Daniel 11:22
Parallel Verses
New International Version
Then an overwhelming army will be swept away before him; both it and a prince of the covenant will be destroyed.

New Living Translation
Before him great armies will be swept away, including a covenant prince.

English Standard Version
Armies shall be utterly swept away before him and broken, even the prince of the covenant.

New American Standard Bible
"The overflowing forces will be flooded away before him and shattered, and also the prince of the covenant.

King James Bible
And with the arms of a flood shall they be overflown from before him, and shall be broken; yea, also the prince of the covenant.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
A flood of forces will be swept away before him; they will be shattered, as well as the covenant prince.

International Standard Version
Overwhelming forces will be carried away before him, along with the Commander-in-Chief of the covenant.

NET Bible
Armies will be suddenly swept away in defeat before him; both they and a covenant leader will be destroyed.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
He will overwhelm large forces and defeat them, including the prince of the promise.

Jubilee Bible 2000
And with the arms they shall be overflown of a flood before him and shall be broken; yea, also the prince of the covenant.

King James 2000 Bible
And with the force of a flood shall they be swept away from before him, and shall be broken; yea, also the prince of the covenant.

American King James Version
And with the arms of a flood shall they be overflowed from before him, and shall be broken; yes, also the prince of the covenant.

American Standard Version
And the overwhelming forces shall be overwhelmed from before him, and shall be broken; yea, also the prince of the covenant.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And the arms of the fighter shall be overcome before his face, and shall be broken; yea also the prince of the covenant.

Darby Bible Translation
And the overflowing forces shall be overflowed from before him, and shall be broken: yea, also the prince of the covenant.

English Revised Version
And with the arms of a flood shall they be swept away from before him, and shall be broken; yea, also the prince of the covenant.

Webster's Bible Translation
And with the arms of a flood shall they be overflowed from before him, and shall be broken; yes, also the prince of the covenant.

World English Bible
The overwhelming forces shall be overwhelmed from before him, and shall be broken; yes, also the prince of the covenant.

Young's Literal Translation
And the arms of the flood are overflowed from before him, and are broken; and also the leader of the covenant.
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

11:1-30 The angel shows Daniel the succession of the Persian and Grecian empires. The kings of Egypt and Syria are noticed: Judea was between their dominions, and affected by their contests. From ver. 5-30, is generally considered to relate to the events which came to pass during the continuance of these governments; and from ver. 21, to relate to Antiochus Epiphanes, who was a cruel and violent persecutor of the Jews. See what decaying, perishing things worldly pomp and possessions are, and the power by which they are gotten. God, in his providence, sets up one, and pulls down another, as he pleases. This world is full of wars and fightings, which come from men's lusts. All changes and revolutions of states and kingdoms, and every event, are plainly and perfectly foreseen by God. No word of God shall fall to the ground; but what he has designed, what he has declared, shall infallibly come to pass. While the potsherds of the earth strive with each other, they prevail and are prevailed against, deceive and are deceived; but those who know God will trust in him, and he will enable them to stand their ground, bear their cross, and maintain their conflict.

Pulpit Commentary

Verse 22. - And with the arms of a flood shall they be overflown from before him, and shall be broken; yea, also the prince of the covenant. The rendering of the LXX. is very wide of this, "And the broken arms he shall break from before him." Although this is much shorter than the Massoretic text, yet the contradictory assertion that arms already broken are broken before him is conclusive against accepting the evidence of the Septuagint absolutely. Theodotion agrees with the Massoretic, not with the English versinns, "And the arms of the overflowing shall be overflowed from before him, and be broken, even the leader of the covenant." The Peshitta is widely different, alike from the Massoretic text and that of the Septuagint, ";And their mighty ones of the city he shall carry away, and they shall be broken from before him, even the leader of the covenant." The Vulgate stands in a closer relation with the above than with the Massoretic text or the Greek versions, "The arms (brachia) of one fighting shall be driven out (expugnabuntur) from his face, and shall be broken besides, and (insuper et) the leader of the covenant." The reference here seems to be to the campaign' - if there was a campaign - by which Epiphanes secured possession of the throne of Syria. The prince of the covenant. Who this can be it is impossible to say. The idea supported by Hitzig, Bevan, Behrmann, that Onias III. is referred to, is founded on the utterly unhistorical narrative in 2 Macc. 4. The view of Moses Stuart is that it is some sovereign who had a league of amity with Epiphanes. The reference thus might be to Eumenes or Attalus, who supported the claims of Anthochs. Negeed bereeth may be explanatory of the prenominal suffix in milpanayo, "before him." As Stuart acutely remarks, had the reference in bereeth been to the Divine covenant with the Jews, we should have had habbeereth.

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

And with the arms of a flood shall they be overflown from before him, and shall be broken,.... That is, by the help of the forces of Eumenes and Attalus, which were like an inundation of water, the party that were on the side of Heliodorus the usurper were bore down, crushed, and destroyed; and thereby Antiochus had a peaceable settlement in the kingdom: or, "the arms of a flood shall be overflowed from before him, and be broken" (r); either the arms of Heliodorus, the forces he had got together; or the armies of the Egyptians, which, like an overflowing flood, had used to run over Judea, Coelesyria, Phoenicia, and other places, and carry all before them, now should be overflowed, and bore down themselves; of which see more on Daniel 11:25,

yea, also the prince of the covenant; which some understand of Judas Maccabaeus, as Jerome and Jacchiades; others more probably of Onias the high priest, whom Antiochus deposed in the first year of his reign, and sold the priesthood to Jason his younger brother for four hundred and forty talents of silver; and who also promised to give him one hundred and fifty more for a license to erect a place of exercise for the training up of youth, according to the fashion of the Greeks; which Antiochus greedily embraced, the public treasury being empty through the large tribute paid to the Romans the last twelve years; in the Apocrypha:

"7 But after the death of Seleucus, when Antiochus, called Epiphanes, took the kingdom, Jason the brother of Onias laboured underhand to be high priest, 8 Promising unto the king by intercession three hundred and threescore talents of silver, and of another revenue eighty talents: 9 Beside this, he promised to assign an hundred and fifty more, if he might have licence to set him up a place for exercise, and for the training up of youth in the fashions of the heathen, and to write them of Jerusalem by the name of Antiochians. 34 Wherefore Menelaus, taking Andronicus apart, prayed, him to get Onias into his hands; who being persuaded thereunto, and coming to Onias in deceit, gave him his right hand with oaths; and though he were suspected by him, yet persuaded he him to come forth of the sanctuary: whom forthwith he shut up without regard of justice. 35 For the which cause not only the Jews, but many also of other nations, took great indignation, and were much grieved for the unjust murder of the man.'' (2 Maccabees 4)

Others think Seleucus Philopator his brother is meant, which is not probable, his death being before described; rather Demetrius his nephew, with whom he covenanted to hold the kingdom for him, or through whom the covenant and peace with the Romans was continued so long, he being an hostage at Rome; though others are of opinion that Trypho, a peer of the realm of Egypt, is designed, who was the principal person concerned in a covenant made between Antiochus and Ptolemy Philometor king of Egypt; though it is more likely that Ptolemy himself is the person intended.

(r) "et brachia inundationis inundabantur", Cocceius, Michaelis "brachia inundantia", Piscator.

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

22. shall they be overflown … before him—Antiochus Epiphanes shall invade Egypt with overwhelming forces.

prince of the covenant—Ptolemy Philometer, the son of Cleopatra, Antiochus' sister, who was joined in covenant with him. Ptolemy's guardians, while he was a boy, sought to recover from Epiphanes Coelo-Syria and Palestine, which had been promised by Antiochus the Great as Cleopatra's dowry in marrying Ptolemy Epiphanes. Hence arose the war. Philometer's generals were vanquished, and Pelusium, the key of Egypt, taken by Antiochus, 171 B.C.

Daniel 11:22 Additional Commentaries
Context
Kings of the South and the North
21"In his place a despicable person will arise, on whom the honor of kingship has not been conferred, but he will come in a time of tranquility and seize the kingdom by intrigue. 22"The overflowing forces will be flooded away before him and shattered, and also the prince of the covenant. 23"After an alliance is made with him he will practice deception, and he will go up and gain power with a small force of people.…
Cross References
Isaiah 28:15
You boast, "We have entered into a covenant with death, with the realm of the dead we have made an agreement. When an overwhelming scourge sweeps by, it cannot touch us, for we have made a lie our refuge and falsehood our hiding place."

Daniel 9:26
After the sixty-two 'sevens,' the Anointed One will be put to death and will have nothing. The people of the ruler who will come will destroy the city and the sanctuary. The end will come like a flood: War will continue until the end, and desolations have been decreed.

Daniel 11:10
His sons will prepare for war and assemble a great army, which will sweep on like an irresistible flood and carry the battle as far as his fortress.

Daniel 11:23
After coming to an agreement with him, he will act deceitfully, and with only a few people he will rise to power.
Treasury of Scripture

And with the arms of a flood shall they be overflowed from before him, and shall be broken; yes, also the prince of the covenant.

with.

Daniel 11:10 But his sons shall be stirred up, and shall assemble a multitude …

Daniel 9:26 And after three score and two weeks shall Messiah be cut off, but …

Isaiah 8:7,8 Now therefore, behold, the Lord brings up on them the waters of the …

Amos 8:8 Shall not the land tremble for this, and every one mourn that dwells …

Amos 9:5 And the Lord GOD of hosts is he that touches the land, and it shall …

Nahum 1:8 But with an overrunning flood he will make an utter end of the place …

Revelation 12:15,16 And the serpent cast out of his mouth water as a flood after the …

also.

Daniel 8:10,11,25 And it waxed great, even to the host of heaven; and it cast down …

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