Matthew 20:12
New International Version
These who were hired last worked only one hour,' they said, 'and you have made them equal to us who have borne the burden of the work and the heat of the day.'

New Living Translation
'Those people worked only one hour, and yet you've paid them just as much as you paid us who worked all day in the scorching heat.'

English Standard Version
saying, ‘These last worked only one hour, and you have made them equal to us who have borne the burden of the day and the scorching heat.’

Berean Study Bible
‘These men who were hired last worked only one hour,’ they said, ‘and you have made them equal to us who have borne the burden and the scorching heat of the day.’

Berean Literal Bible
saying, 'These the last have worked one hour, and you have made them equal to us, the ones having borne the burden of the day and the scorching heat.'

New American Standard Bible
saying, 'These last men have worked only one hour, and you have made them equal to us who have borne the burden and the scorching heat of the day.'

King James Bible
Saying, These last have wrought but one hour, and thou hast made them equal unto us, which have borne the burden and heat of the day.

Christian Standard Bible
'These last men put in one hour, and you made them equal to us who bore the burden of the day's work and the burning heat.'

Contemporary English Version
They said, "The ones who were hired last worked for only one hour. But you paid them the same that you did us. And we worked in the hot sun all day long!"

Good News Translation
'These men who were hired last worked only one hour,' they said, 'while we put up with a whole day's work in the hot sun--yet you paid them the same as you paid us!'

Holman Christian Standard Bible
These last men put in one hour, and you made them equal to us who bore the burden of the day and the burning heat!'

International Standard Version
These last fellows worked only one hour, but you paid them the same as us, and we've been working all day, enduring the scorching heat!'

NET Bible
saying, 'These last fellows worked one hour, and you have made them equal to us who bore the hardship and burning heat of the day.'

New Heart English Bible
saying, 'These last have spent one hour, and you have made them equal to us, who have borne the burden of the day and the scorching heat.'

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
And they were saying, 'These last ones have worked one hour and you have made them equal to us who have borne the burden and the heat of the day.'

GOD'S WORD® Translation
They said, 'These last workers have worked only one hour. Yet, you've treated us all the same, even though we worked hard all day under a blazing sun.'

New American Standard 1977
saying, ‘These last men have worked only one hour, and you have made them equal to us who have borne the burden and the scorching heat of the day.’

Jubilee Bible 2000
saying, These last have worked but one hour, and thou hast made them equal unto us who have borne the burden and heat of the day.

King James 2000 Bible
Saying, These last have worked but one hour, and you have made them equal unto us, who have borne the burden and heat of the day.

American King James Version
Saying, These last have worked but one hour, and you have made them equal to us, which have borne the burden and heat of the day.

American Standard Version
saying, These last have spent but one hour, and thou hast made them equal unto us, who have borne the burden of the day and the scorching heat.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Saying: These last have worked but one hour, and thou hast made them equal to us, that have borne the burden of the day and the heats.

Darby Bible Translation
saying, These last have worked one hour, and thou hast made them equal to us, who have borne the burden of the day and the heat.

English Revised Version
saying, These last have spent but one hour, and thou hast made them equal unto us, which have borne the burden of the day and the scorching heat.

Webster's Bible Translation
Saying, These last have wrought but one hour, and thou hast made them equal to us, who have borne the burden and heat of the day.

Weymouth New Testament
"'These who came last have done only one hour's work, and you have put them on a level with us who have worked the whole day and have borne the scorching heat.'

World English Bible
saying, 'These last have spent one hour, and you have made them equal to us, who have borne the burden of the day and the scorching heat!'

Young's Literal Translation
that These, the last, wrought one hour, and thou didst make them equal to us, who were bearing the burden of the day -- and the heat.
Study Bible
The Parable of the Workers
11On receiving their pay, they began to grumble against the landowner. 12‘These men who were hired last worked only one hour,’ they said, ‘and you have made them equal to us who have borne the burden and the scorching heat of the day.’ 13But he answered one of them, ‘Friend, I am not being unfair to you. Did you not agree with me on one denarius?…
Cross References
Jonah 4:8
As the sun was rising, God appointed a scorching east wind, and the sun beat down on Jonah's head so that he grew faint and wished to die, saying, "It is better for me to die than to live."

Matthew 20:11
On receiving their pay, they began to grumble against the landowner.

Luke 12:55
And when the south wind blows, you say, 'It will be hot,' and it is.

James 1:11
For the sun rises with scorching heat and withers the plant; its flower falls and its beauty is lost. So too, the rich man will fade away in the midst of his pursuits.

Treasury of Scripture

Saying, These last have worked but one hour, and you have made them equal to us, which have borne the burden and heat of the day.

wrought but one hour.

Luke 14:10,11
But when thou art bidden, go and sit down in the lowest room; that when he that bade thee cometh, he may say unto thee, Friend, go up higher: then shalt thou have worship in the presence of them that sit at meat with thee…

Romans 3:22-24,30
Even the righteousness of God which is by faith of Jesus Christ unto all and upon all them that believe: for there is no difference: …

Ephesians 3:6
That the Gentiles should be fellowheirs, and of the same body, and partakers of his promise in Christ by the gospel:

borne.

Isaiah 58:2,3
Yet they seek me daily, and delight to know my ways, as a nation that did righteousness, and forsook not the ordinance of their God: they ask of me the ordinances of justice; they take delight in approaching to God…

Zechariah 7:3-5
And to speak unto the priests which were in the house of the LORD of hosts, and to the prophets, saying, Should I weep in the fifth month, separating myself, as I have done these so many years? …

Malachi 1:13
Ye said also, Behold, what a weariness is it! and ye have snuffed at it, saith the LORD of hosts; and ye brought that which was torn, and the lame, and the sick; thus ye brought an offering: should I accept this of your hand? saith the LORD.







Lexicon
‘These
Οὗτοι (Houtoi)
Demonstrative Pronoun - Nominative Masculine Plural
Strong's Greek 3778: This; he, she, it.

[men who were hired]
οἱ (hoi)
Article - Nominative Masculine Plural
Strong's Greek 3588: The, the definite article. Including the feminine he, and the neuter to in all their inflections; the definite article; the.

last
ἔσχατοι (eschatoi)
Adjective - Nominative Masculine Plural
Strong's Greek 2078: Last, at the last, finally, till the end. A superlative probably from echo; farthest, final.

worked
ἐποίησαν (epoiēsan)
Verb - Aorist Indicative Active - 3rd Person Plural
Strong's Greek 4160: (a) I make, manufacture, construct, (b) I do, act, cause. Apparently a prolonged form of an obsolete primary; to make or do.

only one
μίαν (mian)
Adjective - Accusative Feminine Singular
Strong's Greek 1520: One. (including the neuter Hen); a primary numeral; one.

hour,’
ὥραν (hōran)
Noun - Accusative Feminine Singular
Strong's Greek 5610: Apparently a primary word; an 'hour'.

they said,
λέγοντες (legontes)
Verb - Present Participle Active - Nominative Masculine Plural
Strong's Greek 3004: (a) I say, speak; I mean, mention, tell, (b) I call, name, especially in the pass., (c) I tell, command.

‘and
καὶ (kai)
Conjunction
Strong's Greek 2532: And, even, also, namely.

you have made
ἐποίησας (epoiēsas)
Verb - Aorist Indicative Active - 2nd Person Singular
Strong's Greek 4160: (a) I make, manufacture, construct, (b) I do, act, cause. Apparently a prolonged form of an obsolete primary; to make or do.

them
αὐτοὺς (autous)
Personal / Possessive Pronoun - Accusative Masculine 3rd Person Plural
Strong's Greek 846: He, she, it, they, them, same. From the particle au; the reflexive pronoun self, used of the third person, and of the other persons.

equal
ἴσους (isous)
Adjective - Accusative Masculine Plural
Strong's Greek 2470: Equal, equivalent, identical. Probably from eido; similar.

to us
ἡμῖν (hēmin)
Personal / Possessive Pronoun - Dative 1st Person Plural
Strong's Greek 1473: I, the first-person pronoun. A primary pronoun of the first person I.

who
τοῖς (tois)
Article - Dative Masculine Plural
Strong's Greek 3588: The, the definite article. Including the feminine he, and the neuter to in all their inflections; the definite article; the.

have borne
βαστάσασι (bastasasi)
Verb - Aorist Participle Active - Dative Masculine Plural
Strong's Greek 941: Perhaps remotely derived from the base of basis; to lift, literally or figuratively.

the
τὸ (to)
Article - Accusative Neuter Singular
Strong's Greek 3588: The, the definite article. Including the feminine he, and the neuter to in all their inflections; the definite article; the.

burden
βάρος (baros)
Noun - Accusative Neuter Singular
Strong's Greek 922: Probably from the same as basis; weight; in the New Testament only, figuratively, a load, abundance, authority.

and
καὶ (kai)
Conjunction
Strong's Greek 2532: And, even, also, namely.

the
τὸν (ton)
Article - Accusative Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 3588: The, the definite article. Including the feminine he, and the neuter to in all their inflections; the definite article; the.

scorching heat
καύσωνα (kausōna)
Noun - Accusative Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 2742: A scorching heat, hot wind. From kausoo; a glare.

of the
τῆς (tēs)
Article - Genitive Feminine Singular
Strong's Greek 3588: The, the definite article. Including the feminine he, and the neuter to in all their inflections; the definite article; the.

day.’
ἡμέρας (hēmeras)
Noun - Genitive Feminine Singular
Strong's Greek 2250: A day, the period from sunrise to sunset.
(12) But one hour.--Literally, in what was probably the technical language of labourers, made but one hour:

The burden and heat of the day.--The word rendered "heat" is elsewhere used--as in James 1:11, and the LXX. of Jonah 4:8--for the "burning wind" that often follows on the sunrise, and makes the labour of the first half of the day harder than that of the latter.

Verse 12. - These last have wrought but one hour; μίαν ὥραν ἐπσίησαν: una hora fecerunt (Vulgate); have spent but one hour (Revised Version). The verb ποιεῖν is used with nouns of time in the sense of "spend," "pass," as in Ruth 2:19 (Septuagint); Acts 15:33, etc. They speak of the late workers contemptuously (οὑτοι οἱ ἔσχατοι), "these fellows who are last." They do not allow that they laboured - they "made" one hour nominally. Equal unto us. Bengel notes, "Envy does not demand more for itself, but wishes that others should have less." Their complaint is that others who have worked less are not docked of their wages in due proportion. Burden and heat of the day; τό βάρος τῆς ἡμέρας καὶ τὸν καύσωνα: the burden of the day and the scorching heat (Revised Version). The latter word is used for the hot dry wind which, blowing from the east, was fatal to vegetation and prejudicial to human comfort, if not to life. The remonstrance of these men may be compared with that of the elder brother in the parable of the prodigal son (Luke 15:29, 30). They how somewhat of the spirit of the apostles when they asked, "What shall we have therefore?" (Matthew 19:27). 20:1-16 The direct object of this parable seems to be, to show that though the Jews were first called into the vineyard, at length the gospel should be preached to the Gentiles, and they should be admitted to equal privileges and advantages with the Jews. The parable may also be applied more generally, and shows, 1. That God is debtor to no man. 2. That many who begin last, and promise little in religion, sometimes, by the blessing of God, arrive at a great deal of knowledge, grace, and usefulness. 3. That the recompense of reward will be given to the saints, but not according to the time of their conversion. It describes the state of the visible church, and explains the declaration that the last shall be first, and the first last, in its various references. Till we are hired into the service of God, we are standing all the day idle: a sinful state, though a state of drudgery to Satan, may be called a state of idleness. The market-place is the world, and from that we are called by the gospel. Come, come from this market-place. Work for God will not admit of trifling. A man may go idle to hell, but he that will go to heaven, must be diligent. The Roman penny was sevenpence halfpenny in our money, wages then enough for the day's support. This does not prove that the reward of our obedience to God is of works, or of debt; when we have done all, we are unprofitable servants; but it signifies that there is a reward set before us, yet let none, upon this presumption, put off repentance till they are old. Some were sent into the vineyard at the eleventh hour; but nobody had hired them before. The Gentiles came in at the eleventh hour; the gospel had not been before preached to them. Those that have had gospel offers made them at the third or sixth hour, and have refused them, will not have to say at the eleventh hour, as these had, No man has hired us. Therefore, not to discourage any, but to awaken all, be it remembered, that now is the accepted time. The riches of Divine grace are loudly murmured at, among proud Pharisees and nominal Christians. There is great proneness in us to think that we have too little, and others too much of the tokens of God's favour; and that we do too much, and others too little in the work of God. But if God gives grace to others, it is kindness to them, and no injustice to us. Carnal worldlings agree with God for their penny in this world; and choose their portion in this life. Obedient believers agree with God for their penny in the other world, and must remember they have so agreed. Didst not thou agree to take up with heaven as thy portion, thy all; wilt thou seek for happiness in the creature? God punishes none more than they deserve, and recompenses every service done for him; he therefore does no wrong to any, by showing extraordinary grace to some. See here the nature of envy. It is an evil eye, which is displeased at the good of others, and desires their hurt. It is a grief to ourselves, displeasing to God, and hurtful to our neighbours: it is a sin that has neither pleasure, profit, nor honour. Let us forego every proud claim, and seek for salvation as a free gift. Let us never envy or grudge, but rejoice and praise God for his mercy to others as well as to ourselves.
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