1In the first year of Darius the Mede
,a I stood up to strengthen and protect him
2Now I will tell you the truth
Prophecies about Persia and Greece
“Three more kings will arise in Persia, and the fourth will be far richer than the others. By the power he gains through his riches, he will stir up everyone against the kingdom of Greece.c
3Then a warrior king will arise; he will rule a vast realm and do whatever he wants.d
4But as soon as he is established, his kingdom will be broken up and divided to the four winds of heaven,e but not to his descendants; it will not be the same kingdom that he ruled, because his kingdom will be uprooted and will go to others besides them.f
Kings of the South and the North
5“The king of the Southg will grow powerful, but one of his commanders will grow more powerful and will rule a kingdom greater than his.
6After some years they will form an alliance, and the daughter of the king of the South will go to the king of the Northh to seal the agreement. She will not retain power, and his strength will not endure. She will be given up, together with her entourage, her father,i and the one who supported her during those times.
7In the place of the king of the South, one from her familyj will rise up, come against the army, and enter the fortress of the king of the North. He will take action against them and triumph.
8He will take even their gods captive to Egypt, with their metal images and their precious articles of silver and gold.k For some years he will stay away from the king of the North,
9who will enter the kingdom of the king of the South and then return to his own land.
10“His sons will mobilize for war and assemble a large number of armed forces. They will advance, sweeping through like a flood,l, m and will again wage war as far as his fortress.
11Infuriated, the king of the South will march out to fight with the king of the North who will raise a large army but they will be handed over to his enemy.
12When the army is carried off, he will become arrogant and cause tens of thousands to fall, but he will not triumph.
13The king of the North will again raise a multitude larger than the first. After some yearsn, o he will advance with a great army and many supplies.
14“In those times many will rise up against the king of the South. Violent ones among your own people will assert themselves to fulfill a vision, but they will fail.
15Then the king of the North will come, build up an assault ramp,p and capture a well-fortified city. The forces of the South will not stand; even their select troops will not be able to resist.
16The king of the North who comes against him will do whatever he wants,q and no one can oppose him. He will establish himself in the beautiful landr, s with total destruction in his hand.
17He will resolvet to come with the force of his whole kingdom and will reach an agreement with him.u He will give him a daughter in marriagev to destroy it,w but she will not stand with him or support him.
18Then he will turn his attention to the coasts and islandsx, y and capture many. But a commander will put an end to his taunting; instead, he will turn his taunts against him.z
19He will turn his attention back to the fortresses of his own land, but he will stumble, fall,aa and be no more.ab
20“In his place one will arise who will send out a tax collectorac for the glory of the kingdom; but within a few days he will be shattered, though not in angerad or in battle.
21“In his place a despisedae person will arise; royal honors will not be given to him, but he will come during a time of peaceaf, ag and seize the kingdom by intrigue.
22A flood of forces will be swept away before him; they will be shattered, as well as the covenant prince.
23After an alliance is made with him, he will act deceitfully. He will rise to power with a small nation.ah
24During a time of peace,ai he will come into the richest parts of the provinceaj and do what his fathers and predecessors never did. He will lavish plunder, loot, and wealth on his followers, and he will make plans against fortified cities, but only for a time.
25“With a large army he will stir up his power and his courage against the king of the South. The king of the South will prepare for battle with an extremely large and powerful army, but he will not succeed, because plots will be made against him.
26Those who eat his provisionsak will destroy him; his army will be swept away, and many will fall slain.
27The two kings, whose hearts are bent on evil, will speak liesal at the same table but to no avail, for still the end will come at the appointed time.am
28The king of the North will return to his land with great wealth, but his heart will be set against the holy covenant;an he will take action, then return to his own land.
29“At the appointed time he will come again to the South, but this timeao will not be like the first.
30Ships of Kittimap, aq will come against him, and being intimidated, he will withdraw. Then he will rage against the holy covenant and take action. On his return, he will favor those who abandon the holy covenant.
31His forces will rise up and desecrate the temple fortress. They will abolish the daily sacrificear and set up the abomination of desolation.as
32With flattery he will corrupt those who act wickedly toward the covenant, but the people who know their God will be strong and take action.at
33Those who are wise among the peopleau will give understanding to many, yet they will die by sword and flame,av and be captured and plundered for a time.
34When defeated, they will be helped by some, but many others will join them insincerely.aw
35Some of the wise will fall so that they may be refined,ax purified, and cleanseday until the time of the end, for it will still come at the appointed time.
36“Then the king will do whatever he wants.az He will exalt and magnify himself above every god,ba and he will say outrageous things against the God of gods.bb He will be successful until the time of wrath is completed,bc because what has been decreed will be accomplished.
37He will not show regard for the godsbd of his fathers, the god longed for by women, or for any other god,be because he will magnify himself above all.
38Instead, he will honor a god of fortresses — a god his fathers did not know — with gold, silver, precious stones, and riches.
39He will deal with the strongest fortresses with the help of a foreign god. He will greatly honor those who acknowledge him,bf making them rulers over many and distributing land as a reward.
40“At the time of the end, the king of the South will engage him in battle, but the king of the North will storm against himbg with chariots, horsemen, and many ships. He will invade countries and sweep through them like a flood.bh
41He will also invade the beautiful land,bi and many will fall. But these will escape from his power: Edom, Moab, and the prominent peoplebj of the Ammonites.bk
42He will extend his power against the countries, and not even the land of Egypt will escape.
43He will get control over the hidden treasures of gold and silver and over all the riches of Egypt. The Libyans and •Cushites will also be in submission.bl, bm
44But reports from the eastbn and the north will terrify him, and he will go out with great fury to annihilate and •completely destroy many.
45He will pitch his royal tents between the sea andbo the beautiful holy mountain,bp but he will meet his end with no one to help him.
a. 11:1 Dn 5:31; 9:1
b. 11:2 Dn 8:26; 10:1,21
c. 11:2 Dn 8:21; 10:20
d. 11:3 Dn 5:19; 8:4; 11:16,36
e. 11:4 Jr 49:36; Ezk 37:9; Dn 7:2; 8:8; Zch 2:6; 6:5; Rv 7:1
f. 11:4 Jr 12:15,17; 18:7
g. 11:5 Dn 11:9,11,14,25,40
h. 11:6 Dn 11:13,15,40
i. 11:6 Some Hb mss, Theod read the child ; Syr, Vg read her children
j. 11:7 Lit from the shoot of her roots
k. 11:8 Is 37:19; 46:1-2; Jr 43:12-13
l. 11:10 Lit advance and overflow and pass through
m. 11:10 Is 8:8; Jr 46:7,8; 51:42; Dn 11:26,40
n. 11:13 Lit At the end of the times
o. 11:13 Dn 4:16; 12:7
p. 11:15 Jr 6:6; Ezk 4:2; 17:17
q. 11:16 Dn 5:19; 11:3,36
r. 11:16 = Israel
s. 11:16 Dn 8:9; 11:41
t. 11:17 2Kg 12:17; Ezk 4:3,7
u. 11:17 = the king of the South
v. 11:17 Lit him the daughter of women
w. 11:17 Perhaps the kingdom
x. 11:18 of the Mediterranean
y. 11:18 Gn 10:5; Is 66:19; Jr 2:10; 31:10; Zph 2:11
z. 11:18 Hs 12:14
aa. 11:19 Ps 27:2; Jr 46:6
ab. 11:19 Jb 20:8; Ps 37:36; Ezk 26:21
ac. 11:20 2Kg 23:35
ad. 11:20 Or not openly
ae. 11:21 Is 53:3
af. 11:21 Or come without warning
ag. 11:21 Dn 8:25; 11:24
ah. 11:23 Or a few people
ai. 11:24 Or Without warning
aj. 11:24 Nm 13:20; Neh 9:25; Ezk 34:14
ak. 11:26 Dn 1:5,8,13,15
al. 11:27 Ps 12:2; Jr 9:3-5; 41:1-3
am. 11:27 Dn 8:19; 11:35,40; Hab 2:3
an. 11:28 Or the Jewish people and religion
ao. 11:29 Lit but the last
ap. 11:30 = the Romans
aq. 11:30 Gn 10:4; Nm 24:24; 1Ch 1:7; Is 23:1,12; Jr 2:10
ar. 11:31 Dn 8:11-13; 12:11
as. 11:31 Dn 9:27; 12:11; Mt 24:15; Mk 13:14
at. 11:32 Mc 5:7-9; Zch 9:13-16; 10:3-6
au. 11:33 Mal 2:7
av. 11:33 Mt 24:9; Jn 16:2; Heb 11:36-38
aw. 11:34 Dn 11:21,32; Mt 7:15; Ac 20:29,30; Rm 16:18
ax. 11:35 Dt 8:16; Pr 17:3; Dn 12:10; Zch 13:9; Mal 3:2-3
ay. 11:35 Dn 12:10
az. 11:36 Dn 5:19; 11:3,16
ba. 11:36 Is 14:13; Dn 5:20; 8:11,25; 2Th 2:4
bb. 11:36 Rv 13:5-6
bc. 11:36 Is 10:25; 26:20; Dn 8:19
bd. 11:37 Or God
be. 11:37 1Co 8:5-6
bf. 11:39 Or those he acknowledges
bg. 11:40 Is 5:28; Jr 4:13
bh. 11:40 Dn 11:10,26; Zch 9:14
bi. 11:41 Is 11:14; Dn 8:9; 11:16
bj. 11:41 Lit the first
bk. 11:41 Jr 48:47; 49:6
bl. 11:43 Lit Cushites at his steps
bm. 11:43 2Ch 12:3; Ezk 30:4; Nah 3:9
bn. 11:44 Rv 16:12
bo. 11:45 Or the seas at
bp. 11:45 Is 11:9; 27:13; 65:25; 66:20; Dn 9:16,20