Isaiah 44:18
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
They know not, nor do they discern, for he has shut their eyes, so that they cannot see, and their hearts, so that they cannot understand.

King James Bible
They have not known nor understood: for he hath shut their eyes, that they cannot see; and their hearts, that they cannot understand.

American Standard Version
They know not, neither do they consider: for he hath shut their eyes, that they cannot see; and their hearts, that they cannot understand.

Douay-Rheims Bible
They have not known, nor understood: for their eyes are covered that they may not see, and that they may not understand with their heart.

English Revised Version
They know not, neither do they consider: for he hath shut their eyes, that they cannot see; and their hearts, that they cannot understand.

Webster's Bible Translation
They have not known nor understood: for he hath shut their eyes, that they cannot see; and their hearts, that they cannot understand.

Isaiah 44:18 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

The prophet now conducts us into the workshops. "The iron-smith has a chisel, and works with red-hot coals, and shapes it with hammers, and works it with his powerful arm. He gets hungry thereby, and his strength fails; if he drink no water, he becomes exhausted. The carpenter draws the line, marks it with the pencil, carries it out with planes, and makes a drawing of it with the compass, and carries it out like the figure of a man, like the beauty of a man, which may dwell in the house." The two words chârash barzel are connected together in the sense of faber ferrarius, as we may see from the expression chârash ‛ētsı̄m (the carpenter, faber lignarius), which follows in Isaiah 44:13. Chârash is the construct of chârâsh ( equals charrâsh), as in Exodus 28:11. The second kametz of this form of noun does indeed admit of contraction, but only to the extent of a full short vowel; consequently the construct of the plural is not חרשׁי, but חרשׁי (Isaiah 45:16, etc.). Hence Isaiah 44:12 describes how the smith constructs an idol of iron, Isaiah 44:13 how the carpenter makes one of wood. But the first clause, מעצד בּרזל חרשׁ, is enigmatical. In any case, מעצד is a smith's tool of some kind (from עצד, related to חצד). And consequently Gesenius, Umbreit, and others, adopt the rendering, "the smith an axe, that does he work ... ;" but the further account of the origin of an idol says nothing at all about this axe, which the smith supplies to the carpenter, that he may hew out an idol with it. Hitzig renders it, "The smith, a hatchet does he work, and forms it (viz., into an idol);" but what a roundabout way! first to make a hatchet and then make it into an idol, which would look very slim when made. Knobel translates it, "As for the cutting-smith, he works it;" but this guild of cutting-smiths certainly belongs to Utopia. The best way to render the sentence intelligible, would be to supply לו: "The smith has (uses) the ma‛ătsâd." But in all probability a word has dropped out; and the Septuagint rendering, ὅτι ὤξυνεν τέκτων σίδηρον σκεπάρνω εἰργάσατο κ.τ.λ, shows that the original reading of the text was מעצד ברזל חרס חדד, and that חדד got lost on account of its proximity to יחץ. The meaning therefore is, "The smith has sharpened, or sharpens (chiddēd, syn. shinnēn) the ma‛ătsâd," possibly the chisel, to cut the iron upon the anvil; and works with red-hot coals, making the iron red-hot by blowing the fire. The piece of iron which he cuts off is the future idol, and this he shapes with hammers (יצרהוּ the future of יצר). And what of the carpenter? He stretches the line upon the block of wood, to measure the length and breadth of the idol; he marks it upon the wood with red-stone (sered, rubrica, used by carpenters), and works it with planes (maqtsu‛ōth, a feminine form of מקצוע, from קצע, to cut off, pare off, plane; compare the Arabic mikta‛), and with the compasses (mechūgâh, the tool used, lâchūg, i.e. for making a circle) he draws the outline of it, that is to say, in order that the different parts of the body may be in right proportion; and he constructs it in such a manner that it acquires the shape of a man, the beautiful appearance of a man, to be set up like a human inmate in either a temple or private house. The piel תּאר (תּאר), from which comes yetāărēhū, is varied here (according to Isaiah's custom; cf., Isaiah 29:7; Isaiah 26:5) with the poelתּאר, which is to be understood as denoting the more exact configuration. The preterites indicate the work for which both smith and carpenter have made their preparations; the futures, the work in which they are engaged.

Isaiah 44:18 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

have not

Isaiah 44:9,20 They that make a graven image are all of them vanity; and their delectable things shall not profit; and they are their own witnesses...

Isaiah 45:20 Assemble yourselves and come; draw near together, you that are escaped of the nations...

Isaiah 46:7,8 They bear him on the shoulder, they carry him, and set him in his place, and he stands; from his place shall he not remove: yes...

Jeremiah 10:8,14 But they are altogether brutish and foolish: the stock is a doctrine of vanities...

Romans 1:21-23 Because that, when they knew God, they glorified him not as God, neither were thankful; but became vain in their imaginations...

for he hath

Isaiah 6:10 Make the heart of this people fat, and make their ears heavy, and shut their eyes; lest they see with their eyes...

Isaiah 29:10 For the LORD has poured out on you the spirit of deep sleep, and has closed your eyes: the prophets and your rulers...

Psalm 81:12 So I gave them up to their own hearts' lust: and they walked in their own counsels.

Matthew 13:14,15 And in them is fulfilled the prophecy of Esaias, which said, By hearing you shall hear, and shall not understand...

Acts 14:16 Who in times past suffered all nations to walk in their own ways.

Romans 1:28 And even as they did not like to retain God in their knowledge, God gave them over to a reprobate mind...

Romans 11:8-10 (According as it is written, God has given them the spirit of slumber, eyes that they should not see...

2 Corinthians 4:3,4 But if our gospel be hid, it is hid to them that are lost...

2 Thessalonians 2:9-12 Even him, whose coming is after the working of Satan with all power and signs and lying wonders...

shut. Heb. daubed
cannot

Isaiah 56:11 Yes, they are greedy dogs which can never have enough, and they are shepherds that cannot understand: they all look to their own way...

Psalm 92:6 A brutish man knows not; neither does a fool understand this.

Proverbs 2:5-9 Then shall you understand the fear of the LORD, and find the knowledge of God...

Proverbs 28:5 Evil men understand not judgment: but they that seek the LORD understand all things.

Jeremiah 5:21 Hear now this, O foolish people, and without understanding; which have eyes, and see not; which have ears, and hear not:

Daniel 12:10 Many shall be purified, and made white, and tried; but the wicked shall do wickedly: and none of the wicked shall understand...

Hosea 14:9 Who is wise, and he shall understand these things? prudent, and he shall know them? for the ways of the LORD are right...

Matthew 12:34 O generation of vipers, how can you, being evil, speak good things? for out of the abundance of the heart the mouth speaks.

John 5:44 How can you believe, which receive honor one of another, and seek not the honor that comes from God only?

John 8:43 Why do you not understand my speech? even because you cannot hear my word.

John 12:39,40 Therefore they could not believe, because that Esaias said again...

2 Peter 2:14 Having eyes full of adultery, and that cannot cease from sin; beguiling unstable souls...

Cross References
Psalm 81:12
So I gave them over to their stubborn hearts, to follow their own counsels.

Proverbs 28:5
Evil men do not understand justice, but those who seek the LORD understand it completely.

Isaiah 1:3
The ox knows its owner, and the donkey its master's crib, but Israel does not know, my people do not understand."

Isaiah 6:9
And he said, "Go, and say to this people: "'Keep on hearing, but do not understand; keep on seeing, but do not perceive.'

Isaiah 6:10
Make the heart of this people dull, and their ears heavy, and blind their eyes; lest they see with their eyes, and hear with their ears, and understand with their hearts, and turn and be healed."

Isaiah 26:11
O LORD, your hand is lifted up, but they do not see it. Let them see your zeal for your people, and be ashamed. Let the fire for your adversaries consume them.

Isaiah 29:10
For the LORD has poured out upon you a spirit of deep sleep, and has closed your eyes (the prophets), and covered your heads (the seers).

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