Isaiah 44:18
New International Version
They know nothing, they understand nothing; their eyes are plastered over so they cannot see, and their minds closed so they cannot understand.

New Living Translation
Such stupidity and ignorance! Their eyes are closed, and they cannot see. Their minds are shut, and they cannot think.

English Standard Version
They know not, nor do they discern, for he has shut their eyes, so that they cannot see, and their hearts, so that they cannot understand.

Berean Study Bible
They do not comprehend or discern, for He has shut their eyes so they cannot see and closed their minds so they cannot understand.

King James Bible
They have not known nor understood: for he hath shut their eyes, that they cannot see; and their hearts, that they cannot understand.

New King James Version
They do not know nor understand; For He has shut their eyes, so that they cannot see, And their hearts, so that they cannot understand.

New American Standard Bible
They do not know, nor do they understand, for He has smeared over their eyes so that they cannot see, and their hearts so that they cannot comprehend.

NASB 1995
They do not know, nor do they understand, for He has smeared over their eyes so that they cannot see and their hearts so that they cannot comprehend.

NASB 1977
They do not know, nor do they understand, for He has smeared over their eyes so that they cannot see and their hearts so that they cannot comprehend.

Amplified Bible
They do not know, nor do they understand, for God has muddied their eyes so that they cannot see, and their hearts (minds) as well so that they cannot understand.

Christian Standard Bible
Such people do not comprehend and cannot understand, for he has shut their eyes so they cannot see, and their minds so they cannot understand.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Such people do not comprehend and cannot understand, for He has shut their eyes so they cannot see, and their minds so they cannot understand.

American Standard Version
They know not, neither do they consider: for he hath shut their eyes, that they cannot see; and their hearts, that they cannot understand.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
And they have not known, and they were not wise, for the sight of their eyes and the understanding of their heart is obstructed

Brenton Septuagint Translation
They have no understanding to perceive; for they have been blinded so that they should not see with their eyes, nor perceive with their heart.

Contemporary English Version
Those who worship idols are stupid and blind!

Douay-Rheims Bible
They have not known, nor understood: for their eyes are covered that they may not see, and that they may not understand with their heart.

English Revised Version
They know not, neither do they consider: for he hath shut their eyes, that they cannot see; and their hearts, that they cannot understand.

Good News Translation
Such people are too stupid to know what they are doing. They close their eyes and their minds to the truth.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
They don't know or understand anything. Their eyes are plastered shut, so they can't see. And their minds are closed, so they can't understand.

International Standard Version
They don't realize; they don't understand, because their eyes are plastered over so they cannot see, and their minds, too, so they cannot understand.

JPS Tanakh 1917
They know not, neither do they understand; For their eyes are bedaubed, that they cannot see, And their hearts, that they cannot understand.

Literal Standard Version
They have not known, nor do they understand, For He has coated their eyes from seeing, Their heart from acting wisely.

NET Bible
They do not comprehend or understand, for their eyes are blind and cannot see; their minds do not discern.

New Heart English Bible
They do not know, neither do they consider: for he has shut their eyes, that they can't see; and their hearts, that they can't understand.

World English Bible
They don't know, neither do they consider: for he has shut their eyes, that they can't see; and their hearts, that they can't understand.

Young's Literal Translation
They have not known, nor do they understand, For He hath daubed their eyes from seeing, Their heart from acting wisely.

Additional Translations ...
Context
The LORD has Chosen Israel
17From the rest he makes a god, his graven image. He bows down to it and worships; he prays to it and says, “Save me, for you are my god.” 18They do not comprehend or discern, for He has shut their eyes so they cannot see and closed their minds so they cannot understand. 19And no one considers in his heart, no one has the knowledge or insight to say, “I burned half of it in the fire, and I baked bread on its coals; I roasted meat and I ate. Shall I make something detestable with the rest of it? Shall I bow down to a block of wood?”…

Cross References
Psalm 81:12
So I gave them up to their stubborn hearts to follow their own devices.

Proverbs 28:5
Evil men do not understand justice, but those who seek the LORD comprehend fully.

Isaiah 1:3
The ox knows its owner, and the donkey its master's manger, but Israel does not know; My people do not understand."

Isaiah 6:9
And He replied: "Go and tell this people, 'Be ever hearing, but never understanding; be ever seeing, but never perceiving.'

Isaiah 6:10
Make the hearts of this people calloused; deafen their ears and close their eyes. Otherwise they might see with their eyes, hear with their ears, understand with their hearts, and turn and be healed."

Isaiah 26:11
O LORD, Your hand is upraised, but they do not see it. They will see Your zeal for Your people and be put to shame. The fire set for Your enemies will consume them!

Isaiah 29:10
For the LORD has poured out on you a spirit of deep sleep. He has shut your eyes, O prophets; He has covered your heads, O seers.


Treasury of Scripture

They have not known nor understood: for he has shut their eyes, that they cannot see; and their hearts, that they cannot understand.

have not

Isaiah 44:9,20
They that make a graven image are all of them vanity; and their delectable things shall not profit; and they are their own witnesses; they see not, nor know; that they may be ashamed…

Isaiah 45:20
Assemble yourselves and come; draw near together, ye that are escaped of the nations: they have no knowledge that set up the wood of their graven image, and pray unto a god that cannot save.

Isaiah 46:7,8
They bear him upon the shoulder, they carry him, and set him in his place, and he standeth; from his place shall he not remove: yea, one shall cry unto him, yet can he not answer, nor save him out of his trouble…

for he hath

Isaiah 6:10
Make the heart of this people fat, and make their ears heavy, and shut their eyes; lest they see with their eyes, and hear with their ears, and understand with their heart, and convert, and be healed.

Isaiah 29:10
For the LORD hath poured out upon you the spirit of deep sleep, and hath closed your eyes: the prophets and your rulers, the seers hath he covered.

Psalm 81:12
So I gave them up unto their own hearts' lust: and they walked in their own counsels.

shut.

Isaiah 56:11
Yea, they are greedy dogs which can never have enough, and they are shepherds that cannot understand: they all look to their own way, every one for his gain, from his quarter.

Psalm 92:6
A brutish man knoweth not; neither doth a fool understand this.

Proverbs 2:5-9
Then shalt thou understand the fear of the LORD, and find the knowledge of God…









(18) He hath shut their eyes.--Better, their eyes are smeared over. The state described is the judicial blindness of Romans 1:20-25. It will be remembered that blindness thus inflicted was one of the tortures of Eastern cruelty.

Verse 18. - They have not known nor understood. The cause of all this folly is a Minding of the understanding, divinely caused in the way of punishment, on account of their having wilfully closed their eyes to the truth. Because they "did not like to retain God in their knowledge, God gave them up to a reprobate (or, undistinguishing) mind" (Romans 1:28; comp. Isaiah 29:10). He hath shut; or, One hath shut. But the reference is in either case to God. The word translated "shut" means literally "plastered" or "smeared."

Parallel Commentaries ...


Hebrew
They cannot
לֹ֥א (lō)
Adverb - Negative particle
Strong's 3808: Not, no

comprehend
יָדְע֖וּ (yā·ḏə·‘ū)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - third person common plural
Strong's 3045: To know

[or]
וְלֹ֣א (wə·lō)
Conjunctive waw | Adverb - Negative particle
Strong's 3808: Not, no

understand,
יָבִ֑ינוּ (yā·ḇî·nū)
Verb - Qal - Imperfect - third person masculine plural
Strong's 995: To separate mentally, understand

for
כִּ֣י (kî)
Conjunction
Strong's 3588: A relative conjunction

He has shut
טַ֤ח (ṭaḥ)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's 2902: To overspread, overlay, coat, besmear

their eyes
עֵֽינֵיהֶ֔ם (‘ê·nê·hem)
Noun - cdc | third person masculine plural
Strong's 5869: An eye, a fountain

so they cannot see,
מֵֽרְאוֹת֙ (mê·rə·’ō·wṯ)
Preposition-m | Verb - Qal - Infinitive construct
Strong's 7200: To see

and [closed] their minds
לִבֹּתָֽם׃ (lib·bō·ṯām)
Noun - masculine plural construct | third person masculine plural
Strong's 3826: The heart

so they cannot understand.
מֵהַשְׂכִּ֖יל (mê·haś·kîl)
Preposition-m | Verb - Hifil - Infinitive construct
Strong's 7919: To be, circumspect, intelligent


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OT Prophets: Isaiah 44:18 They don't know neither do they consider: (Isa Isi Is)
Isaiah 44:17
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