Genesis 27:40
Parallel Verses
New International Version
You will live by the sword and you will serve your brother. But when you grow restless, you will throw his yoke from off your neck."

New Living Translation
You will live by your sword, and you will serve your brother. But when you decide to break free, you will shake his yoke from your neck."

English Standard Version
By your sword you shall live, and you shall serve your brother; but when you grow restless you shall break his yoke from your neck.”

New American Standard Bible
"By your sword you shall live, And your brother you shall serve; But it shall come about when you become restless, That you will break his yoke from your neck."

King James Bible
And by thy sword shalt thou live, and shalt serve thy brother; and it shall come to pass when thou shalt have the dominion, that thou shalt break his yoke from off thy neck.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
You will live by your sword, and you will serve your brother. But when you rebel, you will break his yoke from your neck.

International Standard Version
By your sword you'll live; but you'll serve your brother. But when you've become restless, you'll break off his yoke from your neck."

NET Bible
You will live by your sword but you will serve your brother. When you grow restless, you will tear off his yoke from your neck."

GOD'S WORD® Translation
You will use your sword to live, and you will serve your brother. But eventually you will gain your freedom and break his yoke off your neck."

Jubilee Bible 2000
and by thy sword shalt thou live and shalt serve thy brother; yet there shall be a time when thou shalt have dominion, and thou shalt break his yoke from off thy neck.

King James 2000 Bible
And by your sword shall you live, and shall serve your brother; and it shall come to pass when you shall have the dominion, that you shall break his yoke from off your neck.

American King James Version
And by your sword shall you live, and shall serve your brother; and it shall come to pass when you shall have the dominion, that you shall break his yoke from off your neck.

American Standard Version
And by thy sword shalt thou live, and thou shalt serve thy brother. And it shall come to pass, when thou shalt break loose, That thou shalt shake his yoke from off thy neck.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Shall thy blessing be. Thou shalt live by the sword and shalt serve thy brother: and the time shall come, when thou shalt shake off and loose his yoke from thy neck.

Darby Bible Translation
And by thy sword shalt thou live; And thou shalt serve thy brother; And it shall come to pass when thou rovest about, That thou shalt break his yoke from off thy neck.

English Revised Version
And by thy sword shalt thou live, and thou shalt serve thy brother; And it shall come to pass when thou shalt break loose, That thou shalt shake his yoke from off thy neck.

Webster's Bible Translation
And by thy sword shalt thou live, and shalt serve thy brother: and it shall come to pass when thou shalt have the dominion, that thou shalt break his yoke from off thy neck.

World English Bible
By your sword will you live, and you will serve your brother. It will happen, when you will break loose, that you shall shake his yoke from off your neck."

Young's Literal Translation
and by thy sword dost thou live, and thy brother dost thou serve; and it hath come to pass when thou rulest, that thou hast broken his yoke from off thy neck.'
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

27:30-40 When Esau understood that Jacob had got the blessing, he cried with a great and exceeding bitter cry. The day is coming, when those that now make light of the blessings of the covenant, and sell their title to spiritual blessings for that which is of no value, will, in vain, ask urgently for them. Isaac, when made sensible of the deceit practised on him, trembled exceedingly. Those who follow the choice of their own affections, rather than the Divine will, get themselves into perplexity. But he soon recovers, and confirms the blessing he had given to Jacob, saying, I have blessed him, and he shall be blessed. Those who part with their wisdom and grace, their faith and a good conscience, for the honours, wealth, or pleasures of this world, however they feign a zeal for the blessing, have judged themselves unworthy of it, and their doom shall be accordingly. A common blessing was bestowed upon Esau. This he desired. Faint desires of happiness, without right choice of the end, and right use of the means, deceive many unto their own ruin. Multitudes go to hell with their mouths full of good wishes. The great difference is, that there is nothing in Esau's blessing which points at Christ; and without that, the fatness of the earth, and the plunder of the field, will stand in little stead. Thus Isaac, by faith, blessed both his sons, according as their lot should be.

Pulpit Commentary

Verse 40. - And by thy sword shalt thou live, - literally, upon thy sword shalt thou be, i.e. thy maintenance shall depend on thy sword; a prediction that Esau s descendants should be a warlike and tumultuous people of predatory habits (cf. Josephus, B. 1, 4. 4) - and shalt serve thy brother; - a prediction afterwards fulfilled (cf. 1 Samuel 14:47; 2 Samuel 8:14; 1 Kings 11:16; 2 Kings 14:7-10; 2 Chronicles 20:22-25) - and it shall come to pass when thou shalt have the dominion, that thou shalt break his yoke from off thy neck. The verb רוּד, used of beasts which have broken the yoke and wander freely about (Gesenius, Furst), appear to hint at an incessant restlessness on the part of Edom while under Israel's yoke which should eventually terminate in regaining their independence. The exact rendering of the clause is obscure, but perhaps means that when Edom should roam about as a freebooter (Lange), or should revolt (Alford), or should toss, shake, or struggle against the yoke (Vulgate, Keil, Hengstenberg, 'Speaker's Commentary), he should succeed. Other renderings are, when thou shalt bear rule (Kimchi), when thou shalt repent (Jarchi), when thou shalt be strong (Samaritan), when thou prevailest (Murphy), when thou shalt truly desire it (Kalisch), when thou shalt pull down (LXX.); because thou art restless (Havernick).

CHAPTER 27:41-46

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

And by thy sword shalt thou live,.... By what he could get by it; his land being so poor that he could not live upon it, but must be obliged to such methods for a livelihood; or his country being surrounded with enemies, his posterity would be obliged to defend themselves by the sword, and other weapons of war:

and shalt serve thy brother; which is the sense and language of the oracle, Genesis 25:23; and which Isaac perhaps now remembered, and had a clear understanding of it, and delivers out his prophetic blessing agreeably to it:

and it shall come to pass, when thou shalt have the dominion; not over the Israelites, the posterity of Jacob, which the Edomites, Esau's posterity, never had; but when they should get a greater degree of strength, power, authority, and dominion in the world:

that thou shalt break his yoke from off thy neck; the Edomites should revolt from the posterity of Jacob, and shake off the yoke of bondage and subjection they had been long under; as they did in the times of Joram, king of Judah, and set up a king of their own, and continued in such a state of freedom a long time, see 2 Kings 8:20.



Genesis 27:40 Additional Commentaries
Context
The Stolen Blessing
39Then Isaac his father answered and said to him, "Behold, away from the fertility of the earth shall be your dwelling, And away from the dew of heaven from above. 40"By your sword you shall live, And your brother you shall serve; But it shall come about when you become restless, That you will break his yoke from your neck." 41So Esau bore a grudge against Jacob because of the blessing with which his father had blessed him; and Esau said to himself, "The days of mourning for my father are near; then I will kill my brother Jacob."…
Cross References
Genesis 25:23
The LORD said to her, "Two nations are in your womb, and two peoples from within you will be separated; one people will be stronger than the other, and the older will serve the younger."

Genesis 27:29
May nations serve you and peoples bow down to you. Be lord over your brothers, and may the sons of your mother bow down to you. May those who curse you be cursed and those who bless you be blessed."

Genesis 33:9
But Esau said, "I already have plenty, my brother. Keep what you have for yourself."

2 Kings 8:20
In the time of Jehoram, Edom rebelled against Judah and set up its own king.

2 Kings 8:22
To this day Edom has been in rebellion against Judah. Libnah revolted at the same time.
Treasury of Scripture

And by your sword shall you live, and shall serve your brother; and it shall come to pass when you shall have the dominion, that you shall break his yoke from off your neck.

thy sword.

Genesis 32:6 And the messengers returned to Jacob, saying, We came to your brother …

Matthew 10:34 Think not that I am come to send peace on earth: I came not to send …

serve.

Genesis 25:23 And the LORD said to her, Two nations are in your womb, and two manner …

2 Samuel 8:14 And he put garrisons in Edom; throughout all Edom put he garrisons, …

1 Kings 11:15-17 For it came to pass, when David was in Edom, and Joab the captain …

2 Kings 14:7,10 He slew of Edom in the valley of salt ten thousand, and took Selah …

1 Chronicles 18:11-13 Them also king David dedicated to the LORD, with the silver and the …

2 Chronicles 25:11,12 And Amaziah strengthened himself, and led forth his people, and went …

Psalm 60:8 Moab is my wash pot; over Edom will I cast out my shoe: Philistia, …

Obadiah 1:17 But on mount Zion shall be deliverance, and there shall be holiness; …

that thou.

2 Kings 8:20-22 In his days Edom revolted from under the hand of Judah, and made …

2 Chronicles 21:8,10 In his days the Edomites revolted from under the dominion of Judah, …

2 Chronicles 28:17 For again the Edomites had come and smitten Judah, and carried away captives.

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