Deuteronomy 33
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Moses Blesses the Twelve Tribes

1This is the blessing that Moses, the man of God, pronounced upon the Israelites before his death. 2He said:

“The LORD came from Sinai

and dawned upon usa from Seir;

He shone forth from Mount Paran

and came with myriads of holy ones,

with flaming fire at His right hand.b

3Surely You love the people;

all the holy ones are in Your hand,

and they sit down at Your feet;c

each receives Your words—

4the law that Moses gave us,

the possession of the congregation of Jacob.

5So the LORD became King in Jeshurund

when the leaders of the people gathered,

together with the tribes of Israel.

6Let Reuben live and not die,

nore his men be few.”

7And concerning Judah he said:

“O LORD, hear the cry of Judah

and bring him to his people.

With his own hands he defends his cause,

but may You be a help against his foes.”

8Concerning Levi he said:

“Give Your Thummim to Levif

and Your Urim to Your godly one,

whom You tested at Massah

and contested at the waters of Meribah.

9He said of his father and mother,

‘I do not consider them.’

He disregarded his brothers

and did not know his own sons,

for they kept Your word

and maintained Your covenant.

10They will teach Your ordinances to Jacob

and Your law to Israel;

they will set incense before You

and whole burnt offerings on Your altar.

11Bless his substance, O LORD,

and accept the work of his hands.

Smash the loins of those who rise against him,

and of his foes so they can rise no more.”

12Concerning Benjamin he said:

“May the beloved of the LORD

rest secure in Him;

God shieldsg him all day long,

and upon His shoulders he rests.”

13Concerning Joseph he said:

“May his land be blessed by the LORD

with the dew of heaven’s bounty

and the watery depths that lie beneath,

14with the bountiful harvest from the sun

and the abundant yield of the seasons,

15with the best of the ancient mountains

and the bounty of the everlasting hills,

16with the choice gifts of the land and everything in it,

and with the favor of Him who dwelt in the burning bush.

May these rest on the head of Joseph

and crown the brow of the prince of his brothers.

17His majesty is like a firstborn bull

and his horns like those of a wild ox.

With them he will gore the nations,

even to the ends of the earth.

Such are the myriads of Ephraim,

and such are the thousands of Manasseh.”

18Concerning Zebulun he said:

“Rejoice, Zebulun, in your journeys,

and Issachar, in your tents.

19They will call the peoples to a mountain;

there they will offer sacrifices of righteousness.

For they will feast on the abundance of the seas

and the hidden treasures of the sand.”

20Concerning Gad he said:

“Blessed is he who enlarges

the domain of Gad!

He lies down like a lion

and tears off an arm or a head.

21He chose the best land for himself,

because a ruler’s portion was reserved for him there.

He came with the leaders of the people;

he administered the justice of the LORD

and His ordinances for Israel.”

22Concerning Dan he said:

“Dan is a lion’s cub,

leaping out of Bashan.”

23Concerning Naphtali he said:

“Naphtali is abounding with favor,

full of the blessing of the LORD;

he shall take possession

of the Sea and the south.”

24Concerning Asher he said:

“May Asher be the most blessed of sons;

may he be the most favored among his brothers

and dip his foot in oil.

25May the bolts of your gate be iron and bronze,

and your strength match your days.

26There is none like the God of Jeshurun,

who rides the heavens to your aid,

and the clouds in His majesty.

27The eternal God is your dwelling place,

and underneath are the everlasting arms.

He drives out the enemy before you,

giving the command, ‘Destroy him!’

28So Israel dwells securely;

the fountain of Jacob lives untroubled

in a land of grain and new wine,

where even the heavens drip with dew.

29Blessed are you, O Israel!

Who is like you, a people saved by the LORD?

He is the shield that protects you,

the sword in which you boast.

Your enemies will cower before you,

and you shall trample their high places.”

Footnotes:

2 a LXX, Syriac, Vulgate; Hebrew upon them
2 b Or with myriads of holy ones from the south, from his mountain slopes
3 c Or they follow in Your steps
5 d Jeshurun means the upright one, a term of endearment for Israel; also in verse 26
6 e Or but let
8 f DSS, LXX; MT does not include to Levi
12 g LXX; Hebrew He shields

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