Matthew 9:36
New International Version
When he saw the crowds, he had compassion on them, because they were harassed and helpless, like sheep without a shepherd.

New Living Translation
When he saw the crowds, he had compassion on them because they were confused and helpless, like sheep without a shepherd.

English Standard Version
When he saw the crowds, he had compassion for them, because they were harassed and helpless, like sheep without a shepherd.

Berean Study Bible
When He saw the crowds, He was moved with compassion for them, because they were harassed and helpless, like sheep without a shepherd.

Berean Literal Bible
And having seen the crowds, He was moved with compassion for them, because they were wearied and cast away, as sheep not having a shepherd.

New American Standard Bible
Seeing the people, He felt compassion for them, because they were distressed and dispirited like sheep without a shepherd.

King James Bible
But when he saw the multitudes, he was moved with compassion on them, because they fainted, and were scattered abroad, as sheep having no shepherd.

Christian Standard Bible
When he saw the crowds, he felt compassion for them, because they were distressed and dejected, like sheep without a shepherd.

Contemporary English Version
When he saw the crowds, he felt sorry for them. They were confused and helpless, like sheep without a shepherd.

Good News Translation
As he saw the crowds, his heart was filled with pity for them, because they were worried and helpless, like sheep without a shepherd.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
When He saw the crowds, He felt compassion for them, because they were weary and worn out, like sheep without a shepherd.

International Standard Version
When he saw the crowds, he was deeply moved with compassion for them, because they were troubled and helpless, like sheep without a shepherd.

NET Bible
When he saw the crowds, he had compassion on them because they were bewildered and helpless, like sheep without a shepherd.

New Heart English Bible
But when he saw the crowds, he was moved with compassion for them, because they were harassed and scattered, like sheep without a shepherd.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
But when Yeshua saw the crowds, he felt pity for them, for they were weary and wandering, like sheep without a shepherd.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
When he saw the crowds, he felt sorry for them. They were troubled and helpless like sheep without a shepherd.

New American Standard 1977
And seeing the multitudes, He felt compassion for them, because they were distressed and downcast like sheep without a shepherd.

Jubilee Bible 2000
And when he saw the multitude, he was moved with compassion on them because they fainted and were scattered abroad, as sheep having no shepherd.

King James 2000 Bible
But when he saw the multitudes, he was moved with compassion on them, because they fainted, and were scattered abroad, as sheep having no shepherd.

American King James Version
But when he saw the multitudes, he was moved with compassion on them, because they fainted, and were scattered abroad, as sheep having no shepherd.

American Standard Version
But when he saw the multitudes, he was moved with compassion for them, because they were distressed and scattered, as sheep not having a shepherd.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And seeing the multitudes, he had compassion on them: because they were distressed, and lying like sheep that have no shepherd.

Darby Bible Translation
But when he saw the crowds he was moved with compassion for them, because they were harassed, and cast away as sheep not having a shepherd.

English Revised Version
But when he saw the multitudes, he was moved with compassion for them, because they were distressed and scattered, as sheep not having a shepherd.

Webster's Bible Translation
But when he saw the multitudes, he was moved with compassion on them, because they fainted, and were scattered abroad, as sheep having no shepherd.

Weymouth New Testament
And when He saw the crowds He was touched with pity for them, because they were distressed and were fainting on the ground like sheep which have no shepherd.

World English Bible
But when he saw the multitudes, he was moved with compassion for them, because they were harassed and scattered, like sheep without a shepherd.

Young's Literal Translation
And having seen the multitudes, he was moved with compassion for them, that they were faint and cast aside, as sheep not having a shepherd,
Study Bible
The Lord of the Harvest
35Jesus went through all the towns and villages, teaching in their synagogues, preaching the gospel of the kingdom, and healing every disease and sickness. 36When He saw the crowds, He was moved with compassion for them, because they were harassed and helpless, like sheep without a shepherd. 37Then He said to his disciples, “The harvest is plentiful, but the workers are few.…
Cross References
Numbers 27:17
who will go out and come in before them, and who will lead them out and bring them in, so that the congregation of the LORD will not be like sheep without a shepherd."

1 Kings 22:17
So Micaiah declared: "I saw all Israel scattered on the hills like sheep without a shepherd. And the LORD said, 'These people have no master; let each one return home in peace.'"

2 Chronicles 18:16
So Micaiah declared: "I saw all Israel scattered on the hills like sheep without a shepherd. And the LORD said, 'These people have no master; let each one return home in peace.'"

Isaiah 13:14
Like a hunted gazelle and like a sheep without a shepherd, each will return to his own people, each will flee to his native land.

Jeremiah 50:6
My people are lost sheep; their shepherds have led them astray, causing them to roam the mountains. They have wandered from mountain to hill; they have forgotten their resting place.

Ezekiel 34:4
You have not strengthened the weak, healed the sick, bound up the injured, brought back the strays, or searched for the lost. Instead, you have ruled them with violence and cruelty.

Ezekiel 34:5
They were scattered for lack of a shepherd, and when they were scattered, they became food for all the wild beasts.

Zechariah 10:2
For idols speak deceit and diviners see illusions; they tell false dreams and offer empty comfort. Therefore the people wander like sheep, oppressed for lack of a shepherd.

Matthew 14:14
When He stepped ashore and saw a large crowd, He had compassion on them and healed their sick.

Matthew 15:32
Then Jesus called His disciples to Him and said, "I have compassion for this crowd, because they have already been with Me three days and have nothing to eat. I do not want to send them away hungry, or they may faint along the way."

Mark 6:34
When Jesus stepped ashore and saw a large crowd, He had compassion on them, because they were like sheep without a shepherd. And He began to teach them many things.

Mark 8:2
"I have compassion for this crowd, because they have already been with Me three days and have nothing to eat.

Treasury of Scripture

But when he saw the multitudes, he was moved with compassion on them, because they fainted, and were scattered abroad, as sheep having no shepherd.

when.

Matthew 14:14
And Jesus went forth, and saw a great multitude, and was moved with compassion toward them, and he healed their sick.

Matthew 15:32
Then Jesus called his disciples unto him, and said, I have compassion on the multitude, because they continue with me now three days, and have nothing to eat: and I will not send them away fasting, lest they faint in the way.

Mark 6:34
And Jesus, when he came out, saw much people, and was moved with compassion toward them, because they were as sheep not having a shepherd: and he began to teach them many things.

fainted, etc.

Matthew 10:6
But go rather to the lost sheep of the house of Israel.

Matthew 15:24
But he answered and said, I am not sent but unto the lost sheep of the house of Israel.

Numbers 27:17
Which may go out before them, and which may go in before them, and which may lead them out, and which may bring them in; that the congregation of the LORD be not as sheep which have no shepherd.







Lexicon
When
δὲ (de)
Conjunction
Strong's Greek 1161: A primary particle; but, and, etc.

He saw
Ἰδὼν (Idōn)
Verb - Aorist Participle Active - Nominative Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 3708: Properly, to stare at, i.e. to discern clearly; by extension, to attend to; by Hebraism, to experience; passively, to appear.

the
τοὺς (tous)
Article - Accusative Masculine Plural
Strong's Greek 3588: The, the definite article. Including the feminine he, and the neuter to in all their inflections; the definite article; the.

crowds,
ὄχλους (ochlous)
Noun - Accusative Masculine Plural
Strong's Greek 3793: From a derivative of echo; a throng; by implication, the rabble; by extension, a class of people; figuratively, a riot.

He was moved with compassion
ἐσπλαγχνίσθη (esplanchnisthē)
Verb - Aorist Indicative Passive - 3rd Person Singular
Strong's Greek 4697: To feel compassion, have pity on, be moved.

for
περὶ (peri)
Preposition
Strong's Greek 4012: From the base of peran; properly, through, i.e. Around; figuratively with respect to; used in various applications, of place, cause or time.

them,
αὐτῶν (autōn)
Personal / Possessive Pronoun - Genitive Masculine 3rd Person Plural
Strong's Greek 846: He, she, it, they, them, same. From the particle au; the reflexive pronoun self, used of the third person, and of the other persons.

because
ὅτι (hoti)
Conjunction
Strong's Greek 3754: Neuter of hostis as conjunction; demonstrative, that; causative, because.

they were
ἦσαν (ēsan)
Verb - Imperfect Indicative Active - 3rd Person Plural
Strong's Greek 1510: I am, exist. The first person singular present indicative; a prolonged form of a primary and defective verb; I exist.

harassed
ἐσκυλμένοι (eskylmenoi)
Verb - Perfect Participle Middle or Passive - Nominative Masculine Plural
Strong's Greek 4660: To flay, trouble, annoy, vex. Apparently a primary verb; to flay, i.e. to harass.

and
καὶ (kai)
Conjunction
Strong's Greek 2532: And, even, also, namely.

helpless,
ἐρριμμένοι (errimmenoi)
Verb - Perfect Participle Middle or Passive - Nominative Masculine Plural
Strong's Greek 4496: A primary verb; to fling (see in ekteino), which indicates an extended projection); by qualification, to deposit; by extension, to disperse.

like
ὡσεὶ (hōsei)
Adverb
Strong's Greek 5616: As if, as it were, like; with numbers: about. From hos and ei; as if.

sheep
πρόβατα (probata)
Noun - Nominative Neuter Plural
Strong's Greek 4263: A sheep. Probably neuter of a presumed derivative of probaino; something that walks forward, i.e., a sheep.

without
μὴ (mē)
Adverb
Strong's Greek 3361: Not, lest. A primary particle of qualified negation; not, lest; also (whereas ou expects an affirmative one) whether.

a shepherd.
ποιμένα (poimena)
Noun - Accusative Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 4166: A shepherd; hence met: of the feeder, protector, and ruler of a flock of men. Of uncertain affinity; a shepherd.
(36) He was moved with compassion.--The words that follow are so vivid and emphatic that we may well believe them to have had their starting-point in our Lord's own expression of His feelings. We find Him using the identical words in Matthew 15:32, and Mark 8:2 : "I have compassion on the multitude."

They fainted.--The English represents the received printed text of the Greek Testament at the beginning of the seventeenth century. There is, however, an immense preponderance of authority in favour of another reading, which gives the passive participle of the verb translated "trouble" in Mark 5:35, Luke 7:6, and meaning literally "flayed," and thence figuratively "tormented, worried, vexed." They were not merely as sheep that have grown weary and faint, hungry, looking up and yet not fed, but were as those that have been harassed by the wolf--the prey of thieves and robbers. (Comp. John 10:8-12.)

Verse 36. - But when he saw the multitudes. The substance of this verse is found in Mark 6:34 on the return of the apostles, equivalent to our Matthew 14:13, seq. (cf. supra). According to the context, the multitudes here spoken of are those of the various cities and villages through which he had passed. He was moved with compassion on (for, Revised Version) them (ἐσπλαγχνίσθη περὶ αὐτῶν). After the vivid Hebrew metaphor (Genesis 43:30), which the LXX. seldom ventured to translate literally, but which is common in the New Testament writings. Because they fainted. So the Received Text (ἐκλελυμένοι, cf. Matthew 15:32), but the Revised Version, with manuscripts, "were distressed" (ἐσκυλμένοι). Σκύλλω, which in the classics is equivalent, to

(1) "flay,"

(2) "mangle," is found only in the sense of

(3) "trouble or harass," in the New Testament (Mark 5:35 [parallel passage: Luke 8:49]; Luke 7:6). And were scattered abroad; Revised Version simply, and scattered. (For the thought, cf. Ezekiel 34:5; also Numbers 27:17; 2 Chronicles 18:16; and its parallel passage, 1 Kings 22:17.) The two participles express different aspects of their now normal and continuous state (η΅σαν ἐσκυλμένοι καὶ ἐριμμένοι). Yet the Authorized Version margin, "and lay down," is probably nearer the meaning of ἐριμμένοι here than the Authorized Version and Revised Version; cf. 1 Macc. 11:4 (" They showed him the temple of Dagon burnt... and the bodies cast out" ); Jeremiah 14:16 (" The people... shall be cast out in the streets of Jerusalem... and they shall have none to bury them" ), whine the thought is hardly "scattered," but "cast out and lying prostrate." So here the people are pictured as sheep harassed and prostrated by fatigue, etc.; cf. Vulgate, vexati et jacentes. As sheep having no shepherd; not having a shepherd (Revised Version); cf. the Old Testament passages just referred to. 9:35-38 Jesus visited not only the great and wealthy cities, but the poor, obscure villages; and there he preached, there he healed. The souls of the meanest in the world are as precious to Christ, and should be so to us, as the souls of those who make the greatest figure. There were priests, Levites, and scribes, all over the land; but they were idol shepherds, Zec 11:17; therefore Christ had compassion on the people as sheep scattered, as men perishing for lack of knowledge. To this day vast multitudes are as sheep not having a shepherd, and we should have compassion and do all we can to help them. The multitudes desirous of spiritual instruction formed a plenteous harvest, needing many active labourers; but few deserved that character. Christ is the Lord of the harvest. Let us pray that many may be raised up and sent forth, who will labour in bringing souls to Christ. It is a sign that God is about to bestow some special mercy upon a people, when he stirs them up to pray for it. And commissions given to labourers in answer to prayer, are most likely to be successful.
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