Colossians 1:21
New International Version
Once you were alienated from God and were enemies in your minds because of your evil behavior.

New Living Translation
This includes you who were once far away from God. You were his enemies, separated from him by your evil thoughts and actions.

English Standard Version
And you, who once were alienated and hostile in mind, doing evil deeds,

Berean Study Bible
Once you were alienated from God and were hostile in your minds because of your evil deeds.

Berean Literal Bible
And you, being once alienated and hostile in mind, in the evil deeds,

New American Standard Bible
And although you were formerly alienated and hostile in mind, engaged in evil deeds,

King James Bible
And you, that were sometime alienated and enemies in your mind by wicked works, yet now hath he reconciled

Christian Standard Bible
Once you were alienated and hostile in your minds expressed in your evil actions.

Contemporary English Version
You used to be far from God. Your thoughts made you his enemies, and you did evil things.

Good News Translation
At one time you were far away from God and were his enemies because of the evil things you did and thought.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Once you were alienated and hostile in your minds because of your evil actions.

International Standard Version
You who were once alienated with a hostile attitude, doing evil,

NET Bible
And you were at one time strangers and enemies in your minds as expressed through your evil deeds,

New Heart English Bible
You, being in past times alienated and enemies in your mind in your evil works,

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
Even you from the first were aliens and enemies in your minds because of your evil works, and now he has given you peace,

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Once you were separated from God. The evil things you did showed your hostile attitude.

New American Standard 1977
And although you were formerly alienated and hostile in mind, engaged in evil deeds,

Jubilee Bible 2000
And you, that were in another time alienated and enemies in your mind by wicked works, yet now he has reconciled you

King James 2000 Bible
And you, that were once alienated and enemies in your mind by wicked works, yet now has he reconciled

American King James Version
And you, that were sometime alienated and enemies in your mind by wicked works, yet now has he reconciled

American Standard Version
And you, being in time past alienated and enemies in your mind in your evil works,

Douay-Rheims Bible
And you, whereas you were some time alienated and enemies in mind in evil works:

Darby Bible Translation
And you, who once were alienated and enemies in mind by wicked works, yet now has it reconciled

English Revised Version
And you, being in time past alienated and enemies in your mind in your evil works, yet now hath he reconciled

Webster's Bible Translation
And you, that were formerly alienated and enemies in your mind by wicked works, yet now hath he reconciled,

Weymouth New Testament
And you, estranged as you once were and even hostile in your minds, amidst your evil deeds,

World English Bible
You, being in past times alienated and enemies in your mind in your evil works,

Young's Literal Translation
And you -- once being alienated, and enemies in the mind, in the evil works, yet now did he reconcile,
Study Bible
The Supremacy of Christ
20and through Him to reconcile to Himself all things, whether things on earth or things in heaven, by making peace through the blood of His cross. 21Once you were alienated from God and were hostile in your minds because of your evil deeds. 22But now He has reconciled you by Christ’s physical body through death to present you holy, unblemished, and blameless in His presence—…
Cross References
2 Samuel 22:24
And I have been blameless before Him and kept myself from iniquity.

Romans 5:10
For if, when we were enemies of God, we were reconciled to Him through the death of His Son, how much more, having been reconciled, shall we be saved through His life!

Ephesians 2:3
We all lived among them at one time in the cravings of our flesh, indulging its desires and thoughts. Like the rest, we were by nature children of wrath.

Ephesians 2:12
remember that at that time you were separate from Christ, alienated from the commonwealth of Israel, and strangers to the covenants of the promise, without hope and without God in the world.

Ephesians 2:15
by abolishing in His flesh the law of commandments and decrees. He did this to create in Himself one new man out of the two, thus making peace

Treasury of Scripture

And you, that were sometime alienated and enemies in your mind by wicked works, yet now has he reconciled

sometime.

Romans 1:30
Backbiters, haters of God, despiteful, proud, boasters, inventors of evil things, disobedient to parents,

Romans 5:9,10
Much more then, being now justified by his blood, we shall be saved from wrath through him…

Romans 8:7,8
Because the carnal mind is enmity against God: for it is not subject to the law of God, neither indeed can be…

in your mind by.

Titus 1:15,16
Unto the pure all things are pure: but unto them that are defiled and unbelieving is nothing pure; but even their mind and conscience is defiled…







Lexicon
Once
ποτε (pote)
Particle
Strong's Greek 4218: At one time or other, at some time, formerly. From the base of pou and te; indefinite adverb, at some time, ever.

you
ὑμᾶς (hymas)
Personal / Possessive Pronoun - Accusative 2nd Person Plural
Strong's Greek 4771: You. The person pronoun of the second person singular; thou.

were
ὄντας (ontas)
Verb - Present Participle Active - Accusative Masculine Plural
Strong's Greek 1510: I am, exist. The first person singular present indicative; a prolonged form of a primary and defective verb; I exist.

alienated [ from God ]
ἀπηλλοτριωμένους (apēllotriōmenous)
Verb - Perfect Participle Middle or Passive - Accusative Masculine Plural
Strong's Greek 526: From apo and a derivative of allotrios; to estrange away, i.e. to be non-participant.

and
καὶ (kai)
Conjunction
Strong's Greek 2532: And, even, also, namely.

were hostile
ἐχθροὺς (echthrous)
Adjective - Accusative Masculine Plural
Strong's Greek 2190: Hated, hostile; subst: an enemy. From a primary echtho; hateful; usually as a noun, an adversary.

in
τῇ (tē)
Article - Dative Feminine Singular
Strong's Greek 3588: The, the definite article. Including the feminine he, and the neuter to in all their inflections; the definite article; the.

your minds
διανοίᾳ (dianoia)
Noun - Dative Feminine Singular
Strong's Greek 1271: From dia and nous; deep thought, properly, the faculty, by implication, its exercise.

because of
ἐν (en)
Preposition
Strong's Greek 1722: In, on, among. A primary preposition denoting position, and instrumentality, i.e. A relation of rest; 'in, ' at, on, by, etc.

[your]
τοῖς (tois)
Article - Dative Neuter Plural
Strong's Greek 3588: The, the definite article. Including the feminine he, and the neuter to in all their inflections; the definite article; the.

evil
πονηροῖς (ponērois)
Adjective - Dative Neuter Plural
Strong's Greek 4190: Evil, bad, wicked, malicious, slothful.

deeds.
ἔργοις (ergois)
Noun - Dative Neuter Plural
Strong's Greek 2041: From a primary ergo; toil; by implication, an act.
(21) Alienated.--Not naturally aliens, but estranged. (See Note on Ephesians 2:12.)

By wicked works.--Properly, in your wicked works. The enmity of heart is not properly caused by wicked works, but shown in them, and probably intensified by reflex action through them.

Verse 21. - And you, at one time being (men) alienated, and enemies in your thought, (engaged) in your wicked works, yet now did he reconcile; or, were ye reconciled [so Meyer, Lightfoot, Westcott and Hort, and R.V. margin, following Codex B] (Colossians 2:11; Colossians 3:7; Ephesians 2:1-3, 11, 12; Ephesians 4:18; Ephesians 5:5-8; 1 Corinthians 6:4; Romans 6:21; 1 Peter 1:11; 1 Peter 4:3). The combination of ὄντες ("being") with perfect passive participle ("having been alienated") implies a fixed condition, that has become as a part of one's nature (so in Ephesians 4:18, Revised Text). As the opposite of "reconciled," "alienated" is strictly passive, and denotes, not a subjective feeling on the part of the sinner, but an objective determination on the part of God, an exclusion from the Divine favour, from "the kingdom of the Son" and "the lot of the saints" (vers. 12, 13; Ephesians 5:9; Ephesians 2:3, 11-13; Ephesians 4:18; Romans 1:18: comp. usage of LXX in Psalm 68:9; 1 Esdr. 9:4; Sir. 11:34). "Enemies in your thought" sets forth the disposition of the sinner towards God (Romans 8:7; Philippians 3:18: so Alford,Ellicott, Lightfoot). Meyer maintains the passive sense of "enemies," as found in Romans 5:10; Romans 11:28; Galatians 4:16. On the latter view, σῇ διανοίᾳ is instrumental dative, "by," "in virtue of your state of mind;" on the former, it is dative of reference or definition. Διανοία (here only and Ephesians 2:3 and Ephesians 4:18 in St. Paul) has possibly a polemical reference. It denotes in Greek philosophy, the faculty of thought, as opposed to the bodily powers. In Philo's teaching it signifies the higher part of human nature, akin to God, and opposed to evil which belongs to the senses: "Thought (διανοία) is the best thing in us" ('On Fugitives,' § 26); "Every man in regard to his intellect (διανοία) is united to the Divine Word, being an impression or fragment or ray of that blessed nature; but in respect of his body he belongs to the entire world" ('On the Creation of the World,' § 51). But here sin is associated With the intellect in man, and redemption with "the body of Christ's flesh" (ver. 22): comp. notes on "reason," Colossians 2:18, and "body," Colossians 2:23; also Ephesians 4:18, where the reason is vain, the intellect darkened. "Wicked [emphasized by its position in the Greek, denoting active evil; see Trench's 'Synonyms,' on πονηρός] works" is a phrase common in St. John, only used here by St. Paul (comp. Colossians 3:7; Ephesians 2:1-3; Romans 6:19, 20; Galatians 5:19; Hebrews 9:14). These works are the practices of life in which the sinner is abidingly excluded from "the kingdom of Christ and God" (Ephesians 5:5), and manifests the radical antipathy of his mind toward God. "Yet [or, 'but'] now:" comp. ver. 26; Colossians 3:8; Ephesians 2:13; Romans 3:21, etc. - a lively form of transition characteristic of St. Paul, primarily temporal, then also logical in sense. "Were ye reconciled" breaks through the grammatical structure of the sentence, as in vers. 26, 27 (see Lightfoot, and Winer's 'N. T. Grammar,' p. 717). If "did he reconcile" (or, "hath he reconciled") be the correct reading, "Christ" is still subject of the verb, as in vers. 19-22, and consistently with Ephesians 2:15, 16. (On "reconcile," see ver. 20.) 1:15-23 Christ in his human nature, is the visible discovery of the invisible God, and he that hath seen Him hath seen the Father. Let us adore these mysteries in humble faith, and behold the glory of the Lord in Christ Jesus. He was born or begotten before all the creation, before any creature was made; which is the Scripture way of representing eternity, and by which the eternity of God is represented to us. All things being created by Him, were created for him; being made by his power, they were made according to his pleasure, and for his praise and glory. He not only created them all at first, but it is by the word of his power that they are upheld. Christ as Mediator is the Head of the body, the church; all grace and strength are from him; and the church is his body. All fulness dwells in him; a fulness of merit and righteousness, of strength and grace for us. God showed his justice in requiring full satisfaction. This mode of redeeming mankind by the death of Christ was most suitable. Here is presented to our view the method of being reconciled. And that, notwithstanding the hatred of sin on God's part, it pleased God to reconcile fallen man to himself. If convinced that we were enemies in our minds by wicked works, and that we are now reconciled to God by the sacrifice and death of Christ in our nature, we shall not attempt to explain away, nor yet think fully to comprehend these mysteries; but we shall see the glory of this plan of redemption, and rejoice in the hope set before us. If this be so, that God's love is so great to us, what shall we do now for God? Be frequent in prayer, and abound in holy duties; and live no more to yourselves, but to Christ. Christ died for us. But wherefore? That we should still live in sin? No; but that we should die to sin, and live henceforth not to ourselves, but to Him.
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