Nahum 1:8
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
but with an overwhelming flood he will make an end of Nineveh; he will pursue his foes into the realm of darkness.

New Living Translation
But he will sweep away his enemies in an overwhelming flood. He will pursue his foes into the darkness of night.

English Standard Version
But with an overflowing flood he will make a complete end of the adversaries, and will pursue his enemies into darkness.

New American Standard Bible
But with an overflowing flood He will make a complete end of its site, And will pursue His enemies into darkness.

King James Bible
But with an overrunning flood he will make an utter end of the place thereof, and darkness shall pursue his enemies.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
But He will completely destroy Nineveh with an overwhelming flood, and He will chase His enemies into darkness.

International Standard Version
But with an overwhelming deluge he will bring utter desolation to Nineveh, and his enemies he will pursue with darkness.

NET Bible
But with an overwhelming flood he will make a complete end of Nineveh; he will drive his enemies into darkness.

New Heart English Bible
But with an overflowing flood, he will make a full end of her place, and will pursue his enemies into darkness.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
He will put an end to Nineveh with a devastating flood. He will pursue his enemies with darkness.

JPS Tanakh 1917
But with an overrunning flood He will make a full end of the place thereof, And darkness shall pursue His enemies.

New American Standard 1977
But with an overflowing flood
            He will make a complete end of its site,
            And will pursue His enemies into darkness.

Jubilee Bible 2000
But with an overrunning flood he will make an utter end of his place, and darkness shall pursue his enemies.

King James 2000 Bible
But with an overrunning flood he will make an utter end of its place, and darkness shall pursue his enemies.

American King James Version
But with an overrunning flood he will make an utter end of the place thereof, and darkness shall pursue his enemies.

American Standard Version
But with an over-running flood he will make a full end of her place, and will pursue his enemies into darkness.

Douay-Rheims Bible
But with a flood that passeth by, he will make an utter end of the place thereof: and darkness shall pursue his enemies.

Darby Bible Translation
But with an overrunning flood he will make a full end of the place thereof, and darkness shall pursue his enemies.

English Revised Version
But with an overrunning flood he will make a full end of the place thereof, and will pursue his enemies into darkness.

Webster's Bible Translation
But with an over-running flood he will make an utter end of the place thereof, and darkness shall pursue his enemies.

World English Bible
But with an overflowing flood, he will make a full end of her place, and will pursue his enemies into darkness.

Young's Literal Translation
And with a flood passing over, An end He maketh of its place, And His enemies doth darkness pursue.
Study Bible
The Burden of Nineveh
7The LORD is good, A stronghold in the day of trouble, And He knows those who take refuge in Him. 8But with an overflowing flood He will make a complete end of its site, And will pursue His enemies into darkness. 9Whatever you devise against the LORD, He will make a complete end of it. Distress will not rise up twice.…
Cross References
Job 40:11
"Pour out the overflowings of your anger, And look on everyone who is proud, and make him low.

Isaiah 13:9
Behold, the day of the LORD is coming, Cruel, with fury and burning anger, To make the land a desolation; And He will exterminate its sinners from it.

Isaiah 13:10
For the stars of heaven and their constellations Will not flash forth their light; The sun will be dark when it rises And the moon will not shed its light.

Isaiah 28:2
Behold, the Lord has a strong and mighty agent; As a storm of hail, a tempest of destruction, Like a storm of mighty overflowing waters, He has cast it down to the earth with His hand.

Isaiah 28:17
"I will make justice the measuring line And righteousness the level; Then hail will sweep away the refuge of lies And the waters will overflow the secret place.

Jeremiah 51:64
and say, 'Just so shall Babylon sink down and not rise again because of the calamity that I am going to bring upon her; and they will become exhausted.'" Thus far are the words of Jeremiah.

Daniel 9:26
"Then after the sixty-two weeks the Messiah will be cut off and have nothing, and the people of the prince who is to come will destroy the city and the sanctuary. And its end will come with a flood; even to the end there will be war; desolations are determined.

Amos 8:8
"Because of this will not the land quake And everyone who dwells in it mourn? Indeed, all of it will rise up like the Nile, And it will be tossed about And subside like the Nile of Egypt.
Treasury of Scripture

But with an overrunning flood he will make an utter end of the place thereof, and darkness shall pursue his enemies.

with.

Isaiah 8:7,8 Now therefore, behold, the Lord brings up on them the waters of the …

Isaiah 28:17 Judgment also will I lay to the line, and righteousness to the plummet: …

Ezekiel 13:13 Therefore thus said the Lord GOD; I will even rend it with a stormy …

Daniel 9:26 And after three score and two weeks shall Messiah be cut off, but …

Daniel 11:10,22,40 But his sons shall be stirred up, and shall assemble a multitude …

Amos 8:8 Shall not the land tremble for this, and every one mourn that dwells …

Amos 9:5,6 And the Lord GOD of hosts is he that touches the land, and it shall …

Matthew 7:27 And the rain descended, and the floods came, and the winds blew, …

2 Peter 3:6,7 Whereby the world that then was, being overflowed with water, perished…

the place.

Nahum 1:1 The burden of Nineveh. The book of the vision of Nahum the Elkoshite.

Nahum 2:8 But Nineveh is of old like a pool of water: yet they shall flee away. …

Zephaniah 2:13 And he will stretch out his hand against the north, and destroy Assyria; …

darkness.

Job 30:15 Terrors are turned on me: they pursue my soul as the wind: and my …

Proverbs 4:19 The way of the wicked is as darkness: they know not at what they stumble.

Isaiah 8:22 And they shall look to the earth; and behold trouble and darkness, …

Jeremiah 13:16 Give glory to the LORD your God, before he cause darkness, and before …

Matthew 8:12 But the children of the kingdom shall be cast out into outer darkness: …

(8) But.--Better, and. Jehovah protects His afflicted servants, and therefore He exterminates their oppressor.

Overrunning flood.--On the propriety of this figure see Nahum 2:6, Note.

The place thereof--i.e., that of Nineveh. The verse ends, "and he shall drive his enemies into darkness."

Verse 8. - With an overrunning flood. This may be merely a metaphor to express the utter devastation which should overwhelm Nineveh, as the invasion of a hostile army is often thus depicted (comp. Isaiah 8:7; Daniel 11:26, 40); or it may be an allusion to the inundation which aided the capture of the city (see note on Nahum 2:6). Of the place thereof; i.e. of Nineveh, not named, but present to the prophet's mind, and understood from the heading (ver. 1). (For the utter destruction of Nineveh, comp. Zephaniah 2:13, etc.) The LXX. has, τοὺς ἐπένειρομένους ("those that rise up"). The Chaldee has a similar reading, with the meaning that God would exterminate those who rise up against him. Darkness shall pursue his enemies. So the Septuagint and Vulgate. But it is better rendered, He shall pursue his enemies into darkness, so that they disappear from the earth. If this is the meaning of the clause, it resembles the termination of many Assyrian inscriptions which record the defeat of a hostile chieftain: "and no one has seen any trace of him since." But with an overrunning flood he will make an utter end of the place thereof,.... Of Nineveh, against whom this prophecy was, and upon whom it lay as a burden, Nahum 1:1; and now though the Lord was good to them that trust in him, and a strong hold to them in a time of trouble; yet he was determined to destroy their enemies the Assyrians, and Nineveh their chief city; and that by the means of a powerful army, which, like a flood or inundation of water breaking in, overruns and carries all before it; and very fitly may the Medes and Babylonians, who joined together in an expedition against Nineveh, be compared to such a flood for their number and force; since, as the historian tells (y) us, they were no less than four hundred thousand men: though this may be literally understood; for as the same writer (z) observes,

"there was an oracle received by the Ninevites from their ancestors, that Nineveh could never be taken by any, unless the river (on which it stood) first became an enemy to it; and so it was, that, in the third year of the siege, the river, being swelled with continual rains, overflowed part of the city, and broke down the wall for the space of two and half miles; hence the king concluded the oracle was fulfilled, and gave up all hopes of safety; and through the breach of the wall the enemy entered, and took the city;''

and an "utter end" was made of it, and of the place of it, insomuch that historians and geographers disagree about it; some say it was situated upon the river Euphrates, others upon the river Tigris, which is the most correct; some say on the east of that river, others on the west; some will have it to be above the river Lycus, and others below it; so true is that of Lucian (a), that Nineveh is now entirely lost, and no traces of it remain; nor can one easily say where it once was; and travellers in general, both ancient and modern, agree that it lies wholly in ruins, and is a heap of rubbish. Benjamin Tudelensis (b), who travelled into these parts in the twelfth century, relates, that between Almozal or Mosul, and Nineveh, is only a bridge, and it (Nineveh) is a waste; but there are villages, and many towers. Haitho, an Armenian (c), who wrote more than a hundred years after the former, says,

"this city (Nineveh) at present is wholly destroyed; but, by what yet appears in it, it may be firmly believed that it was one of the greatest cities in the world.''

Monsieur Thevenot (d), who was upon the spot in the last century, observes,

"on the other side of the river (Tigris from that on which Mosul stands) at the end of the bridge begins the place, where, in ancient times, stood the famous city of Nineveh. --There is nothing of it, (adds he) now to be seen, but some hillocks, which (they say) are its foundations, the houses being underneath; and these reach a good way below the city of Mosul:''

and darkness shall pursue his enemies; the enemies of God and his people, who would make such a devastation of Nineveh; even he would cause all manner of calamities, often signified in Scripture by darkness, to follow and overtake them; so that they should be brought into the most uncomfortable and distressed condition imaginable.

(y) Diodor. Sicul. l. 2. p. 111. Ed. Rhodum. (z) Ibid. p. 113, 114. (a) sive, "contemplantes", in fine. (b) Itinerarium, p. 62. (c) Apud Bochart Phaleg. l. 4. c. 20. p. 255. (d) Travels, par. 1. B. 1. c. 11. p. 52. 8. with an overrunning flood—that is, with irresistible might which overruns every barrier like a flood. This image is often applied to overwhelming armies of invaders. Also of calamity in general (Ps 32:6; 42:7; 90:5). There is, perhaps, a special allusion to the mode of Nineveh's capture by the Medo-Babylonian army; namely, through a flood in the river which broke down the wall twenty furlongs (see on [1157]Na 2:6; Isa 8:8; Da 9:26; 11:10, 22, 40).

end of the place thereof—Nineveh is personified as a queen; and "her place" of residence (the Hebrew for "thereof" is feminine) is the city itself (Na 2:8), [Maurer]. Or, He shall so utterly destroy Nineveh that its place cannot be found; Na 3:17 confirms this (compare Ps 37:36; Da 2:35; Re 12:8; 20:11).

darkness—the severest calamities.1:1-8 About a hundred years before, at Jonah's preaching, the Ninevites repented, and were spared, yet, soon after, they became worse than ever. Nineveh knows not that God who contends with her, but is told what a God he is. It is good for all to mix faith with what is here said concerning Him, which speaks great terror to the wicked, and comfort to believers. Let each take his portion from it: let sinners read it and tremble; and let saints read it and triumph. The anger of the Lord is contrasted with his goodness to his people. Perhaps they are obscure and little regarded in the world, but the Lord knows them. The Scripture character of Jehovah agrees not with the views of proud reasoners. The God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ is slow to wrath and ready to forgive, but he will by no means acquit the wicked; and there is tribulation and anguish for every soul that doeth evil: but who duly regards the power of his wrath?
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