Romans 16:1
New International Version
I commend to you our sister Phoebe, a deacon of the church in Cenchreae.

New Living Translation
I commend to you our sister Phoebe, who is a deacon in the church in Cenchrea.

English Standard Version
I commend to you our sister Phoebe, a servant of the church at Cenchreae,

Berean Study Bible
I commend to you our sister Phoebe, a servant of the church in Cenchrea.

Berean Literal Bible
Now I commend to you Phoebe our sister, being also a servant of the church in Cenchrea,

New American Standard Bible
I commend to you our sister Phoebe, who is a servant of the church which is at Cenchrea;

King James Bible
I commend unto you Phebe our sister, which is a servant of the church which is at Cenchrea:

Christian Standard Bible
I commend to you our sister Phoebe, who is a servant of the church in Cenchreae.

Contemporary English Version
I have good things to say about Phoebe, who is a leader in the church at Cenchreae.

Good News Translation
I recommend to you our sister Phoebe, who serves the church at Cenchreae.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
I commend to you our sister Phoebe, who is a servant of the church in Cenchreae.

International Standard Version
Now I commend to you our sister Phoebe, a deaconess in the church at Cenchrea.

NET Bible
Now I commend to you our sister Phoebe, who is a servant of the church in Cenchrea,

New Heart English Bible
I commend to you Phoebe, our sister, who is a servant of the church that is at Cenchreae,

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
I entrust Phoebe our sister to you, who is a Servant of the church of Qenkraus,

GOD'S WORD® Translation
With this letter I'm introducing Phoebe to you. She is our sister in the Christian faith and a deacon of the church in the city of Cenchrea.

New American Standard 1977
I commend to you our sister Phoebe, who is a servant of the church which is at Cenchrea;

Jubilee Bible 2000
I commend unto you Phebe our sister, who is a servant of the congregation {Gr. ekklesia – called out ones} which is at Cenchrea,

King James 2000 Bible
I commend unto you Phebe our sister, who is a servant of the church which is at Cenchrea:

American King James Version
I commend to you Phebe our sister, which is a servant of the church which is at Cenchrea:

American Standard Version
I commend unto you Phoebe our sister, who is a servant of the church that is at Cenchreae:

Douay-Rheims Bible
AND I commend to you Phebe, our sister, who is in the ministry of the church, that is in Cenchrae:

Darby Bible Translation
But I commend to you Phoebe, our sister, who is minister of the assembly which is in Cenchrea;

English Revised Version
I commend unto you Phoebe our sister, who is a servant of the church that is at Cenchreae:

Webster's Bible Translation
I commend to you Phebe our sister, who is a servant of the church which is at Cenchrea:

Weymouth New Testament
Herewith I introduce our sister Phoebe to you, who is a servant of the Church at Cenchreae,

World English Bible
I commend to you Phoebe, our sister, who is a servant of the assembly that is at Cenchreae,

Young's Literal Translation
And I commend you to Phebe our sister -- being a ministrant of the assembly that is in Cenchrea --
Study Bible
Personal Greetings and Love
1I commend to you our sister Phoebe, a servant of the church in Cenchrea. 2Welcome her in the Lord in a manner worthy of the saints, and assist her with anything she may need from you. For she has been a great help to many people, including me.…
Cross References
Acts 18:18
Paul remained in Corinth for quite some time before saying goodbye to the brothers. He had his head shaved in Cenchrea to keep a vow he had made, and then he sailed for Syria, accompanied by Priscilla and Aquila.

2 Corinthians 3:1
Are we beginning to commend ourselves again? Or do we need, like some people, letters of recommendation to you or from you?

Philemon 1:2
to Apphia our sister, to Archippus our fellow soldier, and to the church that meets at your house:

Treasury of Scripture

I commend to you Phebe our sister, which is a servant of the church which is at Cenchrea:

command.

2 Corinthians 3:1
Do we begin again to commend ourselves? or need we, as some others, epistles of commendation to you, or letters of commendation from you?

our.

Matthew 12:50
For whosoever shall do the will of my Father which is in heaven, the same is my brother, and sister, and mother.

Mark 10:30
But he shall receive an hundredfold now in this time, houses, and brethren, and sisters, and mothers, and children, and lands, with persecutions; and in the world to come eternal life.

1 Timothy 5:2
The elder women as mothers; the younger as sisters, with all purity.

a servant.

Luke 8:3
And Joanna the wife of Chuza Herod's steward, and Susanna, and many others, which ministered unto him of their substance.

1 Timothy 5:9,10
Let not a widow be taken into the number under threescore years old, having been the wife of one man, …

Cenchrea.

Acts 18:18
And Paul after this tarried there yet a good while, and then took his leave of the brethren, and sailed thence into Syria, and with him Priscilla and Aquila; having shorn his head in Cenchrea: for he had a vow.







Lexicon
I commend
Συνίστημι (Synistēmi)
Verb - Present Indicative Active - 1st Person Singular
Strong's Greek 4921: To place together, commend, prove, exhibit; instrans: I stand with; To be composed of, cohere.

to you
ὑμῖν (hymin)
Personal / Possessive Pronoun - Dative 2nd Person Plural
Strong's Greek 4771: You. The person pronoun of the second person singular; thou.

our
ἡμῶν (hēmōn)
Personal / Possessive Pronoun - Genitive 1st Person Plural
Strong's Greek 1473: I, the first-person pronoun. A primary pronoun of the first person I.

sister
ἀδελφὴν (adelphēn)
Noun - Accusative Feminine Singular
Strong's Greek 79: A sister, a woman (fellow-)member of a church, a Christian woman. Fem of adephos; a sister.

Phoebe,
Φοίβην (Phoibēn)
Noun - Accusative Feminine Singular
Strong's Greek 5402: Phoebe, a Christian woman in the church at Cenchreae. Feminine of phoibos; Phoebe, a Christian woman.

a servant
διάκονον (diakonon)
Noun - Accusative Feminine Singular
Strong's Greek 1249: Probably from an obsolete diako; an attendant, i.e. a waiter; specially, a Christian teacher and pastor.

of the
τῆς (tēs)
Article - Genitive Feminine Singular
Strong's Greek 3588: The, the definite article. Including the feminine he, and the neuter to in all their inflections; the definite article; the.

church
ἐκκλησίας (ekklēsias)
Noun - Genitive Feminine Singular
Strong's Greek 1577: From a compound of ek and a derivative of kaleo; a calling out, i.e. a popular meeting, especially a religious congregation.

in
ἐν (en)
Preposition
Strong's Greek 1722: In, on, among. A primary preposition denoting position, and instrumentality, i.e. A relation of rest; 'in, ' at, on, by, etc.

Cenchrea.
Κενχρεαῖς (Kenchreais)
Noun - Dative Feminine Plural
Strong's Greek 2747: Cenchreae, the port of Corinth on the Saronic Gulf. Probably from kegchros; Cenchreae, a port of Corinth.
(1) Phebe.--As the Roman Church is especially exhorted to receive Phebe, it has been inferred that she was one of the party to which St. Paul entrusted his Epistle, if not the actual bearer of it herself.

Our sister--i.e., in a spiritual sense--a fellow-Christian.

Servant.--Rather, a deaconess, keeping the technical term. Deacons were originally appointed to attend to the wants of the poorer members of the Church. This is the first mention of women-deacons, in regard to whom instructions are given to Timothy (1Timothy 3:11). The necessity for an order of deaconesses would gradually make itself felt where women were kept in a stricter seclusion, as in Greece and some parts of the East.

Cenchrea.--The port of Corinth, at the head of the Eastern or Saronic Gulf, about nine miles from the city.

Verses 1-20. - K. Commendation of Phoebe, and salutations to Christians at Rome. Verses 1, 2. - I commend unto you Phoebe our sister (i.e. fellow-Christian), who is a servant of the Church that is in Cenchrea: that ye receive her in the Lord, worthily of the saints, and assist her (παραστῆτε, literally, stand by her) in whatsoever business she hath need of you: for she too hath been a succourer (προστάτις, corresponding to παραστῆτε) of many, and of mine own self. This Phoebe was probably the bearer of the Epistle. She appears to have had business, perhaps of a legal kind, that took her to Rome; and St. Paul took advantage of her going to send the letter by her, desiring also to enlist the aid of her fellow-Christians at Rome in furtherance of her business, whatever it might be. Her having business at Rome, and her having been "a succourer of many," suggests the idea of her being a lady of means. Her designation as διάκονος of the Church at Cenchrea probably implies that she held an office there corresponding to that of deaconess, though there is no reason to suppose the distinguishing term διακόνισσα to have been as yet in use. Her function, and that of others (as perhaps of Tryphena and Tryphosa, mentioned in ver. 12 as "labouring much in the Lord"), might be to minister to the sick and poor, and to fulfil such charitable offices as women could best discharge. Cf. 1 Timothy 3:11, where γυναῖκας, mentioned in the midst of directions as to the qualifications of men for the office of deacons, probably denotes women who fulfilled similar duties. Cf. also Pliny's celebrated letter to Trajan (circ. A.D. 107), in which he says that he had extorted information as to the doings of Christians, "ex duabus ancillis, quae ministrae dicebantur." The Latin ministra answers exactly to the Greek διάκονος. Cenchrea was the port of Corinth on the Saronic Gulf; and it appears from this passage that there was a Church or congregation there, as well as one or more in Corinth itself. It is an interesting conjecture that St. Paul, in speaking of Phoebe having been a succourer of himself as well as of others, may refer to an illness of his own at Cenchrea, during which she had ministered to him, and that his shaving his head at Cenchrea because he had a vow (Acts 18:18) may have been during, or on his recovery from, that illness. 16:1-16 Paul recommends Phebe to the Christians at Rome. It becomes Christians to help one another in their affairs, especially strangers; we know not what help we may need ourselves. Paul asks help for one that had been helpful to many; he that watereth shall be watered also himself. Though the care of all the churches came upon him daily, yet he could remember many persons, and send salutations to each, with particular characters of them, and express concern for them. Lest any should feel themselves hurt, as if Paul had forgotten them, he sends his remembrances to the rest, as brethren and saints, though not named. He adds, in the close, a general salutation to them all, in the name of the churches of Christ.
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