Matthew 20:20
New International Version
Then the mother of Zebedee's sons came to Jesus with her sons and, kneeling down, asked a favor of him.

New Living Translation
Then the mother of James and John, the sons of Zebedee, came to Jesus with her sons. She knelt respectfully to ask a favor.

English Standard Version
Then the mother of the sons of Zebedee came up to him with her sons, and kneeling before him she asked him for something.

Berean Study Bible
Then the mother of Zebedee’s sons came to Jesus with her sons and knelt down to make a request of Him.

Berean Literal Bible
Then the mother of the sons of Zebedee came to Him with her sons, kneeling down and asking something from Him.

New American Standard Bible
Then the mother of the sons of Zebedee came to Jesus with her sons, bowing down and making a request of Him.

King James Bible
Then came to him the mother of Zebedee's children with her sons, worshipping him, and desiring a certain thing of him.

Christian Standard Bible
Then the mother of Zebedee's sons approached him with her sons. She knelt down to ask him for something.

Contemporary English Version
The mother of James and John came to Jesus with her two sons. She knelt down and started begging him to do something for her.

Good News Translation
Then the wife of Zebedee came to Jesus with her two sons, bowed before him, and asked him for a favor.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Then the mother of Zebedee's sons approached Him with her sons. She knelt down to ask Him for something.

International Standard Version
Then the mother of Zebedee's sons came to Jesus with her sons. She bowed down in front of him to ask him for a favor.

NET Bible
Then the mother of the sons of Zebedee came to him with her sons, and kneeling down she asked him for a favor.

New Heart English Bible
Then the mother of the sons of Zebedee came to him with her sons, kneeling and asking a certain thing of him.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
Then the mother of the sons of Zebedee came near to him, she and her sons, and she worshiped him and she was asking him something.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Then the mother of Zebedee's sons came to Jesus with her two sons. She bowed down in front of him to ask him for a favor.

New American Standard 1977
Then the mother of the sons of Zebedee came to Him with her sons, bowing down, and making a request of Him.

Jubilee Bible 2000
Then the mother of the sons of Zebedee came to him with her sons, worshipping him and desiring a certain thing of him.

King James 2000 Bible
Then came to him the mother of Zebedee's children with her sons, worshiping him, and desiring a certain thing of him.

American King James Version
Then came to him the mother of Zebedees children with her sons, worshipping him, and desiring a certain thing of him.

American Standard Version
Then came to him the mother of the sons of Zebedee with her sons, worshipping him , and asking a certain thing of him.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Then came to him the mother of the sons of Zebedee with her sons, adoring and asking something of him.

Darby Bible Translation
Then came to him the mother of the sons of Zebedee, with her sons, doing homage, and asking something of him.

English Revised Version
Then came to him the mother of the sons of Zebedee with her sons, worshipping him, and asking a certain thing of him.

Webster's Bible Translation
Then came to him the mother of Zebedee's children, with her sons, worshiping him, and desiring a certain thing of him.

Weymouth New Testament
Then the mother of the sons of Zabdi came to Him with her sons, and knelt before Him to make a request of Him.

World English Bible
Then the mother of the sons of Zebedee came to him with her sons, kneeling and asking a certain thing of him.

Young's Literal Translation
Then came near to him the mother of the sons of Zebedee, with her sons, bowing and asking something from him,
Study Bible
A Mother's Request
19and will deliver Him over to the Gentiles to be mocked and flogged and crucified. And on the third day He will be raised to life.” 20Then the mother of Zebedee’s sons came to Jesus with her sons and knelt down to make a request of Him. 21“What do you want?” He inquired. She answered, “Declare that in Your kingdom one of these two sons of mine may sit at Your right hand, and the other at Your left.”…
Cross References
Matthew 4:21
Going on from there, He saw two other brothers, James son of Zebedee and his brother John. They were in a boat with their father Zebedee, mending their nets. Jesus called them,

Matthew 8:2
Suddenly a leper came and knelt before Him, saying, "Lord, if You are willing, You can make me clean."

Matthew 10:2
These are the names of the twelve apostles: first Simon, called Peter, and his brother Andrew; James son of Zebedee, and his brother John;

Matthew 27:56
Among them were Mary Magdalene, Mary the mother of James and Joseph, and the mother of Zebedee's sons.

Mark 10:35
Then James and John, the sons of Zebedee, came to Jesus and declared, "Teacher, we want You to do for us whatever we ask."

Treasury of Scripture

Then came to him the mother of Zebedees children with her sons, worshipping him, and desiring a certain thing of him.

came.

Mark 10:35
And James and John, the sons of Zebedee, come unto him, saying, Master, we would that thou shouldest do for us whatsoever we shall desire.

the mother.

Matthew 4:21
And going on from thence, he saw other two brethren, James the son of Zebedee, and John his brother, in a ship with Zebedee their father, mending their nets; and he called them.

Matthew 27:56
Among which was Mary Magdalene, and Mary the mother of James and Joses, and the mother of Zebedee's children.

Mark 15:40
There were also women looking on afar off: among whom was Mary Magdalene, and Mary the mother of James the less and of Joses, and Salome;

Salome.

Matthew 2:11
And when they were come into the house, they saw the young child with Mary his mother, and fell down, and worshipped him: and when they had opened their treasures, they presented unto him gifts; gold, and frankincense, and myrrh.

Matthew 8:2
And, behold, there came a leper and worshipped him, saying, Lord, if thou wilt, thou canst make me clean.

Matthew 14:33
Then they that were in the ship came and worshipped him, saying, Of a truth thou art the Son of God.







Lexicon
Then
Τότε (Tote)
Adverb
Strong's Greek 5119: Then, at that time. From ho and hote; the when, i.e. At the time that.

the
(hē)
Article - Nominative Feminine Singular
Strong's Greek 3588: The, the definite article. Including the feminine he, and the neuter to in all their inflections; the definite article; the.

mother
μήτηρ (mētēr)
Noun - Nominative Feminine Singular
Strong's Greek 3384: A mother. Apparently a primary word; a 'mother'.

of Zebedee’s
Ζεβεδαίου (Zebedaiou)
Noun - Genitive Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 2199: Zebedee, father of the apostles James and John. Of Hebrew origin; Zebedaeus, an Israelite.

sons
υἱῶν (huiōn)
Noun - Genitive Masculine Plural
Strong's Greek 5207: A son, descendent. Apparently a primary word; a 'son', used very widely of immediate, remote or figuratively, kinship.

came
προσῆλθεν (prosēlthen)
Verb - Aorist Indicative Active - 3rd Person Singular
Strong's Greek 4334: From pros and erchomai; to approach, i.e. come near, visit, or worship, assent to.

to [Jesus]
αὐτῷ (autō)
Personal / Possessive Pronoun - Dative Masculine 3rd Person Singular
Strong's Greek 846: He, she, it, they, them, same. From the particle au; the reflexive pronoun self, used of the third person, and of the other persons.

with
μετὰ (meta)
Preposition
Strong's Greek 3326: (a) gen: with, in company with, (b) acc: (1) behind, beyond, after, of place, (2) after, of time, with nouns, neut. of adjectives.

her
αὐτῆς (autēs)
Personal / Possessive Pronoun - Genitive Feminine 3rd Person Singular
Strong's Greek 846: He, she, it, they, them, same. From the particle au; the reflexive pronoun self, used of the third person, and of the other persons.

sons
υἱῶν (huiōn)
Noun - Genitive Masculine Plural
Strong's Greek 5207: A son, descendent. Apparently a primary word; a 'son', used very widely of immediate, remote or figuratively, kinship.

[and] knelt down
προσκυνοῦσα (proskynousa)
Verb - Present Participle Active - Nominative Feminine Singular
Strong's Greek 4352: From pros and a probable derivative of kuon; to fawn or crouch to, i.e. prostrate oneself in homage.

to make a request
αἰτοῦσά (aitousa)
Verb - Present Participle Active - Nominative Feminine Singular
Strong's Greek 154: To ask, request, petition, demand. Of uncertain derivation; to ask.

of
ἀπ’ (ap’)
Preposition
Strong's Greek 575: From, away from. A primary particle; 'off, ' i.e. Away, in various senses.

Him.
αὐτοῦ (autou)
Personal / Possessive Pronoun - Genitive Masculine 3rd Person Singular
Strong's Greek 846: He, she, it, they, them, same. From the particle au; the reflexive pronoun self, used of the third person, and of the other persons.
(20) Then came to him the mother of Zebedee's children.--The state of feeling described in the previous Note supplies the only explanation of a request so strange. The mother of James and John (we find on comparing Matthew 27:56 and Mark 15:40, that her name was Salome) was among those who "thought that the kingdom of God should immediately appear" (Luke 19:11); and probably the words so recently spoken, which promised that the Twelve should sit on thrones judging the twelve tribes of Israel (Matthew 19:28) had fastened on her thoughts, as on those of her sons, to the exclusion of those which spoke of suffering and death. And so, little mindful of the teaching of the parable they had just heard, they too expected that they should receive more than others, and sought (not, it may be, without some jealousy of Peter) that they might be nearest to their Lord in that "regeneration" which seemed to them so near. The mother came to ask for her sons what they shrank from asking for themselves, and did so with the act of homage ("worshipping Him") which implied that she was speaking to a King.

Verses 20-28. - Ambitious request of the mother of the sons of Zebedee. (Mark 10:35-45.) Verse 20. - Then. The incident seems to have arisen from the promise of the twelve thrones in Matthew 19:28, and is significant as showing how utterly misunderstood was the true nature of the Messianic kingdom. The mother of Zebedee's children. The mother of James and John was named Salome (Matthew 27:56 compared with Mark 15:40; Mark 16:1); she had left her husband Zebedee (Mark 1:20) in Galilee (unless, as is more probable from the terms in which she is introduced, he was now dead), and followed Jesus in the band of holy women who attended on him and ministered to him of their substance. Some have thought that she was the sister of the Virgin Mary, so interpreting John 19:25. St. Mark makes the two apostles present their own request; and doubtless they put their mother forward, coming with her to the presence of Jesus, and using her agency in this somewhat delicate matter. Our evangelist was present on the occasion, and his precision may be relied on in this detail. Worshipping him. Making the customary prostration before a superior. A certain thing (τι). She did not at first make any definite request, but endeavoured to get Jesus to promise to grant her what she asked. According to St. Mark, the sons say plainly, "We would that thou shouldest do for us whatever we shall desire." Thus Bathsheba addressed David. "I desire one small petition of thee; I pray thee, say me not nay" (1 Kings 2:20). Salome is plainly intending to ask some great thing. 20:20-28 The sons of Zebedee abused what Christ said to comfort the disciples. Some cannot have comforts but they turn them to a wrong purpose. Pride is a sin that most easily besets us; it is sinful ambition to outdo others in pomp and grandeur. To put down the vanity and ambition of their request, Christ leads them to the thoughts of their sufferings. It is a bitter cup that is to be drunk of; a cup of trembling, but not the cup of the wicked. It is but a cup, it is but a draught, bitter perhaps, but soon emptied; it is a cup in the hand of a Father, Joh 18:11. Baptism is an ordinance by which we are joined to the Lord in covenant and communion; and so is suffering for Christ, Eze 20:37; Isa 48:10. Baptism is an outward and visible sign of an inward and spiritual grace; and so is suffering for Christ, for unto us it is given, Php 1:29. But they knew not what Christ's cup was, nor what his baptism. Those are commonly most confident, who are least acquainted with the cross. Nothing makes more mischief among brethren, than desire of greatness. And we never find Christ's disciples quarrelling, but something of this was at the bottom of it. That man who labours most diligently, and suffers most patiently, seeking to do good to his brethren, and to promote the salvation of souls, most resembles Christ, and will be most honoured by him to all eternity. Our Lord speaks of his death in the terms applied to the sacrifices of old. It is a sacrifice for the sins of men, and is that true and substantial sacrifice, which those of the law faintly and imperfectly represented. It was a ransom for many, enough for all, working upon many; and, if for many, then the poor trembling soul may say, Why not for me?
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