Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
In the Law Moses commanded us to stone such women.Now what do you say?"
New Living Translation
The law of Moses says to stone her. What do you say?”
English Standard Version
Now in the Law, Moses commanded us to stone such women. So what do you say?”
Berean Study Bible
In the Law Moses commanded us to stone such a woman. So what do You say?”
Berean Literal Bible
Now in the Law Moses commanded us such to be stoned. You therefore, what do You say?"
King James Bible
Now Moses in the law commanded us, that such should be stoned: but what sayest thou?
New King James Version
Now Moses, in the law, commanded us that such should be stoned. But what do You say?”
New American Standard Bible
Now in the Law, Moses commanded us to stone such women; what then do You say?”
"Now in the Law Moses commanded us to stone such women; what then do You say?"
“Now in the Law Moses commanded us to stone such women; what then do You say?”
Now in the Law Moses commanded us to stone such women [to death]. So what do You say [to do with her—what is Your sentence]?”
Christian Standard Bible
In the law Moses commanded us to stone such women. So what do you say? ”
Holman Christian Standard Bible
In the law Moses commanded us to stone such women. So what do You say?"
American Standard Version
Now in the law Moses commanded us to stone such: what then sayest thou of her?
Contemporary English Version
The Law of Moses teaches that a woman like this should be stoned to death! What do you say?"
Now Moses in the law commanded us to stone such a one. But what sayest thou?
English Revised Version
Now in the law Moses commanded us to stone such: what then sayest thou of her?
Good News Translation
In our Law Moses commanded that such a woman must be stoned to death. Now, what do you say?"
GOD'S WORD® Translation
In his teachings, Moses ordered us to stone women like this to death. What do you say?"
International Standard Version
Now in the Law, Moses commanded us to stone such women to death. What do you say?"
Literal Standard Version
and in the Law, Moses commanded us that such be stoned; You, therefore, what do You say?”
In the law Moses commanded us to stone to death such women. What then do you say?"
New Heart English Bible
Now in the Law, Moses commanded us to stone such. So what do you say?"
Weymouth New Testament
Now, in the Law, Moses has ordered us to stone such women to death. But what do you say?"
World English Bible
Now in our law, Moses commanded us to stone such. What then do you say about her?"
Young's Literal Translation
and in the law, Moses did command us that such be stoned; thou, therefore, what dost thou say?'
Additional Translations ...
Study BibleThe Woman Caught in Adultery
…4and said, “Teacher, this woman was caught in the act of adultery. 5 In the Law Moses commanded us to stone such a woman. So what do You say?” 6They said this to test Him, in order to have a basis for accusing Him. But Jesus bent down and began to write on the ground with His finger.…
If a man commits adultery with another man's wife--with the wife of his neighbor--both the adulterer and the adulteress must surely be put to death.
If a man is found lying with another man's wife, both the man who slept with her and the woman must die. You must purge the evil from Israel.
Because Joseph her husband was a righteous man and was unwilling to disgrace her publicly, he resolved to divorce her quietly.
and said, "Teacher, this woman was caught in the act of adultery.
Treasury of Scripture
Now Moses in the law commanded us, that such should be stoned: but what say you?
Leviticus 20:10 And the man that committeth adultery with another man's wife, even he that committeth adultery with his neighbour's wife, the adulterer and the adulteress shall surely be put to death.
Deuteronomy 22:21-24 Then they shall bring out the damsel to the door of her father's house, and the men of her city shall stone her with stones that she die: because she hath wrought folly in Israel, to play the whore in her father's house: so shalt thou put evil away from among you…
Ezekiel 16:38-40 And I will judge thee, as women that break wedlock and shed blood are judged; and I will give thee blood in fury and jealousy…
Matthew 5:17 Think not that I am come to destroy the law, or the prophets: I am not come to destroy, but to fulfil.
Matthew 19:6-8 Wherefore they are no more twain, but one flesh. What therefore God hath joined together, let not man put asunder…
Matthew 22:16-18 And they sent out unto him their disciples with the Herodians, saying, Master, we know that thou art true, and teachest the way of God in truth, neither carest thou for any man: for thou regardest not the person of men…
Now Moses in the law commanded us, that such should be stoned.--If we interpret the words strictly, the case they contemplate is not that referred to in Leviticus 20:10, and quoted here in the margin, but that of Deuteronomy 22:23-24, which was the only case for which stoning was specified as a punishment. It would be a case of rare occurrence, and perhaps for this very reason, one on which the opinions of later Rabbis were divided. Strangulation was regarded as the punishment intended when no other was specified; and in the Talmudic distinction in cases of this kind, stoning and strangulation are named as the respective punishments:--"Filia Israelitae, si adultera cum nupta, strangulanda; cum desponsata tantum, lapidanda. Filia Sacerdotis. si adultera cum nupta, lapidanda; cum desponsata tantum, comburenda (Sanhedrin, fol. 51, 2).
But what sayest thou?--The question is, like that about the tribute money (Matthew 22:17), a snare in which they hope to take Him whatever answer He gives. If He answers that she should be stoned, this would excite the opposition of the multitude, for a lax state of morality had practically made the laws against unchastity a dead letter. The immorality of Rome had spread through the provinces of the empire, and although the Jews were less infected by it than others, the court of the Herods had introduced its worst forms, and Christ Himself speaks of them as "an evil and adulterous generation" (Matthew 12:39. Comp. James 4:4). To have pronounced for a severe law against common forms of sin would have been to undermine popular support, and it is this only that the rulers had to fear. To have pronounced for capital punishment would moreover have brought Him into collision with the Roman government, which reserved to itself the power of life and death. (Comp. John 18:31; John 19:7.) Had He uttered a word in derogation of the majesty of the Roman empire, the charge of treason--in which case to be accused was practically to be condemned--would at once have been brought against Him. (Comp. Notes on John 19:12; John 19:15.) It is clearly the more severe view that the form of the question is intended to draw forth. "Moses said, in express words, . . .; what dost Thou say? You surely will not differ from Moses?" But if He had taken the laxer view, then this, like the Sabbath question, would have been a charge of breaking the Law. He would have been brought before the Sanhedrin as a false Messiah, for the true Messiah was to establish the Law.Verse 5. - Now Moses in the Law commanded us, that such should be stoned (or, to stone such); but what sayest thou? The Law (Deuteronomy 22:23, etc.) prescribed stoning for both parties when the woman is the betrothed bride of another man, and if she make no sufficient attempt to foil the purpose of her seducer. For ordinary adultery the death penalty is left indefinite (Leviticus 20:10). It is no proof that strangulation was the method of punishment in the days of our Lord because the Talmud and Maimonides thus express it. Meyer concludes that the woman was a betrothed bride. This offence is, broadly speaking. "adultery" of an aggravated kind. The reference to the method of the punishment is not demonstrable proof of this, because it would be easily feasible to transfer the method of the death from the extreme case to the ordinary ease of nuptial infidelity (cf. Exodus 31:14 for the punishment of unspecified death for sabbath violation (repeated Exodus 35:2), interpreted of "stoning" in the special illustrative case, Numbers 15:32-36). This is Moses' Law - "what sayest thou?" This query involves an ascription to Jesus of the right of authoritatively interpreting the Law. thus attributing to him the functions of a new legislator. Some have objected to the bare possibility of such an appeal being made to Jesus by any species of Jewish authority. The whole context shows that the process was malicious, ironical, crafty. The entire audience knew that this law had never been accepted or applied literally; that the Sanhedrin had not enforced it; and that, if they had endeavoured to do so, the Roman power had taken from the nation the jus gladii. The question, therefore, became one of casuistry inflamed by a concrete case, and having as its ally a secret sympathy with the offenders. It was not uncommon for the rabbis to discuss the incidence of obsolete laws. Many of the glosses upon the ancient law, and laborious trifling with specific regulations of the so called oral law, turn upon customs that were absolutely impracticable under the new conditions of the Jewish life. This, however, was no mere quibble of words about possible duties. The query was put with dramatic force and in concrete form. The shame and life of a fellow creature were the materials which this eager and bloodthirsty group were utilizing for their vile purpose.
Parallel Commentaries ...
Strong's Greek 1722: In, on, among. A primary preposition denoting position, and instrumentality, i.e. A relation of rest; 'in, ' at, on, by, etc.
Article - Dative Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 3588: The, the definite article. Including the feminine he, and the neuter to in all their inflections; the definite article; the.
Noun - Dative Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 3551: From a primary nemo; law, genitive case, specially, (including the volume); also of the Gospel), or figuratively.
Noun - Nominative Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 3475: Or Moses, or Mouses of Hebrew origin; Moseus, Moses, or Mouses, the Hebrew lawgiver.
Verb - Aorist Indicative Middle - 3rd Person Singular
Strong's Greek 1781: To give orders (injunctions, instructions, commands). From en and the base of telos; to enjoin.
Personal / Possessive Pronoun - Dative 1st Person Plural
Strong's Greek 1473: I, the first-person pronoun. A primary pronoun of the first person I.
Verb - Present Infinitive Active
Strong's Greek 3034: To stone, pelt with stones. From lithos; to lapidate.
such [a woman].
Demonstrative Pronoun - Accusative Feminine Plural
Strong's Greek 5108: (including the other inflections); from toi and houtos; truly this, i.e. Of this sort (to denote character or individuality).
Strong's Greek 3767: Therefore, then. Apparently a primary word; certainly, or accordingly.
Interrogative / Indefinite Pronoun - Accusative Neuter Singular
Strong's Greek 5101: Who, which, what, why. Probably emphatic of tis; an interrogative pronoun, who, which or what.
do You say?”
Verb - Present Indicative Active - 2nd Person Singular
Strong's Greek 3004: (a) I say, speak; I mean, mention, tell, (b) I call, name, especially in the pass., (c) I tell, command.
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