Luke 4:31
New International Version
Then he went down to Capernaum, a town in Galilee, and on the Sabbath he taught the people.

New Living Translation
Then Jesus went to Capernaum, a town in Galilee, and taught there in the synagogue every Sabbath day.

English Standard Version
And he went down to Capernaum, a city of Galilee. And he was teaching them on the Sabbath,

Berean Study Bible
Then He went down to Capernaum, a town in Galilee, and on the Sabbath He began to teach the people.

Berean Literal Bible
And He went down to Capernaum, a city of Galilee. And He was teaching them on the Sabbaths;

King James Bible
And came down to Capernaum, a city of Galilee, and taught them on the sabbath days.

New King James Version
Then He went down to Capernaum, a city of Galilee, and was teaching them on the Sabbaths.

New American Standard Bible
And He came down to Capernaum, a city of Galilee; and He was teaching them on the Sabbath;

NASB 1995
And He came down to Capernaum, a city of Galilee, and He was teaching them on the Sabbath;

NASB 1977
And He came down to Capernaum, a city of Galilee. And He was teaching them on the Sabbath;

Amplified Bible
Then He came down [from the hills of Nazareth] to Capernaum, a city of Galilee [on the shore of the sea], and He was teaching them on the Sabbath;

Christian Standard Bible
Then he went down to Capernaum, a town in Galilee, and was teaching them on the Sabbath.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Then He went down to Capernaum, a town in Galilee, and was teaching them on the Sabbath.

American Standard Version
And he came down to Capernaum, a city of Galilee. And he was teaching them on the sabbath day:

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
And he went down to Kapernahum, a city of Galilee, and he was teaching them on the Sabbath.

Contemporary English Version
Jesus went to the town of Capernaum in Galilee and taught the people on the Sabbath.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And he went down into Capharnaum, a city of Galilee, and there he taught them on the sabbath days.

English Revised Version
And he came down to Capernaum, a city of Galilee. And he was teaching them on the sabbath day:

Good News Translation
Then Jesus went to Capernaum, a town in Galilee, where he taught the people on the Sabbath.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Jesus went to Capernaum, a city in Galilee, and taught them on a day of worship.

International Standard Version
Then Jesus went down to Capernaum, a city in Galilee, and began teaching the people on Sabbath days.

Literal Standard Version
And He came down to Capernaum, a city of Galilee, and was teaching them on the Sabbaths,

NET Bible
So he went down to Capernaum, a town in Galilee, and on the Sabbath he began to teach the people.

New Heart English Bible
He came down to Capernaum, a city of Galilee. He was teaching them on the Sabbath day,

Weymouth New Testament
So He came down to Capernaum, a town in Galilee, where He frequently taught the people on the Sabbath days.

World English Bible
He came down to Capernaum, a city of Galilee. He was teaching them on the Sabbath day,

Young's Literal Translation
And he came down to Capernaum, a city of Galilee, and was teaching them on the sabbaths,

Additional Translations ...
Context
Jesus Expels an Unclean Spirit
30But Jesus passed through the crowd and went on His way. 31Then He went down to Capernaum, a town in Galilee, and on the Sabbath He began to teach the people. 32They were astonished at His teaching, because His message had authority.…

Cross References
Matthew 4:13
Leaving Nazareth, He went and lived in Capernaum, which is by the sea in the region of Zebulun and Naphtali,

Mark 1:21
Then Jesus and His companions went to Capernaum, and right away Jesus entered the synagogue on the Sabbath and began to teach.

Luke 4:23
Jesus said to them, "Surely you will quote this proverb to Me: 'Physician, heal yourself! Do here in Your hometown what we have heard that You did in Capernaum.'"


Treasury of Scripture

And came down to Capernaum, a city of Galilee, and taught them on the sabbath days.

came.

Matthew 4:13
And leaving Nazareth, he came and dwelt in Capernaum, which is upon the sea coast, in the borders of Zabulon and Nephthalim:

Mark 1:21
And they went into Capernaum; and straightway on the sabbath day he entered into the synagogue, and taught.

taught.

Matthew 10:23
But when they persecute you in this city, flee ye into another: for verily I say unto you, Ye shall not have gone over the cities of Israel, till the Son of man be come.

Acts 13:50-52
But the Jews stirred up the devout and honourable women, and the chief men of the city, and raised persecution against Paul and Barnabas, and expelled them out of their coasts…

Acts 14:1,2,6,7,19-21
And it came to pass in Iconium, that they went both together into the synagogue of the Jews, and so spake, that a great multitude both of the Jews and also of the Greeks believed…









(31) And came down to Capernaum.--See Note on Matthew 4:13. St. Luke, it will be noticed, gives, what St. Matthew does not give, the reason of the removal.

Verses 31-44. - AT CAPERNAUM. Verse 31. - And came down to Capernaum. Capernaum was the real home of the Master during the two years and a half of his public ministry. He chose this flourishing lakecity partly because his kinsmen and first disciples lived in it or its immediate neighborhood, but more especially on account of its situation. It has been termed the very center of the manufacturing district of Palestine; it lay on the high-road which led from Damascus and the Syrian cities to Tyro, Sidon, and Jerusalem. "It was, in fact, on 'the way of the sea' (Isaiah 9:1), the great caravan-road which led (from the East) to the Mediterranean. It was hence peculiarly fitted to be the center of a far-reaching ministry, of which even Gentiles would hear" (Farrar). The evangelist speaks of "coming down" to the shore of the lake, in contrast with Nazareth, which was placed in the hills. We do not meet with the name Capernaum in the Old Testament; it therefore appears not to have been a city belonging to remote antiquity. Its name is generally interpreted as being compounded of two words, signifying "town of consolations," בפר גחים - a beautiful and significant derivation. It may, however, originally have taken its name from the Prophet Nahum. Josephus, the historian, tells us. the name originally belonged to a fountain. He dwells also on the mildness of the climate; it would therefore seem as though, in the first place, Capernaum was used as a health resort, and then its admirable situation favored its adoption as a convenient center. The extensive ruins of Tel-Hum, on the lake-shore, are generally believed to be the remains of the once rich and populous Capernaum. And taught them on the sabbath days.

Parallel Commentaries ...


Greek
Then
Καὶ (Kai)
Conjunction
Strong's 2532: And, even, also, namely.

He went down
κατῆλθεν (katēlthen)
Verb - Aorist Indicative Active - 3rd Person Singular
Strong's 2718: From kata and erchomai; to come down.

to
εἰς (eis)
Preposition
Strong's 1519: A primary preposition; to or into, of place, time, or purpose; also in adverbial phrases.

Capernaum,
Καφαρναοὺμ (Kapharnaoum)
Noun - Accusative Feminine Singular
Strong's 2584: Capernaum, a town of Galilee. Of Hebrew origin; Capernaum, a place in Palestine.

a town
πόλιν (polin)
Noun - Accusative Feminine Singular
Strong's 4172: A city, the inhabitants of a city. Probably from the same as polemos, or perhaps from polus; a town.

in Galilee,
Γαλιλαίας (Galilaias)
Noun - Genitive Feminine Singular
Strong's 1056: Of Hebrew origin; Galiloea, a region of Palestine.

and
καὶ (kai)
Conjunction
Strong's 2532: And, even, also, namely.

on
ἐν (en)
Preposition
Strong's 1722: In, on, among. A primary preposition denoting position, and instrumentality, i.e. A relation of rest; 'in, ' at, on, by, etc.

the
τοῖς (tois)
Article - Dative Neuter Plural
Strong's 3588: The, the definite article. Including the feminine he, and the neuter to in all their inflections; the definite article; the.

Sabbath
σάββασιν (sabbasin)
Noun - Dative Neuter Plural
Strong's 4521: The Sabbath, a week.

He began
ἦν (ēn)
Verb - Imperfect Indicative Active - 3rd Person Singular
Strong's 1510: I am, exist. The first person singular present indicative; a prolonged form of a primary and defective verb; I exist.

to teach
διδάσκων (didaskōn)
Verb - Present Participle Active - Nominative Masculine Singular
Strong's 1321: To teach, direct, admonish. A prolonged form of a primary verb dao; to teach.

[the people].
αὐτοὺς (autous)
Personal / Possessive Pronoun - Accusative Masculine 3rd Person Plural
Strong's 846: He, she, it, they, them, same. From the particle au; the reflexive pronoun self, used of the third person, and of the other persons.


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NT Gospels: Luke 4:31 He came down to Capernaum a city (Luke Lu Lk)
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