Romans 9:5
Parallel Verses
New International Version
Theirs are the patriarchs, and from them is traced the human ancestry of the Messiah, who is God over all, forever praised! Amen.

New Living Translation
Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob are their ancestors, and Christ himself was an Israelite as far as his human nature is concerned. And he is God, the one who rules over everything and is worthy of eternal praise! Amen.

English Standard Version
To them belong the patriarchs, and from their race, according to the flesh, is the Christ, who is God over all, blessed forever. Amen.

New American Standard Bible
whose are the fathers, and from whom is the Christ according to the flesh, who is over all, God blessed forever. Amen.

King James Bible
Whose are the fathers, and of whom as concerning the flesh Christ came, who is over all, God blessed for ever. Amen.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
The ancestors are theirs, and from them, by physical descent, came the Messiah, who is God over all, praised forever. Amen.

International Standard Version
To the Israelis belong the patriarchs, and from them, the Messiah descended, who is God over all, the one who is forever blessed. Amen.

NET Bible
To them belong the patriarchs, and from them, by human descent, came the Christ, who is God over all, blessed forever! Amen.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
And the Patriarchs; and from them The Messiah appeared in the flesh, who is The God Who is over all, to Whom are praises and blessings to the eternity of eternities, amen.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
The Messiah is descended from their ancestors according to his human nature. The Messiah is God over everything, forever blessed. Amen.

Jubilee Bible 2000
whose are the fathers, and of whom as concerning the flesh is the Christ, who is God over all things, blessed for all the ages. Amen.

King James 2000 Bible
Whose are the fathers, and of whom as concerning the flesh Christ came, who is over all, God blessed forever. Amen.

American King James Version
Whose are the fathers, and of whom as concerning the flesh Christ came, who is over all, God blessed for ever. Amen.

American Standard Version
whose are the fathers, and of whom is Christ as concerning the flesh, who is over all, God blessed for ever. Amen.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Whose are the fathers, and of whom is Christ, according to the flesh, who is over all things, God blessed for ever. Amen.

Darby Bible Translation
whose [are] the fathers; and of whom, as according to flesh, [is] the Christ, who is over all, God blessed for ever. Amen.

English Revised Version
whose are the fathers, and of whom is Christ as concerning the flesh, who is over all, God blessed for ever. Amen.

Webster's Bible Translation
Whose are the fathers, and from whom according to the flesh, Christ came, who is over all, God blessed for ever. Amen.

Weymouth New Testament
To them the Patriarchs belong, and from them in respect of His human lineage came the Christ, who is exalted above all, God blessed throughout the Ages. Amen.

World English Bible
of whom are the fathers, and from whom is Christ as concerning the flesh, who is over all, God, blessed forever. Amen.

Young's Literal Translation
whose are the fathers, and of whom is the Christ, according to the flesh, who is over all, God blessed to the ages. Amen.
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

9:1-5 Being about to discuss the rejection of the Jews and the calling of the Gentiles, and to show that the whole agrees with the sovereign electing love of God, the apostle expresses strongly his affection for his people. He solemnly appeals to Christ; and his conscience, enlightened and directed by the Holy Spirit, bore witness to his sincerity. He would submit to be treated as accursed, to be disgraced, crucified; and even for a time be in the deepest horror and distress; if he could rescue his nation from the destruction about to come upon them for their obstinate unbelief. To be insensible to the eternal condition of our fellow-creatures, is contrary both to the love required by the law, and the mercy of the gospel. They had long been professed worshippers of Jehovah. The law, and the national covenant which was grounded thereon, belonged to them. The temple worship was typical of salvation by the Messiah, and the means of communion with God. All the promises concerning Christ and his salvation were given to them. He is not only over all, as Mediator, but he is God blessed for ever.

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

Whose are the fathers,.... Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob; for, according to the (a) Jewish writers,

"they call none in Israel "fathers", but three, and they are Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob; and they call none "mothers" but four, and they are, Sarah, Rebecca, Rachel, and Leah:''

their descent from these fathers was a privilege, though they valued themselves too highly upon it; but what was the crown and glory of all, and which they took the least, though the apostle took the most notice of, is,

and of whom, as concerning the flesh, Christ came; that is, either of the fathers, or of the Israelites, from whom Christ, according to his human nature, sprung; being a son of Abraham, of the tribe of Judah, of the seed of David, and the son of Mary; hence the Messiah is called , "the Messiah or Christ of Israel" (b):

who is described as

over all, angels and men, being the creator, upholder, and governor of them; and as having another nature, a divine one, being

God, truly and properly God,

blessed for evermore; in himself, and to be blessed and praised by all creatures. The apostle alludes to that well known periphrastic name of God so much used by the Jews, , "the holy, blessed God"; to which, by way of assent and confirmation, the apostle puts his

Amen. Now all these particular privileges are mentioned by him, as what heightened his concern for these people; it filled him with heaviness and sorrow of heart, when he considered, that persons who had been partakers of such favours, and especially the last, that the Messiah should spring from them, be born of them, and among them, and yet that they should be given up to ruin and destruction.

(a) T. Bab. Beracot, fol. 16. 2. & Gloss. in ib. (b) Targum in Isaiah 16.1, 5. Mic. iv. 8.

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

5. Whose are the fathers—here, probably, the three great fathers of the covenant—Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob—by whom God condescended to name Himself (Ex 8:6, 13; Lu 20:37).

and—most exalted privilege of all, and as such, reserved to the last.

of whom as concerning the flesh—(See on [2238]Ro 1:3).

Christ came—or, "is Christ"

who is over all, God—rather, "God over all."

blessed for ever. Amen—To get rid of the bright testimony here borne to the supreme divinity of Christ, various expedients have been adopted: (1) To place a period, either after the words "concerning the flesh Christ came," rendering the next clause as a doxology to the Father—"God who is over all be blessed for ever"; or after the word "all"—thus, "Christ came, who is over all: God be blessed.", &c. [Erasmus, Locke, Fritzsche, Meyer, Jowett, &c.]. But it is fatal to this view, as even Socinus admits, that in other Scripture doxologies the word "Blessed" precedes the name of God on whom the blessing is invoked (thus: "Blessed be God," Ps 68:35; "Blessed be the Lord God, the God of Israel," Ps 72:18). Besides, any such doxology here would be "unmeaning and frigid in the extreme"; the sad subject on which he was entering suggesting anything but a doxology, even in connection with Christ's Incarnation [Alford]. (2) To transpose the words rendered "who is"; in which case the rendering would be, "whose (that is, the fathers') is Christ according to the flesh" [Crellius, Whiston, Taylor, Whitby]. But this is a desperate expedient, in the face of all manuscript authority; as is also the conjecture of Grotius and others, that the word "God" should be omitted from the text. It remains then, that we have here no doxology at all, but a naked statement of fact, that while Christ is "of" the Israelitish nation "as concerning the flesh," He is, in another respect, "God over all, blessed for ever." (In 2Co 11:31 the very Greek phrase which is here rendered "who is," is used in the same sense; and compare Ro 1:25, Greek). In this view of the passage, as a testimony to the supreme divinity of Christ, besides all the orthodox fathers, some of the ablest modern critics concur [Bengel, Tholuck, Stuart, Olshausen, Philippi, Alford, &c.]

Romans 9:5 Additional Commentaries
Context
Paul's Concern for the Jews
4who are Israelites, to whom belongs the adoption as sons, and the glory and the covenants and the giving of the Law and the temple service and the promises, 5whose are the fathers, and from whom is the Christ according to the flesh, who is over all, God blessed forever. Amen.
Cross References
Matthew 1:1
This is the genealogy of Jesus the Messiah the son of David, the son of Abraham:

John 1:1
In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God.

Acts 3:13
The God of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob, the God of our fathers, has glorified his servant Jesus. You handed him over to be killed, and you disowned him before Pilate, though he had decided to let him go.

Romans 1:3
regarding his Son, who as to his earthly life was a descendant of David,

Romans 1:25
They exchanged the truth about God for a lie, and worshiped and served created things rather than the Creator--who is forever praised. Amen.

Romans 11:28
As far as the gospel is concerned, they are enemies for your sake; but as far as election is concerned, they are loved on account of the patriarchs,

Colossians 1:16
For in him all things were created: things in heaven and on earth, visible and invisible, whether thrones or powers or rulers or authorities; all things have been created through him and for him.

Hebrews 7:24
but because Jesus lives forever, he has a permanent priesthood.
Treasury of Scripture

Whose are the fathers, and of whom as concerning the flesh Christ came, who is over all, God blessed for ever. Amen.

are the fathers.

Romans 11:28 As concerning the gospel, they are enemies for your sakes: but as …

Deuteronomy 10:15 Only the LORD had a delight in your fathers to love them, and he …

of whom.

Romans 1:3 Concerning his Son Jesus Christ our Lord, which was made of the seed …

Genesis 12:3 And I will bless them that bless you, and curse him that curses you: …

Genesis 49:10 The scepter shall not depart from Judah, nor a lawgiver from between …

Isaiah 7:14 Therefore the Lord himself shall give you a sign; Behold, a virgin …

Isaiah 11:1 And there shall come forth a rod out of the stem of Jesse, and a …

Matthew 1:1 The book of the generation of Jesus Christ, the son of David, the …

Luke 3:23 And Jesus himself began to be about thirty years of age, being (as …

2 Timothy 2:8 Remember that Jesus Christ of the seed of David was raised from the …

Revelation 22:16 I Jesus have sent my angel to testify to you these things in the …

who is.

Romans 10:12 For there is no difference between the Jew and the Greek: for the …

Psalm 45:6 Your throne, O God, is for ever and ever: the scepter of your kingdom …

Psalm 103:19 The LORD has prepared his throne in the heavens; and his kingdom rules over all.

Isaiah 9:6,7 For to us a child is born, to us a son is given: and the government …

Jeremiah 23:5,6 Behold, the days come, said the LORD, that I will raise to David …

Micah 5:2 But you, Bethlehem Ephratah, though you be little among the thousands …

John 1:1-3 In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the …

John 10:30 I and my Father are one.

Acts 20:28 Take heed therefore to yourselves, and to all the flock, over the …

Philippians 2:6-11 Who, being in the form of God, thought it not robbery to be equal with God…

Colossians 1:16 For by him were all things created, that are in heaven, and that …

1 Timothy 3:16 And without controversy great is the mystery of godliness: God was …

Hebrews 1:8-13 But to the Son he said, Your throne, O God, is for ever and ever: …

1 John 5:20 And we know that the Son of God is come, and has given us an understanding, …

blessed.

Romans 1:25 Who changed the truth of God into a lie, and worshipped and served …

Psalm 72:19 And blessed be his glorious name for ever: and let the whole earth …

2 Corinthians 11:31 The God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, which is blessed for …

1 Timothy 6:15 Which in his times he shall show, who is the blessed and only Potentate, …

Amen.

Deuteronomy 27:15 Cursed be the man that makes any graven or molten image, an abomination …

1 Kings 1:36 And Benaiah the son of Jehoiada answered the king, and said, Amen: …

1 Chronicles 16:36 Blessed be the LORD God of Israel for ever and ever. And all the …

Psalm 41:13 Blessed be the LORD God of Israel from everlasting, and to everlasting. …

Psalm 89:52 Blessed be the LORD for ever more. Amen, and Amen.

Psalm 106:48 Blessed be the LORD God of Israel from everlasting to everlasting: …

Jeremiah 28:6 Even the prophet Jeremiah said, Amen: the LORD do so: the LORD perform …

Matthew 6:13 And lead us not into temptation, but deliver us from evil: For your …

Matthew 28:20 Teaching them to observe all things whatever I have commanded you: …

1 Corinthians 14:16 Else when you shall bless with the spirit, how shall he that occupies …

Revelation 1:18 I am he that lives, and was dead; and, behold, I am alive for ever …

Revelation 5:14 And the four beasts said, Amen. And the four and twenty elders fell …

Revelation 22:20 He which testifies these things said, Surely I come quickly. Amen. …

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