1 Samuel 17:18
New International Version
Take along these ten cheeses to the commander of their unit. See how your brothers are and bring back some assurance from them.

New Living Translation
And give these ten cuts of cheese to their captain. See how your brothers are getting along, and bring back a report on how they are doing.”

English Standard Version
Also take these ten cheeses to the commander of their thousand. See if your brothers are well, and bring some token from them.”

Berean Study Bible
Take also these ten portions of cheese to the commander of their unit. Check on the welfare of your brothers and bring back an assurance from them.

King James Bible
And carry these ten cheeses unto the captain of their thousand, and look how thy brethren fare, and take their pledge.

New King James Version
And carry these ten cheeses to the captain of their thousand, and see how your brothers fare, and bring back news of them.”

New American Standard Bible
Bring also these ten slices of cheese to the commander of their thousand, and look into the well-being of your brothers and bring back confirmation from them.

NASB 1995
"Bring also these ten cuts of cheese to the commander of their thousand, and look into the welfare of your brothers, and bring back news of them.

NASB 1977
“Bring also these ten cuts of cheese to the commander of their thousand, and look into the welfare of your brothers, and bring back news of them.

Amplified Bible
Also take these ten cuts of cheese to the commander of the unit. See how your brothers are doing and bring back news of them.

Christian Standard Bible
Also take these ten portions of cheese to the field commander. Check on the well-being of your brothers and bring a confirmation from them.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Also take these 10 portions of cheese to the field commander. Check on the welfare of your brothers and bring a confirmation from them.

American Standard Version
and bring these ten cheeses unto the captain of their thousand, and look how thy brethren fare, and take their pledge.

Contemporary English Version
And here are ten large chunks of cheese to take to their commanding officer. Find out how your brothers are doing and bring back something that shows that they're all right.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And carry these ten little cheeses to the tribune: and go see thy brethren, if they are well: and learn with whom they are placed.

English Revised Version
and bring these ten cheeses unto the captain of their thousand, and look how thy brethren fare, and take their pledge.

Good News Translation
And take these ten cheeses to the commanding officer. Find out how your brothers are getting along and bring back something to show that you saw them and that they are well.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
And take these ten cheeses to the captain of the regiment. See how your brothers are doing, and bring back some news about them.

International Standard Version
Take these ten pieces of cheese to the commander of the unit, check on the well-being of your brothers, and bring something back from them.

JPS Tanakh 1917
And bring these ten cheeses unto the captain of their thousand, and to thy brethren shalt thou bring greetings, and take their pledge;

Literal Standard Version
and take these ten cuttings of the cheese to the head of the one thousand, and inspect your brothers for welfare, and receive their pledge.”

NET Bible
Also take these ten portions of cheese to their commanding officer. Find out how your brothers are doing and bring back their pledge that they received the goods.

New Heart English Bible
and bring these ten cheeses to the captain of their thousand, and see how your brothers are doing, and bring back news."

World English Bible
and bring these ten cheeses to the captain of their thousand, and see how your brothers are doing, and bring back news."

Young's Literal Translation
and these ten cuttings of the cheese thou dost take in to the head of the thousand, and thy brethren thou dost inspect for welfare, and their pledge dost receive.'

Additional Translations ...
Study Bible
David Accepts the Challenge
17One day Jesse said to his son David, “Take this ephah of roasted grain and these ten loaves of bread for your brothers and hurry to their camp. 18 Take also these ten portions of cheese to the commander of their unit. Check on the welfare of your brothers and bring back an assurance from them. 19They are with Saul and all the men of Israel in the Valley of Elah, fighting against the Philistines.”…

Cross References
Genesis 37:13
Israel said to him, "Are not your brothers pasturing the flocks at Shechem? Get ready; I am sending you to them." "I am ready," Joseph replied.

Genesis 37:14
Then Israel told him, "Go now and see how your brothers and the flocks are faring, and bring word back to me." So he sent him off from the Valley of Hebron. And when Joseph arrived in Shechem,

1 Samuel 16:20
And Jesse took a donkey loaded with bread, a skin of wine, and one young goat, and sent them to Saul with his son David.

1 Samuel 17:19
They are with Saul and all the men of Israel in the Valley of Elah, fighting against the Philistines."


Treasury of Scripture

And carry these ten cheeses to the captain of their thousand, and look how your brothers fare, and take their pledge.

carry

1 Samuel 16:20
And Jesse took an ass laden with bread, and a bottle of wine, and a kid, and sent them by David his son unto Saul.

cheeses [heb] cheeses of milk

2 Samuel 17:29
And honey, and butter, and sheep, and cheese of kine, for David, and for the people that were with him, to eat: for they said, The people is hungry, and weary, and thirsty, in the wilderness.

Job 10:10
Hast thou not poured me out as milk, and curdled me like cheese?

their thousand [heb] a thousand

Genesis 37:14
And he said to him, Go, I pray thee, see whether it be well with thy brethren, and well with the flocks; and bring me word again. So he sent him out of the vale of Hebron, and he came to Shechem.

Acts 15:36
And some days after Paul said unto Barnabas, Let us go again and visit our brethren in every city where we have preached the word of the Lord, and see how they do.

1 Thessalonians 3:5,6
For this cause, when I could no longer forbear, I sent to know your faith, lest by some means the tempter have tempted you, and our labour be in vain…









(18) Look how thy brethren fare.--The same learned commentator (Wordsworth), following out this curious line of Patristic interpretation, remarks on these words: "David is sent by his father to his brethren from Bethlehem. So the Divine David, Jesus Christ, who was born at Bethlehem, was sent to His brethren by his Heavenly Father." He completes the analogy between David and Christ by pointing out how David was ill-received by his brethren, though he came at his father's bidding to show them an act of kindness; so Christ, when sent by His Father from heaven on an embassy of love, was ill-received by His own brethren, the Jews. "He came unto His own, and His own received Him not" (John 1:11).



Parallel Commentaries ...


Lexicon
Take also
תָּבִ֖יא (tā·ḇî)
Verb - Hifil - Imperfect - second person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 935: To come in, come, go in, go

these
הָאֵ֔לֶּה (hā·’êl·leh)
Article | Pronoun - common plural
Strong's Hebrew 428: These, those

ten
עֲשֶׂ֜רֶת (‘ă·śe·reṯ)
Number - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 6235: Ten

portions
חֲרִצֵ֤י (ḥă·ri·ṣê)
Noun - masculine plural construct
Strong's Hebrew 2757: Incisure, incised, a threshing-sledge, a slice

of cheese
הֶֽחָלָב֙ (he·ḥā·lāḇ)
Article | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 2461: Milk

to the commander
לְשַׂר־ (lə·śar-)
Preposition-l | Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 8269: Chieftain, chief, ruler, official, captain, prince

of [their] unit.
הָאָ֑לֶף (hā·’ā·lep̄)
Article | Number - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 505: A thousand

Check
תִּפְקֹ֣ד (tip̄·qōḏ)
Verb - Qal - Imperfect - second person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 6485: To visit, to oversee, muster, charge, care for, miss, deposit

on the welfare
לְשָׁל֔וֹם (lə·šā·lō·wm)
Preposition-l | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 7965: Safe, well, happy, friendly, welfare, health, prosperity, peace

of your brothers
אַחֶ֙יךָ֙ (’a·ḥe·ḵā)
Noun - masculine plural construct | second person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 251: A brother, )

and bring back
תִּקָּֽח׃ (tiq·qāḥ)
Verb - Qal - Imperfect - second person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3947: To take

an assurance from them.
עֲרֻבָּתָ֖ם (‘ă·rub·bā·ṯām)
Noun - feminine singular construct | third person masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 6161: Something given as security, a token, a bondsman


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Assurance Captain Carry Cheese Commander Cuts Cuttings Head Inspect News Pledge Receive Sign Ten Thousand Token Unit Visit Welfare
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OT History: 1 Samuel 17:18 And bring these ten cheeses to (1Sa iSam 1 Sam i sa)
1 Samuel 17:17
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