2 Corinthians 8:2
New International Version
In the midst of a very severe trial, their overflowing joy and their extreme poverty welled up in rich generosity.

New Living Translation
They are being tested by many troubles, and they are very poor. But they are also filled with abundant joy, which has overflowed in rich generosity.

English Standard Version
for in a severe test of affliction, their abundance of joy and their extreme poverty have overflowed in a wealth of generosity on their part.

Berean Study Bible
In the terrible ordeal they suffered, their abundant joy and deep poverty overflowed into rich generosity.

Berean Literal Bible
that in much proof of tribulation, the abundance of their joy and of their deep poverty abounded into the riches of their generosity.

New American Standard Bible
that in a great ordeal of affliction their abundance of joy and their deep poverty overflowed in the wealth of their liberality.

King James Bible
How that in a great trial of affliction the abundance of their joy and their deep poverty abounded unto the riches of their liberality.

Christian Standard Bible
During a severe trial brought about by affliction, their abundant joy and their extreme poverty overflowed in a wealth of generosity on their part.

Contemporary English Version
Although they were going through hard times and were very poor, they were glad to give generously.

Good News Translation
They have been severely tested by the troubles they went through; but their joy was so great that they were extremely generous in their giving, even though they are very poor.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
During a severe testing by affliction, their abundance of joy and their deep poverty overflowed into the wealth of their generosity.

International Standard Version
In spite of their terrible ordeal of suffering, their abundant joy and deep poverty have led them to be abundantly generous.

NET Bible
that during a severe ordeal of suffering, their abundant joy and their extreme poverty have overflowed in the wealth of their generosity.

New Heart English Bible
how that in much proof of affliction the abundance of their joy and their deep poverty abounded to the riches of their liberality.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
For in the many trials of their afflictions there was an abundance to their joy, and the depth of their poverty was made to superabound in the wealth of their generosity.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
While they were being severely tested by suffering, their overflowing joy, along with their extreme poverty, has made them even more generous.

New American Standard 1977
that in a great ordeal of affliction their abundance of joy and their deep poverty overflowed in the wealth of their liberality.

Jubilee Bible 2000
how that in a great trial of tribulation the abundance of their joy and their deep poverty abounded unto the riches of their liberality.

King James 2000 Bible
How that in a great trial of affliction the abundance of their joy and their deep poverty abounded unto the riches of their liberality.

American King James Version
How that in a great trial of affliction the abundance of their joy and their deep poverty abounded to the riches of their liberality.

American Standard Version
how that in much proof of affliction the abundance of their joy and their deep poverty abounded unto the riches of their liberality.

Douay-Rheims Bible
That in much experience of tribulation, they have had abundance of joy; and their very deep poverty hath abounded unto the riches of their simplicity.

Darby Bible Translation
that in a great trial of affliction the abundance of their joy and their deep poverty has abounded to the riches of their [free-hearted] liberality.

English Revised Version
how that in much proof of affliction the abundance of their joy and their deep poverty abounded unto the riches of their liberality.

Webster's Bible Translation
That in a great trial of affliction, the abundance of their joy, and their deep poverty, abounded to the riches of their liberality.

Weymouth New Testament
how, while passing through great trouble, their boundless joy even amid their deep poverty has overflowed to increase their generous liberality.

World English Bible
how that in much proof of affliction the abundance of their joy and their deep poverty abounded to the riches of their liberality.

Young's Literal Translation
because in much trial of tribulation the abundance of their joy, and their deep poverty, did abound to the riches of their liberality;
Study Bible
Generosity Commended
1Now, brothers, we want you to know about the grace God has given the churches of Macedonia. 2In the terrible ordeal they suffered, their abundant joy and deep poverty overflowed into rich generosity. 3For I testify that they gave according to their ability and even beyond it. Of their own accord,…
Cross References
Matthew 20:15
Do I not have the right to do as I please with what is mine? Or are you envious because I am generous?'

Romans 2:4
Or do you disregard the riches of His kindness, tolerance, and patience, not realizing that God's kindness leads you to repentance?

Romans 12:8
if it is encouraging, let him encourage; if it is giving, let him give generously; if it is leading, let him lead with diligence; if it is showing mercy, let him do it cheerfully.

2 Corinthians 2:9
My purpose in writing you was to see if you would stand the test and be obedient in everything.

Treasury of Scripture

How that in a great trial of affliction the abundance of their joy and their deep poverty abounded to the riches of their liberality.

in.

1 Thessalonians 1:6 And you became followers of us, and of the Lord, having received …

1 Thessalonians 2:14 For you, brothers, became followers of the churches of God which …

1 Thessalonians 3:3,4 That no man should be moved by these afflictions: for yourselves …

the abundance.

Nehemiah 8:10-12 Then he said to them, Go your way, eat the fat, and drink the sweet, …

Acts 2:45,46 And sold their possessions and goods, and parted them to all men, …

their deep.

Mark 12:42-44 And there came a certain poor widow, and she threw in two mites, …

Luke 21:1-4 And he looked up, and saw the rich men casting their gifts into the treasury…

James 2:5 Listen, my beloved brothers, Has not God chosen the poor of this …

Revelation 2:9 I know your works, and tribulation, and poverty, (but you are rich) …

the riches.

2 Corinthians 6:10 As sorrowful, yet always rejoicing; as poor, yet making many rich; …

2 Corinthians 9:11,13 Being enriched in every thing to all bountifulness, which causes …

Deuteronomy 15:4 Save when there shall be no poor among you…

Proverbs 11:25 The liberal soul shall be made fat: and he that waters shall be watered …

Isaiah 32:5-8 The vile person shall be no more called liberal, nor the churl said …

liberality. Gr. simplicity.

2 Corinthians 1:12 For our rejoicing is this, the testimony of our conscience, that …

Romans 12:8 Or he that exhorts, on exhortation: he that gives, let him do it …







Lexicon
In
ἐν (en)
Preposition
Strong's Greek 1722: In, on, among. A primary preposition denoting position, and instrumentality, i.e. A relation of rest; 'in, ' at, on, by, etc.

[the] terrible
πολλῇ (pollē)
Adjective - Dative Feminine Singular
Strong's Greek 4183: Much, many; often.

ordeal
δοκιμῇ (dokimē)
Noun - Dative Feminine Singular
Strong's Greek 1382: A trial, proof; tried, approved character. From the same as dokimos; test; by implication, trustiness.

they suffered,
θλίψεως (thlipseōs)
Noun - Genitive Feminine Singular
Strong's Greek 2347: Persecution, affliction, distress, tribulation. From thlibo; pressure.

their
αὐτῶν (autōn)
Personal / Possessive Pronoun - Genitive Masculine 3rd Person Plural
Strong's Greek 846: He, she, it, they, them, same. From the particle au; the reflexive pronoun self, used of the third person, and of the other persons.

abundant
περισσεία (perisseia)
Noun - Nominative Feminine Singular
Strong's Greek 4050: Abundance, superfluity. From perisseuo; surplusage, i.e. Superabundance.

joy
χαρᾶς (charas)
Noun - Genitive Feminine Singular
Strong's Greek 5479: Joy, gladness, a source of joy. From chairo; cheerfulness, i.e. Calm delight.

and
καὶ (kai)
Conjunction
Strong's Greek 2532: And, even, also, namely.

deep
βάθους (bathous)
Noun - Genitive Neuter Singular
Strong's Greek 899: From the same as bathus; profundity, i.e. extent; mystery.

poverty
πτωχεία (ptōcheia)
Noun - Nominative Feminine Singular
Strong's Greek 4432: Poverty, destitution. From ptocheuo; beggary, i.e. Indigence.

overflowed
ἐπερίσσευσεν (eperisseusen)
Verb - Aorist Indicative Active - 3rd Person Singular
Strong's Greek 4052: From perissos; to superabound, be in excess, be superfluous; also to cause to superabound or excel.

into
εἰς (eis)
Preposition
Strong's Greek 1519: A primary preposition; to or into, of place, time, or purpose; also in adverbial phrases.

rich
πλοῦτος (ploutos)
Noun - Accusative Neuter Singular
Strong's Greek 4149: From the base of pletho; wealth, i.e. money, possessions, or abundance, richness, valuable bestowment.

generosity.
ἁπλότητος (haplotētos)
Noun - Genitive Feminine Singular
Strong's Greek 572: Simplicity, sincerity, purity, graciousness. From haplous; singleness, i.e. sincerity, or generosity.
(2) In a great trial of affliction.--We do not know what is specially referred to, but a community of Christians in a heathen city was always exposed to trials of this kind, and the temper shown before by the rulers at Philippi and the Jews of Thessalonica (Acts 16:19-20; Acts 17:5-6; 1Thessalonians 2:14) makes it almost certain that they would carry on at least a petty persecution with more or less persistency. The "poverty" at Philippi may possibly be connected with the preponderance of women in the Church there, as indicated in Acts 16:13. In the absence of the bread-winners of a household, Christian women in a Graeco-Roman city would find but scanty means of subsistence. In part, however, the churches were but sharers in a widely-spread distress. Macedonia and Achaia never recovered from the three wars between Caesar and Pompeius, between the Triumvirs and Brutus and Cassius, and between Augustus and Antonius. Under Tiberius, they petitioned for a diminution of their burdens, and were accordingly transferred for a time from the jurisdiction of the senate to that of the emperor, as involving a less heavy taxation.

Unto the riches of their liberality.--The primary meaning of the word, as in 2Corinthians 1:12 (where see Note), is simplicity, or singleness of purpose. That singleness, when shown in gifts, leads to "liberality," and so the word had acquired the secondary sense in which it seems here to be used. Tyndale, and Cranmer, however, give "singleness," and the Rhemish version "simplicity." "Liberality" first appears in that of Geneva.

Verse 2. - In a great trial of affliction; rather, in much testing of affliction; i.e. in an affliction which put to the proof their Christian character. "They were not simply afflicted," says St. Chrysostom, "but in such a way as also to become approved by their endurance." (For the word rendered "trial," see Romans 5:4, and in this Epistle, 2 Corinthians 2:9; 2 Corinthians 9:13; 2 Corinthians 13:3.) "Affliction" seems to have befallen the Churches of Macedonia very heavily (1 Thessalonians 1:6; 1 Thessalonians 2:14), chiefly through the jealousy of the Jews, who excited the hatred of the Gentiles (Acts 16:20; Acts 17:5, 13). The abundance of their joy. Another reference to joy in sadness (see on 2 Corinthians 7:4). There is not the least necessity to understand the verb "is" or "was" after this clause. "The abundance... abounded" is indeed a pleonasm, but is not at all unlike the style of St. Paul. He means to say that their joy overflowed their affliction, and their liberality overflowed their poverty (Mark 12:44). Their deep poverty; literally, their pauperism to the depth; their abysmal penury. Though they were βαθύπτωχοι, they showed themselves in generosity to be βαθυπλουτοι. Stanley refers to Arnold's 'Roman Commonwealth,' where he mentions that the provinces of Macedonia and Achaia, which had suffered greatly in the three civil wars, appealed successfully to Tiberius for a diminution of their burdens. The gift of the Macedonians was like the widow's mite (Luke 21:3, 4, where similar words occur - perisseuo, husterema). Of their liberality; rather, of their singleness of purpose or simplicity (Ephesians 6:5). The "grace" and single-heartedness to which he alludes showed themselves in liberality. 8:1-6 The grace of God must be owned as the root and fountain of all the good in us, or done by us, at any time. It is great grace and favour from God, if we are made useful to others, and forward to any good work. He commends the charity of the Macedonians. So far from needing that Paul should urge them, they prayed him to receive the gift. Whatever we use or lay out for God, it is only giving him what is his own. All we give for charitable uses, will not be accepted of God, nor turn to our advantage, unless we first give ourselves to the Lord. By ascribing all really good works to the grace of God, we not only give the glory to him whose due it is, but also show men where their strength is. Abundant spiritual joy enlarges men's hearts in the work and labour of love. How different this from the conduct of those who will not join in any good work, unless urged into it!
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Alphabetical: a abundance affliction and deep extreme generosity great in joy liberality most of ordeal Out overflowed overflowing poverty rich severe that the their trial up wealth welled

NT Letters: 2 Corinthians 8:2 How that in much proof of affliction (2 Cor. 2C iiC 2Cor ii cor iicor) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools
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