Isaiah 1:3
New International Version
The ox knows its master, the donkey its owner's manger, but Israel does not know, my people do not understand."

New Living Translation
Even an ox knows its owner, and a donkey recognizes its master's care--but Israel doesn't know its master. My people don't recognize my care for them."

English Standard Version
The ox knows its owner, and the donkey its master’s crib, but Israel does not know, my people do not understand.”

Berean Study Bible
The ox knows its owner, and the donkey its master’s manger, but Israel does not know; My people do not understand.”

New American Standard Bible
"An ox knows its owner, And a donkey its master's manger, But Israel does not know, My people do not understand."

King James Bible
The ox knoweth his owner, and the ass his master's crib: but Israel doth not know, my people doth not consider.

Christian Standard Bible
The ox knows its owner, and the donkey its master's feeding trough, but Israel does not know; my people do not understand."

Contemporary English Version
Oxen and donkeys know who owns and feeds them, but my people won't ever learn."

Good News Translation
Cattle know who owns them, and donkeys know where their master feeds them. But that is more than my people Israel know. They don't understand at all."

Holman Christian Standard Bible
The ox knows its owner, and the donkey its master's feeding trough, but Israel does not know; My people do not understand."

International Standard Version
The ox knows its owner, and the donkey its master's feeding trough, but Israel doesn't know, and my people don't understand.

NET Bible
An ox recognizes its owner, a donkey recognizes where its owner puts its food; but Israel does not recognize me, my people do not understand."

New Heart English Bible
The ox knows his owner, and the donkey his master's crib; but Israel doesn't know, my people do not understand.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Oxen know their owners, and donkeys know where their masters feed them. But Israel doesn't know [its owner]. My people don't understand [who feeds them].

JPS Tanakh 1917
The ox knoweth his owner, And the ass his master's crib; But Israel doth not know, My people doth not consider.

New American Standard 1977
“An ox knows its owner, And a donkey its master’s manger, But Israel does not know, My people do not understand.”

Jubilee Bible 2000
The ox knows his owner, and the ass his master's crib; but Israel does not know, my people do not have understanding.

King James 2000 Bible
The ox knows his owner, and the donkey his master's crib: but Israel does not know, my people do not consider.

American King James Version
The ox knows his owner, and the ass his master's crib: but Israel does not know, my people does not consider.

American Standard Version
The ox knoweth his owner, and the ass his master's crib; but Israel doth not know, my people doth not consider.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
The ox knows his owner, and the ass his master's crib: but Israel does not know me, and the people has not regarded me.

Douay-Rheims Bible
The ox knoweth his owner, and the ass his master's crib: but Israel hath not known me, and my people hath not understood.

Darby Bible Translation
The ox knoweth his owner, and the ass his master's crib; Israel doth not know, my people hath no intelligence.

English Revised Version
The ox knoweth his owner, and the ass his master's crib: but Israel doth not know, my people doth not consider.

Webster's Bible Translation
The ox knoweth his owner, and the ass his master's crib: but Israel doth not know, my people doth not consider.

World English Bible
The ox knows his owner, and the donkey his master's crib; but Israel doesn't know, my people don't consider."

Young's Literal Translation
An ox hath known its owner, And an ass the crib of its master, Israel hath not known, My people hath not understood.
Study Bible
Judah's Rebellion
2Listen, O heavens, and give ear, O earth, for the LORD has spoken: “I have raised children and brought them up, but they have rebelled against Me. 3The ox knows its owner, and the donkey its master’s manger, but Israel does not know; My people do not understand.” 4Alas, O sinful nation, a people laden with iniquity, a brood of evildoers, children of depravity! They have forsaken the LORD; they have despised the Holy One of Israel and turned their backs on Him.…
Cross References
Isaiah 5:13
Therefore My people will go into exile for their lack of understanding; their dignitaries are starving, and their masses are parched with thirst.

Isaiah 27:11
When its limbs are dry, they will be broken off. Women will come and use them for kindling, for they are a people without understanding. Therefore their Maker will have no compassion on them, and their Creator will show them no grace.

Isaiah 44:18
They cannot comprehend or understand, for He has shut their eyes so they cannot see, and closed their minds so they cannot understand.

Isaiah 56:11
Like ravenous dogs, they are never satisfied. They are shepherds with no discernment; they all turn to their own way, each one seeking his own gain:

Jeremiah 8:7
Even the stork in the sky knows her appointed seasons. The turtledove, the swift, and the thrush observe their time of migration, but My people do not know the requirements of the LORD.

Jeremiah 9:3
"They bend their tongue like their bows; lies instead of truth prevail in the land, for they proceed from evil to evil, and they do not take Me into account," declares the LORD.

Jeremiah 9:6
You dwell in the midst of deception; in their deceit they refuse to know Me," declares the LORD.

Ezekiel 16:30
How weak-willed is your heart, declares the Lord GOD, while you do all these things, the acts of a shameless prostitute!

Daniel 9:11
All Israel has transgressed Your law and turned away, refusing to obey Your voice; so the oath and the curse written in the Law of Moses, the servant of God, has been poured out on us because we have sinned against You.

Hosea 2:8
For she does not acknowledge that it was I who gave her grain, new wine and oil, who lavished her with silver and gold--which was crafted for Baal.

Treasury of Scripture

The ox knows his owner, and the ass his master's crib: but Israel does not know, my people does not consider.

ox

Proverbs 6:6
Go to the ant, thou sluggard; consider her ways, and be wise:

Jeremiah 8:7
Yea, the stork in the heaven knoweth her appointed times; and the turtle and the crane and the swallow observe the time of their coming; but my people know not the judgment of the LORD.

but Israel

Isaiah 5:12
And the harp, and the viol, the tabret, and pipe, and wine, are in their feasts: but they regard not the work of the LORD, neither consider the operation of his hands.

Isaiah 27:11
When the boughs thereof are withered, they shall be broken off: the women come, and set them on fire: for it is a people of no understanding: therefore he that made them will not have mercy on them, and he that formed them will shew them no favour.

Isaiah 44:18
They have not known nor understood: for he hath shut their eyes, that they cannot see; and their hearts, that they cannot understand.







Lexicon
The ox
שׁוֹר֙ (šō·wr)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 7794: A head of cattle (bullock, ox, etcetera)

knows
יָדַ֥ע (yā·ḏa‘)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3045: To know

its owner,
קֹנֵ֔הוּ (qō·nê·hū)
Verb - Qal - Participle - masculine singular construct | third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 7069: To erect, create, to procure, by purchase, to own

and the donkey
וַחֲמ֖וֹר (wa·ḥă·mō·wr)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 2543: A male ass

its master’s
בְּעָלָ֑יו (bə·‘ā·lāw)
Noun - masculine plural construct | third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1167: A master, a husband, owner

manger,
אֵב֣וּס (’ê·ḇūs)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 18: A crib, feeding trough

but Israel
יִשְׂרָאֵל֙ (yiś·rā·’êl)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3478: Israel -- 'God strives', another name of Jacob and his desc

does not
לֹ֣א (lō)
Adverb - Negative particle
Strong's Hebrew 3808: Not, no

know;
יָדַ֔ע (yā·ḏa‘)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3045: To know

My people
עַמִּ֖י (‘am·mî)
Noun - masculine singular construct | first person common singular
Strong's Hebrew 5971: A people, a tribe, troops, attendants, a flock

do not
לֹ֥א (lō)
Adverb - Negative particle
Strong's Hebrew 3808: Not, no

understand.”
הִתְבּוֹנָֽן׃ (hiṯ·bō·w·nān)
Verb - Hitpael - Perfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 995: To separate mentally, understand
(3) The ox knoweth his owner . . .--As in Exodus 20:17; 1Samuel 12:3, the ox and the ass rather than, as with us, the horse and the dog, are the representative instances of the relation of domesticated animals to man. These know that relation, and act according to it; but Israel did not, or rather would not, know. So Jeremiah dwells, turning to a different region of animal life, on the instinct which leads the stork, the swallow, and the crane to fulfil the law of their being (Jeremiah 8:7), while Israel "knew not"--i.e., did not acknowledge--the law of Jehovah.

Verse 3. - The ox... the ass. The ox and the ass are probably selected as the least intelligent of domesticated animals (so Jerome, Rosenmüller, and Gesenius). Yet even they recognize their owner or master. Jeremiah contrasts the brutish stupidity of Israel with the wise instinct of animals that have not been domesticated, as the stork, the turtle-dove, the crane, and the swallow (Jeremiah 8:7). Israel doth not know; i.e. does not acknowledge its Master and Owner, pays him no respect, does not recognize him as either Owner or Master. My people. Compare the formula, so frequent in Exodus, "Let my people go" (Exodus 7:16; 8:1, 20; 9:1, etc.). Israel was God's people by election (Genesis 15:13), by covenant (Exodus 19:5-8; Exodus 24:3-8), by pardoning grace (Exodus 33:12-17). Despite all their backslidings, he had not yet cast them off. They are still "his people" in Isaiah from first to last, standing in contrast with "the nations, "or "the Gentiles, "among whom they are to be "set as a sign" (Isaiah 66:19). Doth net consider. Gesenius translates, "doth not consider thereof;" Cheyne, "is without understanding." Bishop Lowth retains the words of the Authorized Version. The meaning would seem to be, "My people doth not consider me, cloth not reflect on my relation to them as Lord and Master." 1:1-9 Isaiah signifies, The salvation of the Lord; a very suitable name for this prophet, who prophesies so much of Jesus the Saviour, and his salvation. God's professing people did not know or consider that they owed their lives and comforts to God's fatherly care and kindness. How many are very careless in the affairs of their souls! Not considering what we do know in religion, does us as much harm, as ignorance of what we should know. The wickedness was universal. Here is a comparison taken from a sick and diseased body. The distemper threatens to be mortal. From the sole of the foot even to the head; from the meanest peasant to the greatest peer, there is no soundness, no good principle, no religion, for that is the health of the soul. Nothing but guilt and corruption; the sad effects of Adam's fall. This passage declares the total depravity of human nature. While sin remains unrepented, nothing is done toward healing these wounds, and preventing fatal effects. Jerusalem was exposed and unprotected, like the huts or sheds built up to guard ripening fruits. These are still to be seen in the East, where fruits form a large part of the summer food of the people. But the Lord had a small remnant of pious servants at Jerusalem. It is of the Lord's mercies that we are not consumed. The evil nature is in every one of us; only Jesus and his sanctifying Spirit can restore us to spiritual health.
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