Judges 4:4
New International Version
Now Deborah, a prophet, the wife of Lappidoth, was leading Israel at that time.

New Living Translation
Deborah, the wife of Lappidoth, was a prophet who was judging Israel at that time.

English Standard Version
Now Deborah, a prophetess, the wife of Lappidoth, was judging Israel at that time.

Berean Study Bible
Now Deborah, a prophetess, the wife of Lappidoth, was judging Israel at that time.

New American Standard Bible
Now Deborah, a prophetess, the wife of Lappidoth, was judging Israel at that time.

King James Bible
And Deborah, a prophetess, the wife of Lapidoth, she judged Israel at that time.

Christian Standard Bible
Deborah, a prophetess and the wife of Lappidoth, was judging Israel at that time.

Contemporary English Version
Deborah the wife of Lappidoth was a prophet and a leader of Israel during those days.

Good News Translation
Now Deborah, the wife of Lappidoth, was a prophet, and she was serving as a judge for the Israelites at that time.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Deborah, a woman who was a prophetess and the wife of Lappidoth, was judging Israel at that time.

International Standard Version
Deborah, a woman, prophet, and wife of Lappidoth, was herself judging Israel during that time.

NET Bible
Now Deborah, a prophetess, wife of Lappidoth, was leading Israel at that time.

New Heart English Bible
Now Deborah, a prophetess, the wife of Lappidoth, she judged Israel at that time.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Deborah, wife of Lappidoth, was a prophet. She was the judge in Israel at that time.

JPS Tanakh 1917
Now Deborah, a prophetess, the wife of Lappidoth, she judged Israel at that time.

New American Standard 1977
Now Deborah, a prophetess, the wife of Lappidoth, was judging Israel at that time.

Jubilee Bible 2000
And a woman judged Israel at that time, Deborah, a prophetess, the wife of Lapidoth.

King James 2000 Bible
And Deborah, a prophetess, the wife of Lappidoth, judged Israel at that time.

American King James Version
And Deborah, a prophetess, the wife of Lapidoth, she judged Israel at that time.

American Standard Version
Now Deborah, a prophetess, the wife of Lappidoth, she judged Israel at that time.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
And Debbora, a prophetess, the wife of Lapidoth, —she judged Israel at that time.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And there was at that time Debbora a prophetess the wife of Lapidoth, who judged the people,

Darby Bible Translation
And Deborah, a prophetess, the wife of Lapidoth, judged Israel at that time.

English Revised Version
Now Deborah, a prophetess, the wife of Lappidoth, she judged Israel at that time.

Webster's Bible Translation
And Deborah, a prophetess, the wife of Lapidoth, she judged Israel at that time.

World English Bible
Now Deborah, a prophetess, the wife of Lappidoth, she judged Israel at that time.

Young's Literal Translation
And Deborah, a woman inspired, wife of Lapidoth, she is judging Israel at that time,
Study Bible
Deborah and Barak
3Then the Israelites cried out to the LORD, because Jabin had nine hundred chariots of iron, and he had harshly oppressed the Israelites for twenty years. 4Now Deborah, a prophetess, the wife of Lappidoth, was judging Israel at that time. 5And she would sit under the Palm of Deborah between Ramah and Bethel in the hill country of Ephraim, where the Israelites would go up to her for judgment.…
Cross References
Judges 4:3
Then the Israelites cried out to the LORD, because Jabin had nine hundred chariots of iron, and he had harshly oppressed the Israelites for twenty years.

Judges 4:5
And she would sit under the Palm of Deborah between Ramah and Bethel in the hill country of Ephraim, where the Israelites would go up to her for judgment.

Ezekiel 13:17
Now, O son of man, set your face against the daughters of your people who prophesy out of their own imagination. Prophesy against them

Treasury of Scripture

And Deborah, a prophetess, the wife of Lapidoth, she judged Israel at that time.

Exodus 15:20
And Miriam the prophetess, the sister of Aaron, took a timbrel in her hand; and all the women went out after her with timbrels and with dances.

2 Kings 22:14
So Hilkiah the priest, and Ahikam, and Achbor, and Shaphan, and Asahiah, went unto Huldah the prophetess, the wife of Shallum the son of Tikvah, the son of Harhas, keeper of the wardrobe; (now she dwelt in Jerusalem in the college;) and they communed with her.

Nehemiah 6:14
My God, think thou upon Tobiah and Sanballat according to these their works, and on the prophetess Noadiah, and the rest of the prophets, that would have put me in fear.







Lexicon
Now Deborah,
וּדְבוֹרָה֙ (ū·ḏə·ḇō·w·rāh)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - proper - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1683: Deborah -- two Israelite women

a prophetess,
נְבִיאָ֔ה (nə·ḇî·’āh)
Noun - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 5031: A prophetess, inspired woman, a poetess, a, prophet's wife

the wife
אֵ֖שֶׁת (’ê·šeṯ)
Noun - feminine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 802: Woman, wife, female

of Lappidoth,
לַפִּיד֑וֹת (lap·pî·ḏō·wṯ)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3941: Lappidoth

was judging
שֹׁפְטָ֥ה (šō·p̄ə·ṭāh)
Verb - Qal - Participle - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 8199: To judge, pronounce sentence, to vindicate, punish, to govern, to litigate

Israel
יִשְׂרָאֵ֖ל (yiś·rā·’êl)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3478: Israel -- 'God strives', another name of Jacob and his desc

at that
הִ֛יא (hî)
Pronoun - third person feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1931: He, self, the same, this, that, as, are

time.
בָּעֵ֥ת (bā·‘êṯ)
Preposition-b, Article | Noun - common singular
Strong's Hebrew 6256: Time, now, when
(4) Deborah.--The name means "bee," like the Greek Melissa. The names of Jewish women were often derived from natural objects, as Rachel, "a lamb," Tamar,"a palm," &c. It has been sometimes regarded as a title given to her as a prophetess, just as the priestesses of Delphi were called Bees (Pindar, Pyth. iv. 106); and priests were called by the title Malebee (Ess?n). But the fact that Rachel's nurse (Genesis 35:8) had the same name is against this supposition, though Josephus (Antt. v., ? 5) accepts it. She had, as Cornelius a Lapide quaintly says, "a sting for foes, and honey for friends." The pronunciation Deb?rah is now so deeply-rooted in England (possibly from the Vulgate, Debbora) that it would, perhaps, be pedantic to alter it; but properly the "?" is long ?????; LXX., Deborra and Debb?ra).

A prophetess.--Literally, a woman, a prophetess; like Miriam (Exodus 15:20), Huldah (2Kings 22:14), Noadiah (Nehemiah 6:14), Anna (Luke 2:36), &c. She is the only female judge, or, indeed, female ruler of any kind in Jewish history, except the Phoenician murderess, Athaliah. She is also the only judge to whom the title "prophet" is expressly given. "Prophetess" (like the Latin Vates) implies the possession of poetic as well as of prophetic gifts (Exodus 15:20); and we see her right to such a title, both in her predictions (Judges 4:9), her lofty courage (Judges 5:7), and the splendour of her inspired song (Judges 5). She has modern parallels in the Teutonic prophetesses, Veleda and Alaurinia (Tac., Germ. 8), and Joan of Arc, the "Inspired Maid of Domremi." Among the Jews prophetesses were the exception; among the ancient Germans they were the rule.

The wife of Lapidoth.--This is probably the meaning of the phrase, although some ancient commentators make it mean "a woman of Lapidoth;" as does Tennyson (Princess), "Like that great dame of Lapidoth." The phrase closely resembles "Miriam the prophetess, the sister of Aaron," "Huldah the prophetess, wife of Shallum." The name Lapidoth, which occurs nowhere else, means "flames," "lamps," or "splendours;" and Rashi says that she was called "a woman of lamps," from making the wicks for the lamps of the sanctuary; while others, with equal improbability, interpret it of her shining gifts and of her fiery spirit. The parallels which are adduced to support this view (Isaiah 62:1; Job 41:2; Nahum 2:5) are inadequate; as also is Ecclus. xlviii. 1, "The word of Elias burnt like a torch;" and the Midrash, which says of Phinehas, that "when the Holy Ghost filled him, his countenance glowed like torches" (Cassel). Perhaps there was a fancy that such a prophetess could only be a virgin. The name Lapidoth has a feminine termination, but this does not prove that it may not have been, like Naboth, Shelomith, Koheleth, &c., the name of a man. It is uncertain whether Deborah was of the tribe of Ephraim or Issachar (Judges 5:15; Ewald, ii. 489).

She judged Israel.--We see from the next verse that up to this time her functions had mainly consisted of peaceful arbitration and legal decision (Deuteronomy 17:8).

4:4-9 Deborah was a prophetess; one instructed in Divine knowledge by the inspiration of the Spirit of God. She judged Israel as God's mouth to them; correcting abuses, and redressing grievances. By God's direction, she ordered Barak to raise an army, and engage Jabin's forces. Barak insisted much upon her presence. Deborah promised to go with him. She would not send him where she would not go herself. Those who in God's name call others to their duty, should be ready to assist them in it. Barak values the satisfaction of his mind, and the good success of his enterprise, more than mere honour.
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OT History: Judges 4:4 Now Deborah a prophetess the wife (Jd Judg. Jdg) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools
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