1 Chronicles 12:40
New International Version
Also, their neighbors from as far away as Issachar, Zebulun and Naphtali came bringing food on donkeys, camels, mules and oxen. There were plentiful supplies of flour, fig cakes, raisin cakes, wine, olive oil, cattle and sheep, for there was joy in Israel.

New Living Translation
And people from as far away as Issachar, Zebulun, and Naphtali brought food on donkeys, camels, mules, and oxen. Vast supplies of flour, fig cakes, clusters of raisins, wine, olive oil, cattle, sheep, and goats were brought to the celebration. There was great joy throughout the land of Israel.

English Standard Version
And also their relatives, from as far as Issachar and Zebulun and Naphtali, came bringing food on donkeys and on camels and on mules and on oxen, abundant provisions of flour, cakes of figs, clusters of raisins, and wine and oil, oxen and sheep, for there was joy in Israel.

Berean Study Bible
And their neighbors from as far away as Issachar, Zebulun, and Naphtali came bringing food on donkeys, camels, mules, and oxen—abundant supplies of flour, fig cakes and raisin cakes, wine and oil, oxen and sheep. Indeed, there was joy in Israel.

New American Standard Bible
Moreover those who were near to them, even as far as Issachar and Zebulun and Naphtali, brought food on donkeys, camels, mules and on oxen, great quantities of flour cakes, fig cakes and bunches of raisins, wine, oil, oxen and sheep. There was joy indeed in Israel.

King James Bible
Moreover they that were nigh them, even unto Issachar and Zebulun and Naphtali, brought bread on asses, and on camels, and on mules, and on oxen, and meat, meal, cakes of figs, and bunches of raisins, and wine, and oil, and oxen, and sheep abundantly: for there was joy in Israel.

Christian Standard Bible
In addition, their neighbors from as far away as Issachar, Zebulun, and Naphtali came and brought food on donkeys, camels, mules, and oxen--abundant provisions of flour, fig cakes, raisins, wine and oil, herds, and flocks. Indeed, there was joy in Israel.

Contemporary English Version
Other Israelites from as far away as the territories of Issachar, Zebulun, and Naphtali brought cattle and sheep to slaughter for food. They also brought donkeys, camels, mules, and oxen that were loaded down with flour, dried figs and raisins, wine, and olive oil. Everyone in Israel was very happy.

Good News Translation
From as far away as the northern tribes of Issachar, Zebulun, and Naphtali, people came bringing donkeys, camels, mules, and oxen loaded with food--flour, figs, raisins, wine, and olive oil. They also brought cattle and sheep to kill and eat. All this was an expression of the joy that was felt throughout the whole country.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
In addition, their neighbors from as far away as Issachar, Zebulun, and Naphtali came and brought food on donkeys, camels, mules, and oxen--abundant provisions of flour, fig cakes, raisins, wine and oil, oxen, and sheep. Indeed, there was joy in Israel.

International Standard Version
Their neighbors came from as far away as the territories of Issachar, Zebulun, and Naphtali, bringing provisions loaded on donkeys, camels, mules, and oxen. They brought abundant provisions of meal, fig bars, raisins, wine, oil, oxen, and sheep, because there was joy in Israel.

NET Bible
Also their neighbors, from as far away as Issachar, Zebulun, and Naphtali, were bringing food on donkeys, camels, mules, and oxen. There were large supplies of flour, fig cakes, raisins, wine, olive oil, beef, and lamb, for Israel was celebrating.

New Heart English Bible
Moreover those who were near to them, as far as Issachar and Zebulun and Naphtali, brought bread on donkeys, and on camels, and on mules, and on oxen, food of meal, cakes of figs, and clusters of raisins, and wine, and oil, and cattle, and sheep in abundance: for there was joy in Israel.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Also, their neighbors as far as the territories of Issachar, Zebulun, and Naphtali brought food on donkeys, camels, mules, and oxen. There was plenty of flour, fig cakes, raisins, wine, olive oil, cattle, and sheep, because Israel was celebrating.

JPS Tanakh 1917
Moreover they that were nigh unto them, even as far as Issachar and Zebulun and Naphtali, brought bread on asses, and on camels, and on mules, and on oxen, victual of meal, cakes of figs, and clusters of raisins, and wine, and oil, and oxen, and sheep in abundance; for there was joy in Israel.

New American Standard 1977
Moreover those who were near to them, even as far as Issachar and Zebulun and Naphtali, brought food on donkeys, camels, mules, and on oxen, great quantities of flour cakes, fig cakes and bunches of raisins, wine, oil, oxen and sheep. There was joy indeed in Israel.

Jubilee Bible 2000
And likewise, those that were near them, even unto Issachar and Zebulun and Naphtali, brought bread on asses and on camels and on mules and on oxen, and food, meal, cakes of figs, and bunches of raisins, and wine and oil, and oxen, and sheep abundantly; for there was joy in Israel.

King James 2000 Bible
Moreover they that were near them, even from Issachar and Zebulun and Naphtali, brought food on donkeys, and on camels, and on mules, and on oxen, and supplies of meal, cakes of figs, and bunches of raisins, and wine, and oil, and oxen, and sheep abundantly: for there was joy in Israel.

American King James Version
Moreover they that were near them, even to Issachar and Zebulun and Naphtali, brought bread on asses, and on camels, and on mules, and on oxen, and meat, meal, cakes of figs, and bunches of raisins, and wine, and oil, and oxen, and sheep abundantly: for there was joy in Israel.

American Standard Version
Moreover they that were nigh unto them, even as far as Issachar and Zebulun and Naphtali, brought bread on asses, and on camels, and on mules, and on oxen, victuals of meal, cakes of figs, and clusters of raisins, and wine, and oil, and oxen, and sheep in abundance: for there was joy in Israel.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
And their neighbours, as far as Issachar and Zabulon and Nephthali, brought to them upon camels, and asses, and mules, and upon calves, victuals, meal, cakes of figs, raisins, wine, and oil, calves and sheep abundantly: for there was joy in Israel.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Moreover they that were near them even as far as Issachar, and Zabulon, and Nephtali, brought leaves on asses, and on camels, and on mules, and on oxen, to eat: meal, figs, raisins, wine, oil, and oxen, and sheep in abundance, for there was joy in Israel.

Darby Bible Translation
and those too that were near them, as far as Issachar and Zebulun and Naphtali, brought food on asses, and on camels, and on mules, and on oxen; provisions of meal, fig-cakes and raisin-cakes, and wine and oil, and oxen and sheep, abundantly; for there was joy in Israel.

English Revised Version
Moreover they that were nigh unto them, even as far as Issachar and Zebulun and Naphtali, brought bread on asses, and on camels, and on mules, and on oxen, victual of meal, cakes of figs, and clusters of raisins, and wine, and oil, and oxen, and sheep in abundance: for there was joy in Israel:

Webster's Bible Translation
Moreover, they that were nigh them, even to Issachar, and Zebulun, and Naphtali, brought bread on asses, and on camels, and on mules, and on oxen, and provision, meal, cakes of figs, and bunches of raisins, and wine, and oil, and oxen, and sheep abundantly: for there was joy in Israel.

World English Bible
Moreover those who were near to them, [even] as far as Issachar and Zebulun and Naphtali, brought bread on donkeys, and on camels, and on mules, and on oxen, food of meal, cakes of figs, and clusters of raisins, and wine, and oil, and cattle, and sheep in abundance: for there was joy in Israel.

Young's Literal Translation
And also those near unto them, unto Issachar, and Zebulun, and Naphtali, are bringing in bread on asses, and on camels, and on mules, and on oxen -- food of fine flour, fig-cakes and grape-cakes, and wine, and oil, and oxen, and sheep, in abundance, for joy is in Israel.
Study Bible
David's Army Grows at Hebron
39They spent three days there eating and drinking with David, for their relatives had provided for them. 40And their neighbors from as far away as Issachar, Zebulun, and Naphtali came bringing food on donkeys, camels, mules, and oxen— abundant supplies of flour, fig cakes and raisin cakes, wine and oil, oxen and sheep. Indeed, there was joy in Israel.
Cross References
1 Samuel 25:18
Abigail hurried and took two hundred loaves of bread, two skins of wine, five butchered sheep, five seahs of roasted grain, a hundred clusters of raisins, and two hundred cakes of figs. She loaded them on donkeys

1 Chronicles 12:39
They spent three days there eating and drinking with David, for their relatives had provided for them.

1 Chronicles 13:1
Then David conferred with all his leaders, the commanders of hundreds and of thousands.

Hosea 3:1
Then the LORD said to me, "Go show love to your wife again, though she is loved by another and is an adulteress. Love her as the LORD loves the Israelites, though they turn to other gods and offer cakes of raisin."

Treasury of Scripture

Moreover they that were near them, even to Issachar and Zebulun and Naphtali, brought bread on asses, and on camels, and on mules, and on oxen, and meat, meal, cakes of figs, and bunches of raisins, and wine, and oil, and oxen, and sheep abundantly: for there was joy in Israel.

2 Samuel 16:1
And when David was a little past the top of the hill, behold, Ziba the servant of Mephibosheth met him, with a couple of asses saddled, and upon them two hundred loaves of bread, and an hundred bunches of raisins, and an hundred of summer fruits, and a bottle of wine.

2 Samuel 17:27-29
And it came to pass, when David was come to Mahanaim, that Shobi the son of Nahash of Rabbah of the children of Ammon, and Machir the son of Ammiel of Lodebar, and Barzillai the Gileadite of Rogelim, …

meat, meal, or victual of meal

1 Samuel 25:18
Then Abigail made haste, and took two hundred loaves, and two bottles of wine, and five sheep ready dressed, and five measures of parched corn, and an hundred clusters of raisins, and two hundred cakes of figs, and laid them on asses.

there was joy

1 Kings 1:40
And all the people came up after him, and the people piped with pipes, and rejoiced with great joy, so that the earth rent with the sound of them.

2 Kings 11:20
And all the people of the land rejoiced, and the city was in quiet: and they slew Athaliah with the sword beside the king's house.

Proverbs 11:10
When it goeth well with the righteous, the city rejoiceth: and when the wicked perish, there is shouting.







Lexicon
And their neighbors
וְגַ֣ם (wə·ḡam)
Article | Adjective - masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 1571: Assemblage, also, even, yea, though, both, and

from as far away as
אֲ֠לֵיהֶם (’ă·lê·hem)
Preposition
Strong's Hebrew 5704: As far as, even to, up to, until, while

Issachar,
יִשָׂשכָ֨ר (yi·śā·š·ḵār)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3485: Issachar -- perhaps 'there is recompense', a son of Jacob and Leah, also a son of Obed-edom

Zebulun,
וּזְבֻל֜וּן (ū·zə·ḇu·lūn)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 2074: Zebulun -- a son of Jacob, also his descendants and their territory

and Naphtali
וְנַפְתָּלִ֗י (wə·nap̄·tā·lî)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 5321: Naphtali -- a son of Jacob, also his descendants and the district settled by them

came bringing
מְבִיאִ֣ים (mə·ḇî·’îm)
Verb - Hifil - Participle - masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 935: To come in, come, go in, go

food
לֶ֡חֶם (le·ḥem)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3899: Food, bread, grain

on donkeys,
בַּחֲמוֹרִ֣ים (ba·ḥă·mō·w·rîm)
Preposition, Article | Noun - masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 2543: A male ass

camels,
וּבַגְּמַלִּ֣ים (ū·ḇag·gə·mal·lîm)
Conjunctive waw, Preposition-b, Article | Noun - masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 1581: A camel

mules,
וּבַפְּרָדִ֣ים ׀ (ū·ḇap·pə·rā·ḏîm)
Conjunctive waw, Preposition-b, Article | Noun - masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 6505: A mule

and oxen—
וּֽבַבָּקָ֡ר (ū·ḇab·bā·qār)
Conjunctive waw, Preposition-b, Article | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1241: Beef cattle, ox, a herd

abundant supplies
מַאֲכָ֡ל (ma·’ă·ḵāl)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 7230: Multitude, abundance, greatness

of flour,
קֶ֠מַח (qe·maḥ)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 7058: Flour, meal

fig cakes
דְּבֵלִ֨ים (də·ḇê·lîm)
Noun - feminine plural
Strong's Hebrew 1690: A lump (of pressed figs), a pressed (fig) cake

and
וְצִמּוּקִ֧ים (wə·ṣim·mū·qîm)
Noun
Strong's Hebrew 1690: A lump (of pressed figs), a pressed (fig) cake

raisin cakes,
וְיַֽיִן־ (wə·ya·yin-)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 6778: A cake of dried grapes

wine
וְשֶׁ֛מֶן (wə·še·men)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3196: Wine, intoxication

and oil,
וּבָקָ֥ר (ū·ḇā·qār)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 8081: Grease, liquid, richness

oxen
וְצֹ֖אן (wə·ṣōn)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1241: Beef cattle, ox, a herd

and sheep.
לָרֹ֑ב (lā·rōḇ)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - common singular
Strong's Hebrew 6629: Small cattle, sheep and goats, flock

Indeed,
כִּ֥י (kî)
Preposition, Article | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3588: A relative conjunction

there was joy
שִׂמְחָ֖ה (śim·ḥāh)
Noun - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 8057: Blithesomeness, glee

in Israel.
בְּיִשְׂרָאֵֽל׃ (bə·yiś·rā·’êl)
Preposition-b | Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3478: Israel -- 'God strives', another name of Jacob and his desc
(40) They that were nigh them.--The tribes bordering on Judah (LXX. ?? ??????????), and even the northern tribes, contributed provisions.

Brought, were bringing.

Asses . . . camels . . . mules . . . oxen, but not horses, were the usual beasts of burden in rocky Canaan.

Meat, meal.--Rather, food of flour.

Bunches.--Rather, cakes of raisins; masses of dried figs and raisins were, and are, a staple article of' food i?? the East (comp. 1Samuel 25:18; Amos 8:11). The simple diction of the narrative, reminding us of Homer's feasts, is a mark of its ancient origin.

1 Chronicles 13-16 form a complete section relating to the transfer of the Ark from Kirjath-jearim to its new sanctuary at Jerusalem. The continuity of the narrative is only suspended by the short parenthetic 1 Chronicles 14. 1 Chronicles 13 is closely parallel to 2Samuel 6:1-11. The introduction, however (1Chronicles 12:1-5), is much fuller than that of Samuel, which is condensed into one brief sentence.

Verse 40. - Moreover, they that were nigh them. The meaning is that not only the "brethren" of Judah and of the nearer neighbourhood of Hebron joined to entertain and to show hospitality to the immense throngs of visitors, but that others did so in ever-widening circles, even as far as the remoter Issachar, Zebulun, and Naphtali. For there was joy in Israel. The joy must have been largely enhanced by the national consciousness of divided rule coming to an end, and of the cloud and frown of the Divine countenance having cleared mercifully away. All now could join to show loyalty and to feel it towards one king, of whom they had reason to believe that he was the chosen of God as of themselves.



12:23-40 When the throne of Christ is set up in a soul, there is, or ought to be, great joy in that soul; and provision is made, not as here, for a few days, but for the whole life, and for eternity. Happy are those who wisely perceive it to be their duty and interest, to submit to the Saviour Jesus Christ, the Son of David; who renounce for his sake all that is not consistent; whose earnest endeavours to do good are directed by the wisdom that God giveth, through acquaintance with his word, experience, and observation. If any man lack this wisdom, let him ask it of God, who giveth to all men liberally, and upbraideth not, and it shall be given him.
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Alphabetical: Also and as away bringing brought bunches cakes came camels cattle donkeys even far fig flour food for from great in indeed Israel Issachar joy Moreover mules Naphtali near neighbors of oil on oxen plentiful quantities raisin raisins sheep supplies their them There those to was were who wine Zebulun

OT History: 1 Chronicles 12:40 Moreover those who were near to them (1 Chron. 1Ch iCh i Ch 1 chr 1chr) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools
1 Chronicles 12:39
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