Luke 8:3
New International Version
Joanna the wife of Chuza, the manager of Herod's household; Susanna; and many others. These women were helping to support them out of their own means.

New Living Translation
Joanna, the wife of Chuza, Herod's business manager; Susanna; and many others who were contributing from their own resources to support Jesus and his disciples.

English Standard Version
and Joanna, the wife of Chuza, Herod’s household manager, and Susanna, and many others, who provided for them out of their means.

Berean Study Bible
Joanna the wife of Herod’s household manager Chuza, Susanna, and many others. These women were ministering to them out of their own means.

Berean Literal Bible
and Joanna wife of Chuza, a steward of Herod, and Susanna, and many others, who were ministering to them out of their own means.

New American Standard Bible
and Joanna the wife of Chuza, Herod's steward, and Susanna, and many others who were contributing to their support out of their private means.

King James Bible
And Joanna the wife of Chuza Herod's steward, and Susanna, and many others, which ministered unto him of their substance.

Christian Standard Bible
Joanna the wife of Chuza, Herod's steward; Susanna; and many others who were supporting them from their possessions.

Contemporary English Version
Joanna, Susanna, and many others had also used what they owned to help Jesus and his disciples. Joanna's husband Chuza was one of Herod's officials.

Good News Translation
Joanna, whose husband Chuza was an officer in Herod's court; and Susanna, and many other women who used their own resources to help Jesus and his disciples.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Joanna the wife of Chuza, Herod's steward; Susanna; and many others who were supporting them from their possessions.

International Standard Version
Joanna, the wife of Herod's household manager Chuza; Susanna; and many others. These women continued to support them out of their personal resources.

NET Bible
and Joanna the wife of Cuza (Herod's household manager), Susanna, and many others who provided for them out of their own resources.

New Heart English Bible
and Joanna, the wife of Chuza, Herod's steward; Susanna; and many others; who provided for them from their possessions.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
And Yohanna the wife of Chuza, the steward of Herodus, and Shushan and many others who were ministering to them of their possessions.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Joanna, whose husband Chusa was Herod's administrator; Susanna; and many other women. They provided financial support for Jesus and his disciples.

New American Standard 1977
and Joanna the wife of Chuza, Herod’s steward, and Susanna, and many others who were contributing to their support out of their private means.

Jubilee Bible 2000
and Joanna the wife of Chuza, Herod's steward, and Susanna, and many others who ministered unto him of their substance.

King James 2000 Bible
And Joanna the wife of Chuza Herod's steward, and Susanna, and many others, who ministered unto him of their substance.

American King James Version
And Joanna the wife of Chuza Herod's steward, and Susanna, and many others, which ministered to him of their substance.

American Standard Version
and Joanna the wife of Chuzas Herod's steward, and Susanna, and many others, who ministered unto them of their substance.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And Joanna the wife of Chusa, Herod's steward, and Susanna, and many others who ministered unto him of their substance.

Darby Bible Translation
and Joanna, wife of Chuza, Herod's steward, and Susanna, and many others, who ministered to him of their substance.

English Revised Version
and Joanna the wife of Chuza Herod's steward, and Susanna, and many others, which ministered unto them of their substance.

Webster's Bible Translation
And Joanna the wife of Chuza Herod's steward, and Susanna, and many others, who ministered to him of their substance.

Weymouth New Testament
and Joanna the wife of Chuza, Herod's steward, and Susanna, and many other women, all of whom contributed to the support of Jesus and His Apostles.

World English Bible
and Joanna, the wife of Chuzas, Herod's steward; Susanna; and many others; who served them from their possessions.

Young's Literal Translation
and Joanna wife of Chuza, steward of Herod, and Susanna, and many others, who were ministering to him from their substance.
Study Bible
Women Minister to Jesus
2as well as some women who had been healed of evil spirits and infirmities: Mary called Magdalene, from whom seven demons had gone out, 3Joanna the wife of Herod’s household manager Chuza, Susanna, and many others. These women were ministering to them out of their own means. 4While a large crowd was gathering and people were coming to Jesus from town after town, He told them this parable:…
Cross References
Matthew 14:1
At that time Herod the tetrarch heard the reports about Jesus

Matthew 14:3
Now Herod had arrested John and bound him and put him in prison on account of Herodias, his brother Philip's wife,

Matthew 14:6
On Herod's birthday, however, the daughter of Herodias danced before them, and pleased Herod

Matthew 20:8
When evening came, the owner of the vineyard said to his foreman, 'Call the workers and pay them their wages, starting with the last ones hired and moving on to the first.'

Matthew 27:55
And many women were there, watching from a distance. They had followed Jesus from Galilee to minister to Him.

John 12:6
Judas did not say this because he cared about the poor, but because he was a thief. As keeper of the money bag, he used to take from what was put into it.

Treasury of Scripture

And Joanna the wife of Chuza Herod's steward, and Susanna, and many others, which ministered to him of their substance.

Joanna.

Luke 24:10
It was Mary Magdalene, and Joanna, and Mary the mother of James, and other women that were with them, which told these things unto the apostles.

Herod's.

Luke 9:7-9
Now Herod the tetrarch heard of all that was done by him: and he was perplexed, because that it was said of some, that John was risen from the dead; …

John 4:46-53
So Jesus came again into Cana of Galilee, where he made the water wine. And there was a certain nobleman, whose son was sick at Capernaum…

Acts 13:1
Now there were in the church that was at Antioch certain prophets and teachers; as Barnabas, and Simeon that was called Niger, and Lucius of Cyrene, and Manaen, which had been brought up with Herod the tetrarch, and Saul.

of their.

1 Chronicles 29:14
But who am I, and what is my people, that we should be able to offer so willingly after this sort? for all things come of thee, and of thine own have we given thee.

Isaiah 23:18
And her merchandise and her hire shall be holiness to the LORD: it shall not be treasured nor laid up; for her merchandise shall be for them that dwell before the LORD, to eat sufficiently, and for durable clothing.

Matthew 2:11
And when they were come into the house, they saw the young child with Mary his mother, and fell down, and worshipped him: and when they had opened their treasures, they presented unto him gifts; gold, and frankincense, and myrrh.







Lexicon
Joanna
Ἰωάννα (Iōanna)
Noun - Nominative Feminine Singular
Strong's Greek 2489: (Hebrew), Joanna, Johanna, wife of Chuza, Herod's steward. Feminine of the same as Ioannes; Joanna, a Christian.

[the] wife
γυνὴ (gynē)
Noun - Nominative Feminine Singular
Strong's Greek 1135: A woman, wife, my lady. Probably from the base of ginomai; a woman; specially, a wife.

of Herod’s
Ἡρῴδου (Hērōdou)
Noun - Genitive Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 2264: Compound of heros and eidos; heroic; Herod, the name of four Jewish kings.

household manager
ἐπιτρόπου (epitropou)
Noun - Genitive Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 2012: From epi and tropos; a commissioner, i.e. Domestic manager, guardian.

Chuza,
Χουζᾶ (Chouza)
Noun - Genitive Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 5529: Chuza, a steward of Herod Antipas. Of uncertain origin; Chuzas, an officer of Herod.

Susanna,
Σουσάννα (Sousanna)
Noun - Nominative Feminine Singular
Strong's Greek 4677: Susannah, a woman of the retinue of Jesus. Of Hebrew origin; lily; Susannah, an Israelitess.

and
καὶ (kai)
Conjunction
Strong's Greek 2532: And, even, also, namely.

many
πολλαί (pollai)
Adjective - Nominative Feminine Plural
Strong's Greek 4183: Much, many; often.

others.
ἕτεραι (heterai)
Adjective - Nominative Feminine Plural
Strong's Greek 2087: (a) of two: another, a second, (b) other, different, (c) one's neighbor. Of uncertain affinity; other or different.

[These women]
αἵτινες (haitines)
Personal / Relative Pronoun - Nominative Feminine Plural
Strong's Greek 3748: Whosoever, whichsoever, whatsoever.

were ministering
διηκόνουν (diēkonoun)
Verb - Imperfect Indicative Active - 3rd Person Plural
Strong's Greek 1247: From diakonos; to be an attendant, i.e. Wait upon (figuratively) teacher; technically, to act as a Christian deacon.

to them
αὐτοῖς (autois)
Personal / Possessive Pronoun - Dative Masculine 3rd Person Plural
Strong's Greek 846: He, she, it, they, them, same. From the particle au; the reflexive pronoun self, used of the third person, and of the other persons.

out of
ἐκ (ek)
Preposition
Strong's Greek 1537: From out, out from among, from, suggesting from the interior outwards. A primary preposition denoting origin, from, out.

their own
αὐταῖς (autais)
Personal / Possessive Pronoun - Dative Feminine 3rd Person Plural
Strong's Greek 846: He, she, it, they, them, same. From the particle au; the reflexive pronoun self, used of the third person, and of the other persons.

means.
ὑπαρχόντων (hyparchontōn)
Verb - Present Participle Active - Genitive Neuter Plural
Strong's Greek 5225: To begin, am, exist, be in possession. From hupo and archomai; to begin under, i.e. Come into existence; expletively, to exist (verb).
(3) Joanna, the wife of Chuza.--Here again we have a convert of the upper class. The name was the feminine form of Joannes, and appears in modern languages abbreviated into Joanne, Joan, or Jane. Nothing further is known of Chuza--but the "steward" (the same word as in Matthew 20:8, and the "tutor" or "guardian" of Galatians 4:2) of the Tetrarch, the manager of his income and expenditure, must have been a man of some mark. We may think of him and his wife as having probably come under the influence of the Baptist or of Manaen, the foster-brother of the Tetrarch, probably also of one of the "servants" to whom Antipas imparted his belief that John the Baptist was risen from the dead. Joanna appears again in the history of the Resurrection (Luke 24:10). It is possible, as suggested in the Note on John 4:46, that he may have been identical with the "nobleman" or "member of the royal household" at Capernaum. On this supposition her ministration may have been the result of overflowing gratitude for the restored life of her son.

Susanna.--The name, which meant a "lily" (comp. Rhoda, "a rose," in Acts 12:13, and Tamar, "a palm," in Genesis 38:6, 2Samuel 13:2, as parallel instances of feminine names derived from flowers or trees), meets us in the well-known Apocryphal addition to the Book of Daniel known as Susanna and the Elders. Nothing further is known of the person thus named.

Many others.--It seems clear that St. Luke must have come into personal contact with some, at least, of those whom he describes so fully. They were, we may well believe, among the "eye-witnesses and ministers of the word" (Luke 1:2) from whom he derived much of his information. (See Introduction.)

Verse 3. - Joanna the wife of Chuza Herod's steward. She must have been a person of wealth and high rank at the court of Herod Antipas. There were evidently not a few believers in that wicked and dissolute centre. Some years later we read of Manaen, the foster-brother of Herod, as a notable Christian (Acts 13:1). Even Herod himself, we know, at first heard John the Baptist gladly. and, after the terrible judicial murder, we find that unhappy prince fancying that his victim had risen from the dead. It has been suggested that this Chuza was the nobleman of Capernaum whose dying son was healed by Jesus (John 4:46). If this be the case, there would be a special reason for the loving devotion of this Joanna to the Master. She reappears among the faithful women in the history of the Resurrection (ch. 24:10). Susanna. The name signifies "lily." The Jews were fond of giving the names of flowers and trees to their girls; thus Rhoda, a rose (Acts 12:13), Tamar, a palm (2 Samuel 13:2), among many instances. Of this Susanna nothing further is known. 8:1-3 We are here told what Christ made the constant business of his life, it was teaching the gospel. Tidings of the kingdom of God are glad tidings, and what Christ came to bring. Certain women attended upon him who ministered to him of their substance. It showed the mean condition to which the Saviour humbled himself, that he needed their kindness, and his great humility, that he accepted it. Though rich, yet for our sakes he became poor.
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