1 Kings 11:14
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
Then the LORD raised up against Solomon an adversary, Hadad the Edomite, from the royal line of Edom.

New Living Translation
Then the LORD raised up Hadad the Edomite, a member of Edom's royal family, to be Solomon's adversary.

English Standard Version
And the LORD raised up an adversary against Solomon, Hadad the Edomite. He was of the royal house in Edom.

New American Standard Bible
Then the LORD raised up an adversary to Solomon, Hadad the Edomite; he was of the royal line in Edom.

King James Bible
And the LORD stirred up an adversary unto Solomon, Hadad the Edomite: he was of the king's seed in Edom.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
So the LORD raised up Hadad the Edomite as an enemy against Solomon. He was of the royal family in Edom.

International Standard Version
After this, the LORD allowed Hadad the Edomite to oppose Solomon. He was part of the royal line of Edom.

NET Bible
The LORD brought against Solomon an enemy, Hadad the Edomite, a descendant of the Edomite king.

New Heart English Bible
The LORD raised up an adversary to Solomon, Hadad the Edomite. He was of the royal line in Edom.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
The LORD raised up Hadad the Edomite as a rival to Solomon. Hadad was from the Edomite royal family.

JPS Tanakh 1917
And the LORD raised up an adversary unto Solomon, Hadad the Edomite; he was of the king's seed in Edom.

New American Standard 1977
Then the LORD raised up an adversary to Solomon, Hadad the Edomite; he was of the royal line in Edom.

Jubilee Bible 2000
And the LORD stirred up an adversary unto Solomon, Hadad, the Edomite; he was of the king's seed in Edom.

King James 2000 Bible
And the LORD stirred up an adversary against Solomon, Hadad the Edomite: he was a descendant of the king in Edom.

American King James Version
And the LORD stirred up an adversary to Solomon, Hadad the Edomite: he was of the king's seed in Edom.

American Standard Version
And Jehovah raised up an adversary unto Solomon, Hadad the Edomite: he was of the king's seed in Edom.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And the Lord raised up an adversary to Solomon, Adad the Edomite of the king's seed, in Edom.

Darby Bible Translation
And Jehovah stirred up an adversary to Solomon, Hadad the Edomite; he was of the king's seed in Edom.

English Revised Version
And the LORD raised up an adversary unto Solomon, Hadad the Edomite: he was of the king's seed in Edom.

Webster's Bible Translation
And the LORD stirred up an adversary to Solomon, Hadad the Edomite: he was of the king's seed in Edom.

World English Bible
Yahweh raised up an adversary to Solomon, Hadad the Edomite: he was of the king's seed in Edom.

Young's Literal Translation
And Jehovah raiseth up an adversary to Solomon, Hadad the Edomite; of the seed of the king is he in Edom;
Study Bible
Hadad's Return
13"However, I will not tear away all the kingdom, but I will give one tribe to your son for the sake of My servant David and for the sake of Jerusalem which I have chosen." 14Then the LORD raised up an adversary to Solomon, Hadad the Edomite; he was of the royal line in Edom. 15For it came about, when David was in Edom, and Joab the commander of the army had gone up to bury the slain, and had struck down every male in Edom…
Cross References
1 Kings 11:13
"However, I will not tear away all the kingdom, but I will give one tribe to your son for the sake of My servant David and for the sake of Jerusalem which I have chosen."

1 Kings 11:15
For it came about, when David was in Edom, and Joab the commander of the army had gone up to bury the slain, and had struck down every male in Edom

1 Kings 11:23
God also raised up another adversary to him, Rezon the son of Eliada, who had fled from his lord Hadadezer king of Zobah.
Treasury of Scripture

And the LORD stirred up an adversary to Solomon, Hadad the Edomite: he was of the king's seed in Edom.

the Lord

1 Kings 12:15 Why the king listened not to the people; for the cause was from the …

1 Samuel 26:19 Now therefore, I pray you, let my lord the king hear the words of …

2 Samuel 24:1 And again the anger of the LORD was kindled against Israel, and he …

1 Chronicles 5:26 And the God of Israel stirred up the spirit of Pul king of Assyria, …

Isaiah 10:5,26 O Assyrian, the rod of my anger, and the staff in their hand is my …

Isaiah 13:17 Behold, I will stir up the Medes against them, which shall not regard …

an adversary

2 Samuel 7:14 I will be his father, and he shall be my son. If he commit iniquity, …

Psalm 89:30-34 If his children forsake my law, and walk not in my judgments…

(14-25) The events recorded in this section belong, at least in part, to the early years of the reign of Solomon. when the deaths of the warlike David and Joab, and the accession of a mere youth of avowedly peaceful character, may have naturally encouraged insurrection against the dominion of Israel. They are, no doubt, referred to in this place in connection with the prophecy just recorded, and the notice of Jeroboam's earlier career which it suggests. But it is implied in the case of Hadad, as it is expressly declared in the case of Rezon, that their resistance continued through all Solomon's reign. They were not, therefore, crushed, even in the days of his greatness, although then probably reduced to practical insignificance; they seem to have become formidable again during his declining years.

(14) Hadad the Edomite.--The name (or rather, title) Hadad (with the kindred names Hadar, Hadadezer or Hadarezer, and Benhadad) is most frequently found as a designation of the kings of Syria. Here, however, as also in Genesis 36:35, 1Chronicles 1:46; 1Chronicles 1:50, it is given to members of the royal family of Edom. According to ancient authorities, it is a Syriac title of the sun--in this respect like the more celebrated title Pharaoh--assumed by the king, either as indicating descent from the sun-god, or simply as an appellation of splendour and majesty. The Hadad here mentioned seems to have been the last scion of the royal house, escaping alone, as a child, from the slaughter of his kindred and people.

Verse 14. - And the Lord stirred up an adversary unto Solomon, Hadad [in ver. 17 written Adad, אֲדַד. Apparently this, like Pharaoh, was a title rather than a name. And, like Pharaoh, it is said to mean the sun. It was borne by a king of Edom in very early times, Genesis 25:15; Genesis 36:35, 39 (in the latter verse, as in Genesis 25:15, Hadar is probably a clerical error for Hadad, as the name stands in 1 Chronicles 1:30, 50, ד and ר being so very much alike. Gesenius, however, contends that Hadar is the true reading), and was also a favourite name with the kings of Syria, especially in the forms Benhadad, Hadadezer] the Edomite: he was of the king's seed in Edom. And the Lord stirred up an adversary unto Solomon, Hadad the Edomite,.... Though he did not take his kingdom from him for his sin, he chastised him with the rod of men, as he said he would; suffering one, and then another, to rise up and disturb his peace in his old age, see 2 Samuel 7:14.

he was of the king's seed in Edom; of the blood royal. 1Ki 11:14-40. Solomon's Adversaries.

14-25. the Lord stirred up an adversary—that is, permitted him, through the impulse of his own ambition, or revenge, to attack Israel. During the war of extermination, which Joab carried on in Edom (2Sa 8:13), this Hadad, of the royal family, a mere boy when rescued from the sword of the ruthless conqueror, was carried into Egypt, hospitably entertained, and became allied with the house of the Egyptian king. In after years, the thought of his native land and his lost kingdom taking possession of his mind, he, on learning the death of David and Joab, renounced the ease, possessions, and glory of his Egyptian residence, to return to Edom and attempt the recovery of his ancestral throne. The movements of this prince seem to have given much annoyance to the Hebrew government; but as he was defeated by the numerous and strong garrisons planted throughout the Edomite territory, Hadad seems to have offered his services to Rezon, another of Solomon's adversaries (1Ki 11:23-25). This man, who had been general of Hadadezer and, on the defeat of that great king, had successfully withdrawn a large force, went into the wilderness, led a predatory life, like Jephthah, David, and others, on the borders of the Syrian and Arabian deserts. Then, having acquired great power, he at length became king in Damascus, threw off the yoke, and was "the adversary of Israel all the days of Solomon." He was succeeded by Hadad, whose successors took the official title of Ben-hadad from him, the illustrious founder of the powerful kingdom of Damascene-Syria. These hostile neighbors, who had been long kept in check by the traditional fame of David's victories, took courage; and breaking out towards the latter end of Solomon's reign, they must have not only disturbed his kingdom by their inroads, but greatly crippled his revenue by stopping his lucrative traffic with Tadmor and the Euphrates.11:14-25 While Solomon kept close to God and to his duty, there was no enemy to give him uneasiness; but here we have an account of two. If against us, he can make us fear even the least, and the very grasshopper shall be a burden. Though they were moved by principles of ambition or revenge, God used them to correct Solomon.
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