Acts 17:16
New International Version
While Paul was waiting for them in Athens, he was greatly distressed to see that the city was full of idols.

New Living Translation
While Paul was waiting for them in Athens, he was deeply troubled by all the idols he saw everywhere in the city.

English Standard Version
Now while Paul was waiting for them at Athens, his spirit was provoked within him as he saw that the city was full of idols.

Berean Study Bible
While Paul was waiting for them in Athens, he was deeply disturbed in his spirit to see that the city was full of idols.

Berean Literal Bible
Now of Paul in Athens waiting for them, his spirit was provoked in him, seeing the city to be utterly idolatrous.

New American Standard Bible
Now while Paul was waiting for them at Athens, his spirit was being provoked within him as he was observing the city full of idols.

King James Bible
Now while Paul waited for them at Athens, his spirit was stirred in him, when he saw the city wholly given to idolatry.

Christian Standard Bible
While Paul was waiting for them in Athens, he was deeply distressed when he saw that the city was full of idols.

Contemporary English Version
While Paul was waiting in Athens, he was upset to see all the idols in the city.

Good News Translation
While Paul was waiting in Athens for Silas and Timothy, he was greatly upset when he noticed how full of idols the city was.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
While Paul was waiting for them in Athens, his spirit was troubled within him when he saw that the city was full of idols.

International Standard Version
While Paul was waiting for them in Athens, his spirit was deeply disturbed to see the city full of idols.

NET Bible
While Paul was waiting for them in Athens, his spirit was greatly upset because he saw the city was full of idols.

New Heart English Bible
Now while Paul waited for them at Athens, his spirit was provoked within him as he saw the city full of idols.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
But while Paulus remained in Athens, he was provoked in his spirit when he saw that the whole city was full of idols.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
While Paul was waiting for Silas and Timothy in Athens, he saw that the city had statues of false gods everywhere. This upset him.

New American Standard 1977
Now while Paul was waiting for them at Athens, his spirit was being provoked within him as he was beholding the city full of idols.

Jubilee Bible 2000
Now while Paul waited for them at Athens, his spirit was stirred in him when he saw the city completely given over to idolatry.

King James 2000 Bible
Now while Paul waited for them at Athens, his spirit was stirred in him, when he saw the city wholly given to idolatry.

American King James Version
Now while Paul waited for them at Athens, his spirit was stirred in him, when he saw the city wholly given to idolatry.

American Standard Version
Now while Paul waited for them at Athens, his spirit was provoked within him as he beheld the city full of idols.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Now whilst Paul waited for them at Athens, his spirit was stirred within him, seeing the city wholly given to idolatry.

Darby Bible Translation
But in Athens, while Paul was waiting for them, his spirit was painfully excited in him seeing the city given up to idolatry.

English Revised Version
Now while Paul waited for them at Athens, his spirit was provoked within him, as he beheld the city full of idols.

Webster's Bible Translation
Now, while Paul waited for them at Athens, his spirit was stirred in him, when he saw the city wholly given to idolatry.

Weymouth New Testament
While Paul was waiting for them in Athens, his spirit was stirred within him when he noticed that the city was full of idols.

World English Bible
Now while Paul waited for them at Athens, his spirit was provoked within him as he saw the city full of idols.

Young's Literal Translation
and Paul waiting for them in Athens, his spirit was stirred in him, beholding the city wholly given to idolatry,
Study Bible
Paul in Athens
15Those who escorted Paul brought him to Athens and then returned with instructions for Silas and Timothy to join him as soon as possible. 16While Paul was waiting for them in Athens, he was deeply disturbed in his spirit to see that the city was full of idols. 17So he reasoned in the synagogue with the Jews and God-fearing Gentiles, and in the marketplace with those he met each day.…
Cross References
Acts 17:15
Those who escorted Paul brought him to Athens and then returned with instructions for Silas and Timothy to join him as soon as possible.

Acts 17:21
Now all the Athenians and foreigners who lived there spent their time doing nothing more than hearing and articulating new ideas.

Acts 18:1
After this, Paul left Athens and went to Corinth.

Acts 20:22
And now, compelled by the Spirit, I am going to Jerusalem, not knowing what will happen to me there.

1 Thessalonians 3:1
So when we could bear it no longer, we were willing to be left on our own in Athens.

Treasury of Scripture

Now while Paul waited for them at Athens, his spirit was stirred in him, when he saw the city wholly given to idolatry.

Cir.

Exodus 32:19,20
And it came to pass, as soon as he came nigh unto the camp, that he saw the calf, and the dancing: and Moses' anger waxed hot, and he cast the tables out of his hands, and brake them beneath the mount…

Numbers 25:6-11
And, behold, one of the children of Israel came and brought unto his brethren a Midianitish woman in the sight of Moses, and in the sight of all the congregation of the children of Israel, who were weeping before the door of the tabernacle of the congregation…

1 Kings 19:10,14
And he said, I have been very jealous for the LORD God of hosts: for the children of Israel have forsaken thy covenant, thrown down thine altars, and slain thy prophets with the sword; and I, even I only, am left; and they seek my life, to take it away…

wholly given to idolatry.

Acts 17:23
For as I passed by, and beheld your devotions, I found an altar with this inscription, TO THE UNKNOWN GOD. Whom therefore ye ignorantly worship, him declare I unto you.







Lexicon
[While]
δὲ (de)
Conjunction
Strong's Greek 1161: A primary particle; but, and, etc.

Paul
Παύλου (Paulou)
Noun - Genitive Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 3972: Paul, Paulus. Of Latin origin; Paulus, the name of a Roman and of an apostle.

was waiting for
ἐκδεχομένου (ekdechomenou)
Verb - Present Participle Middle or Passive - Genitive Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 1551: To wait for, expect. From ek and dechomai; to accept from some source, i.e. to await.

them
αὐτοὺς (autous)
Personal / Possessive Pronoun - Accusative Masculine 3rd Person Plural
Strong's Greek 846: He, she, it, they, them, same. From the particle au; the reflexive pronoun self, used of the third person, and of the other persons.

in
Ἐν (En)
Preposition
Strong's Greek 1722: In, on, among. A primary preposition denoting position, and instrumentality, i.e. A relation of rest; 'in, ' at, on, by, etc.

Athens,
Ἀθήναις (Athēnais)
Noun - Dative Feminine Plural
Strong's Greek 116: Athens, the intellectual capital of Greece. Plural of Athene; Athenoe, the capitol of Greece.

he was deeply disturbed
παρωξύνετο (parōxyneto)
Verb - Imperfect Indicative Middle or Passive - 3rd Person Singular
Strong's Greek 3947: To arouse anger, provoke, irritate. From para and a derivative of oxus; to sharpen alongside, i.e. to exasperate.

in
ἐν (en)
Preposition
Strong's Greek 1722: In, on, among. A primary preposition denoting position, and instrumentality, i.e. A relation of rest; 'in, ' at, on, by, etc.

his
αὐτοῦ (autou)
Personal / Possessive Pronoun - Genitive Masculine 3rd Person Singular
Strong's Greek 846: He, she, it, they, them, same. From the particle au; the reflexive pronoun self, used of the third person, and of the other persons.

spirit
πνεῦμα (pneuma)
Noun - Nominative Neuter Singular
Strong's Greek 4151: Wind, breath, spirit.

to see that
θεωροῦντος (theōrountos)
Verb - Present Participle Active - Genitive Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 2334: From a derivative of theaomai; to be a spectator of, i.e. Discern, (experience) or intensively (acknowledge).

the
τὴν (tēn)
Article - Accusative Feminine Singular
Strong's Greek 3588: The, the definite article. Including the feminine he, and the neuter to in all their inflections; the definite article; the.

city
πόλιν (polin)
Noun - Accusative Feminine Singular
Strong's Greek 4172: A city, the inhabitants of a city. Probably from the same as polemos, or perhaps from polus; a town.

was
οὖσαν (ousan)
Verb - Present Participle Active - Accusative Feminine Singular
Strong's Greek 1510: I am, exist. The first person singular present indicative; a prolonged form of a primary and defective verb; I exist.

full of idols.
κατείδωλον (kateidōlon)
Adjective - Accusative Feminine Singular
Strong's Greek 2712: Full of images of idols, grossly idolatrous. From kata and eidolon; utterly idolatrous.
(16) His spirit was stirred in him.--The verb is the root of the noun from which we get our "paroxysm," and which is translated by "sharp contention" in Acts 15:39. Athens, glorying now, as it had done in the days of Sophocles (?dip. Col. 1008), in its devotion to the gods, presented to him, even after seeing Tarsus and Antioch, a new aspect. The city was "full of idols;" Hermes-busts at every corner, statues and altars in the atrium or court-yard of every house, temples and porticos and colonnades, all presenting what was to him the same repulsive spectacle. He looked on the Theseus and the Ilissus, and the friezes of the Centaurs and Lapithae on the Parthenon, as we look on them in our museums, but any sense of art-beauty which he may have had (and it was probably, in any case, but weak) was over-powered by his horror that men should bow down and worship what their own hands had made. The beauty of form which we admire in the Apollo or the Aphrodite, the Mercury or the Faun, would be to him, in its unveiled nakedness, a thing to shudder at. He knew too well to what that love of sensuous beauty had led in Greek and Roman life (Romans 1:24-27), when it had thrown aside what, to a Jew, were not only the natural instincts of purity, but the sanctions of a divine command (Genesis 9:22).

Verse 16. - Provoked within for stirred in, A.V. (παρωξύνετο: see Acts 15:29, note); as he beheld for when he saw, A.V.; full of idols for wholly given to idolatry, A.V. The Greek κατείδωλος occurs only here, either in the New Testament or elsewhere. But the analogy of ether words similarly compounded fixes the meaning "full of idols" - a description fully borne out by Pausanias and Xenophon and others (Steph., 'Thesaur.;' Meyer, etc.). 17:16-21 Athens was then famed for polite learning, philosophy, and the fine arts; but none are more childish and superstitious, more impious, or more credulous, than some persons, deemed eminent for learning and ability. It was wholly given to idolatry. The zealous advocate for the cause of Christ will be ready to plead for it in all companies, as occasion offers. Most of these learned men took no notice of Paul; but some, whose principles were the most directly contrary to Christianity, made remarks upon him. The apostle ever dwelt upon two points, which are indeed the principal doctrines of Christianity, Christ and a future state; Christ our way, and heaven our end. They looked on this as very different from the knowledge for many ages taught and professed at Athens; they desire to know more of it, but only because it was new and strange. They led him to the place where judges sat who inquired into such matters. They asked about Paul's doctrine, not because it was good, but because it was new. Great talkers are always busy-bodies. They spend their time in nothing else, and a very uncomfortable account they have to give of their time who thus spend it. Time is precious, and we are concerned to employ it well, because eternity depends upon it, but much is wasted in unprofitable conversation.
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Alphabetical: as at Athens being city distressed for full greatly he him his idols in Now observing of Paul provoked see spirit that the them to waiting was While within

NT Apostles: Acts 17:16 Now while Paul waited for them at (Acts of the Apostles Ac) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools
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