Isaiah 28:4
New International Version
That fading flower, his glorious beauty, set on the head of a fertile valley, will be like figs ripe before harvest-- as soon as people see them and take them in hand, they swallow them.

New Living Translation
It sits at the head of a fertile valley, but its glorious beauty will fade like a flower. Whoever sees it will snatch it up, as an early fig is quickly picked and eaten.

English Standard Version
and the fading flower of its glorious beauty, which is on the head of the rich valley, will be like a first-ripe fig before the summer: when someone sees it, he swallows it as soon as it is in his hand.

Berean Study Bible
The fading flower of his beautiful splendor, on the summit above the fertile valley, will be like a ripe fig before the summer harvest: Whoever sees it will swallow it while it is still in his hand.

New American Standard Bible
And the fading flower of its glorious beauty, Which is at the head of the fertile valley, Will be like the first-ripe fig prior to summer, Which one sees, And as soon as it is in his hand, He swallows it.

King James Bible
And the glorious beauty, which is on the head of the fat valley, shall be a fading flower, and as the hasty fruit before the summer; which when he that looketh upon it seeth, while it is yet in his hand he eateth it up.

Christian Standard Bible
The fading flower of his beautiful splendor, which is on the summit above the rich valley, will be like a ripe fig before the summer harvest. Whoever sees it will swallow it while it is still in his hand.

Contemporary English Version
Samaria above a fertile valley will quickly lose its glory. It will be gobbled up like the first ripe fig at harvest season.

Good News Translation
The fading glory of those proud leaders will disappear like the first figs of the season, picked and eaten as soon as they are ripe.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
The fading flower of his beautiful splendor, which is on the summit above the rich valley, will be like a ripe fig before the summer harvest. Whoever sees it will swallow it while it is still in his hand.

International Standard Version
And that fading flower, his glorious beauty, which sits on the heads of people bloated with food, will be like an early fig before summer— whenever someone sees it, he swallows it as soon as it's in his hand.

NET Bible
The withering flower, its beautiful splendor, situated at the head of a rich valley, will be like an early fig before harvest--as soon as someone notices it, he grabs it and swallows it.

New Heart English Bible
The fading flower of his glorious beauty, which is on the head of the fertile valley, shall be like the first-ripe fig before the summer; which someone picks and eats as soon as he sees it.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Their glorious beauty is [like] a withered flower. They are at the entrance to a fertile valley. They will be like figs that ripened early. As soon as someone sees them, they will be taken and eaten.

JPS Tanakh 1917
And the fading flower of his glorious beauty, Which is on the head of the fat valley, Shall be as the first-ripe fig before the summer, Which when one looketh upon it, While it is yet in his hand he eateth it up.

New American Standard 1977
And the fading flower of its glorious beauty, Which is at the head of the fertile valley, Will be like the first-ripe fig prior to summer; Which one sees, And as soon as it is in his hand, He swallows it.

Jubilee Bible 2000
And the fading flower of the beauty of their glory, which is upon the head of the fertile valley, shall be as the early fig, which comes first before the other fruits of the summer; which when he that looks upon it sees it; as soon as he has it in his hand, he eats it up.

King James 2000 Bible
And the glorious beauty, which is on the head of the rich valley, shall be a fading flower, and as the early fruit before the summer; which when he that looks upon it sees it, while it is yet in his hand he eats it up.

American King James Version
And the glorious beauty, which is on the head of the fat valley, shall be a fading flower, and as the hasty fruit before the summer; which when he that looks on it sees, while it is yet in his hand he eats it up.

American Standard Version
and the fading flower of his glorious beauty, which is on the head of the fat valley, shall be as the first-ripe fig before the summer; which when he that looketh upon it seeth, while it is yet in his hand he eateth it up.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
And the fading flower of the glorious hope on the top of the high mountain shall be as the early fig; he that sees it, before he takes it into his hand, will desire to swallow it down.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And the fading flower the glory of his joy, who is on the head of the fat valley, shall be as a hasty fruit before the ripeness of autumn: which when he that seeth it shall behold, as soon as he taketh it in his hand, he will eat it up.

Darby Bible Translation
and the fading flower of his glorious adornment which is on the head of the fat valley shall be like an early fig before the summer: as soon as he that seeth it perceiveth it, scarcely is it in his hand, he swalloweth it down.

English Revised Version
and the fading flower of his glorious beauty, which is on the head of the fat valley, shall be as the firstripe fig before the summer; which when he that looketh upon it seeth, while it is yet in his hand he eateth it up.

Webster's Bible Translation
And the glorious beauty, which is on the head of the rich valley, shall be a fading flower, and as the early fruit before the summer; which, when he that looketh upon it, seeth while it is yet in his hand he eateth it up.

World English Bible
The fading flower of his glorious beauty, which is on the head of the fertile valley, shall be like the first-ripe fig before the summer; which someone picks and eats as soon as he sees it.

Young's Literal Translation
And the fading flower of the beauty of his glory That is on the head of the fat valley, Hath been as its first-fruit before summer, That its beholder seeth, While it is yet in his hand he swalloweth it.
Study Bible
Judgment on Ephraim
3The majestic crown of Ephraim’s drunkards will be trampled underfoot. 4The fading flower of his beautiful splendor, on the summit above the fertile valley, will be like a ripe fig before the summer harvest: Whoever sees it will swallow it while it is still in his hand. 5On that day the LORD of Hosts will be a crown of glory, a diadem of splendor to the remnant of His people,…
Cross References
Hosea 9:10
I found Israel like grapes in the wilderness. I saw your fathers as the firstfruits of the fig tree in its first season. But they went to Baal-peor, and consecrated themselves to Shame; so they became as detestable as the thing they loved.

Micah 7:1
Woe is me! For I am like one gathering summer fruit at the gleaning of the vineyard; there is no cluster to eat, no early fig that I crave.

Nahum 3:12
All your fortresses are fig trees with the first ripe figs; when shaken, they fall into the mouth of the eater!

Treasury of Scripture

And the glorious beauty, which is on the head of the fat valley, shall be a fading flower, and as the hasty fruit before the summer; which when he that looks on it sees, while it is yet in his hand he eats it up.

shall be

Isaiah 28:1
Woe to the crown of pride, to the drunkards of Ephraim, whose glorious beauty is a fading flower, which are on the head of the fat valleys of them that are overcome with wine!

Psalm 73:19,20
How are they brought into desolation, as in a moment! they are utterly consumed with terrors…

Hosea 6:4
O Ephraim, what shall I do unto thee? O Judah, what shall I do unto thee? for your goodness is as a morning cloud, and as the early dew it goeth away.

the hasty.

Micah 7:1
Woe is me! for I am as when they have gathered the summer fruits, as the grapegleanings of the vintage: there is no cluster to eat: my soul desired the firstripe fruit.

Nahum 3:12
All thy strong holds shall be like fig trees with the firstripe figs: if they be shaken, they shall even fall into the mouth of the eater.

Revelation 6:13
And the stars of heaven fell unto the earth, even as a fig tree casteth her untimely figs, when she is shaken of a mighty wind.

eateth.







Lexicon
The fading
נֹבֵל֙ (nō·ḇêl)
Verb - Qal - Participle - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 5034: To wilt, to fall away, fail, faint, to be foolish, wicked, to despise, disgrace

flower
צִיצַ֤ת (ṣî·ṣaṯ)
Noun - feminine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 6733: A flower

of his beautiful
צְבִ֣י (ṣə·ḇî)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 6643: Splendor, a gazelle

splendor,
תִפְאַרְתּ֔וֹ (ṯip̄·’ar·tōw)
Noun - feminine singular construct | third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 8597: Beauty, glory

on
עַל־ (‘al-)
Preposition
Strong's Hebrew 5921: Above, over, upon, against

the summit
רֹ֖אשׁ (rōš)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 7218: The head

above the fertile
שְׁמָנִ֑ים (šə·mā·nîm)
Noun - masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 8081: Grease, liquid, richness

valley,
גֵּ֣יא (gê)
Noun - common singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 1516: A valley

will be
וְֽהָ֨יְתָ֜ה (wə·hā·yə·ṯāh)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Conjunctive perfect - third person feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1961: To fall out, come to pass, become, be

like a ripe fig
כְּבִכּוּרָהּ֙‪‬ (kə·ḇik·kū·rāh)
Preposition-k | Noun - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1061: The first-fruits of the crop

before
בְּטֶ֣רֶם (bə·ṭe·rem)
Preposition-b | Adverb
Strong's Hebrew 2962: Non-occurrence, not yet, before

the summer harvest:
קַ֔יִץ (qa·yiṣ)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 7019: To awake

Whoever sees
יִרְאֶ֤ה (yir·’eh)
Verb - Qal - Imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 7200: To see

it will swallow it
יִבְלָעֶֽנָּה׃ (yiḇ·lā·‘en·nāh)
Verb - Qal - Imperfect - third person masculine singular | third person feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1104: To swallow down, swallow up, engulf

while it is still
בְּעוֹדָ֥הּ (bə·‘ō·w·ḏāh)
Preposition-b | Adverb | third person feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 5750: Iteration, continuance, again, repeatedly, still, more

in his hand.
בְּכַפּ֖וֹ (bə·ḵap·pōw)
Preposition-b | Noun - feminine singular construct | third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3709: Hollow or flat of the hand, palm, sole (of the foot), a pan
(4) And the glorious beauty . . .--Better, And the fading flower of his glorious beauty . . . shall be us the early fig before the fruit-gathering. The "early fig," as a special delicacy (Hosea 9:10; Micah 7:1), becomes a type of the beauty and pride of Samaria, doomed to inevitable destruction. (Comp. Nahum 3:12.) Such a fig the passer-by seizes, and eagerly devours. So, the prophet says, with a Dante-like homeliness of comparison, should the Assyrian king treat Samaria.

Verse 4. - And the glorious beauty, etc. Translate, And the fading flower of his glorious beauty, which is on the head of the fat valley, shall be like an early fig (that comes) before the harvest. Such an "early fig" is a tempting delicacy, devoured as soon as seen (comp. Hosea 9:10; Nahum 3:12; Jeremiah 24:2, etc.). The "beauty" of Samaria would tempt the Assyrians to desire it so soon as they saw it, and would rouse an appetite which would be content with nothing less than the speedy absorption of the coveted morsel. Samaria's siege, once begun, was pressed without intermission, and lasted less than three years (2 Kings 18:9, 10) - a short space compared to that of other sieges belonging to about the same period; e.g., that of Ashdod, besieged twenty-nine years (Herod., 2. 157); that of Tyre, besieged thirteen years ('Ancient Monarchies,' vol. 3:492). 28:1-4 What men are proud of, be it ever so mean, is to them as a crown; but pride is the forerunner of destruction. How foolishly drunkards act! Those who are overcome with wine are overcome by Satan; and there is not greater drudgery in the world than hard drinking. Their health is ruined; men are broken in their callings and estates, and their families are ruined by it. Their souls are in danger of being undone for ever, and all merely to gratify a base lust. In God's professing people, like Israel, it is worse than in any other. And he is just in taking away the plenty they thus abuse. The plenty they were proud of, is but a fading flower. Like the early fruit, which, as soon as discovered, is plucked and eaten.
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