Isaiah 1:31
New International Version
The mighty man will become tinder and his work a spark; both will burn together, with no one to quench the fire."

New Living Translation
The strongest among you will disappear like straw; their evil deeds will be the spark that sets it on fire. They and their evil works will burn up together, and no one will be able to put out the fire.

English Standard Version
And the strong shall become tinder, and his work a spark, and both of them shall burn together, with none to quench them.

Berean Study Bible
The strong man will become tinder and his work will be a spark; both will burn together, with no one to quench the flames.

New American Standard Bible
The strong man will become tinder, His work also a spark. Thus they shall both burn together And there will be none to quench them.

King James Bible
And the strong shall be as tow, and the maker of it as a spark, and they shall both burn together, and none shall quench them.

Christian Standard Bible
The strong one will become tinder, and his work a spark; both will burn together, with no one to extinguish the flames.

Contemporary English Version
Your strongest leaders will be like dry wood set on fire by their idols. No one will be able to help, as they all go up in flames.

Good News Translation
Just as straw is set on fire by a spark, so powerful people will be destroyed by their own evil deeds, and no one will be able to stop the destruction.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
The strong one will become tinder, and his work a spark; both will burn together, with no one to quench the flames.

International Standard Version
Your strong one will be like tinder, and your work a spark; both of them will burn together, with no one to quench the flames that burn them."

NET Bible
The powerful will be like a thread of yarn, their deeds like a spark; both will burn together, and no one will put out the fire.

New Heart English Bible
The strong will be like tinder, and his work like a spark. They will both burn together, and no one will quench them."

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Strong people will become tinder for a fire, and their work will be the spark. Both of them will burn together, and there will be no one to put out the fire.

JPS Tanakh 1917
And the strong shall be as tow, And his work as a spark; And they shall both burn together, And none shall quench them.

New American Standard 1977
And the strong man will become tinder, His work also a spark. Thus they shall both burn together, And there will be none to quench them.

Jubilee Bible 2000
And the strong idol shall be as tow and the maker of it as a spark, and they shall both burn together, and no one shall be able to quench them.

King James 2000 Bible
And the strong shall be as tinder, and the work of it as a spark, and they shall both burn together, and none shall quench them.

American King James Version
And the strong shall be as wick, and the maker of it as a spark, and they shall both burn together, and none shall quench them.

American Standard Version
And the strong shall be as tow, and his work as a spark; and they shall both burn together, and none shall quench them.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
And their strength shall be as a thread of tow, and their works as sparks, and the transgressors and the sinners shall be burnt up together, and there shall be none to quench them.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And your strength shall be as the ashes of tow, and your work as a spark: and both shall burn together, and there shall be none to quench it.

Darby Bible Translation
And the strong shall be for tow, and his work a spark; and they shall both burn together, and there shall be none to quench [them].

English Revised Version
And the strong shall be as tow, and his work as a spark; and they shall both burn together, and none shall quench them.

Webster's Bible Translation
And the strong shall be as tow, and the maker of it as a spark, and they shall both burn together, and none shall quench them.

World English Bible
The strong will be like tinder, and his work like a spark. They will both burn together, and no one will quench them."

Young's Literal Translation
And the strong hath been for tow, And his work for a spark, And burned have both of them together, And there is none quenching!
Study Bible
The Corruption of Zion
30For you will become like an oak whose leaves are withered, like a garden without water. 31The strong man will become tinder and his work will be a spark; both will burn together, with no one to quench the flames.
Cross References
Matthew 3:12
His winnowing fork is in His hand to clear His threshing floor and to gather His wheat into the barn; but He will burn up the chaff with unquenchable fire."

Mark 9:43
If your hand causes you to fall into sin, cut it off. It is better for you to enter life crippled than to have two hands and go into hell, into the unquenchable fire.

Isaiah 4:4
when the Lord has washed away the filth of the daughters of Zion and cleansed the bloodstains from the heart of Jerusalem by a spirit of judgment and a spirit of fire.

Isaiah 5:24
Therefore, as a tongue of fire consumes straw and dry grass shrivels in the flame, so their roots will decay and their blossoms will blow away like dust; for they have rejected the instruction of the LORD of Hosts and despised the word of the Holy One of Israel.

Isaiah 9:19
By the wrath of the LORD of Hosts the land is scorched, and the people are fuel for the fire. Not one will spare his brother.

Isaiah 24:6
Therefore a curse has consumed the earth, and its inhabitants must bear the guilt; the earth's dwellers have been burned, and only a few survive.

Isaiah 26:11
O LORD, Your hand is upraised, but they do not see it. They will see Your zeal for Your people, and be put to shame. The fire set for Your enemies will consume them!

Isaiah 33:11
You conceive chaff; you give birth to stubble. Your breath is a fire that will consume you.

Isaiah 34:10
It will not be quenched--day or night. Its smoke will ascend forever. From generation to generation it will lie desolate; no one will ever pass through it again.

Isaiah 43:17
who brings out the chariots and horses, the armies and warriors together, to lie down and never rise again, to be extinguished, quenched like a wick--

Isaiah 66:17
"Those who dedicate and purify themselves to enter the groves--to follow one in the midst of those who eat the flesh of swine and vermin and rats--will perish together," declares the LORD.

Isaiah 66:24
"As they go forth, they will see the corpses of the men who have rebelled against Me; for their worm will never die, their fire will never be quenched, and they will be a horror to all mankind."

Jeremiah 21:12
O house of David, this is what the LORD says: 'Administer justice every morning, and rescue the victim of robbery from the hand of his oppressor, or My wrath will go forth like fire and burn with none to extinguish it because of their evil deeds.

Treasury of Scripture

And the strong shall be as wick, and the maker of it as a spark, and they shall both burn together, and none shall quench them.

the strong

Ezekiel 32:21
The strong among the mighty shall speak to him out of the midst of hell with them that help him: they are gone down, they lie uncircumcised, slain by the sword.

as tow

Isaiah 27:4
Fury is not in me: who would set the briers and thorns against me in battle? I would go through them, I would burn them together.

Isaiah 43:17
Which bringeth forth the chariot and horse, the army and the power; they shall lie down together, they shall not rise: they are extinct, they are quenched as tow.

Isaiah 50:11
Behold, all ye that kindle a fire, that compass yourselves about with sparks: walk in the light of your fire, and in the sparks that ye have kindled. This shall ye have of mine hand; ye shall lie down in sorrow.

the maker of it.

Isaiah 34:9,10
And the streams thereof shall be turned into pitch, and the dust thereof into brimstone, and the land thereof shall become burning pitch…

Isaiah 66:24
And they shall go forth, and look upon the carcases of the men that have transgressed against me: for their worm shall not die, neither shall their fire be quenched; and they shall be an abhorring unto all flesh.

Ezekiel 20:47,48
And say to the forest of the south, Hear the word of the LORD; Thus saith the Lord GOD; Behold, I will kindle a fire in thee, and it shall devour every green tree in thee, and every dry tree: the flaming flame shall not be quenched, and all faces from the south to the north shall be burned therein…







Lexicon
The strong man
הֶחָסֹן֙ (he·ḥā·sōn)
Article | Adjective - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 2634: Powerful

will become
וְהָיָ֤ה (wə·hā·yāh)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Conjunctive perfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1961: To fall out, come to pass, become, be

tinder
לִנְעֹ֔רֶת (lin·‘ō·reṯ)
Preposition-l | Noun - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 5296: Something shaken out, tow

and his work
וּפֹעֲל֖וֹ (ū·p̄ō·‘ă·lōw)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - masculine singular construct | third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 6467: Doing, deed, work

[will be] a spark;
לְנִיצ֑וֹץ (lə·nî·ṣō·wṣ)
Preposition-l | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 5213: A spark

both
שְׁנֵיהֶ֛ם (šə·nê·hem)
Number - mdc | third person masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 8147: Two (a cardinal number)

will burn
וּבָעֲר֧וּ (ū·ḇā·‘ă·rū)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Conjunctive perfect - third person common plural
Strong's Hebrew 1197: To kindle, consume, to be, brutish

together,
יַחְדָּ֖ו (yaḥ·dāw)
Adverb
Strong's Hebrew 3162: A unit, unitedly

with no one
וְאֵ֥ין (wə·’ên)
Conjunctive waw | Adverb
Strong's Hebrew 369: A non-entity, a negative particle

to quench the flames.
מְכַבֶּֽה׃ (mə·ḵab·beh)
Verb - Piel - Participle - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3518: To be quenched or extinguished, to go out
(31) The maker of it as a spark.--Better, his work as a spark. The sin itself becomes the instrument of destruction. The mighty and the proud, who were foremost in the work of idolatry, and who did not repent, should perish with their work--i.e., with the idol which their hands had made. The tow and the spark are chosen as representing the most rapid form of combustion.

Verse 31. - The strong (literally, the strong one) shall be as tow; i.e. weak and powerless (comp. Judges 16:9), utterly unable to resist the Divine fiat when it goes forth. The maker of it. An extraordinary mistranslation, since po'al never means anything but "work." His own acts would light the fire by which the "strong one" would be consumed and perish.

"Nec lex justior ulla est,
Quam necis artifices arts perire sua."




1:21-31 Neither holy cities nor royal ones are faithful to their trust, if religion does not dwell in them. Dross may shine like silver, and the wine that is mixed with water may still have the colour of wine. Those have a great deal to answer for, who do not help the oppressed, but oppress them. Men may do much by outward restraints; but only God works effectually by the influences of his Spirit, as a Spirit of Judgment. Sin is the worst captivity, the worst slavery. The redemption of the spiritual Zion, by the righteousness and death of Christ, and by his powerful grace, most fully accord with what is here meant. Utter ruin is threatened. The Jews should become as a tree when blasted by heat; as a garden without water, which in those hot countries would soon be burned up. Thus shall they be that trust in idols, or in an arm of flesh. Even the strong man shall be as tow; not only soon broken, and pulled to pieces, but easily catching fire. When the sinner has made himself as tow and stubble, and God makes himself as a consuming fire, what can prevent the utter ruin of the sinner?
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