Matthew 20:13
New International Version
"But he answered one of them, 'I am not being unfair to you, friend. Didn't you agree to work for a denarius?

New Living Translation
"He answered one of them, 'Friend, I haven't been unfair! Didn't you agree to work all day for the usual wage?

English Standard Version
But he replied to one of them, ‘Friend, I am doing you no wrong. Did you not agree with me for a denarius?

Berean Study Bible
But he answered one of them, ‘Friend, I am not being unfair to you. Did you not agree with me on one denarius?

Berean Literal Bible
And answering one of them, he said, 'Friend, I am doing you no wrong. Did you not agree with me for a denarius?

New American Standard Bible
"But he answered and said to one of them, 'Friend, I am doing you no wrong; did you not agree with me for a denarius?

King James Bible
But he answered one of them, and said, Friend, I do thee no wrong: didst not thou agree with me for a penny?

Christian Standard Bible
"He replied to one of them, 'Friend, I'm doing you no wrong. Didn't you agree with me on a denarius?

Contemporary English Version
The owner answered one of them, "Friend, I didn't cheat you. I paid you exactly what we agreed on.

Good News Translation
'Listen, friend,' the owner answered one of them, 'I have not cheated you. After all, you agreed to do a day's work for one silver coin.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
"He replied to one of them, Friend, I'm doing you no wrong. Didn't you agree with me on a denarius?

International Standard Version
"But he told one of them, 'Friend, I'm not treating you unfairly. You did agree with me for a denarius, didn't you?

NET Bible
And the landowner replied to one of them, 'Friend, I am not treating you unfairly. Didn't you agree with me to work for the standard wage?

New Heart English Bible
"But he answered one of them, 'Friend, I am doing you no wrong. Did you not agree with me for a denarius?

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
But he answered and said to one of them, 'My friend, I do no evil to you. Did you not agree with me for a denarius?'

GOD'S WORD® Translation
"The owner said to one of them, 'Friend, I'm not treating you unfairly. Didn't you agree with me on a day's wages?

New American Standard 1977
“But he answered and said to one of them, ‘Friend, I am doing you no wrong; did you not agree with me for a denarius?

Jubilee Bible 2000
But he answered one of them and said, Friend, I do thee no wrong; didst not thou agree with me for a denarius?

King James 2000 Bible
But he answered one of them, and said, Friend, I do you no wrong: did not you agree with me for a penny?

American King James Version
But he answered one of them, and said, Friend, I do you no wrong: did not you agree with me for a penny?

American Standard Version
But he answered and said to one of them, Friend, I do thee no wrong: didst not thou agree with me for a shilling?

Douay-Rheims Bible
But he answering said to one of them: Friend, I do thee no wrong: didst thou not agree with me for a penny?

Darby Bible Translation
But he answering said to one of them, [My] friend, I do not wrong thee. Didst thou not agree with me for a denarius?

English Revised Version
But he answered and said to one of them, Friend, I do thee no wrong: didst not thou agree with me for a penny?

Webster's Bible Translation
But he answered one of them, and said, Friend, I do thee no wrong: didst thou not agree with me for a penny?

Weymouth New Testament
"'My friend,' he answered to one of them, 'I am doing you no injustice. Did you not agree with me for a shilling?

World English Bible
"But he answered one of them, 'Friend, I am doing you no wrong. Didn't you agree with me for a denarius?

Young's Literal Translation
'And he answering said to one of them, Comrade, I do no unrighteousness to thee; for a denary didst not thou agree with me?
Study Bible
The Parable of the Workers
12‘These men who were hired last worked only one hour,’ they said, ‘and you have made them equal to us who have borne the burden and the scorching heat of the day.’ 13But he answered one of them, ‘Friend, I am not being unfair to you. Did you not agree with me on one denarius? 14Take your pay and go. I want to give this last man the same as I gave you.…
Cross References
Matthew 20:2
He agreed to pay them a denarius for the day and sent them into his vineyard.

Matthew 20:14
Take your pay and go. I want to give this last man the same as I gave you.

Matthew 22:12
Friend,' he asked, 'how did you get in here without wedding clothes?' But the man was speechless.

Matthew 26:50
"Friend," Jesus replied, "do what you came for." Then the men stepped forward, seized Jesus, and arrested Him.

Treasury of Scripture

But he answered one of them, and said, Friend, I do you no wrong: did not you agree with me for a penny?

Friend.

Matthew 22:12
And he saith unto him, Friend, how camest thou in hither not having a wedding garment? And he was speechless.

Matthew 26:50
And Jesus said unto him, Friend, wherefore art thou come? Then came they, and laid hands on Jesus, and took him.

I do.

Genesis 18:25
That be far from thee to do after this manner, to slay the righteous with the wicked: and that the righteous should be as the wicked, that be far from thee: Shall not the Judge of all the earth do right?

Job 34:8-12,17,18
Which goeth in company with the workers of iniquity, and walketh with wicked men…

Job 35:2
Thinkest thou this to be right, that thou saidst, My righteousness is more than God's?







Lexicon
But
δὲ (de)
Conjunction
Strong's Greek 1161: A primary particle; but, and, etc.

he answered
ἀποκριθεὶς (apokritheis)
Verb - Aorist Participle Passive - Nominative Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 611: From apo and krino; to conclude for oneself, i.e. to respond; by Hebraism to begin to speak.

one
ἑνὶ (heni)
Adjective - Dative Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 1520: One. (including the neuter Hen); a primary numeral; one.

of them,
αὐτῶν (autōn)
Personal / Possessive Pronoun - Genitive Masculine 3rd Person Plural
Strong's Greek 846: He, she, it, they, them, same. From the particle au; the reflexive pronoun self, used of the third person, and of the other persons.

‘Friend,
Ἑταῖρε (Hetaire)
Noun - Vocative Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 2083: A companion, comrade, friend. From etes; a comrade.

I am not being unfair
ἀδικῶ (adikō)
Verb - Present Indicative Active - 1st Person Singular
Strong's Greek 91: To act unjustly towards, injure, harm. From adikos; to be unjust, i.e. do wrong.

to you.
σε (se)
Personal / Possessive Pronoun - Accusative 2nd Person Singular
Strong's Greek 4771: You. The person pronoun of the second person singular; thou.

Did you not agree
συνεφώνησάς (synephōnēsas)
Verb - Aorist Indicative Active - 2nd Person Singular
Strong's Greek 4856: To agree with, harmonize with, agree together. From sumphonos; to be harmonious, i.e. to accord or stipulate.

with me
μοι (moi)
Personal / Possessive Pronoun - Dative 1st Person Singular
Strong's Greek 1473: I, the first-person pronoun. A primary pronoun of the first person I.

on one denarius?
δηναρίου (dēnariou)
Noun - Genitive Neuter Singular
Strong's Greek 1220: A denarius, a small Roman silver coin. Of Latin origin; a denarius.
(13) Friend.--The word so translated (literally, comrade, companion) always carries, with it in our Lord's lips a tone of reproof. It is addressed to the man who had not on a wedding garment (Matthew 22:12), and to the traitor Judas (Matthew 26:50).

I do thee no wrong.--The answer of the house holder is that of one who is just where claims are urged on the ground of justice, generous where he sees that generosity is right. Had the first-called labourers shared this generosity, they would not have grudged the others the wages that they themselves received, and would have found their own reward in sympathy with their joy. This would be true even in the outer framework of the parable. It is a fortiori true when we pass to its spiritual interpretation. No disciple who had entered into his Master's spirit would grudge the repentant thief his rest in Paradise (Luke 23:43). No consistent Christian thinks that he ought to have some special reward because he sees a death-bed repentance crowned by a peace, the foretaste of eternal life, as full and assured as his own.

Verse 13. - He answered one of them. The Lord condescended to show, not to all the labourers, but to one of them - the ringleader probably - the futility of the ground of his murmur. Christ often explains himself to his friends, while he refuses further elucidation to enemies and the hardened. Friend (ἑταῖρε). Not a term of affection, or special good will, but one of indifference, addressed to an inferior. It was the word used to Judas (Matthew 26:50) when he came to betray his Lord, "Friend, wherefore art thou come?" I do thee no wrong. The labourer had really nothing to complain of in strict justice; he had received the full amount of the stipulated wages. But he very naturally felt that he had not been fairly dealt with. He would say to himself, "If one hour's work, and that in the cool of the evening, is deemed worth a penny, surely a whole day's labour, in the full heat of the sun, ought to deserve a higher remuneration." The difficulty here must be felt by every one. Nor is the master's solution perfect; it would scarcely commend itself to the dissatisfied murmurer. And doubtless it is not intended to be complete. 20:1-16 The direct object of this parable seems to be, to show that though the Jews were first called into the vineyard, at length the gospel should be preached to the Gentiles, and they should be admitted to equal privileges and advantages with the Jews. The parable may also be applied more generally, and shows, 1. That God is debtor to no man. 2. That many who begin last, and promise little in religion, sometimes, by the blessing of God, arrive at a great deal of knowledge, grace, and usefulness. 3. That the recompense of reward will be given to the saints, but not according to the time of their conversion. It describes the state of the visible church, and explains the declaration that the last shall be first, and the first last, in its various references. Till we are hired into the service of God, we are standing all the day idle: a sinful state, though a state of drudgery to Satan, may be called a state of idleness. The market-place is the world, and from that we are called by the gospel. Come, come from this market-place. Work for God will not admit of trifling. A man may go idle to hell, but he that will go to heaven, must be diligent. The Roman penny was sevenpence halfpenny in our money, wages then enough for the day's support. This does not prove that the reward of our obedience to God is of works, or of debt; when we have done all, we are unprofitable servants; but it signifies that there is a reward set before us, yet let none, upon this presumption, put off repentance till they are old. Some were sent into the vineyard at the eleventh hour; but nobody had hired them before. The Gentiles came in at the eleventh hour; the gospel had not been before preached to them. Those that have had gospel offers made them at the third or sixth hour, and have refused them, will not have to say at the eleventh hour, as these had, No man has hired us. Therefore, not to discourage any, but to awaken all, be it remembered, that now is the accepted time. The riches of Divine grace are loudly murmured at, among proud Pharisees and nominal Christians. There is great proneness in us to think that we have too little, and others too much of the tokens of God's favour; and that we do too much, and others too little in the work of God. But if God gives grace to others, it is kindness to them, and no injustice to us. Carnal worldlings agree with God for their penny in this world; and choose their portion in this life. Obedient believers agree with God for their penny in the other world, and must remember they have so agreed. Didst not thou agree to take up with heaven as thy portion, thy all; wilt thou seek for happiness in the creature? God punishes none more than they deserve, and recompenses every service done for him; he therefore does no wrong to any, by showing extraordinary grace to some. See here the nature of envy. It is an evil eye, which is displeased at the good of others, and desires their hurt. It is a grief to ourselves, displeasing to God, and hurtful to our neighbours: it is a sin that has neither pleasure, profit, nor honour. Let us forego every proud claim, and seek for salvation as a free gift. Let us never envy or grudge, but rejoice and praise God for his mercy to others as well as to ourselves.
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