John 11:38
New International Version
Jesus, once more deeply moved, came to the tomb. It was a cave with a stone laid across the entrance.

New Living Translation
Jesus was still angry as he arrived at the tomb, a cave with a stone rolled across its entrance.

English Standard Version
Then Jesus, deeply moved again, came to the tomb. It was a cave, and a stone lay against it.

Berean Study Bible
Jesus, once again deeply moved, came to the tomb. It was a cave with a stone laid across the entrance.

Berean Literal Bible
So Jesus, being deeply moved in Himself again, comes to the tomb. Now it was a cave, and a stone was lying against it.

New American Standard Bible
So Jesus, again being deeply moved within, came to the tomb. Now it was a cave, and a stone was lying against it.

King James Bible
Jesus therefore again groaning in himself cometh to the grave. It was a cave, and a stone lay upon it.

Christian Standard Bible
Then Jesus, deeply moved again, came to the tomb. It was a cave, and a stone was lying against it.

Contemporary English Version
Jesus was still terribly upset. So he went to the tomb, which was a cave with a stone rolled against the entrance.

Good News Translation
Deeply moved once more, Jesus went to the tomb, which was a cave with a stone placed at the entrance.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Then Jesus, angry in Himself again, came to the tomb. It was a cave, and a stone was lying against it.

International Standard Version
Groaning deeply again, Jesus came to the tomb. It was a cave, and a stone was lying in front of it.

NET Bible
Jesus, intensely moved again, came to the tomb. (Now it was a cave, and a stone was placed across it.)

New Heart English Bible
So Jesus, deeply moved again, came to the tomb. Now it was a cave, and a stone lay against it.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
But Yeshua, being powerfully moved within himself, came to the tomb, and the tomb was a cave and a stone had been placed over its doorway.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Deeply moved again, Jesus went to the tomb. It was a cave with a stone covering the entrance.

New American Standard 1977
Jesus therefore again being deeply moved within, came to the tomb. Now it was a cave, and a stone was lying against it.

Jubilee Bible 2000
Jesus therefore, becoming enraged again in himself, came to the grave. It was a cave, and a stone lay upon it.

King James 2000 Bible
Jesus therefore again groaning in himself came to the grave. It was a cave, and a stone lay upon it.

American King James Version
Jesus therefore again groaning in himself comes to the grave. It was a cave, and a stone lay on it.

American Standard Version
Jesus therefore again groaning in himself cometh to the tomb. Now it was a cave, and a stone lay against it.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Jesus therefore again groaning in himself, cometh to the sepulchre. Now it was a cave; and a stone was laid over it.

Darby Bible Translation
Jesus therefore, again deeply moved in himself, comes to the tomb. Now it was a cave, and a stone lay upon it.

English Revised Version
Jesus therefore again groaning in himself cometh to the tomb. Now it was a cave, and a stone lay against it.

Webster's Bible Translation
Jesus therefore again groaning in himself, cometh to the grave. It was a cave, and a stone lay upon it.

Weymouth New Testament
Jesus, however, again restraining His strong feeling, came to the tomb. It was a cave, and a stone had been laid against the mouth of it.

World English Bible
Jesus therefore, again groaning in himself, came to the tomb. Now it was a cave, and a stone lay against it.

Young's Literal Translation
Jesus, therefore, again groaning in himself, cometh to the tomb, and it was a cave, and a stone was lying upon it,
Study Bible
Jesus Raises Lazarus
37But some of them asked, “Could not this man who opened the eyes of the blind also have kept Lazarus from dying?” 38Jesus, once again deeply moved, came to the tomb. It was a cave with a stone laid across the entrance. 39“Take away the stone,” Jesus said. “Lord, by now he stinks,” said Martha, the sister of the dead man. “It has already been four days.”…
Cross References
Matthew 27:60
and placed it in his own new tomb that he had cut into the rock. Then he rolled a great stone across the entrance to the tomb and went away.

Mark 15:46
Joseph bought a linen cloth, took down the body of Jesus, wrapped it in the cloth, and laid it in a tomb that had been cut out of the rock. Then he rolled a stone against the entrance to the tomb.

Luke 24:2
They found the stone rolled away from the tomb,

John 11:33
When Jesus saw her weeping, and the Jews who had come with her also weeping, He was deeply moved in spirit and troubled.

John 20:1
Early on the first day of the week, while it was still dark, Mary Magdalene went to the tomb and saw that the stone had been removed from the entrance.

Treasury of Scripture

Jesus therefore again groaning in himself comes to the grave. It was a cave, and a stone lay on it.

groaning.

John 11:33
When Jesus therefore saw her weeping, and the Jews also weeping which came with her, he groaned in the spirit, and was troubled,

Ezekiel 9:4
And the LORD said unto him, Go through the midst of the city, through the midst of Jerusalem, and set a mark upon the foreheads of the men that sigh and that cry for all the abominations that be done in the midst thereof.

Ezekiel 21:6
Sigh therefore, thou son of man, with the breaking of thy loins; and with bitterness sigh before their eyes.

It was.

Genesis 23:19
And after this, Abraham buried Sarah his wife in the cave of the field of Machpelah before Mamre: the same is Hebron in the land of Canaan.

Genesis 49:29-31
And he charged them, and said unto them, I am to be gathered unto my people: bury me with my fathers in the cave that is in the field of Ephron the Hittite, …

Isaiah 22:16
What hast thou here? and whom hast thou here, that thou hast hewed thee out a sepulchre here, as he that heweth him out a sepulchre on high, and that graveth an habitation for himself in a rock?







Lexicon
Jesus,
Ἰησοῦς (Iēsous)
Noun - Nominative Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 2424: Of Hebrew origin; Jesus, the name of our Lord and two other Israelites.

once again
πάλιν (palin)
Adverb
Strong's Greek 3825: Probably from the same as pale; anew, i.e. back, once more, or furthermore or on the other hand.

deeply moved,
ἐμβριμώμενος (embrimōmenos)
Verb - Present Participle Middle or Passive - Nominative Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 1690: From en and brimaomai; to have indignation on, i.e. to blame, to sigh with chagrin, to sternly enjoin.

came
ἔρχεται (erchetai)
Verb - Present Indicative Middle or Passive - 3rd Person Singular
Strong's Greek 2064: To come, go.

to
εἰς (eis)
Preposition
Strong's Greek 1519: A primary preposition; to or into, of place, time, or purpose; also in adverbial phrases.

the
τὸ (to)
Article - Accusative Neuter Singular
Strong's Greek 3588: The, the definite article. Including the feminine he, and the neuter to in all their inflections; the definite article; the.

tomb.
μνημεῖον (mnēmeion)
Noun - Accusative Neuter Singular
Strong's Greek 3419: A tomb, sepulcher, monument. From mneme; a remembrance, i.e. Cenotaph.

It was
ἦν (ēn)
Verb - Imperfect Indicative Active - 3rd Person Singular
Strong's Greek 1510: I am, exist. The first person singular present indicative; a prolonged form of a primary and defective verb; I exist.

a cave
σπήλαιον (spēlaion)
Noun - Nominative Neuter Singular
Strong's Greek 4693: A cave, den, hideout. Neuter of a presumed derivative of speos; a cavern; by implication, a hiding-place or resort.

[with]
καὶ (kai)
Conjunction
Strong's Greek 2532: And, even, also, namely.

a stone
λίθος (lithos)
Noun - Nominative Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 3037: A stone; met: of Jesus as the chief stone in a building. Apparently a primary word; a stone.

laid
ἐπέκειτο (epekeito)
Verb - Imperfect Indicative Middle or Passive - 3rd Person Singular
Strong's Greek 1945: From epi and keimai; to rest upon.

across
ἐπ’ (ep’)
Preposition
Strong's Greek 1909: On, to, against, on the basis of, at.

[the entrance].
αὐτῷ (autō)
Personal / Possessive Pronoun - Dative Neuter 3rd Person Singular
Strong's Greek 846: He, she, it, they, them, same. From the particle au; the reflexive pronoun self, used of the third person, and of the other persons.
(38) Jesus therefore again groaning in himself.--See Note on John 11:33. Their evil thoughts, expressed in John 11:37, are the cause of this new emotion of anger.

Cometh to the grave.--Comp. John 11:31. Here, as there, it would be better to render it sepulchre. The same word occurs again in John 12:17; John 19:41-42; John 20:1-11.

It was a cave, and a stone lay upon it.--The sepulchres were dug in the rock, either vertically, with an entrance from above (comp. Note on Luke 11:44), or horizontally, with an entrance from the side, and were frequently adaptations of natural caves. (Comp. Note on Matthew 27:60.) Such sepulchres remain to the present day, and travellers are shown one which is said to be that of Lazarus. The entrance is from above it by twenty-six steps; and this must have been so, if we press the words "lay upon it." The original words, however, may certainly apply to the horizontal slab which closes the entrance to the sepulchre; and the identification of this particular sepulchre is to be received with caution. The tact of the body being laid in a sepulchre agrees with the general tone of the narrative that the family was one of substance.

Verse 38. - Jesus therefore again moved with indignation within himself. The (ἐν ἑαυτῷ) "in himself" is not so forcible an expression as "shuddering in his spirit (ver. 33), but it implies a continuity of grand, holy indignation against the anomaly of death, from which the human family and he as its Representative were suffering (cf. ver. 33). He cometh to the grave. The (μνημεῖον or) tomb is forthwith described as (σπήλαιον) a den, cavern, or cave, from σπέος, spelunca, of which, partly natural, partly artificial, abundant use was made in the East. A stone lay (ἐπ αὐτῷ) against it; or, over it; i.e. either closing it up as a pit, or closing the mouth of it, by being rolled along a ledge horizontal with the base of the excavation. The former kind of cave is shown at Bethany, but no dependence can be placed on the tradition. (Cf. the account of our Lord's own tomb, to which a stone was roiled, Matthew 27:60; Matthew 28:2; Mark 16:3, 4; Luke 24:2; cf. also Thomson, 'The Land and the Book,' pp. 101-108; and art. "Burial," in Smith's 'Dictionary.') The tomb of Joseph was that of a rich man, and all these circumstances show opulence, rather than the beggary and rags of the Lazarus of the parable. 11:33-46 Christ's tender sympathy with these afflicted friends, appeared by the troubles of his spirit. In all the afflictions of believers he is afflicted. His concern for them was shown by his kind inquiry after the remains of his deceased friend. Being found in fashion as a man, he acts in the way and manner of the sons of men. It was shown by his tears. He was a man of sorrows, and acquainted with grief. Tears of compassion resemble those of Christ. But Christ never approved that sensibility of which many are proud, while they weep at mere tales of distress, but are hardened to real woe. He sets us an example to withdraw from scenes of giddy mirth, that we may comfort the afflicted. And we have not a High Priest who cannot be touched with a feeling of our infirmities. It is a good step toward raising a soul to spiritual life, when the stone is taken away, when prejudices are removed, and got over, and way is made for the word to enter the heart. If we take Christ's word, and rely on his power and faithfulness, we shall see the glory of God, and be happy in the sight. Our Lord Jesus has taught us, by his own example, to call God Father, in prayer, and to draw nigh to him as children to a father, with humble reverence, yet with holy boldness. He openly made this address to God, with uplifted eyes and loud voice, that they might be convinced the Father had sent him as his beloved Son into the world. He could have raised Lazarus by the silent exertion of his power and will, and the unseen working of the Spirit of life; but he did it by a loud call. This was a figure of the gospel call, by which dead souls are brought out of the grave of sin: and of the sound of the archangel's trumpet at the last day, with which all that sleep in the dust shall be awakened, and summoned before the great tribunal. The grave of sin and this world, is no place for those whom Christ has quickened; they must come forth. Lazarus was thoroughly revived, and returned not only to life, but to health. The sinner cannot quicken his own soul, but he is to use the means of grace; the believer cannot sanctify himself, but he is to lay aside every weight and hinderance. We cannot convert our relatives and friends, but we should instruct, warn, and invite them.
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