Hosea 12:2
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
The LORD has a charge to bring against Judah; he will punish Jacob according to his ways and repay him according to his deeds.

New Living Translation
Now the LORD is bringing charges against Judah. He is about to punish Jacob for all his deceitful ways, and pay him back for all he has done.

English Standard Version
The LORD has an indictment against Judah and will punish Jacob according to his ways; he will repay him according to his deeds.

New American Standard Bible
The LORD also has a dispute with Judah, And will punish Jacob according to his ways; He will repay him according to his deeds.

King James Bible
The LORD hath also a controversy with Judah, and will punish Jacob according to his ways; according to his doings will he recompense him.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
The LORD also has a dispute with Judah. He is about to punish Jacob according to his ways; He will repay him based on his actions.

International Standard Version
The LORD accuses Judah, and will punish Jacob according to his ways; he will repay him for what he does.

NET Bible
The LORD also has a covenant lawsuit against Judah; he will punish Jacob according to his ways and repay him according to his deeds.

New Heart English Bible
The LORD also has a controversy with Judah, and will punish Jacob according to his ways and according to his deeds he will repay him.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
The LORD brings charges against Judah and punishes Jacob because of the way their people act. He will pay them back for what they have done.

JPS Tanakh 1917
The LORD hath also a controversy with Judah, And will punish Jacob according to his ways, According to his doings will He recompense him.

New American Standard 1977
The LORD also has a dispute with Judah,
            And will punish Jacob according to his ways;
            He will repay him according to his deeds.

Jubilee Bible 2000
The LORD also has a controversy with Judah to visit Jacob according to his ways; according to his doings will he recompense him.

King James 2000 Bible
The LORD has also a controversy with Judah, and will punish Jacob according to his ways; according to his deeds will he recompense him.

American King James Version
The LORD has also a controversy with Judah, and will punish Jacob according to his ways; according to his doings will he recompense him.

American Standard Version
Jehovah hath also a controversy with Judah, and will punish Jacob according to his ways; according to his doings will he recompense him.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Therefore there is a judgment of the Lord with Juda, and a visitation for Jacob: he will render to him according to his ways, and according to his devices.

Darby Bible Translation
Jehovah hath also a controversy with Judah, and he will punish Jacob according to his ways; according to his doings will he recompense him.

English Revised Version
The LORD hath also a controversy with Judah, and will punish Jacob according to his ways; according to his doings will he recompense him.

Webster's Bible Translation
The LORD hath also a controversy with Judah, and will punish Jacob according to his ways; according to his doings will he recompense him.

World English Bible
Yahweh also has a controversy with Judah, and will punish Jacob according to his ways; according to his deeds he will repay him.

Young's Literal Translation
And a controversy hath Jehovah with Judah, To lay a charge on Jacob according to his ways, According to his doings He returneth to him.
Study Bible
A Reproof of Ephraim, Judah, Jacob
1Ephraim feeds on wind, And pursues the east wind continually; He multiplies lies and violence. Moreover, he makes a covenant with Assyria, And oil is carried to Egypt. 2The LORD also has a dispute with Judah, And will punish Jacob according to his ways; He will repay him according to his deeds. 3In the womb he took his brother by the heel, And in his maturity he contended with God.…
Cross References
Hosea 4:1
Listen to the word of the LORD, O sons of Israel, For the LORD has a case against the inhabitants of the land, Because there is no faithfulness or kindness Or knowledge of God in the land.

Hosea 4:9
And it will be, like people, like priest; So I will punish them for their ways And repay them for their deeds.

Hosea 7:2
And they do not consider in their hearts That I remember all their wickedness. Now their deeds are all around them; They are before My face.

Hosea 9:15
All their evil is at Gilgal; Indeed, I came to hate them there! Because of the wickedness of their deeds I will drive them out of My house! I will love them no more; All their princes are rebels.

Amos 2:4
Thus says the LORD, "For three transgressions of Judah and for four I will not revoke its punishment, Because they rejected the law of the LORD And have not kept His statutes; Their lies also have led them astray, Those after which their fathers walked.

Micah 6:2
"Listen, you mountains, to the indictment of the LORD, And you enduring foundations of the earth, Because the LORD has a case against His people; Even with Israel He will dispute.
Treasury of Scripture

The LORD has also a controversy with Judah, and will punish Jacob according to his ways; according to his doings will he recompense him.

a controversy.

Hosea 4:1 Hear the word of the LORD, you children of Israel: for the LORD has …

Jeremiah 25:31 A noise shall come even to the ends of the earth; for the LORD has …

Micah 6:2 Hear you, O mountains, the LORD's controversy, and you strong foundations …

and will.

2 Kings 17:19,20 Also Judah kept not the commandments of the LORD their God, but walked …

Isaiah 8:7,8 Now therefore, behold, the Lord brings up on them the waters of the …

Isaiah 10:6 I will send him against an hypocritical nation, and against the people …

Jeremiah 3:8-11 And I saw, when for all the causes whereby backsliding Israel committed …

Ezekiel 23:11-21 And when her sister Aholibah saw this, she was more corrupt in her …

Ezekiel 23:31,32 You have walked in the way of your sister; therefore will I give …

punish. Heb. visit upon.

Hosea 2:13 And I will visit on her the days of Baalim, wherein she burned incense …

Hosea 8:13 They sacrifice flesh for the sacrifices of my offerings, and eat …

Hosea 9:9 They have deeply corrupted themselves, as in the days of Gibeah: …

Isaiah 10:12 Why it shall come to pass, that when the Lord has performed his whole …

Isaiah 24:21 And it shall come to pass in that day, that the LORD shall punish …

according to his doings.

Isaiah 3:11 Woe to the wicked! it shall be ill with him: for the reward of his …

Isaiah 59:18 According to their deeds, accordingly he will repay, fury to his …

Matthew 16:27 For the Son of man shall come in the glory of his Father with his …

Romans 2:6 Who will render to every man according to his deeds:

Galatians 6:7 Be not deceived; God is not mocked: for whatever a man sows, that …

(2) Jacob refers to the northern kingdom.

Verse 2. - The Lord hath also a controversy with Judah; and will punish (margin, visit upon) Jacob according to his ways. God here presents himself at once as plaintiff and judge, widening the range of his pleadings. The controversy with Israel takes a wider sweep, and comprehends Judah culpable, though apparently in a less degree. But though Judah comes in for a share of punishment, that punishment shall be proportionate to their delinquencies - those like Judah that sinned less shall suffer less; while the more heinous transgressors, such as Israel had proved to be, would come in for severer punishment. To Jacob, here embracing the ten tribes of Israel and the two of Judah, the chastisement would be meted out in exact accordance with his ways. The apparent contradiction between ver. 12 of last chapter, where, as most translate it, Judah is represented as ruling with God and being faithful with the saints, and the present inclusion of Judah in controversy with Jehovah, occasioned

(1) a rendering and explanation of this verse which Aben Ezra declares to be both ungrammatical and unscriptural. "He" says Aben Ezra." who explains that Judah is faithful and he shall be reproving, and asserts that Scripture makes no mention of Jehovah having a controversy against Judah, but [employs] עם the sense being that Jehovah and Judah have a strife against Ephraim, errs from the way of Scripture and grammar, for the prophet has written above (ver. 13), 'Judah saw his wound;' 'I will make Ephraim to ride; Judah shall plough;' and in reference to both of them he says,' Ye shall eat the fruit of lies.' He also forgets 'The herdmen of Gerar did strive with (עם) Isaac's herdmen;' 'And the people strove with Moses;' and many other places [i.e. where עם is found with the sense of 'contending']. Therefore he joins Ephraim with Judah, and says, 'The Lord hath also a controversy with Judah, and will punish Jacob according to his ways, because this name (i.e. Jacob) comprehends them both (Ephraim and Judah)."

(2) The meaning is given concisely and correctly by Rashi thus: "He (Jehovah) announces to them the words of his controversy which their brethren of the house of Israel had caused him; and they should not wonder if he would punish (literally, 'visit on') Jacob according to his ways." The change in the case of Judah, Kimchi accounts for by reference to their subsequent apostasy, especially that of their kings, as follows: "Although he said, 'And Judah yet reigneth with God,' he meant, although be holds fast by the service of God in the house of the sanctuary; so afterwards they practiced evil deeds as their kings were evil; therefore he said,' Jehovah has a controversy and correction with Judah and Jacob to visit upon them according to their doings, as their kings were evil, for they did not remember my mercy with them and with their father Jacob, because the whole was for sake of his posterity; and I showed him a sign which should be to his seed after him, if they gave their heart to me.... And the sign which I showed them is only done for sake of his seed. But they have not acknowledged this, for if they had acknowledged this, they would have cleaved to me and my service, and I would have ratified to them the blessing of Jacob their father.'" The infinitive with le is not infrequently employed in the sense of our future, thus, לפקד, it is to be visited, equivalent to "he shall or must visit upon it' This idiom is common in Syriac, but always with atid. According to his doings will he recompense him. The milder expression is applied to Judah - he has a controversy with him, but will punish Jacob, restricted by some to Ephraim or the ten tribes. Better understand Jacob of both Judah and Israel, who are both to be recompensed, each according to his works. The Lord hath also a controversy with Judah,.... The two tribes of Judah and Benjamin, as well as the ten tribes; for though they had ruled with God, and had been faithful with the saints in the first times of the apostasy of Israel; yet afterwards they sadly degenerated, and fell into idolatry likewise, particularly in the time of Ahaz, in which Hosea prophesied; and therefore the Lord had somewhat against them; nor would he spare them, but reprove them by the prophets, and rebuke them in his providences; bring them to his bar, and lay before them their evils, and threaten them with punishment in case of impenitence, as follows:

and will punish Jacob according to his ways; all the posterity of Jacob, whether Ephraim or Judah; those of the ten tribes, or of the two, who all descended from Jacob: or, "will visit according to his ways" (s); if right, and agreeably to the mind and word of God, in a way of grace and mercy; but if wrong, crooked, and perverse, then in a way of punishment; for visiting is used both ways:

according to his doings will he recompense him; as they were good or bad; if good, will reward them with a reward of grace; if bad, with vengeance. The Targum paraphrases it,

"according to his right works.''

(s) "ad visitandum juxta vias ejus", Pagninus, Montanus; "visitabit secundum vias ejus", Piscator. 2. controversy with Judah—(Ho 4:1; Mic 6:2). Judah, under Ahaz, had fallen into idolatry (2Ki 16:3, etc.).

Jacob—that is, the ten tribes. If Judah, the favored portion of the nation, shall not be spared, much less degenerate Israel.12:1-6 Ephraim feeds himself with vain hopes of help from man, when he is at enmity with God. The Jews vainly thought to secure the Egyptians by a present of the produce of their country. Judah is contended with also. God sees the sin of his own people, and will reckon with them for it. They are put in mind of what Jacob did, and what God did for him. When his faith upon the Divine promise prevailed above his fears, then by his strength he had power with God. He is Jehovah, the same that was, and is, and is to come. What was a revelation of God to one, is his memorial to many, to all generations. Then let those who have gone from God, be turned to him. Turn thou to the Lord, by repentance and faith, as thy God. Let those that are converted to him, walk with him in all holy conversation and godliness. Let us wrestle with Him for promised blessings, determined not to give over till we prevail; and let us seek Him in his ordinances.
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