Matthew 13:21
New International Version
But since they have no root, they last only a short time. When trouble or persecution comes because of the word, they quickly fall away.

New Living Translation
But since they don't have deep roots, they don't last long. They fall away as soon as they have problems or are persecuted for believing God's word.

English Standard Version
yet he has no root in himself, but endures for a while, and when tribulation or persecution arises on account of the word, immediately he falls away.

Berean Study Bible
But since he has no root, he remains for only a season. When trouble or persecution comes because of the word, he quickly falls away.

Berean Literal Bible
And he has in himself no root, but is temporary. And having come tribulation or persecution on account of the word, immediately he falls away.

New American Standard Bible
yet he has no firm root in himself, but is only temporary, and when affliction or persecution arises because of the word, immediately he falls away.

King James Bible
Yet hath he not root in himself, but dureth for a while: for when tribulation or persecution ariseth because of the word, by and by he is offended.

Christian Standard Bible
But he has no root and is short-lived. When distress or persecution comes because of the word, immediately he falls away.

Contemporary English Version
But they don't have deep roots, and they don't last very long. As soon as life gets hard or the message gets them in trouble, they give up.

Good News Translation
But it does not sink deep into them, and they don't last long. So when trouble or persecution comes because of the message, they give up at once.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Yet he has no root in himself, but is short-lived. When pressure or persecution comes because of the word, immediately he stumbles.

International Standard Version
but since he doesn't have any root in himself, he lasts for only a short time. When trouble or persecution comes along because of the word, he immediately falls away.

NET Bible
But he has no root in himself and does not endure; when trouble or persecution comes because of the word, immediately he falls away.

New Heart English Bible
yet he has no root in himself, but endures for a while. When oppression or persecution arises because of the word, immediately he stumbles.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
But there are no roots in him, but he is temporal, and when there is distress or persecution because of the word, immediately he falls apart.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Since he doesn't have any root, he lasts only a little while. When suffering or persecution comes along because of the word, he immediately falls [from faith].

New American Standard 1977
yet he has no firm root in himself, but is only temporary, and when affliction or persecution arises because of the word, immediately he falls away.

Jubilee Bible 2000
yet he has no root in himself but is temporal, for when affliction or persecution arises because of the word, by and by he is offended.

King James 2000 Bible
Yet has he not root in himself, but endures for a while: for when tribulation or persecution arises because of the word, immediately he is offended.

American King James Version
Yet has he not root in himself, but endures for a while: for when tribulation or persecution rises because of the word, by and by he is offended.

American Standard Version
yet hath he not root in himself, but endureth for a while; and when tribulation or persecution ariseth because of the word, straightway he stumbleth.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Yet hath he not root in himself, but is only for a time: and when there ariseth tribulation and persecution because of the word, he is presently scandalized.

Darby Bible Translation
but has no root in himself, but is for a time only; and when tribulation or persecution happens on account of the word, he is immediately offended.

English Revised Version
yet hath he not root in himself, but endureth for a while; and when tribulation or persecution ariseth because of the word, straightway he stumbleth.

Webster's Bible Translation
Yet he hath not root in himself, but endureth for a while: for when tribulation or persecution ariseth because of the word, forthwith he is offended.

Weymouth New Testament
It has struck no root, however, within him. He continues for a time, but when suffering comes, or persecution, because of the Message, he at once stumbles and falls.

World English Bible
yet he has no root in himself, but endures for a while. When oppression or persecution arises because of the word, immediately he stumbles.

Young's Literal Translation
and he hath not root in himself, but is temporary, and persecution or tribulation having happened because of the word, immediately he is stumbled.
Study Bible
The Parable of the Sower Explained
20The seed sown on rocky ground is the one who hears the word and promptly receives it with joy. 21But since he has no root, he remains for only a season. When trouble or persecution comes because of the word, he quickly falls away. 22The seed sown among the thorns is the one who hears the word, but the worries of this world and the deceitfulness of wealth choke the word, and it becomes unfruitful.…
Cross References
Matthew 11:6
Blessed is the one who does not fall away on account of Me."

Matthew 13:20
The seed sown on rocky ground is the one who hears the word and promptly receives it with joy.

Mark 4:17
But they themselves have no root, and they remain for only a season. When trouble or persecution comes because of the word, they quickly fall away.

James 3:2
We all stumble in many ways. If anyone is never at fault in what he says, he is a perfect man, able to control his whole body.

Treasury of Scripture

Yet has he not root in himself, but endures for a while: for when tribulation or persecution rises because of the word, by and by he is offended.

root.

Matthew 13:6
And when the sun was up, they were scorched; and because they had no root, they withered away.

Matthew 7:22,23,26,27
Many will say to me in that day, Lord, Lord, have we not prophesied in thy name? and in thy name have cast out devils? and in thy name done many wonderful works? …

Job 19:28
But ye should say, Why persecute we him, seeing the root of the matter is found in me?

dureth.

Matthew 10:22
And ye shall be hated of all men for my name's sake: but he that endureth to the end shall be saved.

Matthew 24:13
But he that shall endure unto the end, the same shall be saved.

Job 27:8-10
For what is the hope of the hypocrite, though he hath gained, when God taketh away his soul? …

for.

Matthew 5:10-12
Blessed are they which are persecuted for righteousness' sake: for theirs is the kingdom of heaven…

Matthew 10:37-39
He that loveth father or mother more than me is not worthy of me: and he that loveth son or daughter more than me is not worthy of me…

Matthew 16:24-26
Then said Jesus unto his disciples, If any man will come after me, let him deny himself, and take up his cross, and follow me…

is.

Matthew 13:57
And they were offended in him. But Jesus said unto them, A prophet is not without honour, save in his own country, and in his own house.

Matthew 11:6
And blessed is he, whosoever shall not be offended in me.

Matthew 24:9,10
Then shall they deliver you up to be afflicted, and shall kill you: and ye shall be hated of all nations for my name's sake…







Lexicon
But
ἀλλὰ (alla)
Conjunction
Strong's Greek 235: But, except, however. Neuter plural of allos; properly, other things, i.e. contrariwise.

since
δὲ (de)
Conjunction
Strong's Greek 1161: A primary particle; but, and, etc.

he has
ἔχει (echei)
Verb - Present Indicative Active - 3rd Person Singular
Strong's Greek 2192: To have, hold, possess. Including an alternate form scheo skheh'-o; a primary verb; to hold.

no
οὐκ (ouk)
Adverb
Strong's Greek 3756: No, not. Also ouk, and ouch a primary word; the absolute negative adverb; no or not.

root,
ῥίζαν (rhizan)
Noun - Accusative Feminine Singular
Strong's Greek 4491: A root, shoot, source; that which comes from the root, a descendent. Apparently a primary word; a 'root'.

he remains
ἐστιν (estin)
Verb - Present Indicative Active - 3rd Person Singular
Strong's Greek 1510: I am, exist. The first person singular present indicative; a prolonged form of a primary and defective verb; I exist.

for only a season.
πρόσκαιρός (proskairos)
Adjective - Nominative Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 4340: For a season, temporary. From pros and kairos; for the occasion only, i.e. Temporary.

[When]
δὲ (de)
Conjunction
Strong's Greek 1161: A primary particle; but, and, etc.

trouble
θλίψεως (thlipseōs)
Noun - Genitive Feminine Singular
Strong's Greek 2347: Persecution, affliction, distress, tribulation. From thlibo; pressure.

or
(ē)
Conjunction
Strong's Greek 2228: Or, than. A primary particle of distinction between two connected terms; disjunctive, or; comparative, than.

persecution
διωγμοῦ (diōgmou)
Noun - Genitive Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 1375: Chase, pursuit; persecution. From dioko; persecution.

comes
γενομένης (genomenēs)
Verb - Aorist Participle Middle - Genitive Feminine Singular
Strong's Greek 1096: A prolongation and middle voice form of a primary verb; to cause to be, i.e. to become, used with great latitude.

because of
διὰ (dia)
Preposition
Strong's Greek 1223: A primary preposition denoting the channel of an act; through.

the
τὸν (ton)
Article - Accusative Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 3588: The, the definite article. Including the feminine he, and the neuter to in all their inflections; the definite article; the.

word,
λόγον (logon)
Noun - Accusative Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 3056: From lego; something said; by implication, a topic, also reasoning or motive; by extension, a computation; specially, the Divine Expression.

he quickly falls away.
σκανδαλίζεται (skandalizetai)
Verb - Present Indicative Middle or Passive - 3rd Person Singular
Strong's Greek 4624: From skandalon; to entrap, i.e. Trip up (transitively) or entice to sin, apostasy or displeasure).
(21) Yet hath he not root in himself.--The "root" is obviously the conviction which ripens into a purpose and strikes its fibres deep down into reason, conscience, and will.

Tribulation or persecution.--It is hardly necessary, or indeed possible, to draw any sharp line of demarcation between the two. "Persecution" implies, perhaps, a more organised attack, and therefore greater suffering; "tribulation," the thousand petty annoyances to which every convert to the faith of Christ was exposed in the first age of the Church, and to which, it may be added, even now most men and women who seek to be Christians in deed as well as in name are at some time or other in their lives exposed. The words explain the "time of temptation" in St. Luke's report (Luke 8:13).

By and by he is offended.--The adverb is the same as the "anon" of Matthew 13:20, and means "immediately." The rapidity of the renegade matches that of the convert. Such a man finds a "stumbling-block" in the sufferings he is called to endure, and turns into a smoother path.

Verse 21. - But dureth for a while (ἀλλὰ πρόσκαιρός ἐστιν). Luke's οἱ πρὸς καιρὸν πιστεύουσιν, is an evidently later form. (For the thought, cf. John 5:35.) By and by; straightway (Revised Version, εὐθύς). He is offended (Matthew 5:29, note). 13:1-23 Jesus entered into a boat that he might be the less pressed, and be the better heard by the people. By this he teaches us in the outward circumstances of worship not to covet that which is stately, but to make the best of the conveniences God in his providence allots to us. Christ taught in parables. Thereby the things of God were made more plain and easy to those willing to be taught, and at the same time more difficult and obscure to those who were willingly ignorant. The parable of the sower is plain. The seed sown is the word of God. The sower is our Lord Jesus Christ, by himself, or by his ministers. Preaching to a multitude is sowing the corn; we know not where it will light. Some sort of ground, though we take ever so much pains with it, brings forth no fruit to purpose, while the good soil brings forth plentifully. So it is with the hearts of men, whose different characters are here described by four sorts of ground. Careless, trifling hearers, are an easy prey to Satan; who, as he is the great murderer of souls, so he is the great thief of sermons, and will be sure to rob us of the word, if we take not care to keep it. Hypocrites, like the stony ground, often get the start of true Christians in the shows of profession. Many are glad to hear a good sermon, who do not profit by it. They are told of free salvation, of the believer's privileges, and the happiness of heaven; and, without any change of heart, without any abiding conviction of their own depravity, their need of a Saviour, or the excellence of holiness, they soon profess an unwarranted assurance. But when some heavy trial threatens them, or some sinful advantage may be had, they give up or disguise their profession, or turn to some easier system. Worldly cares are fitly compared to thorns, for they came in with sin, and are a fruit of the curse; they are good in their place to stop a gap, but a man must be well armed that has much to do with them; they are entangling, vexing, scratching, and their end is to be burned, Heb 6:8. Worldly cares are great hinderances to our profiting by the word of God. The deceitfulness of riches does the mischief; they cannot be said to deceive us unless we put our trust in them, then they choke the good seed. What distinguished the good ground was fruitfulness. By this true Christians are distinguished from hypocrites. Christ does not say that this good ground has no stones in it, or no thorns; but none that could hinder its fruitfulness. All are not alike; we should aim at the highest, to bring forth most fruit. The sense of hearing cannot be better employed than in hearing God's word; and let us look to ourselves that we may know what sort of hearers we are.
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Alphabetical: a affliction and arises away because But comes falls firm has he himself immediately in is lasts no of only or persecution quickly root short since temporary the time trouble When word yet

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Matthew 13:20
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