Matthew 12:43
New International Version
"When an impure spirit comes out of a person, it goes through arid places seeking rest and does not find it.

New Living Translation
"When an evil spirit leaves a person, it goes into the desert, seeking rest but finding none.

English Standard Version
“When the unclean spirit has gone out of a person, it passes through waterless places seeking rest, but finds none.

Berean Study Bible
When an unclean spirit comes out of a man, it passes through arid places seeking rest and does not find it.

Berean Literal Bible
Now when the unclean spirit is gone out from the man, it passes through waterless places seeking rest, and does not find it.

New American Standard Bible
"Now when the unclean spirit goes out of a man, it passes through waterless places seeking rest, and does not find it.

King James Bible
When the unclean spirit is gone out of a man, he walketh through dry places, seeking rest, and findeth none.

Christian Standard Bible
"When an unclean spirit comes out of a person, it roams through waterless places looking for rest but doesn't find any.

Contemporary English Version
When an evil spirit leaves a person, it travels through the desert, looking for a place to rest. But when the demon doesn't find a place,

Good News Translation
"When an evil spirit goes out of a person, it travels over dry country looking for a place to rest. If it can't find one,

Holman Christian Standard Bible
"When an unclean spirit comes out of a man, it roams through waterless places looking for rest but doesn't find any.

International Standard Version
"Whenever an unclean spirit goes out of a person, it wanders through waterless places looking for a place to rest, but finds none.

NET Bible
"When an unclean spirit goes out of a person, it passes through waterless places looking for rest but does not find it.

New Heart English Bible
But the unclean spirit, when he is gone out of the person, passes through waterless places, seeking rest, and does not find it.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
But whenever a foul spirit goes out from a man, it wanders about in places without water in them, and it seeks rest and does not find it.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
"When an evil spirit comes out of a person, it goes through dry places looking for a place to rest. But it doesn't find any.

New American Standard 1977
“Now when the unclean spirit goes out of a man, it passes through waterless places, seeking rest, and does not find it.

Jubilee Bible 2000
When the unclean spirit is gone out of the man, it walks through dry places, seeking rest, and finds none.

King James 2000 Bible
When the unclean spirit is gone out of a man, he walks through dry places, seeking rest, and finds none.

American King James Version
When the unclean spirit is gone out of a man, he walks through dry places, seeking rest, and finds none.

American Standard Version
But the unclean spirit, when he is gone out of the man, passeth through waterless places, seeking rest, and findeth it not.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And when an unclean spirit is gone out of a man he walketh through dry places seeking rest, and findeth none.

Darby Bible Translation
But when the unclean spirit has gone out of the man, he goes through dry places, seeking rest, and does not find [it].

English Revised Version
But the unclean spirit, when he is gone out of the man, passeth through waterless places, seeking rest, and findeth it not.

Webster's Bible Translation
When the unclean spirit is gone out of a man, he walketh through dry places, seeking rest, and he findeth none.

Weymouth New Testament
"No sooner however has the foul spirit gone out of the man, then he roams about in places where there is no water, seeking rest but finding none.

World English Bible
But the unclean spirit, when he is gone out of the man, passes through waterless places, seeking rest, and doesn't find it.

Young's Literal Translation
'And, when the unclean spirit may go forth from the man, it doth walk through dry places seeking rest, and doth not find;
Study Bible
An Unclean Spirit Returns
42The queen of the south will rise at the judgment with this generation and condemn it; for she came from the ends of the earth to hear the wisdom of Solomon, and now One greater than Solomon is here. 43When an unclean spirit comes out of a man, it passes through arid places seeking rest and does not find it. 44Then it says, ‘I will return to the house I left.’ On its arrival, it finds the house vacant, swept clean and put in order.…
Cross References
Matthew 12:44
Then it says, 'I will return to the house I left.' On its arrival, it finds the house vacant, swept clean and put in order.

Luke 11:24
When an unclean spirit comes out of a man, it passes through arid places seeking rest and does not find it. Then it says, 'I will return to the house I left.'

Treasury of Scripture

When the unclean spirit is gone out of a man, he walks through dry places, seeking rest, and finds none.

when.

the unclean.

Luke 11:24
When the unclean spirit is gone out of a man, he walketh through dry places, seeking rest; and finding none, he saith, I will return unto my house whence I came out.

Acts 8:13
Then Simon himself believed also: and when he was baptized, he continued with Philip, and wondered, beholding the miracles and signs which were done.

he.

Job 1:7
And the LORD said unto Satan, Whence comest thou? Then Satan answered the LORD, and said, From going to and fro in the earth, and from walking up and down in it.

Job 2:2
And the LORD said unto Satan, From whence comest thou? And Satan answered the LORD, and said, From going to and fro in the earth, and from walking up and down in it.

1 Peter 5:8
Be sober, be vigilant; because your adversary the devil, as a roaring lion, walketh about, seeking whom he may devour:

dry.

Psalm 63:1
A Psalm of David, when he was in the wilderness of Judah. O God, thou art my God; early will I seek thee: my soul thirsteth for thee, my flesh longeth for thee in a dry and thirsty land, where no water is;

Isaiah 35:6,7
Then shall the lame man leap as an hart, and the tongue of the dumb sing: for in the wilderness shall waters break out, and streams in the desert…

Isaiah 41:18
I will open rivers in high places, and fountains in the midst of the valleys: I will make the wilderness a pool of water, and the dry land springs of water.

seeking.

Matthew 8:29
And, behold, they cried out, saying, What have we to do with thee, Jesus, thou Son of God? art thou come hither to torment us before the time?

Mark 5:7-13
And cried with a loud voice, and said, What have I to do with thee, Jesus, thou Son of the most high God? I adjure thee by God, that thou torment me not…

Luke 8:28-32
When he saw Jesus, he cried out, and fell down before him, and with a loud voice said, What have I to do with thee, Jesus, thou Son of God most high? I beseech thee, torment me not…







Lexicon
When
Ὅταν (Hotan)
Conjunction
Strong's Greek 3752: When, whenever. From hote and an; whenever; also causatively inasmuch as.

an
τὸ (to)
Article - Nominative Neuter Singular
Strong's Greek 3588: The, the definite article. Including the feminine he, and the neuter to in all their inflections; the definite article; the.

unclean
ἀκάθαρτον (akatharton)
Adjective - Nominative Neuter Singular
Strong's Greek 169: Unclean, impure. Impure (lewd) or specially, (demonic).

spirit
πνεῦμα (pneuma)
Noun - Nominative Neuter Singular
Strong's Greek 4151: Wind, breath, spirit.

comes out
ἐξέλθῃ (exelthē)
Verb - Aorist Subjunctive Active - 3rd Person Singular
Strong's Greek 1831: To go out, come out. From ek and erchomai; to issue.

of
ἀπὸ (apo)
Preposition
Strong's Greek 575: From, away from. A primary particle; 'off, ' i.e. Away, in various senses.

a
τοῦ (tou)
Article - Genitive Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 3588: The, the definite article. Including the feminine he, and the neuter to in all their inflections; the definite article; the.

man,
ἀνθρώπου (anthrōpou)
Noun - Genitive Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 444: A man, one of the human race. From aner and ops; man-faced, i.e. A human being.

it passes
διέρχεται (dierchetai)
Verb - Present Indicative Middle or Passive - 3rd Person Singular
Strong's Greek 1330: To pass through, spread (as a report). From dia and erchomai; to traverse.

through
δι’ (di’)
Preposition
Strong's Greek 1223: A primary preposition denoting the channel of an act; through.

arid
ἀνύδρων (anydrōn)
Adjective - Genitive Masculine Plural
Strong's Greek 504: Without water, dry; subst: dry places, desert. Waterless, i.e. Dry.

places
τόπων (topōn)
Noun - Genitive Masculine Plural
Strong's Greek 5117: Apparently a primary word; a spot, i.e. Location; figuratively, condition, opportunity; specially, a scabbard.

seeking
ζητοῦν (zētoun)
Verb - Present Participle Active - Nominative Neuter Singular
Strong's Greek 2212: To seek, search for, desire, require, demand. Of uncertain affinity; to seek; specially, to worship, or to plot.

rest
ἀνάπαυσιν (anapausin)
Noun - Accusative Feminine Singular
Strong's Greek 372: Rest, cessation from labor, refreshment. From anapano; intermission; by implication, recreation.

and
καὶ (kai)
Conjunction
Strong's Greek 2532: And, even, also, namely.

does not find [it].
εὑρίσκει (heuriskei)
Verb - Present Indicative Active - 3rd Person Singular
Strong's Greek 2147: A prolonged form of a primary heuro, which heureo is used for it in all the tenses except the present and imperfect to find.
(43) When the unclean spirit is gone out of a man.--The parable comes in abruptly, possibly because here, as elsewhere, we have a part and not the whole of a discourse, striking passages noted and put together, now in this order, now in that, while the links that joined them are missing. The inner connection of thought is, however, clear enough. How was it, it might be asked, that Israel had sunk to such a depth of evil? and the answer was found in the similitude which thus opens. The phenomena which furnish the comparison were probably familiar enough. So far as possession was identical in its phenomena, wholly or in part, with insanity, there might be sudden and violent relapses after intervals of calmness and apparent cure. The spirit of the man, under the influence of exorcisms, or prayers, or the sympathy of friends, might assert its freedom for a time, and then yield again to the oppressor. In the history of such a demoniac, which our Lord narrates in the language of the popular belief, He sees a parable of the history of the Jewish people.

Walketh through dry places.--The description reflects the popular idea that the parched deserts of Syria and Arabia and Egypt were haunted by demons, who thence came to invade the bodies and the souls of men. So in the book of Tobit (Tobit 8:3), the demon Asmodeus flees to the upper parts of Egypt.

Verses 43-45. - Parallel passage: Luke 11:24-26, almost verbally, but omitting the application at the end of our ver. 45. A solemn warning against a merely negative improvement. External preparation, mechanical religion, is insufficient; a definite acceptance of my teaching is required. Our Lord's primary thought Would appear to be the relation in which those to whom he was speaking stood to himself. But he frames his words so as to include the whole of that generation of Jews (vers. 39, 45) For his present hearers truly represented their contemporaries. Observe

(1) the close of this discourse resembles that of the sermon on the mount;

(2) the connexion of thought is the same in Luke, though there the passage comes immediately after our ver. 30; i.e. if you are not with me you are really against me; you are only swept and garnished, and the evil spirit returns. Verse 43. - When; but... when (Revised Version); ὅταν δέ. St. Matthew does not bring this forward as a separate utterance; he wishes the connexion between it and the preceding to be seen. There is a contrast between the behaviour of the Ninevites and the Queen of Sheba, and that of the Jews. The unclean spirit (Matthew 10:1, note) is gone out of a (the, Revised Version) man (τὸ πνεῦμα... τοῦ ἀνθρώπου). The first article is inserted for the sake of vividness; the second points back to the spirit; he leaves the man in whom he had dwelt. The two together make the saying parabolic instead of abstract. He walketh; passeth (Revised Version); διέρχεται. Perhaps merely "goes through," with the connotation of distance traversed (John 4:15; Acts 9:38), but probably "goes about," i.e. to different spots (cf. Luke 9:6; Acts 8:4, 40; Acts 20:25, and so of a rumour being spread abroad, Luke 5:15), in restless wandering. Through dry (waterless, Revised Version; δι ἀνύδρων) places. Which supplied nothing wherewith he might refresh himself (Psalm 63:1), and which would, of course, have no houses (Psalm 107:4-7, 33-36). Seeking rest (Matthew 11:28, 29, notes), and findeth none; and findeth it not (Revised Version). 12:38-45 Though Christ is always ready to hear and answer holy desires and prayers, yet those who ask amiss, ask and have not. Signs were granted to those who desired them to confirm their faith, as Abraham and Gideon; but denied to those who demanded them to excuse their unbelief. The resurrection of Christ from the dead by his own power, called here the sign of the prophet Jonah, was the great proof of Christ's being the Messiah. As Jonah was three days and three nights in the whale, and then came out again alive, thus Christ would be so long in the grave, and then rise again. The Ninevites would shame the Jews for not repenting; the queen of Sheba, for not believing in Christ. And we have no such cares to hinder us, we come not to Christ upon such uncertainties. This parable represents the case of the Jewish church and nation. It is also applicable to all those who hear the word of God, and are in part reformed, but not truly converted. The unclean spirit leaves for a time, but when he returns, he finds Christ is not there to shut him out; the heart is swept by outward reformation, but garnished by preparation to comply with evil suggestions, and the man becomes a more decided enemy of the truth. Every heart is the residence of unclean spirits, except those which are temples of the Holy Ghost, by faith in Christ.
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