Revelation 17:10
New International Version
They are also seven kings. Five have fallen, one is, the other has not yet come; but when he does come, he must remain for only a little while.

New Living Translation
Five kings have already fallen, the sixth now reigns, and the seventh is yet to come, but his reign will be brief.

English Standard Version
they are also seven kings, five of whom have fallen, one is, the other has not yet come, and when he does come he must remain only a little while.

Berean Study Bible
There are also seven kings. Five are fallen, one is, and the other has not yet come; but when he does come, he must remain for only a little while.

Berean Literal Bible
and there are seven kings. The five are fallen, the one is, the other has not yet come; and when he shall have come, it behooves him to remain a little while.

New American Standard Bible
and they are seven kings; five have fallen, one is, the other has not yet come; and when he comes, he must remain a little while.

King James Bible
And there are seven kings: five are fallen, and one is, and the other is not yet come; and when he cometh, he must continue a short space.

Christian Standard Bible
Five have fallen, one is, the other has not yet come, and when he comes, he must remain for only a little while.

Contemporary English Version
Five of the kings are dead. One is ruling now, and the other one has not yet come. But when he does, he will rule for only a little while.

Good News Translation
five of them have fallen, one still rules, and the other one has not yet come; when he comes, he must rule only a little while.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
They are also seven kings: Five have fallen, one is, the other has not yet come, and when he comes, he must remain for a little while.

International Standard Version
Five of them have fallen, one is living, and the other has not yet come. When he comes, he must remain in power for a little while.

NET Bible
five have fallen; one is, and the other has not yet come, but whenever he does come, he must remain for only a brief time.

New Heart English Bible
They are seven kings. Five have fallen, the one is, the other has not yet come. When he comes, he must continue a little while.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
“And there are seven Kings; five have fallen and one is, and there is another not yet come, and when he comes, a little remaining time is given to him.”

GOD'S WORD® Translation
They are also seven kings. Five of them have fallen, one is ruling now, and the other has not yet come. When he comes, he must remain for a little while.

New American Standard 1977
and they are seven kings; five have fallen, one is, the other has not yet come; and when he comes, he must remain a little while.

Jubilee Bible 2000
And they are seven kings: five are fallen, and one is, and the other is not yet come; and when he comes, he must continue a short space.

King James 2000 Bible
And there are seven kings: five are fallen, and one is, and the other is not yet come; and when he comes, he must continue a short time.

American King James Version
And there are seven kings: five are fallen, and one is, and the other is not yet come; and when he comes, he must continue a short space.

American Standard Version
and they are seven kings; the five are fallen, the one is, the other is not yet come; and when he cometh, he must continue a little while.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Five are fallen, one is, and the other is not yet come: and when he is come, he must remain a short time.

Darby Bible Translation
And there are seven kings: five have fallen, one is, the other has not yet come; and when he comes he must remain [only] a little while.

English Revised Version
and they are seven kings; the five are fallen, the one is, the other is not yet come; and when he cometh, he must continue a little while.

Webster's Bible Translation
And there are seven kings: five are fallen, and one is, and the other is not yet come; and when he cometh, he must continue a short time.

Weymouth New Testament
And they are seven kings: five of them have fallen, and the one is still reigning. The seventh has not yet come, but when he comes he must continue for a short time.

World English Bible
They are seven kings. Five have fallen, the one is, the other has not yet come. When he comes, he must continue a little while.

Young's Literal Translation
and there are seven kings, the five did fall, and the one is, the other did not yet come, and when he may come, it behoveth him to remain a little time;
Study Bible
The Mystery Explained
9This calls for a mind that has wisdom. The seven heads are seven mountains on which the woman sits. 10There are also seven kings. Five are fallen, one is, and the other has not yet come; but when he does come, he must remain for only a little while. 11The beast that was, and now is not, is himself an eighth king. He belongs to the other seven and is going into destruction.…
Cross References
Revelation 10:11
And they told me, "You must prophesy again about many peoples and nations and tongues and kings."

Revelation 17:11
The beast that was, and now is not, is himself an eighth king. He belongs to the other seven and is going into destruction.

Treasury of Scripture

And there are seven kings: five are fallen, and one is, and the other is not yet come; and when he comes, he must continue a short space.







Lexicon
There are
εἰσιν (eisin)
Verb - Present Indicative Active - 3rd Person Plural
Strong's Greek 1510: I am, exist. The first person singular present indicative; a prolonged form of a primary and defective verb; I exist.

also
καὶ (kai)
Conjunction
Strong's Greek 2532: And, even, also, namely.

seven
ἑπτά (hepta)
Adjective - Nominative Masculine Plural
Strong's Greek 2033: Seven. A primary number; seven.

kings.
βασιλεῖς (basileis)
Noun - Nominative Masculine Plural
Strong's Greek 935: A king, ruler, but in some passages clearly to be translated: emperor. Probably from basis; a sovereign.

Five
πέντε (pente)
Adjective - Nominative Masculine Plural
Strong's Greek 4002: Five. A primary number; 'five'.

are fallen,
ἔπεσαν (epesan)
Verb - Aorist Indicative Active - 3rd Person Plural
Strong's Greek 4098: A reduplicated and contracted form of peto; probably akin to petomai through the idea of alighting; to fall.

one
εἷς (heis)
Adjective - Nominative Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 1520: One. (including the neuter Hen); a primary numeral; one.

is,
ἔστιν (estin)
Verb - Present Indicative Active - 3rd Person Singular
Strong's Greek 1510: I am, exist. The first person singular present indicative; a prolonged form of a primary and defective verb; I exist.

[and] the
(ho)
Article - Nominative Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 3588: The, the definite article. Including the feminine he, and the neuter to in all their inflections; the definite article; the.

other
ἄλλος (allos)
Adjective - Nominative Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 243: Other, another (of more than two), different. A primary word; 'else, ' i.e. Different.

{has} not yet
οὔπω (oupō)
Adverb
Strong's Greek 3768: Not yet. From ou and po; not yet.

come;
ἦλθεν (ēlthen)
Verb - Aorist Indicative Active - 3rd Person Singular
Strong's Greek 2064: To come, go.

[but]
καὶ (kai)
Conjunction
Strong's Greek 2532: And, even, also, namely.

when
ὅταν (hotan)
Conjunction
Strong's Greek 3752: When, whenever. From hote and an; whenever; also causatively inasmuch as.

he does come,
ἔλθῃ (elthē)
Verb - Aorist Subjunctive Active - 3rd Person Singular
Strong's Greek 2064: To come, go.

he
αὐτὸν (auton)
Personal / Possessive Pronoun - Accusative Masculine 3rd Person Singular
Strong's Greek 846: He, she, it, they, them, same. From the particle au; the reflexive pronoun self, used of the third person, and of the other persons.

must
δεῖ (dei)
Verb - Present Indicative Active - 3rd Person Singular
Strong's Greek 1163: Third person singular active present of deo; also deon deh-on'; neuter active participle of the same; both used impersonally; it is Necessary.

remain
μεῖναι (meinai)
Verb - Aorist Infinitive Active
Strong's Greek 3306: To remain, abide, stay, wait; with acc: I wait for, await. A primary verb; to stay.

for only a little while.
ὀλίγον (oligon)
Adjective - Accusative Neuter Singular
Strong's Greek 3641: Puny; especially neuter somewhat.
(10) And there are seven kings. . . .--Better. They are seven kings: five (not "are fallen," but fell, the one is, the other is not yet come; and when he shall come, he must continue a short time. It has been debated whether these kings are individual sovereigns, or forms of government, or kingdoms The last view is the one adopted in this Commentary. The wild beast belongs to no one age, but is a power which has risen in every age; the seven heads represent the successive culminations of the world-power. Our space is insufficient to discuss here the whole question. But the language here used and the passages in the earlier prophets, which may be called the parent passages of the present vision, favour the interpretation that great world-kingdoms are intended. The language favours this view. It is said that the "kings fell." The word is the one which has been used for political catastrophe: the cities of the nations fell (Revelation 16:19); Babylon, it is cried, has fallen (Revelation 14:8). It suits the overthrow of empires, and is so used in the LXX.; to apply it to individual kings is to ask that it shall be equivalent to "they died." It is to be noticed that the four beasts of Daniel (Daniel 7:3-8) are declared to be four kings (Revelation 17:17), but these kings are not individual kings, but represent kingdoms. (See Daniel 7:23). This brings us to the drift of the parent passage. Daniel saw four wild beasts rise from the sea; they represented the then great world-power Babylon, and its three successors, Persia, Greece, and Rome. This is a guide to us here, as most commentators admit; but two great world-powers had preceded Babylon, viz., Egypt and Assyria: these figure in the ancient prophecies as forces hostile to the righteous King. St. John, whose visions took the range of the world's drama, could not see the representative of the ever rising spirit of worldly hostility to God's chosen without seeing Egypt and Assyria included. The voices of Moses and Isaiah called to him across the centuries that in these the world principle of their day found its clearest and strongest manifestation. In various empires the world-power showed itself: in Egypt, the house of bondage (Exodus 20:2); in Assyria, that exalted herself against God (Isaiah 37:23); in Babylon, the hammer of the whole earth (Jeremiah 50:23); in Persia, and in Greece; and in succession these kingdoms fell, only to be succeeded by another--Rome. Five fell; the one is. But what is the seventh, the other who is not yet come? We must recall the appearance of the wild beast. It had seven heads and ten horns. Where were these ten horns? It seems generally admitted that they were all on the seventh head. The seventh head, which represents the seventh kingdom, or manifestation of the world principle which is described as not yet come, then, was different in appearance from the others. It was ten-horned. It had not the same unity of appearance as the others. Now the ten horns are explained as ten kings or minor powers (Revelation 17:12). The conclusion, therefore, is that the seventh head must be rather an aggregation of monarchies than a single universal empire. This agrees with Daniel's prophecy that out of the fourth kingdom, which corresponds, as we have seen, with the sixth head of the wild beast here, ten kings should arise (Daniel 7:7; Daniel 7:23-24).

The seventh kingdom (the ten-horned head) it is said will, when it arises, continue a "short time." The short time is probably the same as the "one hour" in Revelation 17:12, where the ten kingdoms, represented by the ten horns, receive power one hour with the wild beast.

Verse 10. - And there are seven kings; and they are. Here we have the same idea (cf. ver 9), with a somewhat different aspect. The phrase in ver. 9, "seven mountains," regarded the world power as one universal indivisible whole, without respect to particular times or modes in which it might be exhibited. In this phrase, "seven kings," we have the same world power viewed in its successive exhibitions by different nations; though here again we must be on our guard not to interpret the number seven literally of seven nations. The kings represent Worldly states or kingdoms; seven, again, betokens universality. We are thus told that this world power on which the woman relies is exhibited in the manifestation of power by successive nations, e.g. Egyptian, Assyrian, Roman, etc., as many as have ever existed or shall exist; for this is the meaning of seven. Five are fallen, and one is, and the other is not yet come; the five; the one; the other. Omit "and." Here, again, not literally five. The seer divides the whole series of antitheistic world powers into three groups, and he would say, some, probably the majority, of these are passed away; the second group embraces the world power as it is exhibited now, whether Roman, Jewish, or any other; in the third group are included those yet to come. Thus those writers who enumerate Egypt, Nineveh, Babylon, Persia, Greece, Syria, etc., in the first group, are partially correct, and only wrong in so far as they attempt to limit and define the kingdoms; and similarly also those who in the third group place the Roman empire after the barbarian invasions, or imperial Germany, etc. And when he cometh, he must continue a short space; a little while (Revised Version). This "short space" describes the remainder of the time of the world's existence. Such is its meaning in Revelation 6:11 and Revelation 12:12, and again in Revelation 20:3. In a similar manner, also, "shortly come to pass," etc. (Revelation 1:1, 3; Revelation 2:5, 16, etc.; cf also John 16:17, 28). 17:7-14 The beast on which the woman sat was, and is not, and yet is. It was a seat of idolatry and persecution, and is not; not in the ancient form, which was pagan: yet it is; it is truly the seat of idolatry and tyranny, though of another sort and form. It would deceive into stupid and blind submission all the inhabitants of the earth within its influence, except the remnant of the elect. This beast was seven heads, seven mountains, the seven hills on which Rome stands; and seven kings, seven sorts of government. Five were gone by when this prophecy was written; one was then in being; the other was yet to come. This beast, directed by the papacy, makes an eighth governor, and sets up idolatry again. It had ten horns, which are said to be ten kings who had as yet no kingdoms; they should not rise up till the Roman empire was broken; but should for a time be very zealous in her interest. Christ must reign till all enemies be put under his feet. The reason of the victory is, that he is the King of kings, and Lord of lords. He has supreme dominion and power over all things; all the powers of earth and hell are subject to his control. His followers are called to this warfare, are fitted for it, and will be faithful in it.
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