Micah 1:4
Parallel Verses
New International Version
The mountains melt beneath him and the valleys split apart, like wax before the fire, like water rushing down a slope.

New Living Translation
The mountains melt beneath his feet and flow into the valleys like wax in a fire, like water pouring down a hill.

English Standard Version
And the mountains will melt under him, and the valleys will split open, like wax before the fire, like waters poured down a steep place.

New American Standard Bible
The mountains will melt under Him And the valleys will be split, Like wax before the fire, Like water poured down a steep place.

King James Bible
And the mountains shall be molten under him, and the valleys shall be cleft, as wax before the fire, and as the waters that are poured down a steep place.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
The mountains will melt beneath Him, and the valleys will split apart, like wax near a fire, like water cascading down a mountainside.

International Standard Version
The mountains will melt under him and the valleys will split apart, like wax in the presence of fire and like water gushing down a steep incline.

NET Bible
The mountains will disintegrate beneath him, and the valleys will be split in two. The mountains will melt like wax in a fire, the rocks will slide down like water cascading down a steep slope.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Mountains will melt under him like wax near a fire. Valleys will split apart like water pouring down a steep hill.

Jubilee Bible 2000
And the mountains shall melt under him, and the valleys shall be split, as wax before the fire, and as the waters that run down a steep place.

King James 2000 Bible
And the mountains shall be melted under him, and the valleys shall be split, as wax before the fire, and as the waters that are poured down a steep place.

American King James Version
And the mountains shall be molten under him, and the valleys shall be cleft, as wax before the fire, and as the waters that are poured down a steep place.

American Standard Version
And the mountains shall be melted under him, and the valleys shall be cleft, as wax before the fire, as waters that are poured down a steep place.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And the mountains shall be melted under him: and the valleys shall be cleft, as wax before the fire, and as waters that run down a steep place.

Darby Bible Translation
And the mountains shall be melted under him, and the valleys shall be cleft, as wax before the fire, as waters poured down a steep place.

English Revised Version
And the mountains shall be molten under him, and the valleys shall be cleft, as wax before the fire, as waters that are poured down a steep place.

Webster's Bible Translation
And the mountains shall be melted under him, and the valleys shall be cleft, as wax before the fire, and as the waters that are poured down a steep place.

World English Bible
The mountains melt under him, and the valleys split apart, like wax before the fire, like waters that are poured down a steep place.

Young's Literal Translation
Melted have been the mountains under Him, And the valleys do rend themselves, As wax from the presence of fire, As waters cast down by a slope.
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

1:1-7 The earth is called upon, with all that are therein, to hear the prophet. God's holy temple will not protect false professors. Neither men of high degree, as the mountains, nor men of low degree, as the valleys, can secure themselves or the land from the judgments of God. If sin be found in God's people he will not spare them; and their sins are most provoking to him, for they are most reproaching. When we feel the smart of sin, it behoves us to seek what is the sin we smart for. Persons and places most exalted, are most exposed to spiritual diseases. The vices of leaders and rulers shall be surely and sorely punished. The punishment answers the sin. What they gave to idols, never shall prosper, nor do them any good. What is got by one lust, is wasted on another.

Pulpit Commentary

Verse 4. - The description of God's advent to judgment is founded on the idea of a terrible storm and earthquake, perhaps accompanied with volcanic eruption, though evidence of such eruptions in the historical period is not forthcoming. The description recalls the awful revelation at Sinai (Exodus 19.). Shall be molten; either by the lightning or the showers of rain that descend from heaven. The mountains, the type of stability and strength, fall away at the presence of the Judge. Septuagint, σαλευθήσεται, "shall be shaken;" Vulgate, consumentur (Judges 5:4, 5; Psalm 18:7, etc.; Psalms 68:8; 97:4, 5; Amos 9:5). Be cleft; Septuagint, τακήσονται, "shall melt." The valleys shall be hollowed out into channels by the force of the water, which falls in torrents. As wax (Psalm 68:2; Psalm 97:5). This belongs to the first clause, "the mountains," etc. As waters. This belongs to the second clause. The cloven plains shall melt away as waters disappear down a precipice. The idea that underlies this description is that the inanimate creation shares in the effects of the judgment on man, and is used as an instrument in his punishment.

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

And the mountains shall be molten under him,.... As Sinai was when he descended on it, and as all nations will be at the general conflagration; but here the words are to be taken, not literally, but figuratively, for the kingdoms of Israel and Judah, and for the kings, and princes, and great men in them, that lifted up their heads as high, and thought themselves as secure, as mountains; yet when the judgments of God should fall upon them, their hearts would melt through fear under him; as well as all their glory and greatness depart from them, and they be no more what they were before, but levelled with the meanest subject:

and the valleys shall be cleft: have chasms made in them by the melting of the mountains, or by the flow of water from the hills: these may design the lower sort of people, who shall have their share in this calamity; the inhabitants of the valleys and country villages; who, though mean and low, shall be lower still, and lose that little substance, that liberty and those privileges, they had; as valleys may be cleft, and open, and sink into the lower parts of the earth; so it is signified that these people should be in a more depressed state and condition:

as wax before the fire; melts, and cannot stand the force of it; so the mountains should melt at the presence of the Lord; and kingdoms and states, and the greatest and mightiest of men in them, would not be able to stand before the fierceness of his wrath; see Psalm 68:2;

and as the waters that are poured down a steep place; that run with great swiftness, force, and rapidity, and there is no stopping them; so should the judgments of God come down upon the lower sort of people, the inhabitants of the valleys; neither high nor low would escape the indignation of the Lord, or be able to stand against it, or stand up under it.

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

4. Imagery from earthquakes and volcanic agency, to describe the terrors which attend Jehovah's coming in judgment (compare Jud 5:5). Neither men of high degree, as the mountains, nor men of low degree, as the valleys, can secure themselves or their land from the judgments of God.

as wax—(Ps 97:5; compare Isa 64:1-3). The third clause, "as wax," &c., answers to the first in the parallelism, "the mountains shall be molten"; the fourth, "as the waters," &c., to the second, "the valleys shall be cleft." As wax melts by fire, so the mountains before God, at His approach; and as waters poured down a steep cannot stand but are diffused abroad, so the valleys shall be cleft before Jehovah.

Micah 1:4 Additional Commentaries
Context
Judgment against Israel
3For behold, the LORD is coming forth from His place. He will come down and tread on the high places of the earth. 4The mountains will melt under Him And the valleys will be split, Like wax before the fire, Like water poured down a steep place. 5All this is for the rebellion of Jacob And for the sins of the house of Israel. What is the rebellion of Jacob? Is it not Samaria? What is the high place of Judah? Is it not Jerusalem?…
Cross References
2 Peter 3:10
But the day of the Lord will come like a thief. The heavens will disappear with a roar; the elements will be destroyed by fire, and the earth and everything done in it will be laid bare.

2 Peter 3:12
as you look forward to the day of God and speed its coming. That day will bring about the destruction of the heavens by fire, and the elements will melt in the heat.

Psalm 46:6
Nations are in uproar, kingdoms fall; he lifts his voice, the earth melts.

Psalm 68:2
May you blow them away like smoke-- as wax melts before the fire, may the wicked perish before God.

Psalm 97:5
The mountains melt like wax before the LORD, before the Lord of all the earth.

Isaiah 64:1
Oh, that you would rend the heavens and come down, that the mountains would tremble before you!

Isaiah 64:2
As when fire sets twigs ablaze and causes water to boil, come down to make your name known to your enemies and cause the nations to quake before you!

Amos 9:5
The Lord, the LORD Almighty-- he touches the earth and it melts, and all who live in it mourn; the whole land rises like the Nile, then sinks like the river of Egypt;

Nahum 1:5
The mountains quake before him and the hills melt away. The earth trembles at his presence, the world and all who live in it.

Zechariah 14:4
On that day his feet will stand on the Mount of Olives, east of Jerusalem, and the Mount of Olives will be split in two from east to west, forming a great valley, with half of the mountain moving north and half moving south.
Treasury of Scripture

And the mountains shall be molten under him, and the valleys shall be cleft, as wax before the fire, and as the waters that are poured down a steep place.

the mountains.

Judges 5:4 LORD, when you went out of Seir, when you marched out of the field …

Psalm 97:5 The hills melted like wax at the presence of the LORD, at the presence …

Isaiah 64:1-3 Oh that you would rend the heavens, that you would come down, that …

Amos 9:5 And the Lord GOD of hosts is he that touches the land, and it shall …

Nahum 1:5 The mountains quake at him, and the hills melt, and the earth is …

Habakkuk 3:6,10 He stood, and measured the earth: he beheld, and drove asunder the …

2 Peter 3:10-12 But the day of the Lord will come as a thief in the night; in the …

Revelation 20:11 And I saw a great white throne, and him that sat on it, from whose …

the valleys.

Zechariah 14:4 And his feet shall stand in that day on the mount of Olives, which …

as wax.

Psalm 68:2 As smoke is driven away, so drive them away: as wax melts before …

a steep place. Heb. a descent.

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