Joshua 10:33
New International Version
Meanwhile, Horam king of Gezer had come up to help Lachish, but Joshua defeated him and his army--until no survivors were left.

New Living Translation
During the attack on Lachish, King Horam of Gezer arrived with his army to help defend the town. But Joshua's men killed him and his army, leaving no survivors.

English Standard Version
Then Horam king of Gezer came up to help Lachish. And Joshua struck him and his people, until he left none remaining.

Berean Study Bible
At that time Horam king of Gezer went to help Lachish, but Joshua struck him down along with his people, leaving no survivors.

New American Standard Bible
Then Horam king of Gezer came up to help Lachish, and Joshua defeated him and his people until he had left him no survivor.

King James Bible
Then Horam king of Gezer came up to help Lachish; and Joshua smote him and his people, until he had left him none remaining.

Christian Standard Bible
At that time King Horam of Gezer went to help Lachish, but Joshua struck him down along with his people, leaving no survivors.

Contemporary English Version
King Horam of Gezer arrived to help Lachish, but Joshua and his troops attacked and destroyed him and his army.

Good News Translation
King Horam of Gezer came to the aid of Lachish, but Joshua defeated him and his army and left none of them alive.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
At that time Horam king of Gezer went to help Lachish, but Joshua struck him down along with his people, leaving no survivors in it.

International Standard Version
Then Horam king of Gezer appeared to help Lachish. So Joshua attacked him and his army, until he left no one remaining.

NET Bible
Then King Horam of Gezer came up to help Lachish, but Joshua struck down him and his army until no survivors remained.

New Heart English Bible
Then Horam king of Gezer came up to help Lachish; and Joshua struck him and his people, until he had left him none remaining.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
At that time King Horam of Gezer had come to help Lachish. But Joshua killed him and his troops. There were no survivors.

JPS Tanakh 1917
Then Horam king of Gezer came up to help Lachish; and Joshua smote him and his people, until he had left him none remaining.

New American Standard 1977
Then Horam king of Gezer came up to help Lachish, and Joshua defeated him and his people until he had left him no survivor.

Jubilee Bible 2000
Then Horam, king of Gezer, came up to help Lachish, and Joshua smote him and his people until none of them were left.

King James 2000 Bible
Then Horam king of Gezer came up to help Lachish; and Joshua struck him and his people, until he had left him none remaining.

American King James Version
Then Horam king of Gezer came up to help Lachish; and Joshua smote him and his people, until he had left him none remaining.

American Standard Version
Then Horam king of Gezer came up to help Lachish; and Joshua smote him and his people, until he had left him none remaining.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
Then Elam the king of Gazer went up to help Lachis; and Joshua smote him and his people with the edge of the sword, until there was not left to him one that was preserved and escaped.

Douay-Rheims Bible
At that time Horam king of Gazer, came up to succour Lachis: and Josue slew him with all his people, so as to leave none alive.

Darby Bible Translation
Then Horam king of Gezer came up to help Lachish; and Joshua smote him and his people, until he had left him none remaining.

English Revised Version
Then Horam king of Gezer came up to help Lachish; and Joshua smote him and his people, until he had left him none remaining.

Webster's Bible Translation
Then Horam king of Gezer came up to help Lachish; and Joshua smote him and his people, until he had left him none remaining.

World English Bible
Then Horam king of Gezer came up to help Lachish; and Joshua struck him and his people, until he had left him none remaining.

Young's Literal Translation
Than hath Horam king of Gezer come up to help Lachish, and Joshua smiteth him and his people, till he hath not left to him a remnant.
Study Bible
Conquest of the Southern Cities
32And the LORD delivered Lachish into the hands of Israel, and Joshua captured it on the second day. He struck down all the people with the sword, just as he had done to Libnah. 33At that time Horam king of Gezer went to help Lachish, but Joshua struck him down along with his people, leaving no survivors. 34So Joshua moved on from Lachish to Eglon, and all Israel with him. They laid siege to it and fought against it.…
Cross References
Joshua 10:32
And the LORD delivered Lachish into the hands of Israel, and Joshua captured it on the second day. He struck down all the people with the sword, just as he had done to Libnah.

Joshua 10:34
So Joshua moved on from Lachish to Eglon, and all Israel with him. They laid siege to it and fought against it.

Joshua 16:3
Then it descended westward to the border of the Japhletites as far as the border of lower Beth-horon, then to Gezer, and ended at the Sea.

Joshua 16:10
But they did not drive out the Canaanites who lived in Gezer. So the Canaanites dwell among the Ephraimites to this day, but they are forced laborers.

Judges 1:29
Ephraim also failed to drive out the Canaanites living in Gezer; so the Canaanites continued to dwell among them in Gezer.

1 Kings 9:16
Pharaoh king of Egypt had attacked and captured Gezer. He had set it on fire, killed the Canaanites who lived in the city, and given it as a dowry to his daughter, Solomon's wife.

Treasury of Scripture

Then Horam king of Gezer came up to help Lachish; and Joshua smote him and his people, until he had left him none remaining.

Joshua 12:12
The king of Eglon, one; the king of Gezer, one;

Joshua 16:3,10
And goeth down westward to the coast of Japhleti, unto the coast of Bethhoron the nether, and to Gezer: and the goings out thereof are at the sea…

Joshua 21:21
For they gave them Shechem with her suburbs in mount Ephraim, to be a city of refuge for the slayer; and Gezer with her suburbs,







Lexicon
At that time
אָ֣ז (’āz)
Adverb
Strong's Hebrew 227: At that time, place, therefore

Horam
הֹרָם֙ (hō·rām)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 2036: Horam -- a Canaanite king

king
מֶ֣לֶךְ (me·leḵ)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 4428: A king

of Gezer
גֶּ֔זֶר (ge·zer)
Noun - proper - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1507: Gezer -- 'portion', a Levitical city on the border of Ephraim

went
עָלָ֗ה (‘ā·lāh)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 5927: To ascend, in, actively

to help
לַעְזֹ֖ר (la‘·zōr)
Preposition-l | Verb - Qal - Infinitive construct
Strong's Hebrew 5826: To surround, protect, aid

Lachish,
לָכִ֑ישׁ (lā·ḵîš)
Noun - proper - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3923: Lachish -- a Canaanite city Southwest of Jerusalem

but Joshua
יְהוֹשֻׁ֙עַ֙ (yə·hō·wō·šu·a‘)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3091: Joshua -- 'the LORD is salvation', Moses' successor, also the name of a number of Israelites

struck him down
וַיַּכֵּ֤הוּ (way·yak·kê·hū)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Hifil - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine singular | third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 5221: To strike

along with his people,
עַמּ֔וֹ (‘am·mōw)
Noun - masculine singular construct | third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 5971: A people, a tribe, troops, attendants, a flock

leaving
הִשְׁאִֽיר־ (hiš·’îr-)
Verb - Hifil - Perfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 7604: To swell up, be, redundant

no
בִּלְתִּ֥י (bil·tî)
Preposition
Strong's Hebrew 1115: A failure of, not, except, without, unless, besides, because not, until

survivors.
שָׂרִֽיד׃ (śā·rîḏ)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 8300: A survivor
(33) Gezer is identified as Tell-Jezer or Tel-el-Jezar, about four miles from Amwas or Emmaus.

Verse 33. - Then Horam king of Gezer. It is remarkable that, as Gezer lay somewhat out of the line of march, Joshua did not capture it. Accordingly, in spite of the alleged carelessness of our compiler, who is credited with having put together shreds of the various narratives in the most perfunctory manner, he takes care to add (Joshua 16:10) that the inhabitants of Gezer were not driven out. In like manner, with the single exception of Hebron, the people of which must have at once chosen another king, he carefully omits the mention of the king in the cities which had lost their kings in the battle before Gibeon. See also note on ver. 32. Thus a careful examination of the narrative puts the care and accuracy of the history very carefully before us. With regard to the situation of Gezer, it has been accurately determined by the Palestine Exploration Society. The Levitical boundaries, with Greek and Hebrew inscriptions, signifying the boundary of Gezer, have been discovered by M. Ganneau (see 'Quarterly Paper' for October, 1874). Tell el Jezer was first identified by M. Ganneau with Gezer. Continuing his researches, he found on a slab of rock nearly horizontal and very nearly two inches in length a bilingual inscription, in Greek and Hebrew, signifying the limit of Gezer (תהם גזר). Since the inscription is Greek and Talmudical in its character (the word תהום has not the signification of "limit" in the Hebrew Scriptures) it must, in spite of the early form of the letters, belong to a period long subsequent to the Babylonish captivity. M. Ganneau suggests the Maccabean period. (See below.) But it is, no doubt, the result of a remeasurement in accordance with the rules laid down in Numbers 35:5. Some have supposed the above to have been designed to fix the limit of the sabbath day's journey. But it is more probable that it served as a boundary between the Levitical and the tribal territory, the more especially as the words are so placed as to be read by one entering the town. It was a Levitical city (Joshua 21:21; 1 Chronicles 6:67), or at least assigned to the Levites; but Judges 1:29 shows that the Canaanitish population lived on with the Levites. It may have been the nondescript character of the population that caused it to fall an easy prey to Pharaoh (1 Kings 9:16, where note that the Canaanites had never been driven out); but when Solomon espoused his daughter he restored Gezer to Israel. Under the same name Gazara it plays a conspicuous part in the wars of the Maccabees (1 Macc. 9:52; 2 Macc. 10:32). From the latter passage we learn that it was "a very strong hold." It retains its old name, being now known as Tell el Jezer. 10:28-43 Joshua made speed in taking these cities. See what a great deal of work may be done in a little time, if we will be diligent, and improve our opportunities. God here showed his hatred of the idolatries and other abominations of which the Canaanites had been guilty, and shows us how great the provocation was, by the greatness of the destruction brought upon them. Here also was typified the destruction of all the enemies of the Lord Jesus, who, having slighted the riches of his grace, must for ever feel the weight of his wrath. The Lord fought for Israel. They could not have gotten the victory, if God had not undertaken the battle. We conquer when God fights for us; if he be for us, who can be against us?
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