Deuteronomy 33:20
New International Version
About Gad he said: “Blessed is he who enlarges Gad’s domain! Gad lives there like a lion, tearing at arm or head.

New Living Translation
Moses said this about the tribe of Gad: “Blessed is the one who enlarges Gad’s territory! Gad is poised there like a lion to tear off an arm or a head.

English Standard Version
And of Gad he said, “Blessed be he who enlarges Gad! Gad crouches like a lion; he tears off arm and scalp.

Berean Standard Bible
Concerning Gad he said: “Blessed is he who enlarges the domain of Gad! He lies down like a lion and tears off an arm or a head.

King James Bible
And of Gad he said, Blessed be he that enlargeth Gad: he dwelleth as a lion, and teareth the arm with the crown of the head.

New King James Version
And of Gad he said: “Blessed is he who enlarges Gad; He dwells as a lion, And tears the arm and the crown of his head.

New American Standard Bible
Of Gad he said, “Blessed is the one who enlarges Gad; He lies down as a lion, And tears the arm, also the crown of the head.

NASB 1995
Of Gad he said, “Blessed is the one who enlarges Gad; He lies down as a lion, And tears the arm, also the crown of the head.

NASB 1977
And of Gad he said, “Blessed is the one who enlarges Gad; He lies down as a lion, And tears the arm, also the crown of the head.

Amplified Bible
Of Gad he said, “Blessed is the one who enlarges Gad; He lurks like a lioness, And tears the arm and the crown of the head.

Christian Standard Bible
He said about Gad: The one who enlarges Gad’s territory will be blessed. He lies down like a lion and tears off an arm or even a head.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
He said about Gad: The one who enlarges Gad’s territory will be blessed. He lies down like a lion and tears off an arm or even a head.

American Standard Version
And of Gad he said, Blessed be he that enlargeth Gad: He dwelleth as a lioness, And teareth the arm, yea, the crown of the head.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
And to Gad he said: “Blessed is he who enlarges Gad; he lives like a lion and he shatters the arm with the head.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
And to Gad he said, Blessed be he that enlarges Gad: as a lion he rested, having broken the arm and the ruler.

Contemporary English Version
Tribe of Gad, the LORD will bless you with more land. So shout his praises! Your tribe is like a lion ripping up its victim.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And to Gad he said: Blessed be Gad in his breadth: he hath rested as a lion, and hath seized upon the arm and the top of the head.

Good News Translation
About the tribe of Gad he said: "Praise God, who made their territory large. Gad waits like a lion To tear off an arm or a scalp.

International Standard Version
About Gad he said: "Blessed be the one who enlarges Gad! Like a roaring lion, he crouches, tearing arm and scalp.

JPS Tanakh 1917
And of Gad he said: Blessed be He that enlargeth Gad; He dwelleth as a lioness, And teareth the arm, yea, the crown of the head.

Literal Standard Version
And of Gad he said: Blessed is he who is enlarging Gad, He dwells as a lioness, And has torn the arm—also the crown!

New American Bible
Of Gad he said: Blessed be the one who has made Gad so vast! He lies there like a lion; he tears the arm, the head as well.

NET Bible
Of Gad he said: Blessed be the one who enlarges Gad. Like a lioness he will dwell; he will tear at an arm--indeed, a scalp.

New Revised Standard Version
And of Gad he said: Blessed be the enlargement of Gad! Gad lives like a lion; he tears at arm and scalp.

New Heart English Bible
Of Gad he said, "He who enlarges Gad is blessed. He dwells as a lioness, and tears the arm, yes, the crown of the head.

World English Bible
Of Gad he said, "He who enlarges Gad is blessed. He dwells as a lioness, and tears the arm, yes, the crown of the head.

Young's Literal Translation
And of Gad he said: -- Blessed of the Enlarger is Gad, As a lioness he doth tabernacle, And hath torn the arm -- also the crown!

Additional Translations ...
Context
Moses Blesses the Twelve Tribes
19They will call the peoples to a mountain; there they will offer sacrifices of righteousness. For they will feast on the abundance of the seas and the hidden treasures of the sand.” 20Concerning Gad he said: “Blessed is he who enlarges the domain of Gad! He lies down like a lion and tears off an arm or a head. 21He chose the best land for himself, because a ruler’s portion was reserved for him there. He came with the leaders of the people; he administered the LORD’s justice and His ordinances for Israel.”…

Cross References
Genesis 49:9
Judah is a young lion--my son, you return from the prey. Like a lion he crouches and lies down; like a lioness, who dares to rouse him?

Genesis 49:19
Gad will be attacked by raiders, but he will attack their heels.

Jeremiah 2:16
The men of Memphis and Tahpanhes have shaved the crown of your head.


Treasury of Scripture

And of Gad he said, Blessed be he that enlarges Gad: he dwells as a lion, and tears the arm with the crown of the head.

Blessed

Genesis 9:26,27
And he said, Blessed be the LORD God of Shem; and Canaan shall be his servant…

Joshua 13:8,10,24-28
With whom the Reubenites and the Gadites have received their inheritance, which Moses gave them, beyond Jordan eastward, even as Moses the servant of the LORD gave them; …

1 Chronicles 4:10
And Jabez called on the God of Israel, saying, Oh that thou wouldest bless me indeed, and enlarge my coast, and that thine hand might be with me, and that thou wouldest keep me from evil, that it may not grieve me! And God granted him that which he requested.

he dwelleth

1 Chronicles 5:18-21
The sons of Reuben, and the Gadites, and half the tribe of Manasseh, of valiant men, men able to bear buckler and sword, and to shoot with bow, and skilful in war, were four and forty thousand seven hundred and threescore, that went out to the war…











(20) Blessed be he that enlargeth Gad.--The mountains of Gilead shut him in.

He dwelleth as a lion.--See 1Chronicles 12:8, for eleven Gadites, "whose faces were as the faces of lions."

Verses 20, 21. - As in the blessing of Shem by Noah, God is praised for Shem's prosperity (Genesis 9:26), so here God is praised for the enlargement of the warlike tribe of Gad (cf. Genesis 49:19). He dwelleth as a lion; rather, as a lioness. Though the noun לָבִיא has a masc. termination, usage shows that it was the female and not the male that was thereby designated (see e.g., Genesis 49:9; Numbers 24:9, where it can hardly, be a mere synonym; and Job 4:11; Job 38:39, where the reference to the young of the animal accords better with the lioness than with the lion, Gesenius).

Parallel Commentaries ...


Hebrew
Concerning Gad
וּלְגָ֣ד (ū·lə·ḡāḏ)
Conjunctive waw, Preposition-l | Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 1410: Gad -- a son of Jacob, also his tribe and its territory, also a prophet

he said:
אָמַ֔ר (’ā·mar)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's 559: To utter, say

“Blessed [is]
בָּר֖וּךְ (bā·rūḵ)
Verb - Qal - QalPassParticiple - masculine singular
Strong's 1288: To kneel, to bless God, man, to curse

he who enlarges
מַרְחִ֣יב (mar·ḥîḇ)
Verb - Hifil - Participle - masculine singular construct
Strong's 7337: To be or grow wide or large

[the domain of] Gad!
גָּ֑ד (gāḏ)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 1410: Gad -- a son of Jacob, also his tribe and its territory, also a prophet

He lies down
שָׁכֵ֔ן (šā·ḵên)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's 7931: To settle down, abide, dwell

like a lion
כְּלָבִ֣יא (kə·lā·ḇî)
Preposition-k | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's 3833: To roar, a lion,

and tears off
וְטָרַ֥ף (wə·ṭā·rap̄)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Conjunctive perfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's 2963: To pluck off, pull to pieces, to supply with food

an arm
זְר֖וֹעַ (zə·rō·w·a‘)
Noun - feminine singular
Strong's 2220: The arm, the foreleg, force

or
אַף־ (’ap̄-)
Conjunction
Strong's 637: Meaning accession, yea, adversatively though

a head.
קָדְקֹֽד׃ (qā·ḏə·qōḏ)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's 6936: Head, crown of the head


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OT Law: Deuteronomy 33:20 Of Gad he said He who enlarges (Deut. De Du)
Deuteronomy 33:19
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