Isaiah 14:4
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
you will take up this taunt against the king of Babylon: How the oppressor has come to an end! How his fury has ended!

New Living Translation
you will taunt the king of Babylon. You will say, "The mighty man has been destroyed. Yes, your insolence is ended.

English Standard Version
you will take up this taunt against the king of Babylon: “How the oppressor has ceased, the insolent fury ceased!

New American Standard Bible
that you will take up this taunt against the king of Babylon, and say, "How the oppressor has ceased, And how fury has ceased!

King James Bible
That thou shalt take up this proverb against the king of Babylon, and say, How hath the oppressor ceased! the golden city ceased!

Holman Christian Standard Bible
you will sing this song of contempt about the king of Babylon and say: How the oppressor has quieted down, and how the raging has become quiet!

International Standard Version
you will lift up this song of mockery against the king of Babylon: "How the oppressor has come to an end! How the attacker has ceased!

NET Bible
you will taunt the king of Babylon with these words: "Look how the oppressor has met his end! Hostility has ceased!

New Heart English Bible
that you will take up this parable against the king of Babylon, and say, "How the oppressor has ceased. How the attacker has ceased."

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Then you will mock the king of Babylon with this saying, "How the tyrant has come to an end! How his attacks have come to an end!"

JPS Tanakh 1917
that thou shalt take up this parable against the king of Babylon, and say: How hath the oppressor ceased! The exactress of gold ceased!

New American Standard 1977
that you will take up this taunt against the king of Babylon, and say,
            “How the oppressor has ceased,
            And how fury has ceased!

Jubilee Bible 2000
that thou shalt take up this proverb against the king of Babylon and say, How has the oppressor ceased! The city that covets gold has ceased!

King James 2000 Bible
That you shall take up this proverb against the king of Babylon, and say, How has the oppressor ceased! the golden city ceased!

American King James Version
That you shall take up this proverb against the king of Babylon, and say, How has the oppressor ceased! the golden city ceased!

American Standard Version
that thou shalt take up this parable against the king of Babylon, and say, How hath the oppressor ceased! the golden city ceased!

Douay-Rheims Bible
Thou shalt take up this parable against the king of Babylon, and shalt say: How is the oppressor come to nothing, the tribute hath ceased?

Darby Bible Translation
that thou shalt take up this proverb against the king of Babylon, and say, How hath the oppressor ceased, -- the exactress of gold ceased!

English Revised Version
that thou shalt take up this parable against the king of Babylon, and say, How hath the oppressor ceased! the golden city ceased!

Webster's Bible Translation
That thou shalt take up this proverb against the king of Babylon, and say, How hath the oppressor ceased! the golden city ceased!

World English Bible
that you will take up this parable against the king of Babylon, and say, "How the oppressor has ceased! The golden city has ceased!"

Young's Literal Translation
That thou hast taken up this simile Concerning the king of Babylon, and said, How hath the exactor ceased,
Study Bible
Triumphant Exultation over Babel
3And it will be in the day when the LORD gives you rest from your pain and turmoil and harsh service in which you have been enslaved, 4that you will take up this taunt against the king of Babylon, and say, "How the oppressor has ceased, And how fury has ceased! 5"The LORD has broken the staff of the wicked, The scepter of rulers…
Cross References
Isaiah 9:4
For You shall break the yoke of their burden and the staff on their shoulders, The rod of their oppressor, as at the battle of Midian.

Isaiah 13:1
The oracle concerning Babylon which Isaiah the son of Amoz saw.

Isaiah 14:5
"The LORD has broken the staff of the wicked, The scepter of rulers

Isaiah 16:4
"Let the outcasts of Moab stay with you; Be a hiding place to them from the destroyer." For the extortioner has come to an end, destruction has ceased, Oppressors have completely disappeared from the land.

Isaiah 49:26
"I will feed your oppressors with their own flesh, And they will become drunk with their own blood as with sweet wine; And all flesh will know that I, the LORD, am your Savior And your Redeemer, the Mighty One of Jacob."

Isaiah 51:13
That you have forgotten the LORD your Maker, Who stretched out the heavens And laid the foundations of the earth, That you fear continually all day long because of the fury of the oppressor, As he makes ready to destroy? But where is the fury of the oppressor?

Isaiah 54:14
"In righteousness you will be established; You will be far from oppression, for you will not fear; And from terror, for it will not come near you.

Jeremiah 27:7
"All the nations shall serve him and his son and his grandson until the time of his own land comes; then many nations and great kings will make him their servant.

Habakkuk 2:6
"Will not all of these take up a taunt-song against him, Even mockery and insinuations against him And say, 'Woe to him who increases what is not his-- For how long-- And makes himself rich with loans?'
Treasury of Scripture

That you shall take up this proverb against the king of Babylon, and say, How has the oppressor ceased! the golden city ceased!

proverb. or, taunting speech

Jeremiah 24:9 And I will deliver them to be removed into all the kingdoms of the …

Ezekiel 5:15 So it shall be a reproach and a taunt, an instruction and an astonishment …

Habakkuk 2:6 Shall not all these take up a parable against him, and a taunting …

how

Isaiah 14:6,17 He who smote the people in wrath with a continual stroke, he that …

Isaiah 47:5 Sit you silent, and get you into darkness, O daughter of the Chaldeans: …

Isaiah 49:26 And I will feed them that oppress you with their own flesh; and they …

Isaiah 51:23 But I will put it into the hand of them that afflict you; which have …

Jeremiah 25:9-14 Behold, I will send and take all the families of the north, said …

Jeremiah 27:6,7 And now have I given all these lands into the hand of Nebuchadnezzar …

Jeremiah 50:22,23 A sound of battle is in the land, and of great destruction…

Jeremiah 51:20-24,34,35 You are my battle ax and weapons of war: for with you will I break …

Daniel 7:19-25 Then I would know the truth of the fourth beast, which was diverse …

Habakkuk 1:2-10 O LORD, how long shall I cry, and you will not hear! even cry out …

Habakkuk 2:6-12,17 Shall not all these take up a parable against him, and a taunting …

Revelation 13:15-17 And he had power to give life to the image of the beast, that the …

Revelation 16:5,6 And I heard the angel of the waters say, You are righteous, O Lord, …

Revelation 17:6 And I saw the woman drunken with the blood of the saints, and with …

Revelation 18:5-8,20 For her sins have reached to heaven, and God has remembered her iniquities…

golden city. or, exactress of gold

Isaiah 13:19 And Babylon, the glory of kingdoms, the beauty of the Chaldees' excellency, …

Isaiah 45:2,3 I will go before you, and make the crooked places straight: I will …

2 Chronicles 36:18 And all the vessels of the house of God, great and small, and the …

Lamentations 4:1 How is the gold become dim! how is the most fine gold changed! the …

Daniel 2:38 And wherever the children of men dwell, the beasts of the field and …

Revelation 18:16 And saying, Alas, alas that great city, that was clothed in fine …

(4) That thou shalt take up this proverb against the king of Babylon.--The prophet appears once more (comp. Isaiah 5:1; Isaiah 12:1) in his character as a psalmist. In the mashal or taunting-song that follows, the generic meaning of "proverb" is specialised (as in Micah 2:4; Habakkuk 2:6; Deuteronomy 28:37, 1Kings 9:7, and elsewhere) for a derisive utterance in poetic or figurative speech. The LXX., singularly enough, renders the word here by "lamentation."

How hath the oppressor ceased.--If we take "the golden city" of the English version as the correct rendering, it finds a parallel in the epithet of "gold abounding" applied to Babylon by schylus (Pers. 53). The word so translated is, however, not found elsewhere, and the general consensus of recent critics, following in the wake of the Targum and the LXX., is in favour of the rendering, the task-master, or the place of torture. The Vulgate, how has the tribute ceased, expresses substantially the same thought. The marginal reading, exactress of gold, seems like an attempt to combine two different etymologies.

Verse 4. - Thou shalt take up this proverb; rather, this parable, as the word is translated in Numbers 23, and 24; in Job 26:1; Job 29:1; Psalm 49:4; Psalm 78:2; Ezekiel 17:2; Ezekiel 20:49; Ezekiel 21:5; Ezekiel 24:3; Micah 2:4; Habakkuk 2:6; or "this taunting speech," as our translators render in the margin (see Cheyne, ad loc.; and comp. Hebrews 2:6). The golden city. There are two readings here - mad-hebah and marhebah. The latter reading was preferred anciently, and is followed by the LXX., the Syriac and Chaldee Versions, the Targums, Ewald, Gesenius, and Mr. Cheyne. It would give the meaning of" the raging one." Madhebah, however, is preferred by Rosenmüller, Vitringa, and Dr. Kay. It is supposed to mean "golden," from d'hab, the Chaldee form of the Hebrew zahob, gold. But the question is pertinent - Why should a Chaldee form have been used by a Hebrew writer ignorant of Chaldee and Chaldea? That thou shall take up this proverb against the king of Babylon,.... Or "concerning" him, his fall, and the fall of the Babylonish monarchy with him; if we understand this of any particular king of Babylon, it seems best not to interpret it of Nebuchadnezzar, whom Jerom mentions, in whom the empire was in its greatest glory: but of Belshazzar, in whom it ended; the king of Babylon may be here considered as a type of antichrist, and what is said of the one may be applied to the other: the "proverb" or "parable" taken up into the mouth, and expressed concerning him, signifies a sharp and acute speech, a taunting one, full of ironies and sarcasms, and biting expressions, as the following one is. The Septuagint render it, a "lamentation"; and the Arabic version, a "mournful song"; but as this was to be taken up by the church and people of God, concerning their great enemy, whose destruction is here described, it may rather be called a triumphant song, rejoicing at his ruin, and insulting over him:

and say, how hath the oppressor ceased! he who oppressed us, and other nations, exacted tribute of us, and of others, and made us to serve with hard bondage, how is he come to nothing? by what means is he brought to ruin; by whom is this accomplished? who has been the author of it, and by whom effected? this is said as wondering how it should be brought about, and rejoicing that so it was:

the golden city ceased! the city of Babylon, full of gold, drawn thither from the various parts of the world, called a golden cup, Jeremiah 51:7 and the Babylonish monarchy, in the times of Nebuchadnezzar, was signified by a golden head, Daniel 2:32 so mystical Babylon, or the Romish antichrist, is represented as decked with gold, and having a golden cup in her hand; and as a city abounding with gold, Revelation 17:4. The word here used is a Chaldee or Syriac word (x), and perhaps is what was used by themselves, and is the name by which they called this city, and is now tauntingly returned; the word city is not in the text, but supplied. Some render "tribute" (y), a golden pension, a tribute of gold, which was exacted of the nations in subjection, but now ceased; and when that tyrant and oppressor, the Romish antichrist, shall cease that tribute which he exacts of the nations of the earth will cease also, as tithes, first fruits, annates, Peter's pence, &c.

(x) (y) "Tributum", V. L. Cocceius; "aurea pensio", Montanus; "aurum tributarium", Munster. Isa 14:4-23. The Jews' Triumphal Song Thereat.

"It moves in lengthened elegiac measure like a song of lamentation for the dead, and is full of lofty scorn" [Herder].

Isa 14:4-8. A Chorus of Jews Express Their Joyful Surprise at Babylon's Downfall.

The whole earth rejoices; the cedars of Lebanon taunt him.

4. proverb—The Orientals, having few books, embodied their thoughts in weighty, figurative, briefly expressed gnomes. Here a taunting song of triumph (Mic 2:4; Hab 2:6).

the king—the ideal representative of Babylon; perhaps Belshazzar (Da 5:1-31). The mystical Babylon is ultimately meant.

golden city—rather, "the exactress of gold" [Maurer]. But the old translators read differently in the Hebrew, "oppression," which the parallelism favors (compare Isa 3:5).14:1-23 The whole plan of Divine Providence is arranged with a view to the good of the people of God. A settlement in the land of promise is of God's mercy. Let the church receive those whom God receives. God's people, wherever their lot is cast, should endeavour to recommend religion by a right and winning conversation. Those that would not be reconciled to them, should be humbled by them. This may be applied to the success of the gospel, when those were brought to obey it who had opposed it. God himself undertakes to work a blessed change. They shall have rest from their sorrow and fear, the sense of their present burdens, and the dread of worse. Babylon abounded in riches. The king of Babylon having the absolute command of so much wealth, by the help of it ruled the nations. This refers especially to the people of the Jews; and it filled up the measure of the king of Babylon's sins. Tyrants sacrifice their true interest to their lusts and passions. It is gracious ambition to covet to be like the Most Holy, for he has said, Be ye holy, for I am holy; but it is sinful ambition to aim to be like the Most High, for he has said, He who exalts himself shall be abased. The devil thus drew our first parents to sin. Utter ruin should be brought upon him. Those that will not cease to sin, God will make to cease. He should be slain, and go down to the grave; this is the common fate of tyrants. True glory, that is, true grace, will go up with the soul to heaven, but vain pomp will go down with the body to the grave; there is an end of it. To be denied burial, if for righteousness' sake, may be rejoiced in, Mt 5:12. But if the just punishment of sin, it denotes that impenitent sinners shall rise to everlasting shame and contempt. Many triumphs should be in his fall. God will reckon with those that disturb the peace of mankind. The receiving the king of Babylon into the regions of the dead, shows there is a world of spirits, to which the souls of men remove at death. And that souls have converse with each other, though we have none with them; and that death and hell will be death and hell indeed, to all who fall unholy, from the height of this world's pomps, and the fulness of its pleasures. Learn from all this, that the seed of evil-doers shall never be renowned. The royal city is to be ruined and forsaken. Thus the utter destruction of the New Testament Babylon is illustrated, Re 18:2. When a people will not be made clean with the besom of reformation, what can they expect but to be swept off the face of the earth with the besom of destruction?
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