1 Chronicles 3:1
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
These are the sons of David who were born to him in Hebron: the firstborn, Amnon, by Ahinoam the Jezreelite; the second, Daniel, by Abigail the Carmelite,

King James Bible
Now these were the sons of David, which were born unto him in Hebron; the firstborn Amnon, of Ahinoam the Jezreelitess; the second Daniel, of Abigail the Carmelitess:

American Standard Version
Now these were the sons of David, that were born unto him in Hebron: the first-born, Amnon, of Ahinoam the Jezreelitess; the second, Daniel, of Abigail the Carmelitess;

Douay-Rheims Bible
Now these were the sons of David that were born to him in Hebron: the firstborn Amnon of Achinoam the Jezrahelitess, the second Daniel of Abigail the Carmelitess.

English Revised Version
Now these were the sons of David, which were born unto him in Hebron: the firstborn, Amnon, of Ahinoam the Jezreelitess; the second, Daniel, of Abigail the Carmelitess;

Webster's Bible Translation
Now these were the sons of David, who were born to him in Hebron; the first-born Amnon, of Ahinoam the Jezreelitess; the second Daniel, of Abigail the Carmelitess:

1 Chronicles 3:1 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

The families descended from Caleb through his son Hur. - 1 Chronicles 2:50. The superscription, "These are the sons (descendants) of Caleb," is more accurately defined by the addition, "the son of Hur, the first-born of Ephratah;" and by this definition the following lists of Caleb's descendants are limited to the families descended from his son Hur. That the words וגו בּן־חוּר are to be so understood, and not as apposition to כּלב, "Caleb the son of Hur," is shown by 1 Chronicles 2:19, according to which Hur is a son of Caleb and Ephrath. On that account, too, the relationship of Hur to Caleb is not given here; it is presupposed as known from 1 Chronicles 2:19. A famous descendant of Hur has already been mentioned in 1 Chronicles 2:20, viz., Bezaleel the son of Uri. Here, in 1 Chronicles 2:50 and 1 Chronicles 2:51, three sons of Hur are named, Shobal, Salma, and Hareph, with the families descended from the first two. All information is wanting as to whether these sons of Hur were brothers of Uri, or his cousins in nearer or remoter degree, as indeed is every means of a more accurate determination of the degrees of relationship. Both בּן and הוליד in genealogies mark only descent in a straight line, while intermediate members of a family are often omitted in the lists. Instead of בּן־חוּר, בּני־חוּר might have been expected, as two sons are mentioned. The singular בּן shows that the words are not to be fused with the following into one sentence, but, as the Masoretic punctuation also shows, are meant for a superscription, after which the names to be enumerated are ranged without any more intimate logical connection. For the three names are not connected by the w copul. They stand thus: "sons of Hur, the first-born of Ephratah; Shobal...Salma...Hareph." Shobal is called father of Kirjath-jearim, now Kureyet el Enab (see on Joshua 9:17). Salma, father of Bethlehem, the birth-place of David and Christ. This Salma is, however, not the same person as Salma mentioned in 1 Chronicles 2:11 and Ruth 4:20 among the ancestors of David; for the latter belonged to the family of Ram, the former to the family of Caleb. Hareph is called the father of Beth-Geder, which is certainly not the same place as Gedera, Joshua 15:36, which lay in the Shephelah, but is probably identical with Gedor in the hill country, Joshua 15:58, west of the road which leads from Hebron to Jerusalem (vide on 1 Chronicles 12:4). Nothing further is told of Hareph, but in the following verses further descendants of both the other sons of Hur are enumerated.

1 Chronicles 3:1 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

A.M.

2951, etc. B.C.

1053, etc. the sons of David.

2 Samuel 3:2-5 And to David were sons born in Hebron: and his firstborn was Amnon, of Ahinoam the Jezreelitess...

Amnon.

2 Samuel 13:1,29 And it came to pass after this, that Absalom the son of David had a fair sister, whose name was Tamar...

Ahinoam.

1 Samuel 25:42,43 And Abigail hurried, and arose and rode on an donkey, with five damsels of hers that went after her...

1 Samuel 27:3 And David dwelled with Achish at Gath, he and his men, every man with his household, even David with his two wives...

Jezreelitess.

Joshua 15:56 And Jezreel, and Jokdeam, and Zanoah,

Daniel. It is probable this person had two names. The Targumist says he was 'called Chileab, because he was in every respect like his father.'

2 Samuel 3:3 And his second, Chileab, of Abigail the wife of Nabal the Carmelite; and the third...

of Abigail.

1 Samuel 25:39-42 And when David heard that Nabal was dead, he said, Blessed be the LORD, that has pleaded the cause of my reproach from the hand of Nabal...

Cross References
1 Samuel 27:3
And David lived with Achish at Gath, he and his men, every man with his household, and David with his two wives, Ahinoam of Jezreel, and Abigail of Carmel, Nabal's widow.

2 Samuel 3:2
And sons were born to David at Hebron: his firstborn was Amnon, of Ahinoam of Jezreel;

1 Chronicles 2:55
The clans also of the scribes who lived at Jabez: the Tirathites, the Shimeathites and the Sucathites. These are the Kenites who came from Hammath, the father of the house of Rechab.

1 Chronicles 3:2
the third, Absalom, whose mother was Maacah, the daughter of Talmai, king of Geshur; the fourth, Adonijah, whose mother was Haggith;

1 Chronicles 28:5
And of all my sons (for the LORD has given me many sons) he has chosen Solomon my son to sit on the throne of the kingdom of the LORD over Israel.

Jump to Previous
Abigail Ab'igail Ahinoam Ahin'o-Am Amnon Birth Born Carmel Carmelite Carmelitess Daniel David David's Firstborn First-Born Hebron Jezreel Jezreelitess Jizreelitess Oldest Second
Jump to Next
Abigail Ab'igail Ahinoam Ahin'o-Am Amnon Birth Born Carmel Carmelite Carmelitess Daniel David David's Firstborn First-Born Hebron Jezreel Jezreelitess Jizreelitess Oldest Second
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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
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