were full of envy.
(BBE)

Genesis 28:3
May God Almighty bless you, and make you fruitful, and multiply you, that you may be a company of peoples,
(See NIV)

Genesis 47:27
And so Israel was living among the Egyptians in the land of Goshen; and they got property there, and became very great in numbers and in wealth.
(BBE)

Genesis 48:4
and said to me,'Behold, I will make you fruitful, and multiply you, and I will make of you a company of peoples, and will give this land to your seed after you for an everlasting possession.'
(See NIV)

Genesis 50:20
As for you, it was in your mind to do me evil, but God has given a happy outcome, the salvation of numbers of people, as you see today.
(BBE)

Exodus 1:7
And the children of Israel were fertile, increasing very greatly in numbers and in power; and the land was full of them.
(BBE)

Exodus 1:10
Let us take care for fear that their numbers may become even greater, and if there is a war, they may be joined with those who are against us, and make an attack on us, and go up out of the land.
(BBE)

Exodus 10:14
And the locusts went up over all the land of Egypt, resting on every part of the land, in very great numbers; such an army of locusts had never been seen before, and never will be again.
(BBE NIV)

Exodus 12:38
And a mixed band of people went with them; and flocks and herds in great numbers.
(BBE)

Exodus 23:30
Little by little I will send them away before you, till your numbers are increased and you take up your heritage in the land.
(BBE)

Exodus 30:12
When thou takest up the sum of the sons of Israel for their numbers, then they have given each an atonement 'for' his soul to Jehovah in their being numbered, and there is no plague among them in their being numbered.
(YLT)

Exodus 38:5
He cast four rings for the four ends of brass grating, to be places for the poles. Numbers
(WEB)

Leviticus 26:9
And I will have pleasure in you and make you fertile and greater in number; and I will keep my agreement with you.
(See NIV)

Leviticus 26:22
I will let loose the beasts of the field among you, and they will take away your children and send destruction on your cattle, so that your numbers will become small and your roads become waste.
(BBE)

Numbers 2:4
and his host, and those that were numbered of them, threescore and fourteen thousand and six hundred;
(See NIV)

Numbers 2:6
and his host, even those that were numbered thereof, fifty and four thousand and four hundred;
(See NIV)

Numbers 2:8
and his host, and those that were numbered thereof, fifty and seven thousand and four hundred;
(See NIV)

Numbers 2:11
and his host, and those that were numbered thereof, forty and six thousand and five hundred;
(See NIV)

Numbers 2:13
and his host, and those that were numbered of them, fifty and nine thousand and three hundred;
(See NIV)

Numbers 2:15
and his host, even those that were numbered of them, forty and five thousand and six hundred and fifty;
(See NIV)

Numbers 2:19
and his host, and those that were numbered of them, forty thousand and five hundred;
(See NIV)

Numbers 2:21
and his host, and those that were numbered of them, thirty and two thousand and two hundred;
(See NIV)

Numbers 2:23
and his host, and those that were numbered of them, thirty and five thousand and four hundred;
(See NIV)

Numbers 2:26
and his host, and those that were numbered of them, threescore and two thousand and seven hundred;
(See NIV)

Numbers 2:28
and his host, and those that were numbered of them, forty and one thousand and five hundred;
(See NIV)

Numbers 2:30
and his host, and those that were numbered of them, fifty and three thousand and four hundred;
(See NIV)

Numbers 21:6
Then the Lord sent poison-snakes among the people; and their bites were a cause of death to numbers of the people of Israel.
(BBE)

Numbers 22:3
And in Moab there was great fear of the people, because their numbers were so great: and the feeling of Moab was bitter against the children of Israel.
(BBE)

Numbers 26:54
To the more thou shalt give the more inheritance, and to the fewer thou shalt give the less inheritance; to each one according to those that were numbered of it shall its inheritance be given.
(See RSV)

Deuteronomy 1:10
The Lord your God has given you increase, and now you are like the stars of heaven in number.
(See NIV)

Deuteronomy 2:10
(In the past the Emim were living there; a great people, equal in numbers to the Anakim and as tall;
(BBE)

Deuteronomy 7:13
and he will love you, and bless you, and multiply you; he will also bless the fruit of your body and the fruit of your ground, your grain and your new wine and your oil, the increase of your livestock and the young of your flock, in the land which he swore to your fathers to give you.
(See NIV)

Deuteronomy 13:17
There shall cleave nothing of the devoted thing to your hand; that Yahweh may turn from the fierceness of his anger, and show you mercy, and have compassion on you, and multiply you, as he has sworn to your fathers;
(See NIV)

Deuteronomy 17:16
Only he shall not multiply horses to himself, nor cause the people to return to Egypt, to the end that he may multiply horses; because Yahweh has said to you, "You shall not go back that way again."
(See NIV)

Deuteronomy 28:62
And you will become a very small band, though your numbers were like the stars of heaven; because you did not give ear to the voice of the Lord your God.
(BBE)

Joshua 10:10
And the Lord made them full of fear before Israel, and they put great numbers of them to death at Gibeon, and went after them by the way going up to Beth-horon, driving them back to Azekah and Makkedah
(BBE)

Judges 11:33
And he made an attack on them from Aroer all the way to Minnith, overrunning twenty towns, as far as Abel-cheramim, and put great numbers to the sword. So the children of Ammon were crushed before the children of Israel.
(BBE)

Judges 16:24
And when the people saw him, they gave praise to their god; for they said, Our god has given into our hands the one who was fighting against us, who made our country waste, and who put great numbers of us to death.
(BBE)

2 Samuel 12:2
The man of wealth had great numbers of flocks and herds;
(BBE)

1 Kings 1:19
And has put to death oxen and fat beasts and sheep in great numbers, and has sent for all the sons of the king, and Abiathar the priest, and Joab, the captain of the army; but he has not sent for Solomon your servant.
(BBE NIV)

1 Kings 1:25
Because today he has gone down and has put to death oxen and fat beasts and sheep in great numbers, and has sent for all the king's sons to come to him, with the captains of the army and Abiathar the priest; and they are feasting before him and crying, Long life to King Adonijah!
(BBE NIV)

1 Chronicles 5:23
And the men of the half-tribe of Manasseh were living in the land: and their numbers were increased till all the land from Bashan to Baal-hermon and Senir and the mountain Hermon was theirs.
(BBE)

1 Chronicles 12:23
These are the numbers of the heads of those who were armed for war, who came to David to Hebron, to turn the kingdom of Saul to him, according to the word of Yahweh.
(WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

1 Chronicles 12:40
And those who were near, as far as Issachar and Zebulun and Naphtali, came with food on asses and camels and mules and oxen, with meal for food and cakes of figs and masses of grapes, and wine and oil and oxen and sheep in great numbers, for there was joy in Israel.
(BBE)

1 Chronicles 22:4
and cedar-trees without number; for the Zidonians and they of Tyre brought cedar-trees in abundance to David.
(See NIV)

1 Chronicles 22:15
Moreover, there are workmen with thee in great numbers, hewers and workers of stone and timber, and all manner of skillful men for every manner of work.
(WBS)

2 Chronicles 2:9
To get trees for me in great numbers, for the house which I am building is to be great and a wonder.
(BBE)

2 Chronicles 14:15
And they made an attack on the tents of the owners of the cattle, and took away great numbers of sheep and camels and went back to Jerusalem.
(BBE NAS)

2 Chronicles 15:9
And he got together all Judah and Benjamin and those of Ephraim and Manasseh and Simeon who were living with them; for numbers of them came to him out of Israel when they saw that the Lord his God was with him.
(BBE RSV NIV)

2 Chronicles 16:8
Were not the Ethiopians and the Lubim a very great army, with war-carriages and horsemen more than might be numbered? but because your faith was in the Lord, he gave them up into your hands.
(See NIV)

2 Chronicles 17:14
And these are the numbers of them according to the house of their fathers: Of Judah, the captains of thousands; Adnah the chief, and with him mighty men of valor three hundred thousand.
(KJV DBY WBS YLT)

2 Chronicles 18:2
And after some years he went down to Samaria to see Ahab. And Ahab made a feast for him and the people who were with him, putting to death great numbers of sheep and oxen; and he got Jehoshaphat to go with him to Ramoth-gilead.
(BBE)

2 Chronicles 26:11
Moreover Uzziah had an army of fighting men, that went out to war by bands, according to the number of their reckoning made by Jeiel the scribe and Maaseiah the officer, under the hand of Hananiah, one of the king's captains.
(See RSV NIV)

2 Chronicles 30:3
For they could not keep it at that time, because the priests had not sanctified themselves in sufficient number, neither had the people gathered themselves together to Jerusalem.
(See NAS)

2 Chronicles 30:5
So they established a decree to make proclamation throughout all Israel, from Beersheba even to Dan, that they should come to keep the Passover to Yahweh, the God of Israel, at Jerusalem: for they had not kept it in great numbers in such sort as it is written.
(WEB JPS ASV BBE NAS RSV NIV)

2 Chronicles 30:24
For Hezekiah king of Judah did give to the assembly for offerings a thousand bullocks and seven thousand sheep; and the princes gave to the assembly a thousand bullocks and ten thousand sheep: and a great number of priests sanctified themselves.
(See JPS RSV)

2 Chronicles 32:5
He took courage, and built up all the wall that was broken down, and raised it up to the towers, and the other wall outside, and strengthened Millo in the city of David, and made weapons and shields in abundance.
(See NIV)

2 Chronicles 32:23
And great numbers came to Jerusalem with offerings for the Lord, and things of great price for Hezekiah, king of Judah: so that he was honoured among all nations from that time.
(BBE)

2 Chronicles 32:29
Moreover he provided him cities, and possessions of flocks and herds in abundance; for God had given him very much substance.
(See NIV)

Esther 4:3
And in every part of the kingdom, wherever the king's word and his order came, there was great sorrow among the Jews, and weeping and crying and going without food; and numbers of them were stretched on the earth covered with dust and haircloth.
(BBE)

Psalms 3:1
<A Psalm. Of David. When he went in flight from Absalom his son.> Lord, how greatly are they increased who make attacks on me! in great numbers they come against me.
(BBE)

Subtopics

Numbers

Related Terms

Kohathites (18 Occurrences)

Yearling (48 Occurrences)

Spoon (13 Occurrences)

Vows (38 Occurrences)

Kohath (30 Occurrences)

Kid (42 Occurrences)

Sihon (34 Occurrences)

Spice (25 Occurrences)

Spy (27 Occurrences)

Kindled (83 Occurrences)

Zelophehad (9 Occurrences)

Armies (361 Occurrences)

Smiteth (156 Occurrences)

Zin (9 Occurrences)

Zeb'ulun (41 Occurrences)

Standard (42 Occurrences)

Assign (22 Occurrences)

Kibroth-hattaavah (5 Occurrences)

Kibrothhattaavah (5 Occurrences)

Sum (34 Occurrences)

Avenger (18 Occurrences)

Kadesh (30 Occurrences)

Soothing (40 Occurrences)

Articles (78 Occurrences)

Sojourneth (27 Occurrences)

Service (317 Occurrences)

Sojourns (18 Occurrences)

Smitten (215 Occurrences)

Skins (27 Occurrences)

Sixty (70 Occurrences)

Asher (43 Occurrences)

Arnon (23 Occurrences)

Zebulun (46 Occurrences)

Smote (281 Occurrences)

Separation (50 Occurrences)

Attend (71 Occurrences)

Surrounding (78 Occurrences)

Vow (49 Occurrences)

Sounded (66 Occurrences)

Quarter (33 Occurrences)

Servile (13 Occurrences)

Shekels (92 Occurrences)

Standeth (111 Occurrences)

Aroma (50 Occurrences)

Zimri (16 Occurrences)

Shekel (37 Occurrences)

Savour (52 Occurrences)

Altogether (56 Occurrences)

Sprinkling (48 Occurrences)

Asses (68 Occurrences)

Scale (38 Occurrences)

Staffs (47 Occurrences)

Sacrificed (112 Occurrences)

Assemble (77 Occurrences)

Spoil (140 Occurrences)

Settled (112 Occurrences)

Vowed (34 Occurrences)

Hormah (9 Occurrences)

Southward (42 Occurrences)

Setteth (116 Occurrences)

Simile (61 Occurrences)

Statute (63 Occurrences)

Screen (26 Occurrences)

Quail (5 Occurrences)

Sojourning (35 Occurrences)

Staves (50 Occurrences)

Swell (9 Occurrences)

Zerah (22 Occurrences)

Sware (90 Occurrences)

Slain (235 Occurrences)

Smite (230 Occurrences)

Swore (109 Occurrences)

Struck (373 Occurrences)

Slew (206 Occurrences)

Several (40 Occurrences)

Smiting (76 Occurrences)

Yonder (15 Occurrences)

Quails (4 Occurrences)

Savor (51 Occurrences)

Links
Bible ConcordanceBible DictionaryBible EncyclopediaTopical BibleBible Thesuarus


Numberless
Top of Page
Top of Page