Romans 1:32
New International Version
Although they know God's righteous decree that those who do such things deserve death, they not only continue to do these very things but also approve of those who practice them.

New Living Translation
They know God's justice requires that those who do these things deserve to die, yet they do them anyway. Worse yet, they encourage others to do them, too.

English Standard Version
Though they know God’s righteous decree that those who practice such things deserve to die, they not only do them but give approval to those who practice them.

Berean Study Bible
Although they know God’s righteous decree that those who do such things are worthy of death, they not only continue to do these things, but also approve of those who practice them.

Berean Literal Bible
who having known the righteous judgment of God, that those doing such things are worthy of death, not only are practicing them, but are also approving of those practicing them.

New American Standard Bible
and although they know the ordinance of God, that those who practice such things are worthy of death, they not only do the same, but also give hearty approval to those who practice them.

King James Bible
Who knowing the judgment of God, that they which commit such things are worthy of death, not only do the same, but have pleasure in them that do them.

Christian Standard Bible
Although they know God's just sentence--that those who practice such things deserve to die--they not only do them, but even applaud others who practice them.

Contemporary English Version
They know God has said that anyone who acts this way deserves to die. But they keep on doing evil things, and they even encourage others to do them.

Good News Translation
They know that God's law says that people who live in this way deserve death. Yet, not only do they continue to do these very things, but they even approve of others who do them.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Although they know full well God's just sentence--that those who practice such things deserve to die--they not only do them, but even applaud others who practice them.

International Standard Version
Although they know God's just requirement—that those who practice such things deserve to die—they not only do these things but even applaud others who practice them.

NET Bible
Although they fully know God's righteous decree that those who practice such things deserve to die, they not only do them but also approve of those who practice them.

New Heart English Bible
who, knowing the ordinance of God, that those who practice such things are worthy of death, not only do the same, but also approve of those who practice them.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
Who, while knowing the judgment of God, that those who commit such things are condemned to death, were not only doing these things, but also were attached to those who were doing these things.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Although they know God's judgment that those who do such things deserve to die, they not only do these things but also approve of others who do them.

New American Standard 1977
and, although they know the ordinance of God, that those who practice such things are worthy of death, they not only do the same, but also give hearty approval to those who practice them.

Jubilee Bible 2000
Who having understood the righteousness of God, they did not understand that those who do such things are worthy of death, not only those that do the same, but even those who encourage those that do them.

King James 2000 Bible
Who knowing the judgment of God, that they who commit such things are worthy of death, not only do the same, but have pleasure in them that do them.

American King James Version
Who knowing the judgment of God, that they which commit such things are worthy of death, not only do the same, but have pleasure in them that do them.

American Standard Version
who, knowing the ordinance of God, that they that practise such things are worthy of death, not only do the same, but also consent with them that practise them.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Who, having known the justice of God, did not understand that they who do such things, are worthy of death; and not only they that do them, but they also that consent to them that do them.

Darby Bible Translation
who knowing the righteous judgment of God, that they who do such things are worthy of death, not only practise them, but have fellow delight in those who do [them].

English Revised Version
who, knowing the ordinance of God, that they which practise such things are worthy of death, not only do the same, but also consent with them that practise them.

Webster's Bible Translation
Who, knowing the judgment of God, that they who commit such things are worthy of death; not only do the same, but have pleasure in them that do them.

Weymouth New Testament
In short, though knowing full well the sentence which God pronounces against actions such as theirs, as things which deserve death, they not only practise them, but even encourage and applaud others who do them.

World English Bible
who, knowing the ordinance of God, that those who practice such things are worthy of death, not only do the same, but also approve of those who practice them.

Young's Literal Translation
who the righteous judgment of God having known -- that those practising such things are worthy of death -- not only do them, but also have delight with those practising them.
Study Bible
God's Wrath against Sin
31They are senseless, faithless, heartless, merciless. 32Although they know God’s righteous decree that those who do such things are worthy of death, they not only continue to do these things, but also approve of those who practice them.
Cross References
Psalm 50:18
When you see a thief, you befriend him, and throw in your lot with adulterers.

Proverbs 28:4
Those who forsake the law praise the wicked, but those who keep the law resist them.

Hosea 7:3
They delight the king with their evil, the princes with their lies.

Luke 11:48
So you are witnesses who consent to the deeds of your fathers: They killed the prophets, and you build their tombs.

Acts 8:1
And Saul was there, giving approval to Stephen's death. On that day a great persecution broke out against the church in Jerusalem, and all except the apostles were scattered throughout Judea and Samaria.

Acts 22:20
And when the blood of Your witness Stephen was shed, I stood there giving my approval and watching over the garments of those who killed him.'

Romans 6:21
What fruit did you reap at that time from the things of which you are now ashamed? The outcome of those things is death.

Romans 6:23
For the wages of sin is death, but the gift of God is eternal life in Christ Jesus our Lord.

2 Thessalonians 2:12
in order that judgment will come upon all who have disbelieved the truth and delighted in wickedness.

Treasury of Scripture

Who knowing the judgment of God, that they which commit such things are worthy of death, not only do the same, but have pleasure in them that do them.

knowing.

Romans 1:18,21
For the wrath of God is revealed from heaven against all ungodliness and unrighteousness of men, who hold the truth in unrighteousness; …

Romans 2:1-5,21-23
Therefore thou art inexcusable, O man, whosoever thou art that judgest: for wherein thou judgest another, thou condemnest thyself; for thou that judgest doest the same things…

worthy.

Romans 6:21
What fruit had ye then in those things whereof ye are now ashamed? for the end of those things is death.

have pleasure in them.

Psalm 50:18
When thou sawest a thief, then thou consentedst with him, and hast been partaker with adulterers.

Hosea 7:3
They make the king glad with their wickedness, and the princes with their lies.

Mark 14:10,11
And Judas Iscariot, one of the twelve, went unto the chief priests, to betray him unto them…







Lexicon
[Although they]
οἵτινες (hoitines)
Personal / Relative Pronoun - Nominative Masculine Plural
Strong's Greek 3748: Whosoever, whichsoever, whatsoever.

know
ἐπιγνόντες (epignontes)
Verb - Aorist Participle Active - Nominative Masculine Plural
Strong's Greek 1921: From epi and ginosko; to know upon some mark, i.e. Recognize; by implication, to become fully acquainted with, to acknowledge.

God’s
Θεοῦ (Theou)
Noun - Genitive Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 2316: A deity, especially the supreme Divinity; figuratively, a magistrate; by Hebraism, very.

righteous decree
δικαίωμα (dikaiōma)
Noun - Accusative Neuter Singular
Strong's Greek 1345: From dikaioo; an equitable deed; by implication, a statute or decision.

that
ὅτι (hoti)
Conjunction
Strong's Greek 3754: Neuter of hostis as conjunction; demonstrative, that; causative, because.

those who
οἱ (hoi)
Article - Nominative Masculine Plural
Strong's Greek 3588: The, the definite article. Including the feminine he, and the neuter to in all their inflections; the definite article; the.

do
πράσσοντες (prassontes)
Verb - Present Participle Active - Nominative Masculine Plural
Strong's Greek 4238: To do, perform, accomplish; be in any condition, i.e. I fare; I exact, require.

such
τὰ (ta)
Article - Accusative Neuter Plural
Strong's Greek 3588: The, the definite article. Including the feminine he, and the neuter to in all their inflections; the definite article; the.

things
τοιαῦτα (toiauta)
Demonstrative Pronoun - Accusative Neuter Plural
Strong's Greek 5108: (including the other inflections); from toi and houtos; truly this, i.e. Of this sort (to denote character or individuality).

are
εἰσίν (eisin)
Verb - Present Indicative Active - 3rd Person Plural
Strong's Greek 1510: I am, exist. The first person singular present indicative; a prolonged form of a primary and defective verb; I exist.

worthy
ἄξιοι (axioi)
Adjective - Nominative Masculine Plural
Strong's Greek 514: Worthy, worthy of, deserving, comparable, suitable. Probably from ago; deserving, comparable or suitable.

of death,
θανάτου (thanatou)
Noun - Genitive Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 2288: Death, physical or spiritual. From thnesko; death.

{they} not
οὐ (ou)
Adverb
Strong's Greek 3756: No, not. Also ouk, and ouch a primary word; the absolute negative adverb; no or not.

only
μόνον (monon)
Adverb
Strong's Greek 3440: Alone, but, only. Neuter of monos as adverb; merely.

continue to do
ποιοῦσιν (poiousin)
Verb - Present Indicative Active - 3rd Person Plural
Strong's Greek 4160: (a) I make, manufacture, construct, (b) I do, act, cause. Apparently a prolonged form of an obsolete primary; to make or do.

these things,
αὐτὰ (auta)
Personal / Possessive Pronoun - Accusative Neuter 3rd Person Plural
Strong's Greek 846: He, she, it, they, them, same. From the particle au; the reflexive pronoun self, used of the third person, and of the other persons.

but
ἀλλὰ (alla)
Conjunction
Strong's Greek 235: But, except, however. Neuter plural of allos; properly, other things, i.e. contrariwise.

also
καὶ (kai)
Conjunction
Strong's Greek 2532: And, even, also, namely.

approve of
συνευδοκοῦσιν (syneudokousin)
Verb - Present Indicative Active - 3rd Person Plural
Strong's Greek 4909: From sun and eudokeo; to think well of in common, i.e. Assent to, feel gratified with.

those who
τοῖς (tois)
Article - Dative Masculine Plural
Strong's Greek 3588: The, the definite article. Including the feminine he, and the neuter to in all their inflections; the definite article; the.

practice [them].
πράσσουσιν (prassousin)
Verb - Present Participle Active - Dative Masculine Plural
Strong's Greek 4238: To do, perform, accomplish; be in any condition, i.e. I fare; I exact, require.
(32) Knowing.--Again the word for "full or thorough knowledge." With full knowledge of the sentence of eternal death which is in store for them.

They show that it is no mere momentary yielding to the force of temptation or of passion, but a radical perversion of conscience and reason, by the fact that they not only practise such things themselves, but in cold blood commend and applaud those who practise them.

With reference to the truth of the description which is here given of the ancient pagan world, see Excursus C: On the State of the Heathen World at the Time of St. Paul.

Judgment.--Just decree or sentence.

Verse 32. - Who (οἵτινες, with its usual significance, as before) knowing the judgment of God, that they which practise such things are worthy of death, not only do the same, but also have pleasure in them that practise them. In this concluding verse the main point of the whole argument, with which also it began (ver. 19), is repeated, viz. that all this sin was in spite of better knowledge - the original knowledge of God revealed, as above set forth, to the human race, and (as is implied further) an inward witness of conscience still remaining, however stifled, even in the most corrupt society. By ἄξιος θανάτου is not meant "deserving of capital punishment;" Divine judgment is evidently implied. There is no need to inquire what conception of future retribution the heathen themselves may be supposed to have had, or to have been capable of entertaining. St. Paul constantly denotes by θάνατος, in a general and comprehensive sense, the penal consequence of unatoned sin due to the Divine δικαιοσύνη (cf. Romans 6:21-23; Romans 8:6, etc.). It is to be observed that in the latter part of this verse the distinction between πράσσειν, meaning habitual practice, and ποιεῖν, is not shown in the Authorized Version. The evidence of the "reprobate mind" is not simply that such things are done occasionally under temptation, but that they are the habits of people's lives. And still more: such habits are not only participated in by those who have knowledge enough to perceive their guilt (αὐτὰ πποιοῦσιν), but even condoned and approved (συνευδοκοῦσι τοῖς πράσσουσι); there was no general protest or indignation in society against the prevalent abominations; and those familiar with the writers of the Augustan age must be well aware that this was so. Here we have the final proof of the prevalence of the ἀδόκιμος νοῦς, the climax of the picture of general moral degradation. "Ideo autem sic interpreter, quod video apostolum voluisse hic gravius aliquid et sceleratius ipsa vitioram perpetratione per-stringere. Id quale sit non intelligo, nisi referamus ad istam nequitiae summam, ubi miseri homines contra Dei justitiam, abjecta verecundia, vitiorum patrocinium suscipiunt" (Calvin).



1:26-32 In the horrid depravity of the heathen, the truth of our Lord's words was shown: Light was come into the world, but men loved darkness rather than light, because their deeds were evil; for he that doeth evil hateth the light. The truth was not to their taste. And we all know how soon a man will contrive, against the strongest evidence, to reason himself out of the belief of what he dislikes. But a man cannot be brought to greater slavery than to be given up to his own lusts. As the Gentiles did not like to keep God in their knowledge, they committed crimes wholly against reason and their own welfare. The nature of man, whether pagan or Christian, is still the same; and the charges of the apostle apply more or less to the state and character of men at all times, till they are brought to full submission to the faith of Christ, and renewed by Divine power. There never yet was a man, who had not reason to lament his strong corruptions, and his secret dislike to the will of God. Therefore this chapter is a call to self-examination, the end of which should be, a deep conviction of sin, and of the necessity of deliverance from a state of condemnation.
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Alphabetical: also Although and approval approve are but continue death decree deserve do give God God's hearty know not of only ordinance practice righteous same such that the them these they things those to very who worthy

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