1 Kings 11:3
Parallel Verses
New International Version
He had seven hundred wives of royal birth and three hundred concubines, and his wives led him astray.

New Living Translation
He had 700 wives of royal birth and 300 concubines. And in fact, they did turn his heart away from the LORD.

English Standard Version
He had 700 wives, who were princesses, and 300 concubines. And his wives turned away his heart.

New American Standard Bible
He had seven hundred wives, princesses, and three hundred concubines, and his wives turned his heart away.

King James Bible
And he had seven hundred wives, princesses, and three hundred concubines: and his wives turned away his heart.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
He had 700 wives who were princesses and 300 concubines, and they turned his heart away from the LORD.

International Standard Version
He had 700 princess wives and 300 mistresses who turned his heart away from the LORD,

NET Bible
He had 700 royal wives and 300 concubines; his wives had a powerful influence over him.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
He had 700 wives who were princesses and 300 wives who were concubines.

Jubilee Bible 2000
And he had seven hundred wives, princesses, and three hundred concubines; and his wives turned away his heart.

King James 2000 Bible
And he had seven hundred wives, princesses, and three hundred concubines: and his wives turned away his heart.

American King James Version
And he had seven hundred wives, princesses, and three hundred concubines: and his wives turned away his heart.

American Standard Version
And he had seven hundred wives, princesses, and three hundred concubines; and his wives turned away his heart.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And he had seven hundred wives as queens, and three hundred concubines: and the women turned away his heart.

Darby Bible Translation
And he had seven hundred wives, princesses, and three hundred concubines; and his wives turned away his heart.

English Revised Version
And he had seven hundred wives, princesses, and three hundred concubines: and his wives turned away his heart.

Webster's Bible Translation
And he had seven hundred wives, princesses, and three hundred concubines: and his wives turned away his heart.

World English Bible
He had seven hundred wives, princesses, and three hundred concubines; and his wives turned away his heart.

Young's Literal Translation
And he hath women, princesses, seven hundred, and concubines three hundred; and his wives turn aside his heart.
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

11:1-8 There is not a more melancholy and astonishing instance of human depravity in the sacred Scriptures, than that here recorded. Solomon became a public worshipper of abominable idols! Probably he by degrees gave way to pride and luxury, and thus lost his relish for true wisdom. Nothing forms in itself a security against the deceitfulness and depravity of the human heart. Nor will old age cure the heart of any evil propensity. If our sinful passions are not crucified and mortified by the grace of God, they never will die of themselves, but will last even when opportunities to gratify them are taken away. Let him that thinks he stands, take heed lest he fall. We see how weak we are of ourselves, without the grace of God; let us therefore live in constant dependence on that grace. Let us watch and be sober: ours is a dangerous warfare, and in an enemy's country, while our worst foes are the traitors in our own hearts.

Pulpit Commentary

Verse 3. - And he had seven hundred wives, princesses [These may have been members of royal or princely houses of neighbouring nations. Evidently they enjoyed a distinguished rank], and three hundred concubines [Though not committed to a defence of the accuracy of the figures 700 and 300 (which are clearly round numbers), it must be said that the reasons alleged for reducing them (as from 700 to 70) are not of much weight. It is hardly correct, e.g., to say (as Rawlinson) that the numbers are given in Song of Solomon 6:8 as "threescore queens and fourscore concubines," for it is obvious that too much importance must not be attached to an obiter statement ("there are threescore," etc.) in a poetical book, too, and one descriptive of Solomon's youth. The view of Ewald and Keil, again, that these numbers represent the sum total of the inmates of the harem at different periods of Solomon's long reign, rather than the number present at any one time - they would see in the numbers of Song of Solomon l.c. a statement of the average strength of the seraglio - though not to be described as evasive, is certainly not the natural interpretation of the words. And these numbers, when we compare them with the establishments of other Eastern potentates, are not found to be at all incredible. The commentators all remind us that Dareius Codomannus, e.g., took with him on his expedition against Alexander 360 pellices. Or if ancient history, as Rawlinson affirms, furnishes no strict parallel to these figures, the harems of modern Persia and Turkey at any rate have quite equalled that of Solomon. (See Bahr in loc.) It is true that Rehoboam had only 18 wives and 60 concubines (2 Chronicles 11:21), but then Rehoboam was not Solomon. If his harem was but a tithe of his father's, so also were his wealth and his power]: and his wives turned away his heart. ["Satan hath found this bait to take so well that he never changed since he crept into Paradise" (Bp. Hall).]

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

And he had seven hundred wives, princesses, and three hundred concubines,.... In all 1000, a prodigious number; though these might not be all for use, but for state after the manner of the eastern monarchs; these were a far greater number than are alluded to in Sol 6:8, unless the virgins without number there, were such of these as were not defiled by him; but the number here seems plainly referred to in Ecclesiastes 7:28,

and his wives turned away his heart; both from his duty to his God, and from attendance to his business as a king, especially the former, as follows.

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

3. he had seven hundred wives, princesses—They were, probably, according to an existing custom, the daughters of tributary chiefs, given as hostages for good conduct of their fathers.

concubines—were legitimate, but lower or secondary wives. These the chief or first wife regards without the smallest jealousy or regret, as they look up to her with feelings of respectful submission. Solomon's wives became numerous, not all at once, but gradually. Even at an early period his taste for Oriental show seems to have led to the establishment of a considerable harem (So 6:8).

1 Kings 11:3 Additional Commentaries
Context
Solomon's Foreign Wives
2from the nations concerning which the LORD had said to the sons of Israel, "You shall not associate with them, nor shall they associate with you, for they will surely turn your heart away after their gods." Solomon held fast to these in love. 3He had seven hundred wives, princesses, and three hundred concubines, and his wives turned his heart away. 4For when Solomon was old, his wives turned his heart away after other gods; and his heart was not wholly devoted to the LORD his God, as the heart of David his father had been.…
Cross References
Deuteronomy 17:17
He must not take many wives, or his heart will be led astray. He must not accumulate large amounts of silver and gold.

2 Samuel 5:13
After he left Hebron, David took more concubines and wives in Jerusalem, and more sons and daughters were born to him.

Ecclesiastes 7:28
while I was still searching but not finding-- I found one upright man among a thousand, but not one upright woman among them all.

Song of Solomon 6:8
Sixty queens there may be, and eighty concubines, and virgins beyond number;

Song of Solomon 6:9
but my dove, my perfect one, is unique, the only daughter of her mother, the favorite of the one who bore her. The young women saw her and called her blessed; the queens and concubines praised her.
Treasury of Scripture

And he had seven hundred wives, princesses, and three hundred concubines: and his wives turned away his heart.

seven hundred

Judges 8:30,31 And Gideon had three score and ten sons of his body begotten: for …

Judges 9:5 And he went to his father's house at Ophrah, and slew his brothers …

2 Samuel 3:2-5 And to David were sons born in Hebron: and his firstborn was Amnon, …

2 Samuel 5:13-16 And David took him more concubines and wives out of Jerusalem, after …

2 Chronicles 11:21 And Rehoboam loved Maachah the daughter of Absalom above all his …

Ecclesiastes 7:28 Which yet my soul seeks, but I find not: one man among a thousand …

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