Isaiah 5:28
New International Version
Their arrows are sharp, all their bows are strung; their horses’ hooves seem like flint, their chariot wheels like a whirlwind.

New Living Translation
Their arrows will be sharp and their bows ready for battle. Sparks will fly from their horses’ hooves, and the wheels of their chariots will spin like a whirlwind.

English Standard Version
their arrows are sharp, all their bows bent, their horses’ hoofs seem like flint, and their wheels like the whirlwind.

Berean Study Bible
Their arrows are sharpened, and all their bows are strung. The hooves of their horses are like flint; their chariot wheels are like a whirlwind.

King James Bible
Whose arrows are sharp, and all their bows bent, their horses' hoofs shall be counted like flint, and their wheels like a whirlwind:

New King James Version
Whose arrows are sharp, And all their bows bent; Their horses’ hooves will seem like flint, And their wheels like a whirlwind.

New American Standard Bible
Its arrows are sharp and all its bows are bent; The hoofs of its horses seem like flint, and its chariot wheels like a storm wind.

NASB 1995
Its arrows are sharp and all its bows are bent; The hoofs of its horses seem like flint and its chariot wheels like a whirlwind.

NASB 1977
Its arrows are sharp, and all its bows are bent; The hoofs of its horses seem like flint, and its chariot wheels like a whirlwind.

Amplified Bible
Their arrows are sharp and all their bows are strung and bent; Their horses’ hoofs seem like flint and their chariot wheels like a whirlwind.

Christian Standard Bible
Their arrows are sharpened, and all their bows strung. Their horses’ hooves are like flint; their chariot wheels are like a whirlwind.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Their arrows are sharpened, and all their bows strung. Their horses’ hooves are like flint; their chariot wheels are like a whirlwind.

American Standard Version
whose arrows are sharp, and all their bows bent; their horses hoofs shall be accounted as flint, and their wheels as a whirlwind:

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
Their arrows are sharp and their bows are filled, and the hooves of their horses shall be considered as flint and their wheels as a whirlwind

Brenton Septuagint Translation
Whose arrows are sharp, and their bows bent; their horses' hoofs are counted as solid rock: their chariot-wheels are as a storm.

Contemporary English Version
Their arrows are sharp, and their bows are ready. The hoofs of their horses are hard as flint; the wheels of their war chariots turn as fast as a whirlwind.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Their arrows are sharp, and all their bows are bent. The hoofs of their horses shall be like the hint, and their wheels like the violence of a tempest.

English Revised Version
whose arrows are sharp, and all their bows bent; their horses' hoofs shall be counted like flint, and their wheels like a whirlwind:

Good News Translation
Their arrows are sharp, and their bows are ready to shoot. Their horses' hoofs are as hard as flint, and their chariot wheels turn like a whirlwind.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Their arrows are sharpened; all their bows are ready to shoot. Their horses' hoofs are as hard as flint. Their chariot wheels are as quick as the wind.

International Standard Version
Their arrows are sharp, all their bows ready for action. Their horses' hooves seem like flint, and their chariot wheels spin like a whirlwind.

JPS Tanakh 1917
Whose arrows are sharp, And all their bows bent; Their horses' hoofs shall be counted like flint, And their wheels like a whirlwind;

Literal Standard Version
Whose arrows [are] sharp, and all its bows bent, Hooves of its horses have been reckoned as flint, And its wheels as a windstorm!

NET Bible
Their arrows are sharpened, and all their bows are prepared. The hooves of their horses are hard as flint, and their chariot wheels are like a windstorm.

New Heart English Bible
whose arrows are sharp, and all their bows bent. Their horses' hoofs will be like flint, and their wheels like a whirlwind.

World English Bible
whose arrows are sharp, and all their bows bent. Their horses' hoofs will be like flint, and their wheels like a whirlwind.

Young's Literal Translation
Whose arrows are sharp, and all its bows bent, Hoofs of its horses as flint have been reckoned, And its wheels as a hurricane!

Additional Translations ...
Context
Woes to the Wicked
27None of them grows weary or stumbles; no one slumbers or sleeps. No belt is loose and no sandal strap is broken. 28 Their arrows are sharpened, and all their bows are strung. The hooves of their horses are like flint; their chariot wheels are like a whirlwind. 29Their roaring is like that of a lion; they roar like young lions. They growl and seize their prey; they carry it away from deliverance.…

Cross References
Psalm 7:12
If one does not repent, God will sharpen His sword; He has bent and strung His bow.

Psalm 7:13
He has prepared His deadly weapons; He ordains His arrows with fire.

Psalm 45:5
Your arrows pierce the hearts of the king's foes; the nations fall beneath your feet.

Psalm 120:4
Sharp arrows will come from the warrior, with burning coals of the broom tree!

Isaiah 13:18
Their bows will dash young men to pieces; they will have no mercy on the fruit of the womb; they will not look with pity on the children.

Isaiah 21:1
This is the burden against the Desert by the Sea: Like whirlwinds sweeping through the Negev, an invader comes from the desert, from a land of terror.

Isaiah 66:15
For behold, the LORD will come with fire--His chariots are like a whirlwind--to execute His anger with fury and His rebuke with flames of fire.


Treasury of Scripture

Whose arrows are sharp, and all their bows bent, their horses' hoofs shall be counted like flint, and their wheels like a whirlwind:

arrows

Psalm 45:5
Thine arrows are sharp in the heart of the king's enemies; whereby the people fall under thee.

Psalm 120:4
Sharp arrows of the mighty, with coals of juniper.

Jeremiah 5:16
Their quiver is as an open sepulchre, they are all mighty men.

their horses

Judges 5:22
Then were the horsehoofs broken by the means of the pransings, the pransings of their mighty ones.

Jeremiah 47:3
At the noise of the stamping of the hoofs of his strong horses, at the rushing of his chariots, and at the rumbling of his wheels, the fathers shall not look back to their children for feebleness of hands;

Micah 4:13
Arise and thresh, O daughter of Zion: for I will make thine horn iron, and I will make thy hoofs brass: and thou shalt beat in pieces many people: and I will consecrate their gain unto the LORD, and their substance unto the Lord of the whole earth.









Verse 28. - Whose arrows are sharp, and all their bows bent. The special weapon of the Assyrian soldiers is the bow. From the king in his chariot to the light-armed recruit just pressed into the service, all fight mainly with this weapon, more particularly in the earlier times (see 'Ancient Monarchies,' vol. 1. pp. 414, 423, 424-437, etc.). Swords and spears are also known, but comparatively little used. Their horses' hoofs... like flint. Hard, strong, and solid, as was most necessary when shoeing was unknown. Their wheels like a whirlwind. Sennacherib (Isaiah 37:24) is represented as boasting of the "multitude of his chariots;" and both the sculptures and the inscriptions of Assyria show that the chariot throe was numerous, and was regarded as more important than any other. The king always went to battle in a chariot. For the comparison of the rush of chariot-wheels to a whirlwind, see below, Isaiah 66:15; and comp. Jeremiah 4:13).

Parallel Commentaries ...


Hebrew
Their arrows
חִצָּיו֙ (ḥiṣ·ṣāw)
Noun - masculine plural construct | third person masculine singular
Strong's 2671: A piercer, an arrow, a wound, thunderbolt, the shaft of a, spear

are sharpened,
שְׁנוּנִ֔ים (šə·nū·nîm)
Verb - Qal - QalPassParticiple - masculine plural
Strong's 8150: To point, to pierce, to inculcate

and all
וְכָל־ (wə·ḵāl)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's 3605: The whole, all, any, every

their bows
קַשְּׁתֹתָ֖יו (qaš·šə·ṯō·ṯāw)
Noun - feminine plural construct | third person masculine singular
Strong's 7198: A bow, for, shooting, the iris

are strung.
דְּרֻכ֑וֹת (də·ru·ḵō·wṯ)
Verb - Qal - QalPassParticiple - feminine plural
Strong's 1869: To tread, to walk, to string a, bow

The hooves
פַּרְס֤וֹת (par·sō·wṯ)
Noun - feminine plural construct
Strong's 6541: A claw, split hoof

of their horses
סוּסָיו֙ (sū·sāw)
Noun - masculine plural construct | third person masculine singular
Strong's 5483: A swallow, swift (type of bird)

are like flint;
כַּצַּ֣ר (kaṣ·ṣar)
Preposition-k, Article | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's 6862: Narrow, a tight place, a pebble, an opponent

their chariot wheels
וְגַלְגִּלָּ֖יו (wə·ḡal·gil·lāw)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - masculine plural construct | third person masculine singular
Strong's 1534: A wheel, a whirlwind, dust

[are] like a whirlwind.
כַּסּוּפָֽה׃ (kas·sū·p̄āh)
Preposition-k, Article | Noun - feminine singular
Strong's 5492: A storm wind


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OT Prophets: Isaiah 5:28 Whose arrows are sharp and all their (Isa Isi Is)
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