Genesis 43:33
New International Version
The men had been seated before him in the order of their ages, from the firstborn to the youngest; and they looked at each other in astonishment.

New Living Translation
Joseph told each of his brothers where to sit, and to their amazement, he seated them according to age, from oldest to youngest.

English Standard Version
And they sat before him, the firstborn according to his birthright and the youngest according to his youth. And the men looked at one another in amazement.

Berean Study Bible
They were seated before Joseph in order by age, from the firstborn to the youngest, and the men looked at one another in astonishment.

King James Bible
And they sat before him, the firstborn according to his birthright, and the youngest according to his youth: and the men marvelled one at another.

New King James Version
And they sat before him, the firstborn according to his birthright and the youngest according to his youth; and the men looked in astonishment at one another.

New American Standard Bible
Now they were seated before him, from the firstborn according to his birthright to the youngest according to his youth, and the men looked at one another in astonishment.

NASB 1995
Now they were seated before him, the firstborn according to his birthright and the youngest according to his youth, and the men looked at one another in astonishment.

NASB 1977
Now they were seated before him, the first-born according to his birthright and the youngest according to his youth, and the men looked at one another in astonishment.

Amplified Bible
Now Joseph’s brothers were seated [by the steward] before him [in the order of their birth]—the firstborn according to his birthright and the youngest according to his youth; and the men looked at one another in astonishment [because so much was known about them].

Christian Standard Bible
They were seated before him in order by age, from the firstborn to the youngest. The men looked at each other in astonishment.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
They were seated before him in order by age, from the firstborn to the youngest. The men looked at each other in astonishment.

American Standard Version
And they sat before him, the first-born according to his birthright, and the youngest according to his youth: and the men marvelled one with another.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
And they were seated before him, the elder according to his age, and the younger according to his youth; and the men marveled, each man with his fellow.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
And they sat before him, the first-born according to his seniority, and the younger according to his youth; and the men looked with amazement every one at his brother.

Contemporary English Version
To the surprise of Joseph's brothers, they were seated in front of him according to their ages, from the oldest to the youngest.

Douay-Rheims Bible
They sat before him, the firstborn according to his birthright, and the youngest according to his age. And they wondered very much:

English Revised Version
And they sat before him, the firstborn according to his birthright, and the youngest according to his youth: and the men marveled one with another.

Good News Translation
The brothers had been seated at the table, facing Joseph, in the order of their age from the oldest to the youngest. When they saw how they had been seated, they looked at one another in amazement.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
The brothers were seated facing him according to their ages-from the oldest to the youngest. They looked at each other in amazement.

International Standard Version
Meanwhile, the brothers were seated in front of Joseph in birth order, from firstborn to youngest. The men stared at one another in astonishment.

JPS Tanakh 1917
And they sat before him, the firstborn according to his birthright, and the youngest according to his youth; and the men marvelled one with another.

Literal Standard Version
And they sit before him, the firstborn according to his birthright, and the young one according to his youth, and the men wonder one at another;

NET Bible
They sat before him, arranged by order of birth, beginning with the firstborn and ending with the youngest. The men looked at each other in astonishment.

New Heart English Bible
And they sat before him, the firstborn according to his birthright, and the youngest according to his youth, and the men looked at each other with amazement.

World English Bible
They sat before him, the firstborn according to his birthright, and the youngest according to his youth, and the men marveled one with another.

Young's Literal Translation
And they sit before him, the first-born according to his birthright, and the young one according to his youth, and the men wonder one at another;

Additional Translations ...
Context
Joseph's Hospitality to His Brothers
32They separately served Joseph, his brothers, and the Egyptians. They ate separately because the Egyptians would not eat with the Hebrews, since that was detestable to them. 33They were seated before Joseph in order by age, from the firstborn to the youngest, and the men looked at one another in astonishment. 34When the portions were served to them from Joseph’s table, Benjamin’s portion was five times larger than any of the others. So they feasted and drank freely with Joseph.…

Cross References
Matthew 8:10
When Jesus heard this, He marveled and said to those following Him, "Truly I tell you, I have not found anyone in Israel with such great faith.

Genesis 42:7
And when Joseph saw his brothers, he recognized them, but he treated them as strangers and spoke harshly to them. "Where have you come from?" he asked. "From the land of Canaan," they replied. "We are here to buy food."


Treasury of Scripture

And they sat before him, the firstborn according to his birthright, and the youngest according to his youth: and the men marveled one at another.









(33) They sat.--The Egyptians are always represented on the monuments as sitting at their meals. For the Hebrew custom see Note on Genesis 27:19. The brethren, on finding themselves placed according to their age, must have supposed that Joseph possessed powers of divination, especially as the giving of due precedence was and is looked upon in the East as a matter of high importance.

Verse 33. - And they sat before him, - that the Egyptians sat at meals is in exact accordance With the representations on the monuments, in which they are never exhibited as reposing on couches, but always as seated round a circular table resembling the mono-podium of the Romans (vide Wilkinson, 'Ancient Egyptians,' vol. 2. pp. 40, 41, with Dr. Bitch's note; Hengetenberg's 'Egypt and the Books of Moses,' Genesis 1. p. 38) - the firstborn according to his birthright, and the youngest according to his youth: and the men marveled one at another - probably thinking that Joseph must have been supernaturally enlightened to discover so exactly the ages of strangers.

Parallel Commentaries ...


Hebrew
They were seated
וַיֵּשְׁב֣וּ (way·yê·šə·ḇū)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine plural
Strong's 3427: To sit down, to dwell, to remain, to settle, to marry

before him
לְפָנָ֔יו (lə·p̄ā·nāw)
Preposition-l | Noun - common plural construct | third person masculine singular
Strong's 6440: The face

in order by age,
כִּבְכֹ֣רָת֔וֹ (kiḇ·ḵō·rā·ṯōw)
Preposition-k | Noun - feminine singular construct | third person masculine singular
Strong's 1062: The firstling of man, beast, primogeniture

from the firstborn
הַבְּכֹר֙ (hab·bə·ḵōr)
Article | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's 1060: Firstborn, chief

to the youngest,
וְהַצָּעִ֖יר (wə·haṣ·ṣā·‘îr)
Conjunctive waw, Article | Adjective - masculine singular
Strong's 6810: Little, insignificant, young

and the men
הָאֲנָשִׁ֖ים (hā·’ă·nā·šîm)
Article | Noun - masculine plural
Strong's 376: A man as an individual, a male person

looked at
אֶל־ (’el-)
Preposition
Strong's 413: Near, with, among, to

each
אִ֥ישׁ (’îš)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's 376: A man as an individual, a male person

other
רֵעֵֽהוּ׃ (rê·‘ê·hū)
Noun - masculine singular construct | third person masculine singular
Strong's 7453: Friend, companion, fellow

in astonishment.
וַיִּתְמְה֥וּ (way·yiṯ·mə·hū)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine plural
Strong's 8539: To be astounded or dumbfounded


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OT Law: Genesis 43:33 They sat before him the firstborn according (Gen. Ge Gn)
Genesis 43:32
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