Romans 1:31
New International Version
they have no understanding, no fidelity, no love, no mercy.

New Living Translation
They refuse to understand, break their promises, are heartless, and have no mercy.

English Standard Version
foolish, faithless, heartless, ruthless.

Berean Study Bible
They are senseless, faithless, heartless, merciless.

Berean Literal Bible
foolish, untrustworthy, heartless, unmerciful;

King James Bible
Without understanding, covenantbreakers, without natural affection, implacable, unmerciful:

New King James Version
undiscerning, untrustworthy, unloving, unforgiving, unmerciful;

New American Standard Bible
without understanding, untrustworthy, unfeeling, and unmerciful;

NASB 1995
without understanding, untrustworthy, unloving, unmerciful;

NASB 1977
without understanding, untrustworthy, unloving, unmerciful;

Amplified Bible
without understanding, untrustworthy, unloving, unmerciful [without pity].

Christian Standard Bible
senseless, untrustworthy, unloving, and unmerciful.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
undiscerning, untrustworthy, unloving, and unmerciful.

American Standard Version
without understanding, covenant-breakers, without natural affection, unmerciful:

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
Because they have no stability, neither love, nor peace, nor compassion in them,

Contemporary English Version
They are stupid, unreliable, and don't have any love or pity for others.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Foolish, dissolute, without affection, without fidelity, without mercy.

English Revised Version
without understanding, covenant-breakers, without natural affection, unmerciful:

Good News Translation
they have no conscience; they do not keep their promises, and they show no kindness or pity for others.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
don't have any sense, don't keep promises, and don't show love to their own families or mercy to others.

International Standard Version
foolish, faithless, heartless, and ruthless.

Literal Standard Version
unintelligent, faithless, without natural affection, implacable, unmerciful;

NET Bible
senseless, covenant-breakers, heartless, ruthless.

New Heart English Bible
foolish, promise-breakers, heartless, unforgiving, unmerciful;

Weymouth New Testament
faithless to their promises, without natural affection, without human pity.

World English Bible
without understanding, covenant breakers, without natural affection, unforgiving, unmerciful;

Young's Literal Translation
unintelligent, faithless, without natural affection, implacable, unmerciful;

Additional Translations ...
Context
God's Wrath against Sin
30slanderers, God-haters, insolent, arrogant, and boastful. They invent new forms of evil; they disobey their parents. 31They are senseless, faithless, heartless, merciless. 32Although they know God’s righteous decree that those who do such things are worthy of death, they not only continue to do these things, but also approve of those who practice them.…

Cross References
Mark 7:18
"Are you still so dull?" He asked. "Do you not understand? Nothing that enters a man from the outside can defile him,

2 Timothy 3:3
unloving, unforgiving, slanderous, without self-control, brutal, without love of good,


Treasury of Scripture

Without understanding, covenant breakers, without natural affection, implacable, unmerciful:

Without understanding.

Romans 1:20,21
For the invisible things of him from the creation of the world are clearly seen, being understood by the things that are made, even his eternal power and Godhead; so that they are without excuse: …

Romans 3:11
There is none that understandeth, there is none that seeketh after God.

Proverbs 18:2
A fool hath no delight in understanding, but that his heart may discover itself.

covenant-breakers.

2 Kings 18:14
And Hezekiah king of Judah sent to the king of Assyria to Lachish, saying, I have offended; return from me: that which thou puttest on me will I bear. And the king of Assyria appointed unto Hezekiah king of Judah three hundred talents of silver and thirty talents of gold.

Isaiah 33:8
The highways lie waste, the wayfaring man ceaseth: he hath broken the covenant, he hath despised the cities, he regardeth no man.

2 Timothy 3:3
Without natural affection, trucebreakers, false accusers, incontinent, fierce, despisers of those that are good,

without natural affection.









(31) Without understanding--i.e., without moral or spiritual understanding; incapable of discriminating between right and wrong, expedient and inexpedient. St. Paul prays that the Colossians may possess this faculty (Colossians 1:9).

Without natural affection.--The affection founded upon natural relationship--e.g., between parent and child, husband and wife, brother and sister. In illustration of this particular expression, we may remember that infanticide and divorce were very common at this period.



Parallel Commentaries ...


Greek
[They are] senseless,
ἀσυνέτους (asynetous)
Adjective - Accusative Masculine Plural
Strong's 801: Unintelligent, without wisdom, unwise, undiscerning (implying probably moral defect). By implication, wicked.

faithless,
ἀσυνθέτους (asynthetous)
Adjective - Accusative Masculine Plural
Strong's 802: Not covenanting, untrue to an agreement, treacherous. Properly, not agreed, i.e. Treacherous to compacts.

heartless,
ἀστόργους (astorgous)
Adjective - Accusative Masculine Plural
Strong's 794: Unloving, devoid of affection. Hard-hearted towards kindred.

merciless.
ἀνελεήμονας (aneleēmonas)
Adjective - Accusative Masculine Plural
Strong's 415: Unpitying, unmerciful, without compassion, cruel. Merciless.


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NT Letters: Romans 1:31 Without understanding covenant breakers without natural affection (Rom. Ro)
Romans 1:30
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