1 Chronicles 3:1
New International Version
These were the sons of David born to him in Hebron: The firstborn was Amnon the son of Ahinoam of Jezreel; the second, Daniel the son of Abigail of Carmel;

New Living Translation
These are the sons of David who were born in Hebron: The oldest was Amnon, whose mother was Ahinoam from Jezreel. The second was Daniel, whose mother was Abigail from Carmel.

English Standard Version
These are the sons of David who were born to him in Hebron: the firstborn, Amnon, by Ahinoam the Jezreelite; the second, Daniel, by Abigail the Carmelite,

Berean Study Bible
These were the sons of David who were born to him in Hebron: The firstborn was Amnon, by Ahinoam of Jezreel; the second was Daniel, by Abigail of Carmel;

New American Standard Bible
Now these were the sons of David who were born to him in Hebron: the firstborn was Amnon, by Ahinoam the Jezreelitess; the second was Daniel, by Abigail the Carmelitess;

King James Bible
Now these were the sons of David, which were born unto him in Hebron; the firstborn Amnon, of Ahinoam the Jezreelitess; the second Daniel, of Abigail the Carmelitess:

Christian Standard Bible
These were David's sons who were born to him in Hebron: Amnon was the firstborn, by Ahinoam of Jezreel; Daniel was born second, by Abigail of Carmel;

Holman Christian Standard Bible
These were David's sons who were born to him in Hebron: Amnon was the firstborn, by Ahinoam of Jezreel; Daniel was born second, by Abigail of Carmel;

International Standard Version
These are David's descendants who were born to him in Hebron: Amnon his firstborn by Ahinoam the Jezreelite, Daniel his second born by Abigail the Carmelite,

NET Bible
These were the sons of David who were born to him in Hebron: The firstborn was Amnon, whose mother was Ahinoam from Jezreel; the second was Daniel, whose mother was Abigail from Carmel;

New Heart English Bible
Now these were the sons of David, who were born to him in Hebron: the firstborn, Amnon, of Ahinoam the Jezreelitess; the second, Daniel, of Abigail the Carmelitess;

GOD'S WORD® Translation
These were David's sons who were born to him while he was in Hebron: His first son was Amnon, [born] to Ahinoam from Jezreel. The second was Daniel, [born] to Abigail from Carmel.

JPS Tanakh 1917
Now these were the sons of David, that were born unto him in Hebron: the first-born, Amnon, of Ahinoam the Jezreelitess; the second, Daniel, of Abigail the Carmelitess;

New American Standard 1977
Now these were the sons of David who were born to him in Hebron: the first-born was Amnon, by Ahinoam the Jezreelitess; the second was Daniel, by Abigail the Carmelitess;

Jubilee Bible 2000
Now these were the sons of David, which were born unto him in Hebron: the firstborn, Amnon of Ahinoam, the Jezreelitess; the second, Daniel of Abigail of Carmel;

King James 2000 Bible
Now these were the sons of David, who were born unto him in Hebron; the firstborn Amnon, of Ahinoam the Jezreelitess; the second Daniel, of Abigail the Carmelitess:

American King James Version
Now these were the sons of David, which were born to him in Hebron; the firstborn Amnon, of Ahinoam the Jezreelitess; the second Daniel, of Abigail the Carmelitess:

American Standard Version
Now these were the sons of David, that were born unto him in Hebron: the first-born, Amnon, of Ahinoam the Jezreelitess; the second, Daniel, of Abigail the Carmelitess;

Brenton Septuagint Translation
Now these were the sons of David that were born to him in Chebron; the first-born Amnon, born of Achinaam the Jezraelitess; the second Damniel, of Abigaia the Carmelitess.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Now these were the sons of David that were born to him in Hebron: the firstborn Amnon of Achinoam the Jezrahelitess, the second Daniel of Abigail the Carmelitess.

Darby Bible Translation
And these are the sons of David, who were born to him in Hebron: the firstborn, Amnon, of Ahinoam the Jizreelitess; the second, Daniel, of Abigail the Carmelitess;

English Revised Version
Now these were the sons of David, which were born unto him in Hebron: the firstborn, Amnon, of Ahinoam the Jezreelitess; the second, Daniel, of Abigail the Carmelitess;

Webster's Bible Translation
Now these were the sons of David, who were born to him in Hebron; the first-born Amnon, of Ahinoam the Jezreelitess; the second Daniel, of Abigail the Carmelitess:

World English Bible
Now these were the sons of David, who were born to him in Hebron: the firstborn, Amnon, of Ahinoam the Jezreelitess; the second, Daniel, of Abigail the Carmelitess;

Young's Literal Translation
And these were sons of David, who were born to him in Hebron: the first-born Amnon, of Ahinoam the Jezreelitess; second Daniel, of Abigail the Carmelitess;
Study Bible
The Descendants of David
1These were the sons of David who were born to him in Hebron: The firstborn was Amnon, by Ahinoam of Jezreel; the second was Daniel, by Abigail of Carmel; 2the third was Absalom the son of Maacah daughter of King Talmai of Geshur; the fourth was Adonijah the son of Haggith;…
Cross References
1 Samuel 27:3
David and his men settled in Gath with Achish, and each man had his family with him. David had his two wives, Ahinoam of Jezreel and Abigail of Carmel, the widow of Nabal.

2 Samuel 3:2
And sons were born to David in Hebron: His firstborn was Amnon, by Ahinoam of Jezreel;

1 Chronicles 2:55
and the clans of the scribes who lived at Jabez--the Tirathites, Shimeathites, and Sucathites. These are the Kenites who came from Hammath, the father of the house of Rechab.

1 Chronicles 3:2
the third was Absalom the son of Maacah daughter of King Talmai of Geshur; the fourth was Adonijah the son of Haggith;

1 Chronicles 28:5
And of all my sons--for the LORD has given me many sons--He has chosen Solomon my son to sit on the throne of the kingdom of the LORD over Israel.

Treasury of Scripture

Now these were the sons of David, which were born to him in Hebron; the firstborn Amnon, of Ahinoam the Jezreelitess; the second Daniel, of Abigail the Carmelitess:

A.

2 Samuel 3:2-5
And unto David were sons born in Hebron: and his firstborn was Amnon, of Ahinoam the Jezreelitess; …

Amnon.

2 Samuel 13:1,29
And it came to pass after this, that Absalom the son of David had a fair sister, whose name was Tamar; and Amnon the son of David loved her…

Ahinoam.

1 Samuel 25:42,43
And Abigail hasted, and arose, and rode upon an ass, with five damsels of hers that went after her; and she went after the messengers of David, and became his wife…

1 Samuel 27:3
And David dwelt with Achish at Gath, he and his men, every man with his household, even David with his two wives, Ahinoam the Jezreelitess, and Abigail the Carmelitess, Nabal's wife.

Jezreelitess.

Joshua 15:56
And Jezreel, and Jokdeam, and Zanoah,

Daniel.

2 Samuel 3:3
And his second, Chileab, of Abigail the wife of Nabal the Carmelite; and the third, Absalom the son of Maacah the daughter of Talmai king of Geshur;

of Abigail.

1 Samuel 25:39-42
And when David heard that Nabal was dead, he said, Blessed be the LORD, that hath pleaded the cause of my reproach from the hand of Nabal, and hath kept his servant from evil: for the LORD hath returned the wickedness of Nabal upon his own head. And David sent and communed with Abigail, to take her to him to wife…







Lexicon
These
וְאֵ֤לֶּה (wə·’êl·leh)
Conjunctive waw | Pronoun - common plural
Strong's Hebrew 428: These, those

were
הָיוּ֙ (hā·yū)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - third person common plural
Strong's Hebrew 1961: To fall out, come to pass, become, be

the sons
בְּנֵ֣י (bə·nê)
Noun - masculine plural construct
Strong's Hebrew 1121: A son

of David
דָויִ֔ד‪‬ (ḏā·w·yiḏ)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1732: David -- perhaps 'beloved one', a son of Jesse

who
אֲשֶׁ֥ר (’ă·šer)
Pronoun - relative
Strong's Hebrew 834: Who, which, what, that, when, where, how, because, in order that

were born
נֽוֹלַד־ (nō·w·laḏ-)
Verb - Nifal - Perfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3205: To bear young, to beget, medically, to act as midwife, to show lineage

to him
ל֖וֹ (lōw)
Preposition | third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew

in Hebron:
בְּחֶבְר֑וֹן (bə·ḥeḇ·rō·wn)
Preposition-b | Noun - proper - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 2275: Hebron -- 'association, league', a city in southern Judah

The firstborn
הַבְּכ֣וֹר ׀ (hab·bə·ḵō·wr)
Article | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1060: Firstborn, chief

[was] Amnon,
אַמְנֹ֗ן (’am·nōn)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 550: Amnon -- 'faithful', two Israelites

by Ahinoam
לַאֲחִינֹ֙עַם֙ (la·’ă·ḥî·nō·‘am)
Preposition-l | Noun - proper - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 293: Ahinoam -- 'my brother is delight', two Israelite women

of Jezreel;
הַיִּזְרְעֵאלִ֔ית (hay·yiz·rə·‘ê·lîṯ)
Article | Noun - proper - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3159: A Jezreelitess

the second
שֵׁנִי֙ (šê·nî)
Number - ordinal masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 8145: Second (an ordinal number)

[was] Daniel,
דָּנִיֵּ֔אל (dā·nî·yêl)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1840: Daniel -- 'God is my judge', the name of several Israelites

by Abigail
לַאֲבִיגַ֖יִל (la·’ă·ḇî·ḡa·yil)
Preposition-l | Noun - proper - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 26: Abigail -- 'my father is joy', two Israelite women

of Carmel;
הַֽכַּרְמְלִֽית׃ (hak·kar·mə·lîṯ)
Article | Noun - proper - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3762: Carmelitess -- a Carmelite woman
I.--The sons of David.--This section is parallel to 2Samuel 3:2-5 (comp. 1Chronicles 3:1-4) and 2Samuel 5:14-16 (1Chronicles 3:5-9), with which comp. 1Chronicles 14:3-7.

(1-4) The six sons born in Hebron. The sons and mothers agree with those of the parallel passage in Sam., with the one exception of the second son, who is here called Daniel, but in Samuel, Chileab. The LXX. (2Samuel 3:3) has ???????, which may represent Heb. Delaiah (Iah hath freed), though in our 1Chronicles 3:24 that name is spelt ???????, or ??????. In the present passage the Vatican LXX. has ???????, the Alex. ????????. Perhaps Daniel is a corruption of Delaiah, as this name recurs in the line of David. Chileab may have had a second name (comp. Uzziah-Azariah, Mattaniah-Zedekiah), especially as Chileab appears to be a nickname, meaning "dog." (Comp. the Latin Canidius, Caninius, as a family name.)

(1) Amnon.--For his story see 2 Samuel 13

Of Ahinoam.--Literally, to Ahin. (1Samuel 25:43).

The second Daniel of Abigail the Carmelitess.--Better, A second, Daniel, to Abigail, &c. Sam. adds, "wife of Nabal the Carmelite." (See 1 Samuel 25 for her story.)

Verses 1-9. - The whole of this chapter is occupied with the descendants of David: the first nine verses of it with his own sons, classified according to the place of their birth, Hebron or Jerusalem; the remaining verses with the line of kings of his house to Jeconiah and Zedekiah (ver. 16), the grandsons of Zerubbabel (ver. 21), and descendants of Shechaniah (ver. 24). To the seven years and six months (2 Samuel 2:11) of David's reign at Hebron six sons belong, each of a different mother. To the thirty and throe years (2 Samuel 5:5; 1 Kings 2:11) of his reign at Jerusalem belong other thirteen sons, viz. four of one mother, Bethshua, and nine of other mothers, whose names are not given. The list of the six Hebron sons, with their mothers, is nearly identical with that of 2 Samuel 3:2-5, although the differences, slight as they are, would of the two indicate our list here rather as not copied than copied thence. The only noticeable difference, however, is in the name of the second son, announced here as Daniel, instead of Chileab, while the Septuagint has Δαλουία. This, together with the circumstance that one word would, as regards the Hebrew characters, comparatively easily convert into the other. renders it probable that it is merely a corrupt text or text obscure at this point which has occasioned the difference. The meaning of the name Daniel, put side by side with what we read in 1 Samuel 24:15, 25:39, suggests strongly that it is the right name of the two. It was a name likely to be given by David to his first child by Abigail. Additional suspicion is thrown on the name Chileab through the three last letters of it, "leab," constituting also the three first of the very next word," of Abigail" (לַאְביִנַיִל) which looks very much like the over-haste of the pen uncorrected. It is remarkable that the Syriac and Arabic versions translate "Caleb," both here and in the parallel passage. For the sons born in Jerusalem we have all three parallel lists at command, and the variations are rather greater. The other two lists are in 2 Samuel 5:14-16; 1 Chronicles 14:4-7. The first of these omits Eliphelet and Nogah (possibly they died young or without issue), and the latter calls Eliphelet Elpalet (אֶלְפֶלֶט). Again, Shimeah and Elishama in our passage must yield, overruled by the consent of the other two, to Shammuah and Elishua. Again, it is to be noticed that the name Eliada (God (אֶל) knoweth), on occasion of its latest occurence (1 Chronicles 14:7), appears as Beeliada (the Lord (בַעַל) knoweth), preserving therein probably its earlier form, viz. that used before a settled bad sense had come to be attached to the word Baal (see 'Speaker's Commentary,' in loc.). 3:1-24 Genealogies. - Of all the families of Israel, none were so illustrious as the family of David: here we have a full account of it. From this family, as concerning the flesh, Christ came. The attentive observer will perceive that the children of the righteous enjoy many advantages.
Jump to Previous
Abigail Ab'igail Ahinoam Ahin'o-Am Amnon Birth Born Carmel Carmelite Carmelitess Daniel David David's Firstborn First-Born Hebron Jezreel Jezreelitess Jizreelitess Oldest Second
Jump to Next
Abigail Ab'igail Ahinoam Ahin'o-Am Amnon Birth Born Carmel Carmelite Carmelitess Daniel David David's Firstborn First-Born Hebron Jezreel Jezreelitess Jizreelitess Oldest Second
Links
1 Chronicles 3:1 NIV
1 Chronicles 3:1 NLT
1 Chronicles 3:1 ESV
1 Chronicles 3:1 NASB
1 Chronicles 3:1 KJV

1 Chronicles 3:1 Bible Apps
1 Chronicles 3:1 Biblia Paralela
1 Chronicles 3:1 Chinese Bible
1 Chronicles 3:1 French Bible
1 Chronicles 3:1 German Bible

Alphabetical: Abigail Ahinoam Amnon born by Carmel Carmelitess Daniel David firstborn Hebron him in Jezreel Jezreelitess Now of second son sons the These to was were who

OT History: 1 Chronicles 3:1 Now these were the sons of David (1 Chron. 1Ch iCh i Ch 1 chr 1chr) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools
1 Chronicles 2:55
Top of Page
Top of Page