2 Kings 19:23
New International Version
By your messengers you have ridiculed the Lord. And you have said, "With my many chariots I have ascended the heights of the mountains, the utmost heights of Lebanon. I have cut down its tallest cedars, the choicest of its junipers. I have reached its remotest parts, the finest of its forests.

New Living Translation
By your messengers you have defied the Lord. You have said, 'With my many chariots I have conquered the highest mountains--yes, the remotest peaks of Lebanon. I have cut down its tallest cedars and its finest cypress trees. I have reached its farthest corners and explored its deepest forests.

English Standard Version
By your messengers you have mocked the Lord, and you have said, ‘With my many chariots I have gone up the heights of the mountains, to the far recesses of Lebanon; I felled its tallest cedars, its choicest cypresses; I entered its farthest lodging place, its most fruitful forest.

Berean Study Bible
Through your servants you have taunted the Lord and you have said: “With my many chariots I have ascended to the heights of the mountains, to the far recesses of Lebanon. I have cut down its tallest cedars, the finest of its cypress trees. I have reached its farthest outposts, the densest of its forests.

New American Standard Bible
Through your messengers you have reproached the Lord, And you have said, "With my many chariots I came up to the heights of the mountains, To the remotest parts of Lebanon; And I cut down its tall cedars and its choice cypresses. And I entered its farthest lodging place, its thickest forest.

King James Bible
By thy messengers thou hast reproached the Lord, and hast said, With the multitude of my chariots I am come up to the height of the mountains, to the sides of Lebanon, and will cut down the tall cedar trees thereof, and the choice fir trees thereof: and I will enter into the lodgings of his borders, and into the forest of his Carmel.

Christian Standard Bible
You have mocked the Lord through your messengers. You have said, 'With my many chariots I have gone up to the heights of the mountains, to the far recesses of Lebanon. I cut down its tallest cedars, its choice cypress trees. I came to its farthest outpost, its densest forest.

Contemporary English Version
You let your officials insult me, the Lord. And this is how you bragged about yourself: "I led my chariots to the highest heights of Lebanon's mountains. I went deep into its forest, cutting down the best cedar and cypress trees.

Good News Translation
You sent your messengers to boast to me that with all your chariots you had conquered the highest mountains of Lebanon. You boasted that there you cut down the tallest cedars and the finest cypress trees and that you reached the deepest parts of the forests.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
You have mocked the Lord through your messengers. You have said: With my many chariots I have gone up to the heights of the mountains, to the far recesses of Lebanon. I cut down its tallest cedars, its choice cypress trees. I came to its farthest outpost, its densest forest.

International Standard Version
By your messengers you have insulted the LORD. You have claimed, "With my many chariots I ascended the heights of the mountains, including the remotest regions of Lebanon; I cut down its tall cedars and the best of its cypress trees. I entered its most remote lodging place and its most fruitful forest.

NET Bible
Through your messengers you taunted the sovereign master, 'With my many chariots I climbed up the high mountains, the slopes of Lebanon. I cut down its tall cedars, and its best evergreens. I invaded its most remote regions, its thickest woods.

New Heart English Bible
By your messengers you have defied the LORD, and have said, 'With the multitude of my chariots, I have come up to the height of the mountains, to the innermost parts of Lebanon; and I will cut down its tall cedars, and its choice fir trees; and I will enter into his farthest lodging place, the forest of his fruitful field.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Through your servants you defy the Lord and say, "With my many chariots I'll ride up the high mountains, up the slopes of Lebanon. I'll cut down its tallest cedars and its finest cypresses. I'll come to its most distant borders and its most fertile forests.

JPS Tanakh 1917
By the messengers thou hast taunted the Lord, And hast said: With the multitude of my chariots Am I come up to the height of the mountains, To the innermost parts of Lebanon; And I have cut down the tall cedars thereof, And the choice cypresses thereof; and I have entered into his farthest lodge, The forest of his fruitful field.

New American Standard 1977
‘Through your messengers you have reproached the Lord, And you have said, “With my many chariots I came up to the heights of the mountains, To the remotest parts of Lebanon; And I cut down its tall cedars and its choice cypresses. And I entered its farthest lodging place, its thickest forest.

Jubilee Bible 2000
By the hand of thy messengers, thou hast reproached the Lord and hast said, With the multitude of my chariots I have come up to the height of the mountains, to the sides of Lebanon, and will cut down the tall cedar trees thereof and the choice fir trees thereof; and I will enter into the habitation of his borders and into the forest of his Carmel.

King James 2000 Bible
By your messengers you have reproached the Lord, and have said, With the multitude of my chariots I have come up to the height of the mountains, to the sides of Lebanon, and will cut down the tall cedar trees thereof, and the choice fir trees thereof: and I will enter into the extremity of its borders, and into the forest of its Carmel.

American King James Version
By your messengers you have reproached the LORD, and have said, With the multitude of my chariots I am come up to the height of the mountains, to the sides of Lebanon, and will cut down the tall cedar trees thereof, and the choice fir trees thereof: and I will enter into the lodgings of his borders, and into the forest of his Carmel.

American Standard Version
By thy messengers thou hast defied the Lord, and hast said, With the multitude of my chariots am I come up to the height of the mountains, to the innermost parts of Lebanon; and I will cut down the tall cedars thereof, and the choice fir-trees thereof; and I will enter into his farthest lodging-place, the forest of his fruitful field.

Douay-Rheims Bible
By the hand of thy servants thou hast reproached the Lord, and hast said: With the multitude of my chariots I have gone up to the height of the mountains, to the top of Libanus, and have cut down its tall cedars, and its choice fir trees. And I have entered into the furthest parts thereof, and the forest of its Carmel.

Darby Bible Translation
By thy messengers thou hast reproached the Lord, and hast said, With the multitude of my chariots have I come up To the height of the mountain, to the recesses of Lebanon, And I will cut down its tall cedars, the choice of its cypresses; And I will enter into its furthest lodging-place, [into] the forest of its fruitful field.

English Revised Version
By thy messengers thou hast reproached the Lord, and hast said, With the multitude of my chariots am I come up to the height of the mountains, to the innermost parts of Lebanon; and I will cut down the tall cedars thereof, and the choice fir trees thereof: and I will enter into his farthest lodging place, the forest of his fruitful field.

Webster's Bible Translation
By thy messengers thou hast reproached the Lord, and hast said, With the multitude of my chariots I am come up to the hight of the mountains, to the sides of Lebanon, and will cut down its tall cedar trees, and its choice fir trees: and I will enter into the lodgings of his borders, and into the forest of his Carmel.

World English Bible
By your messengers you have defied the Lord, and have said, 'With the multitude of my chariots, I have come up to the height of the mountains, to the innermost parts of Lebanon; and I will cut down its tall cedars, and its choice fir trees; and I will enter into his farthest lodging place, the forest of his fruitful field.

Young's Literal Translation
By the hand of thy messengers Thou hast reproached the Lord, and sayest: In the multitude of my chariots I have come up to a high place of mountains -- The sides of Lebanon, And I cut down the height of its cedars, The choice of its firs, And I enter the lodging of its extremity, The forest of its Carmel.
Study Bible HEB ▾ 
The Fall of Sennacherib Prophesied
22Whom have you taunted and blasphemed? Against whom have you raised your voice and lifted your eyes in pride? Against the Holy One of Israel! 23Through your servants you have taunted the Lord and you have said: “With my many chariots I have ascended to the heights of the mountains, to the far recesses of Lebanon. I have cut down its tallest cedars, the finest of its cypress trees. I have reached its farthest outposts, the densest of its forests. 24I have dug wells and drunk foreign waters. With the soles of my feet I have dried up all the streams of Egypt.”…
Cross References
2 Kings 18:17
Nevertheless, the king of Assyria sent the Tartan, the Rab-saris, and the Rab-shakeh, along with a great army, from Lachish to King Hezekiah at Jerusalem. They advanced up to Jerusalem and stationed themselves by the aqueduct of the upper pool, on the road to the Launderer's Field.

2 Chronicles 26:10
Since he had much livestock in the foothills and in the plain, he built towers in the desert and dug many cisterns. And since he was a lover of the soil, he had farmers and vinedressers in the hill country and in the fertile fields.

Isaiah 10:18
The splendor of its forests and orchards, both soul and body, it will completely destroy, as a sickness consumes a man.

Isaiah 37:24
Through your servants you have taunted the Lord, and you have said "With my many chariots I have ascended to the heights of the mountains, to the far recesses of Lebanon. I have cut down its tallest cedars, the finest of its cypress trees. I have reached its farthest heights, the densest of its forests.

Daniel 8:11
It magnified itself, even to the Prince of the host; it removed His daily sacrifice and overthrew the place of His sanctuary.

Treasury of Scripture

By your messengers you have reproached the LORD, and have said, With the multitude of my chariots I am come up to the height of the mountains, to the sides of Lebanon, and will cut down the tall cedar trees thereof, and the choice fir trees thereof: and I will enter into the lodgings of his borders, and into the forest of his Carmel.

By. Heb. By the hand of. messengers.

2 Kings 18:17 And the king of Assyria sent Tartan and Rabsaris and Rabshakeh from …

2 Chronicles 32:17 He wrote also letters to rail on the LORD God of Israel, and to speak …

With the multitude.

2 Kings 18:23,33,34 Now therefore, I pray you, give pledges to my lord the king of Assyria, …

Psalm 20:7 Some trust in chariots, and some in horses: but we will remember …

Isaiah 10:7-11,14 However, he means not so, neither does his heart think so; but it …

Isaiah 37:24,25 By your servants have you reproached the Lord, and have said, By …

Ezekiel 31:3-18 Behold, the Assyrian was a cedar in Lebanon with fair branches, and …

tall cedar trees thereof. Heb. tallness of the cedar-trees thereof.

the forest of his Carmel. or, the forest, and his fruitful field.







Lexicon
Through
בְּיַ֣ד (bə·yaḏ)
Preposition-b | Noun - feminine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 3027: A hand

your servants
מַלְאָכֶיךָ֮ (mal·’ā·ḵe·ḵā)
Noun - masculine plural construct | second person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 4397: A messenger, of God, an angel

you have taunted
חֵרַ֣פְתָּ ׀ (ḥê·rap̄·tā)
Verb - Piel - Perfect - second person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 2778: To pull off, to expose, to betroth, to carp at, defame, to spend the winter

the Lord
אֲדֹנָי֒ (’ă·ḏō·nāy)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 136: The Lord

and you have said:
וַתֹּ֗אמֶר (wat·tō·mer)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Consecutive imperfect - second person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 559: To utter, say

“With my many
בְּרֹ֥ב (bə·rōḇ)
Preposition-b | Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 7393: A vehicle, a team, cavalry, a rider, the upper millstone

chariots
רִכְבִּ֛י (riḵ·bî)
Noun - masculine singular construct | first person common singular
Strong's Hebrew 7393: A vehicle, a team, cavalry, a rider, the upper millstone

I
אֲנִ֥י (’ă·nî)
Pronoun - first person common singular
Strong's Hebrew 589: I

have ascended
עָלִ֛יתִי (‘ā·lî·ṯî)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - first person common singular
Strong's Hebrew 5927: To ascend, in, actively

to the heights
מְר֥וֹם (mə·rō·wm)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 4791: Altitude

of the mountains,
הָרִ֖ים (hā·rîm)
Noun - masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 2022: Mountain, hill, hill country

to the far recesses
יַרְכְּתֵ֣י (yar·kə·ṯê)
Noun - fdc
Strong's Hebrew 3411: Flank, side, extreme parts, recesses

of Lebanon.
לְבָנ֑וֹן (lə·ḇā·nō·wn)
Noun - proper - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3844: Lebanon -- a wooded mountain range on the northern border of Israel

I have cut down
וְאֶכְרֹ֞ת (wə·’eḵ·rōṯ)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Conjunctive imperfect - first person common singular
Strong's Hebrew 3772: To cut, to destroy, consume, to covenant

its tallest
קוֹמַ֤ת (qō·w·maṯ)
Noun - feminine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 6967: Height

cedars,
אֲרָזָיו֙ (’ă·rā·zāw)
Noun - masculine plural construct | third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 730: A cedar tree

the finest
מִבְח֣וֹר (miḇ·ḥō·wr)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 4005: Choicest, best

of its cypress trees.
בְּרֹשָׁ֔יו (bə·rō·šāw)
Noun - masculine plural construct | third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1265: A cypress, tree, a lance, a musical instrument

I have reached
וְאָב֙וֹאָה֙ (wə·’ā·ḇō·w·’āh)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Conjunctive imperfect Cohortative - first person common singular
Strong's Hebrew 935: To come in, come, go in, go

its farthest
קִצֹּ֔ה‪‬ (qiṣ·ṣōh)
Noun - masculine singular construct | third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 7093: An extremity, after

outposts,
מְל֣וֹן (mə·lō·wn)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 4411: A lodgment, caravanserai, encampment

the densest
יַ֖עַר (ya·‘ar)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 3293: A copse of bushes, a forest, honey in the comb

of its forests.
כַּרְמִלּֽוֹ׃ (kar·mil·lōw)
Noun - masculine singular construct | third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3759: A plantation, garden land, fruit, garden growth
(23) The multitude.--The reading of the Hebrew margin, of many MSS., Isaiah, and all the versions. The Hebrew text has "with the chariotry of my chariotry"--obviously a scribe's error.

I am come up . . . mountains.--I (emphatic) have ascended lofty mountains. Such boasts are common in the Assyrian inscriptions.

To the sides of Lebanon.--Thenius explains: "the spurs of the Lebanon--i.e., the strongholds of Judaea, which Sennacherib had already captured." "Lebanon, as the northern bulwark of the land of Israel, is used as a representative or symbol for the whole country (Zechariah 11:1)" (Cheyne). The language is similar in Isaiah 14:13.

And will cut down . . .--Or, and I will fell the tallest cedars thereof, the choicest firs thereof. Cedars and firs in Isaiah's language symbolise "kings, princes, and nobles, all that is highest and most stately" (Birks), or "the most puissant defenders" (Thenius). (See Isaiah 2:13; Isaiah 10:33-34.)

The lodgings of his borders.--Or, the furthest lodging thereof--i.e., Mount Zion or Jerusalem. Isaiah has height for lodging, either a scribe's error or an editor's correction.

Carmel--i.e., pleasure-garden or park (Isaiah 10:18). The royal palace and grounds appear to be meant. Thenius compares "the house of the forest of Lebanon" (1Kings 7:2).

Verse 23. - By thy messengers - literally, by the hand of thy messengers - Rabshakeh and others (see 2 Kings 18:30, 35; 2 Kings 19:10-13) - thou hast reproached the Lord, and but said. Sennacherib had net said what is here attributed to him, any more than Sargon had said the words ascribed to him in Isaiah 10:13, 14. But he had thought it; and God accounts men's deliberate thoughts as their utterances. Isaiah's "oracle" brings out and places in a striking light the pride, self-confidence, and self-sufficiency which underlay Sennacherib's messages and letters. With the multitude of my chariots; or, with chariots upon chariots. The chariot-force was the main arm of the Assyrian military service - that on which most dependence was placed, and to which victory was commonly attributed. The number of chariots that could be brought into the field by the Assyrians is nowhere stated; but we find nearly four thousand hostile chariots collected to oppose an ordinary Assyrian invasion, and defeated (see 'Ancient Monarchies,' vol. 2. p. 362, note 8). The estimates of Cterias - eleven thousand for Ninas, and a hundred thousand for Semiramis (Died. Sic., 2:5. § 4) - are, of course, unhistorical. I am come up to the height of the mountains. "The height of the mountains" is here the high ground which an army would have to traverse in passing from the Coele-Syrian valley into Palestine. It is not exactly Lebanon, which runs parallel with the coast, and certainly does not "guard Palestine to the north," as Keil supposes; But it may be viewed as a "side" or "flank" of Lebanon. In point of fact, Lebanon and Hermon unite their roots to form a barrier between the Coele-Syrian plain (El Buka'a) and the valley of the Jordan, and an invader from the north must cross this barrier. It is not so difficult or rugged but that the Assyrians could bring their chariots ever it. They were accustomed to traverse far more difficult regions in Zagros and Niphatos and Taurus, and to carry their chariots with them, dismounting when necessary, and having the vehicles lifted over obstacles by human hands (see 'Ancient Monarchies,' vol. 2. p. 74). To the sides of Lebanon. An army which invades Palestine by the Coele-Syrian valley - quite the easiest and most usual line of invasion - necessarily passes along the entire eastern "side," or "flank," of Lebanon, which is the proper meaning of יַרְכָּה, and not "loftiest height" (Keil), or "innermost recess" (Revised Version). The plural, יַרְכְתֵי, is natural when a mountain range, like Lebanon, is spoken cf. And will cut down the tall cedar trees thereof, and the choice fir trees thereof. The felling of timber in the Syrian mountain-chains was a common practice of the Assyrian invaders, and had two quite distinct objects. Sometimes it was mere cruel devastation, done to injure and impoverish the inhabitants; but more often it was done for the sake of the timber which the conqueror carried off into his own country. "The mountains of Amanus I ascended," says Asshur-nazir-pal; "wood for bridges, pines, box, cypress, I cut down... cedar-wood from Amanus I destined for Bit-Hira and my pleasure-house called Azmaku, and for the temple of the moon and sun, the exalted gods. I proceeded to the land of Iz-mehri, and took possession of it throughout: I cut down beams for bridges, and carried them to Nineveh" ('Records of the Past,' vol. 3. p. 74). The cedar (erez) and the pine, or juniper (berosh), were in special request. And I will enter into the lodgings of his borders - rather, the lodge of its border - perhaps a palace or hunting-lodge on the outskirt of the Lebanon forest region (comp. Song of Solomon 7:4) - and into the forest of his Carmel; rather, the forest of its orchard; i.e. the choicest part of the Lebanon forest region - the part which is rather park or orchard than mere forest. 19:20-34 All Sennacherib's motions were under the Divine cognizance. God himself undertakes to defend the city; and that person, that place, cannot but be safe, which he undertakes to protect. The invasion of the Assyrians probably had prevented the land from being sown that year. The next is supposed to have been the sabbatical year, but the Lord engaged that the produce of the land should be sufficient for their support during those two years. As the performance of this promise was to be after the destruction of Sennacherib's army, it was a sign to Hezekiah's faith, assuring him of that present deliverance, as an earnest of the Lord's future care of the kingdom of Judah. This the Lord would perform, not for their righteousness, but his own glory. May our hearts be as good ground, that his word may strike root therein, and bring forth fruit in our lives.
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Alphabetical: And ascended By came cedars chariots choice choicest cut cypresses down entered farthest finest forest forests have heaped heights I insults its Lebanon lodging Lord many messengers mountains my of on parts pines place reached remotest reproached said tall tallest the thickest Through to up utmost With you your

OT History: 2 Kings 19:23 By your messengers you have defied (2Ki iiKi ii ki 2 kg 2kg) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools
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