4843. marar
Strong's Concordance
marar: to be bitter
Original Word: מָרַר
Part of Speech: Verb
Transliteration: marar
Phonetic Spelling: (maw-rar')
Definition: to be bitter
NAS Exhaustive Concordance
Word Origin
a prim. root
to be bitter
NASB Translation
bitter (2), bitter weeping (1), bitterly (2), dealt...bitterly (1), embittered (2), enraged (2), had (1), harder* (1), made bitter (1), troubled (1), weep bitterly (1).

I. מָרַר verb be bitter (Late Hebrew id.; Assyrian marâru and derivatives DlHWB 427; Arabic become roused (of bile), II. make bitter, IV. become bitter; bitter; Ethiopic ; Aramaic , מְרַר); —

Qal Perfect3masculine singular מַר Isaiah 38:17 2t.; 3 feminine singular מָ֫רָה 1 Samuel 30:6; 2 Kings 4:27; Imperfect3masculine singular יֵמַר Isaiah 24:9; — be bitter:

1 literal יֵמַר שֵׁכָר לְשֹׁתָיו Isaiah 24:9.

2 figurative מָ֫רָה נֶפֶשׁ 1 Samuel 30:6 the soul of all the people was bitter against (עַלֿ); נַפְשָׁהּ מָ֫רָהלָֿהּ 2 Kings 4:27 her soul, it is bitter to her (i.e. she is in bitter distress); impersonal מַרלִֿי מְאֹד מִכֶּם Ruth 1:13 it is very bitter to me on your account (I am much distressed), compare Lamentations 1:4. — לְשָׁלוֺם מַרלִֿי מָ֑ר Isaiah 38:17 is dubious; CheComm. for (my) welfare was it (so) bitter to me, (so) bitter, compare Brd; so De Kau (treating מר apparently as adjective ); < Drechsl. Di for my welfare did the bitter become bitter to me (מָ֑ר adjective); Lo Gr, compare Buhl (sub מַר adjective ), read מָר for מַר (√ מור), the bitter is changed for me into welfare; CheHpt strike out מָ֑ר; Du (after ᵐ5) strike out clause as gloss.

Pi`el Imperfect1singular אֲמָרֵר Isaiah 22:4; 3masculine plural וַיְמָֽרֲרוּ Exodus 1:14, suffix וַיְמָֽרֲרֻהוּ Genesis 49:23; — make bitter, shew bitterness:

1 ׳וַיְמ Genesis 49:23 (poem) and the archers shewed bitterness (i.e. bitter hostility) toward him (suffix of indirect object); אֲמָרֵר בַּבֶּכִ֑י Isaiah 22:4 I will shew bitterness in weeping (= weep bitterly).

2 אֶתחַֿיֵּיהֶם ׳וַיְמ Exodus 1:14 (P) and they made their lives bitter by slavery.

Hiph`il Perfect3masculine singular הֵמַר Ruth 1:20; Job 27:2; Imperfect2masculine singular תַּמֵּר Exodus 23:21 (but read תֶּ֫מֶרמרה

Hiph`il q. v.); Infinitive absolute הָמֵר Zechariah 12:10 (twice in verse); — make bitter, shew bitterness:

1 שַׁדַּי הֵמַר נַפְשִׁי Job 27:2 Shadday, who hath embittered my soul; הֵמַר שַׁדַּי לִי מְאֹד Ruth 1:20.

2 וְהָמֵר עָלָיו כְּהָמֵר עַלהַֿבְּכוֺר Zechariah 12:10 and a bitter outcry (= literally shewing bitterness; "" מִסְמֵּד, סָפַד) over him, like a bitter outcry over the first-born.

Hithpalpel Imperfect וְיִתְמַרְמַר Daniel 11:11 and the king of the south shall embitter himself (be enraged); אֶלֿ ׳וַיִּתְמ Daniel 8:7 and he was enraged against.

Strong's Exhaustive Concordance
be in, deal, have, make bitterly be moved with choler, have sorely, it grieved,

A primitive root; properly, to trickle (see mar); but used only as a denominative from mar; to be (causatively, make) bitter (literally or figuratively) -- (be, be in, deal, have, make) bitter(-ly, - ness), be moved with choler, (be, have sorely, it) grieved(-eth), provoke, vex.

see HEBREW mar

see HEBREW mar

Forms and Transliterations
אֲמָרֵ֣ר אמרר הֵמַ֥ר המר וְהָמֵ֥ר וְיִתְמַרְמַר֙ וַֽיְמָרֲרֻ֖הוּ וַיְמָרְר֨וּ וַיִּתְמַרְמַ֤ר והמר וימררהו וימררו ויתמרמר יֵמַ֥ר ימר כְּהָמֵ֥ר כהמר מַר־ מָֽרָה־ מר־ מרה־ תַּמֵּ֣ר תמר ’ă·mā·rêr ’ămārêr amaRer hê·mar heMar hêmar kə·hā·mêr kehaMer kəhāmêr mā·rāh- mar mar- marah mārāh- tam·mêr tamMer tammêr vaiyitmarMar vaymaraRuhu vaymareRu vehaMer veyitmarMar way·mā·ră·ru·hū way·mā·rə·rū way·yiṯ·mar·mar waymārăruhū waymārərū wayyiṯmarmar wə·hā·mêr wə·yiṯ·mar·mar wəhāmêr wəyiṯmarmar yê·mar yeMar yêmar
Interlinear GreekInterlinear HebrewStrong's NumbersEnglishman's Greek ConcordanceEnglishman's Hebrew ConcordanceParallel Texts
Englishman's Concordance
Genesis 49:23
HEB: וַֽיְמָרֲרֻ֖הוּ וָרֹ֑בּוּ וַֽיִּשְׂטְמֻ֖הוּ
NAS: The archers bitterly attacked him, And shot
KJV: The archers have sorely grieved him, and shot
INT: bitterly and shot and harassed

Exodus 1:14
HEB: וַיְמָרְר֨וּ אֶת־ חַיֵּיהֶ֜ם
NAS: and they made their lives bitter
KJV: their lives bitter with hard
INT: made their lives labor

Exodus 23:21
HEB: בְּקֹל֖וֹ אַל־ תַּמֵּ֣ר בּ֑וֹ כִּ֣י
KJV: his voice, provoke him not; for he will not pardon
INT: his voice nay provoke since he will not

Ruth 1:13
HEB: בְּנֹתַ֗י כִּֽי־ מַר־ לִ֤י מְאֹד֙
KJV: nay, my daughters; for it grieveth me much
INT: my daughters for grieveth much than

Ruth 1:20
HEB: מָרָ֔א כִּי־ הֵמַ֥ר שַׁדַּ֛י לִ֖י
NAS: for the Almighty has dealt very
KJV: hath dealt very bitterly with me.
INT: Mara for has dealt the Almighty very

2 Kings 4:27
HEB: כִּֽי־ נַפְשָׁ֣הּ מָֽרָה־ לָ֔הּ וַֽיהוָה֙
NAS: for her soul is troubled within her; and the LORD
KJV: for her soul [is] vexed within her: and the LORD
INT: for her soul is troubled God has hidden

Job 27:2
HEB: מִשְׁפָּטִ֑י וְ֝שַׁדַּ֗י הֵמַ֥ר נַפְשִֽׁי׃ כִּֽי־
NAS: And the Almighty, who has embittered my soul,
KJV: and the Almighty, [who] hath vexed my soul;
INT: my right and the Almighty has embittered my soul for

Isaiah 22:4
HEB: שְׁע֥וּ מִנִּ֖י אֲמָרֵ֣ר בַּבֶּ֑כִי אַל־
NAS: from me, Let me weep bitterly, Do not try
KJV: from me; I will weep bitterly, labour
INT: Turn away bitterly weep not

Isaiah 24:9
HEB: יִשְׁתּוּ־ יָ֑יִן יֵמַ֥ר שֵׁכָ֖ר לְשֹׁתָֽיו׃
NAS: Strong drink is bitter to those who drink
KJV: strong drink shall be bitter to them that drink
INT: drink wine is bitter Strong drink

Daniel 8:7
HEB: אֵ֣צֶל הָאַ֗יִל וַיִּתְמַרְמַ֤ר אֵלָיו֙ וַיַּ֣ךְ
NAS: the ram, and he was enraged at him; and he struck
KJV: the ram, and he was moved with choler against him, and smote
INT: beside the ram was enraged at struck

Daniel 11:11
HEB: וְיִתְמַרְמַר֙ מֶ֣לֶךְ הַנֶּ֔גֶב
NAS: of the South will be enraged and go forth
KJV: of the south shall be moved with choler, and shall come forth
INT: will be enraged the king of the South

Zechariah 12:10
HEB: עַל־ הַיָּחִ֔יד וְהָמֵ֥ר עָלָ֖יו כְּהָמֵ֥ר
NAS: for an only son, and they will weep bitterly
KJV: for [his] only [son], and shall be in bitterness for him, as one that is in bitterness
INT: over an only will weep over bitterly

Zechariah 12:10
HEB: וְהָמֵ֥ר עָלָ֖יו כְּהָמֵ֥ר עַֽל־ הַבְּכֽוֹר׃
NAS: and they will weep bitterly over
KJV: [son], and shall be in bitterness for him, as one that is in bitterness for [his] firstborn.
INT: will weep over bitterly over A firstborn

13 Occurrences

Strong's Hebrew 4843
13 Occurrences

’ă·mā·rêr — 1 Occ.
hê·mar — 2 Occ.
kə·hā·mêr — 1 Occ.
mar- — 1 Occ.
mā·rāh- — 1 Occ.
tam·mêr — 1 Occ.
way·yiṯ·mar·mar — 1 Occ.
way·mā·ră·ru·hū — 1 Occ.
way·mā·rə·rū — 1 Occ.
wə·hā·mêr — 1 Occ.
wə·yiṯ·mar·mar — 1 Occ.
yê·mar — 1 Occ.

Top of Page
Top of Page