Genesis 27:40
Parallel Verses
New International Version
You will live by the sword and you will serve your brother. But when you grow restless, you will throw his yoke from off your neck."

New Living Translation
You will live by your sword, and you will serve your brother. But when you decide to break free, you will shake his yoke from your neck."

English Standard Version
By your sword you shall live, and you shall serve your brother; but when you grow restless you shall break his yoke from your neck.”

New American Standard Bible
"By your sword you shall live, And your brother you shall serve; But it shall come about when you become restless, That you will break his yoke from your neck."

King James Bible
And by thy sword shalt thou live, and shalt serve thy brother; and it shall come to pass when thou shalt have the dominion, that thou shalt break his yoke from off thy neck.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
You will live by your sword, and you will serve your brother. But when you rebel, you will break his yoke from your neck.

International Standard Version
By your sword you'll live; but you'll serve your brother. But when you've become restless, you'll break off his yoke from your neck."

NET Bible
You will live by your sword but you will serve your brother. When you grow restless, you will tear off his yoke from your neck."

GOD'S WORD® Translation
You will use your sword to live, and you will serve your brother. But eventually you will gain your freedom and break his yoke off your neck."

JPS Tanakh 1917
And by thy sword shalt thou live, And thou shalt serve thy brother; And it shall come to pass when thou shalt break loose, That thou shalt shake his yoke from off thy neck.

New American Standard 1977
“And by your sword you shall live,
            And your brother you shall serve;
            But it shall come about when you become restless,
            That you shall break his yoke from your neck.”



Jubilee Bible 2000
and by thy sword shalt thou live and shalt serve thy brother; yet there shall be a time when thou shalt have dominion, and thou shalt break his yoke from off thy neck.

King James 2000 Bible
And by your sword shall you live, and shall serve your brother; and it shall come to pass when you shall have the dominion, that you shall break his yoke from off your neck.

American King James Version
And by your sword shall you live, and shall serve your brother; and it shall come to pass when you shall have the dominion, that you shall break his yoke from off your neck.

American Standard Version
And by thy sword shalt thou live, and thou shalt serve thy brother. And it shall come to pass, when thou shalt break loose, That thou shalt shake his yoke from off thy neck.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Shall thy blessing be. Thou shalt live by the sword and shalt serve thy brother: and the time shall come, when thou shalt shake off and loose his yoke from thy neck.

Darby Bible Translation
And by thy sword shalt thou live; And thou shalt serve thy brother; And it shall come to pass when thou rovest about, That thou shalt break his yoke from off thy neck.

English Revised Version
And by thy sword shalt thou live, and thou shalt serve thy brother; And it shall come to pass when thou shalt break loose, That thou shalt shake his yoke from off thy neck.

Webster's Bible Translation
And by thy sword shalt thou live, and shalt serve thy brother: and it shall come to pass when thou shalt have the dominion, that thou shalt break his yoke from off thy neck.

World English Bible
By your sword will you live, and you will serve your brother. It will happen, when you will break loose, that you shall shake his yoke from off your neck."

Young's Literal Translation
and by thy sword dost thou live, and thy brother dost thou serve; and it hath come to pass when thou rulest, that thou hast broken his yoke from off thy neck.'

Study Bible
The Stolen Blessing
39Then Isaac his father answered and said to him, "Behold, away from the fertility of the earth shall be your dwelling, And away from the dew of heaven from above. 40"By your sword you shall live, And your brother you shall serve; But it shall come about when you become restless, That you will break his yoke from your neck." 41So Esau bore a grudge against Jacob because of the blessing with which his father had blessed him; and Esau said to himself, "The days of mourning for my father are near; then I will kill my brother Jacob."…
Word Study

And by thy sword
chereb  (kheh'-reb)
drought; also a cutting instrument (from its destructive effect), as a knife, sword, or other sharp implement -- axe, dagger, knife, mattock, sword, tool.

shalt thou live
chayah  (khaw-yaw')
to live, whether literally or figuratively; causatively, to revive

and shalt serve
`abad  (aw-bad')
to work (in any sense); by implication, to serve, till, (causatively) enslave, etc.

thy brother
'ach  (awkh)
a brother (used in the widest sense of literal relationship and metaphorical affinity or resemblance (like 1) -- another, brother(-ly); kindred, like, other.

and it shall come to pass when thou shalt have the dominion
ruwd  (rood)
to tramp about, i.e. ramble (free or disconsolate) -- have the dominion, be lord, mourn, rule.

that thou shalt break
paraq  (paw-rak')
to break off or crunch; figuratively, to deliver -- break (off), deliver, redeem, rend (in pieces), tear in pieces.

his yoke
`ol  (ole)
a yoke (as imposed on the neck), literally or figuratively -- yoke.

from off thy neck
tsavva'r  (tsav-vawr')
in the sense of binding; the back of the neck (as that on which burdens are bound) -- neck.

Commentary
Matthew Henry Commentary
27:30-40 When Esau understood that Jacob had got the blessing, he cried with a great and exceeding bitter cry. The day is coming, when those that now make light of the blessings of the covenant, and sell their title to spiritual blessings for that which is of no value, will, in vain, ask urgently for them. Isaac, when made sensible of the deceit practised on him, trembled exceedingly. Those who follow the choice of their own affections, rather than the Divine will, get themselves into perplexity. But he soon recovers, and confirms the blessing he had given to Jacob, saying, I have blessed him, and he shall be blessed. Those who part with their wisdom and grace, their faith and a good conscience, for the honours, wealth, or pleasures of this world, however they feign a zeal for the blessing, have judged themselves unworthy of it, and their doom shall be accordingly. A common blessing was bestowed upon Esau. This he desired. Faint desires of happiness, without right choice of the end, and right use of the means, deceive many unto their own ruin. Multitudes go to hell with their mouths full of good wishes. The great difference is, that there is nothing in Esau's blessing which points at Christ; and without that, the fatness of the earth, and the plunder of the field, will stand in little stead. Thus Isaac, by faith, blessed both his sons, according as their lot should be.
Cross References
Genesis 25:23
The LORD said to her, "Two nations are in your womb; And two peoples will be separated from your body; And one people shall be stronger than the other; And the older shall serve the younger."

Genesis 27:29
May peoples serve you, And nations bow down to you; Be master of your brothers, And may your mother's sons bow down to you. Cursed be those who curse you, And blessed be those who bless you."

Genesis 33:9
But Esau said, "I have plenty, my brother; let what you have be your own."

2 Kings 8:20
In his days Edom revolted from under the hand of Judah, and made a king over themselves.

2 Kings 8:22
So Edom revolted against Judah to this day. Then Libnah revolted at the same time.
Treasury of Scripture

And by your sword shall you live, and shall serve your brother; and it shall come to pass when you shall have the dominion, that you shall break his yoke from off your neck.

thy sword.

Genesis 32:6 And the messengers returned to Jacob, saying, We came to your brother …

Matthew 10:34 Think not that I am come to send peace on earth: I came not to send …

serve.

Genesis 25:23 And the LORD said to her, Two nations are in your womb, and two manner …

2 Samuel 8:14 And he put garrisons in Edom; throughout all Edom put he garrisons, …

1 Kings 11:15-17 For it came to pass, when David was in Edom, and Joab the captain …

2 Kings 14:7,10 He slew of Edom in the valley of salt ten thousand, and took Selah …

1 Chronicles 18:11-13 Them also king David dedicated to the LORD, with the silver and the …

2 Chronicles 25:11,12 And Amaziah strengthened himself, and led forth his people, and went …

Psalm 60:8 Moab is my wash pot; over Edom will I cast out my shoe: Philistia, …

Obadiah 1:17 But on mount Zion shall be deliverance, and there shall be holiness; …

that thou.

2 Kings 8:20-22 In his days Edom revolted from under the hand of Judah, and made …

2 Chronicles 21:8,10 In his days the Edomites revolted from under the dominion of Judah, …

2 Chronicles 28:17 For again the Edomites had come and smitten Judah, and carried away captives.

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