Deuteronomy 29:11
New International Version
together with your children and your wives, and the foreigners living in your camps who chop your wood and carry your water.

New Living Translation
Your little ones and your wives are with you, as well as the foreigners living among you who chop your wood and carry your water.

English Standard Version
your little ones, your wives, and the sojourner who is in your camp, from the one who chops your wood to the one who draws your water,

Berean Study Bible
your children and wives, and the foreigners in your camps who cut your wood and draw your water—

King James Bible
Your little ones, your wives, and thy stranger that is in thy camp, from the hewer of thy wood unto the drawer of thy water:

New King James Version
your little ones and your wives—also the stranger who is in your camp, from the one who cuts your wood to the one who draws your water—

New American Standard Bible
your little ones, your wives, and the stranger who is within your camps, from the one who gathers your firewood to the one who draws your water,

NASB 1995
your little ones, your wives, and the alien who is within your camps, from the one who chops your wood to the one who draws your water,

NASB 1977
your little ones, your wives, and the alien who is within your camps, from the one who chops your wood to the one who draws your water,

Amplified Bible
your little ones, your wives, and the stranger (resident alien, foreigner) who is in your camps, from the one who chops and gathers your firewood to the one who draws your water—

Christian Standard Bible
your dependents, your wives, and the resident aliens in your camps who cut your wood and draw your water—

Holman Christian Standard Bible
your children, your wives, and the foreigners in your camps who cut your wood and draw your water--

American Standard Version
your little ones, your wives, and thy sojourner that is in the midst of thy camps, from the hewer of thy wood unto the drawer of thy water;

Brenton Septuagint Translation
your wives, and your children, and the stranger who is in the midst of your camp, from your hewer of wood even to your drawer of water,

Douay-Rheims Bible
11Your children and your wives, and the stranger that abideth with thee in the camp, besides the hewers of wood, and them that bring water:

English Revised Version
your little ones, your wives, and thy stranger that is in the midst of thy camps, from the hewer of thy wood unto the drawer of thy water:

Good News Translation
women, and children, and the foreigners who live among you and cut wood and carry water for you.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Your children, your wives, and the foreigners who cut wood and carry water in your camp are also here.

International Standard Version
along with your children, your wives, even the foreigner in your camp, including the woodchopper and the water drawer—

JPS Tanakh 1917
your little ones, your wives, and thy stranger that is in the midst of thy camp, from the hewer of thy wood unto the drawer of thy water;

Literal Standard Version
your infants, your wives, and your sojourner who [is] in the midst of your camps, from the hewer of your wood to the drawer of your water,

NET Bible
your infants, your wives, and the foreigners living in your encampment, those who chop wood and those who carry water--

New Heart English Bible
your little ones, your wives, and your foreigner who is in the midst of your camps, from the one who cuts your wood to the one who draws your water;

World English Bible
your little ones, your wives, and your foreigner who is in the midst of your camps, from the one who cuts your wood to the one who draws your water;

Young's Literal Translation
your infants, your wives, and thy sojourner who is in the midst of thy camps, from the hewer of thy wood unto the drawer of thy water --

Additional Translations ...
Study Bible
The Covenant in Moab
10All of you are standing today before the LORD your God—you leaders of tribes, elders, officials, and all the men of Israel, 11your children and wives, and the foreigners in your camps who cut your wood and draw your water— 12so that you may enter into the covenant of the LORD your God, which He is making with you today, and into His oath,…

Cross References
Deuteronomy 29:10
All of you are standing today before the LORD your God--you leaders of tribes, elders, officials, and all the men of Israel,

Deuteronomy 29:12
so that you may enter into the covenant of the LORD your God, which He is making with you today, and into His oath,

Joshua 9:21
They continued, "Let them live, but let them be woodcutters and water carriers for the whole congregation." So the leaders kept their promise.

Joshua 9:23
Now therefore you are under a curse and will perpetually serve as woodcutters and water carriers for the house of my God."

Ezekiel 16:20
You even took the sons and daughters you bore to Me and sacrificed them as food to idols. Was your prostitution not enough?


Treasury of Scripture

Your little ones, your wives, and your stranger that is in your camp, from the hewer of your wood to the drawer of your water:

stranger

Deuteronomy 5:14
But the seventh day is the sabbath of the LORD thy God: in it thou shalt not do any work, thou, nor thy son, nor thy daughter, nor thy manservant, nor thy maidservant, nor thine ox, nor thine ass, nor any of thy cattle, nor thy stranger that is within thy gates; that thy manservant and thy maidservant may rest as well as thou.

Exodus 12:38,48,49
And a mixed multitude went up also with them; and flocks, and herds, even very much cattle…

Numbers 11:4
And the mixt multitude that was among them fell a lusting: and the children of Israel also wept again, and said, Who shall give us flesh to eat?

the hewer

Joshua 9:21-27
And the princes said unto them, Let them live; but let them be hewers of wood and drawers of water unto all the congregation; as the princes had promised them…

Galatians 3:28
There is neither Jew nor Greek, there is neither bond nor free, there is neither male nor female: for ye are all one in Christ Jesus.

Colossians 3:11
Where there is neither Greek nor Jew, circumcision nor uncircumcision, Barbarian, Scythian, bond nor free: but Christ is all, and in all.









(11) Your little ones.--Compare St. Peter's words on the day of Pentecost: "The promise is unto you and to your children" (Acts 2:39). The covenant with Abraham was that the Almighty would be a God to him and to his seed (Genesis 17:7), including the child of eight days old (Deuteronomy 29:12), and the slave (Deuteronomy 29:13), who were to receive the sign of His covenant in their flesh for an everlasting covenant.

From the hewer of thy wood unto the drawer of thy water.--From this Rashi infers that "there were Canaanites who became proselytes in the time of Moses, in the same way as the Gibeonites in the days of Joshua." It may have been so. And we know that there were many female captives of the Midianites who became slaves. (See Numbers 31)

Verses 11-14. - The covenant was a national engagement, and as such included not only the adults and existing generation, but the little ones, the strangers resident in Israel, the lowest menial servants, that is, all the elements of which the nation was composed, as well as their posterity in coming, generations. That thou shouldest enter into covenant. The expression in the Hebrew is a strong one, indicating not a mere formal engagement, but a going thoroughly into the covenant; the phrase is used of the sword going through the land (Leviticus 26:6), and of one going into the pit (Job 33:28). Into his oath. Covenants were confirmed by oath (Genesis 26:28; Hebrews 6:17); hence in Scripture the covenant of God is sometimes called his oath (ver. 14; 1 Chronicles 16:16; Hebrews 7:28). (On ver. 13, cf. Deuteronomy 28:9; Deuteronomy 27:9; Exodus 19:5, 6.)

Parallel Commentaries ...


Lexicon
you children,
טַפְּכֶ֣ם (ṭap·pə·ḵem)
Noun - masculine singular construct | second person masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 2945: A family

wives,
נְשֵׁיכֶ֔ם (nə·šê·ḵem)
Noun - feminine plural construct | second person masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 802: Woman, wife, female

and the foreigners
וְגֵ֣רְךָ֔ (wə·ḡê·rə·ḵā)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - masculine singular construct | second person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1616: A guest, a foreigner

in
בְּקֶ֣רֶב (bə·qe·reḇ)
Preposition-b | Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 7130: The nearest part, the center

your camps
מַחֲנֶ֑יךָ (ma·ḥă·ne·ḵā)
Noun - common plural construct | second person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 4264: An encampment, an army

who cut
מֵחֹטֵ֣ב (mê·ḥō·ṭêḇ)
Preposition-m | Verb - Qal - Participle - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 2404: To cut or gather wood

your wood
עֵצֶ֔יךָ (‘ê·ṣe·ḵā)
Noun - masculine plural construct | second person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 6086: Tree, trees, wood

and draw
שֹׁאֵ֥ב (šō·’êḇ)
Verb - Qal - Participle - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 7579: To bale up water

your water—
מֵימֶֽיךָ׃ (mê·me·ḵā)
Noun - masculine plural construct | second person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 4325: Water, juice, urine, semen


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OT Law: Deuteronomy 29:11 Your little ones your wives and your (Deut. De Du)
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