Luke 23:2
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
And they began to accuse him, saying, "We have found this man subverting our nation. He opposes payment of taxes to Caesar and claims to be Messiah, a king."

New Living Translation
They began to state their case: "This man has been leading our people astray by telling them not to pay their taxes to the Roman government and by claiming he is the Messiah, a king."

English Standard Version
And they began to accuse him, saying, “We found this man misleading our nation and forbidding us to give tribute to Caesar, and saying that he himself is Christ, a king.”

Berean Study Bible
And they began to accuse Him, saying, "We found this man subverting our nation, forbidding payment of taxes to Caesar, and proclaiming Himself to be Christ, a king."

Berean Literal Bible
And they began to accuse Him, saying, "We found this man misleading our nation, and forbidding tribute to be given to Caesar, and declaring Himself to be Christ, a king."

New American Standard Bible
And they began to accuse Him, saying, "We found this man misleading our nation and forbidding to pay taxes to Caesar, and saying that He Himself is Christ, a King."

King James Bible
And they began to accuse him, saying, We found this fellow perverting the nation, and forbidding to give tribute to Caesar, saying that he himself is Christ a King.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
They began to accuse Him, saying, "We found this man subverting our nation, opposing payment of taxes to Caesar, and saying that He Himself is the Messiah, a King."

International Standard Version
They began to accuse him, "We found this man corrupting our nation, forbidding us to pay taxes to Caesar, and saying that he is the Messiah, a king."

NET Bible
They began to accuse him, saying, "We found this man subverting our nation, forbidding us to pay the tribute tax to Caesar and claiming that he himself is Christ, a king."

New Heart English Bible
They began to accuse him, saying, "We found this man perverting our nation, forbidding paying taxes to Caesar, and saying that he himself is the Messiah, a king."

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
And they began slandering him and they were saying, “We found this one seducing our people and he forbids giving head tax to Caesar, and he has said about himself that he is The King Messiah.”

GOD'S WORD® Translation
They began to accuse Jesus by saying, "We found that he stirs up trouble among our people: He keeps them from paying taxes to the emperor, and he says that he is Christ, a king."

New American Standard 1977
And they began to accuse Him, saying, “We found this man misleading our nation and forbidding to pay taxes to Caesar, and saying that He Himself is Christ, a King.”

Jubilee Bible 2000
And they began to accuse him, saying, We found this fellow perverting the nation and forbidding to give tribute to Caesar, saying that he himself is Christ a King.

King James 2000 Bible
And they began to accuse him, saying, We found this fellow perverting the nation, and forbidding to give tribute to Caesar, saying that he himself is Christ a King.

American King James Version
And they began to accuse him, saying, We found this fellow perverting the nation, and forbidding to give tribute to Caesar, saying that he himself is Christ a King.

American Standard Version
And they began to accuse him, saying, We found this man perverting our nation, and forbidding to give tribute to Caesar, and saying that he himself is Christ a king.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And they began to accuse him, saying: We have found this man perverting our nation, and forbidding to give tribute to Caesar, and saying that he is Christ the king.

Darby Bible Translation
And they began to accuse him, saying, We have found this [man] perverting our nation, and forbidding to give tribute to Caesar, saying that he himself is Christ, a king.

English Revised Version
And they began to accuse him, saying, We found this man perverting our nation, and forbidding to give tribute to Caesar, and saying that he himself is Christ a king.

Webster's Bible Translation
And they began to accuse him, saying, We found this man perverting the nation, and forbidding to give tribute to Cesar, saying, that he himself is Christ a king.

Weymouth New Testament
"We have found this man," they said, "an agitator among our nation, forbidding the payment of tribute to Caesar, and claiming to be himself an anointed king."

World English Bible
They began to accuse him, saying, "We found this man perverting the nation, forbidding paying taxes to Caesar, and saying that he himself is Christ, a king."

Young's Literal Translation
and began to accuse him, saying, 'This one we found perverting the nation, and forbidding to give tribute to Caesar, saying himself to be Christ a king.'
Study Bible
Jesus Before Pilate
1Then the whole council rose and led Jesus away to Pilate. 2And they began to accuse Him, saying, “We found this man subverting our nation, forbidding payment of taxes to Caesar, and proclaiming Himself to be Christ, a king.” 3So Pilate asked Him, “Are You the King of the Jews?” “You have said so,” Jesus replied.…
Cross References
Jeremiah 37:13
While he was at the Gate of Benjamin, a captain of the guard whose name was Irijah, the son of Shelemiah the son of Hananiah was there; and he arrested Jeremiah the prophet, saying, "You are going over to the Chaldeans!"

Matthew 27:11
Meanwhile Jesus stood before the governor, who questioned Him: "Are You the King of the Jews?" "You have said so," Jesus answered.

Mark 15:2
So Pilate questioned Him, "Are You the King of the Jews?" "You have said so," Jesus replied.

Luke 20:22
Is it lawful for us to pay taxes to Caesar or not?"

Luke 23:14
and said to them, "You brought me this man as one who was inciting the people to rebellion. I have examined Him here in your presence and found Him not guilty of your charges against Him.

John 18:29
So Pilate went out to them and asked, "What accusation are you bringing against this man?"

John 18:33
Pilate went back into the Praetorium, summoned Jesus, and asked Him, "Are You the King of the Jews?"

John 19:12
From this moment on, Pilate tried to release Him, but the Jews kept shouting, "If you release this man, you are not a friend of Caesar. Everyone who declares himself a king is defying Caesar."

Acts 17:7
and Jason has welcomed them into his home. They are all defying Caesar's decrees, saying there is another king, named Jesus!"

Romans 13:7
Pay everyone what you owe him: taxes to whom taxes are due, revenue to whom revenue is due, respect to whom respect is due, honor to whom honor is due.
Treasury of Scripture

And they began to accuse him, saying, We found this fellow perverting the nation, and forbidding to give tribute to Caesar, saying that he himself is Christ a King.

they.

Zechariah 11:8 Three shepherds also I cut off in one month; and my soul loathed …

Mark 15:3-5 And the chief priests accused him of many things: but he answered nothing…

John 18:30 They answered and said to him, If he were not a malefactor, we would …

perverting.

Luke 23:5 And they were the more fierce, saying, He stirs up the people, teaching …

1 Kings 18:17 And it came to pass, when Ahab saw Elijah, that Ahab said to him, …

Jeremiah 38:4 Therefore the princes said to the king, We beseech you, let this …

Amos 7:10 Then Amaziah the priest of Bethel sent to Jeroboam king of Israel, saying…

Acts 16:20,21 And brought them to the magistrates, saying, These men, being Jews, …

Acts 17:6,7 And when they found them not, they drew Jason and certain brothers …

Acts 24:5 For we have found this man a pestilent fellow, and a mover of sedition …

forbidding.

Luke 20:20-25 And they watched him, and sent forth spies, which should feign themselves …

1 Kings 21:10-13 And set two men, sons of Belial, before him, to bear witness against …

Psalm 35:11 False witnesses did rise up; they laid to my charge things that I knew not.

Psalm 62:4 They only consult to cast him down from his excellency: they delight …

Psalm 64:3-6 Who whet their tongue like a sword, and bend their bows to shoot …

Jeremiah 20:10 For I heard the defaming of many, fear on every side. Report, say …

Jeremiah 37:13-15 And when he was in the gate of Benjamin, a captain of the ward was …

Matthew 17:27 Notwithstanding, lest we should offend them, go you to the sea, and …

Matthew 22:21 They say to him, Caesar's. Then said he to them, Render therefore …

Matthew 26:59,60 Now the chief priests, and elders, and all the council, sought false …

Mark 12:17 And Jesus answering said to them, Render to Caesar the things that …

Mark 14:55,56 And the chief priests and all the council sought for witness against …

Acts 24:13 Neither can they prove the things whereof they now accuse me.

1 Peter 3:16-18 Having a good conscience; that, whereas they speak evil of you, as …

that.

Luke 22:69,70 Hereafter shall the Son of man sit on the right hand of the power of God…

Mark 14:61,62 But he held his peace, and answered nothing. Again the high priest …

John 18:36 Jesus answered, My kingdom is not of this world: if my kingdom were …

John 19:12 And from thereafter Pilate sought to release him: but the Jews cried …

(2) Perverting the nation, and forbidding to give tribute . . .--St. Luke's report of the accusation is more definite than that in the other Gospels. The question asked in Luke 20:20-26, was obviously intended to lead up to this; and though then baffled by our Lord's answer, the priests now brought, backed by false witnesses, the charge for which they had hoped to find evidence in His own words. It seems probable that these facts came to the writer's knowledge in the same way as those that immediately follow. (See Note on Luke 23:6.) It may be noted that the charge in the Greek is slightly enlarged. The question had referred, as reported by St. Matthew and St. Mark, to one form of tribute--the census, or poll-tax. The charge speaks of "taxes" in the plural, and uses the most general words. In Luke 20:22 the same word is used as in this verse, but in the singular. St. Paul, in a passage which may well have been based upon St. Luke's report of our Lord's words, uses the same term as St. Luke (Romans 13:6-7), first generically in the plural, and then in the singular as contrasted with customs duties.

Verse 2. - And they began to accuse him, saying, We found this fellow perverting the nation, and forbidding to give tribute to Caesar, saying that he himself Christ a King. To understand this scene perfectly we must read St. John's account in his eighteenth chapter (ver. 28 and following). From the place of meeting of the Sanhedrin, Jesus was led to the palace of Pilate, the Prsetorium. The Roman governor was evidently prepared for the case; for application must have been made to him the evening before for the guard which arrested Jesus in Gethsemane. St. John tells us that the delegates of the Sanhedrin entered not into the hall of judgment, "lest they should be defiled; but that they might eat the Passover." Pilate, who knew well from his past experience how fiercely these fanatics resented any slight offered to their religious feelings, wishing for his own purposes to conciliate them, went outside. These Jews, prior to eating the Passover, would not enter any dwelling from which all leaven had not been carefully removed; of course, this had not been the case in the palace of Pilate. The governor asks them, in St. John's account, what was their accusation against the Man. They replied that they had three charges:

(1) he had perverted the nation;

(2) he had forbidden that tribute should be given to Caesar;

(3) he had asserted that he was Christ a King. And they began to accuse him,.... After they found that Pilate would not receive him as a malefactor upon their word, and delivery of him to him as such; but insisted on knowing what they had to charge him with, and what accusation they had to bring against him:

saying, we have found this fellow perverting the nation; the nation of the Jews. Three of Beza's copies read, "our nation"; and so do the Vulgate Latin, and all the Oriental versions; and it is to be understood, either of his perverting the nation from the true doctrine of Moses and the prophets; by spreading among them new notions, and false principles of religion; whereby he was a troubler of God's Israel, as Ahab charged Elijah, 1 Kings 18:17 where the Septuagint use the same word as here; and so is a charge of heresy, or innovation in religion against Christ: and thus Jesus stands charged in their writings (o); on those words in Psalm 91:10. "Neither shall any plague come nigh thy dwelling", they have this note;

"that thou mayest not have a son, or a disciple, that corrupts his food publicly (i.e. his doctrine, who departs from the true doctrine and worship, to heresy and idolatry, and propagates the same), , "as Jesus the Nazarene".''

Which last clause, in some later editions of the Talmud, is left out: or it may be understood of his perverting the nation in their politics, and so is a charge of sedition against him, as follows;

forbidding to give tribute to Caesar; than which, nothing was more false; see Matthew 22:21 nor does what is after alleged, support this charge:

saying, that he himself is Christ, a King; or Christ the King, or the King Christ; that is, he whom the Jews so frequently in their writings call , "the King Messiah", for so he might be, and was, without any hurt to Caesar's dignity, or revenue; for though he was a king, yet not an earthly one; and though he had a kingdom, yet not of this world: indeed they would insinuate by this, that he set himself up as an earthly king, in opposition to Caesar, to draw off the people from him, and their allegiance and duty to him; and so the Jews say of Jesus of Nazareth, that he was put to death, and had no mercy shown him, because he was , "near to the kingdom" (p). The whole of this charge was untrue; he was so far from perverting the nation with false doctrine and worship, that he taught the true doctrine, and right way of worship, and refuted the false glosses of the Pharisees, and opposed the vain traditions of the elders, by which both were corrupted; and so far was he from any seditious principles and practices, or doing any injury to Tiberius Caesar, the then reigning emperor, that he taught the people to give Caesar the things that were Caesar's, and he himself paid the tribute money; and when the people would have took him by force, and have made him a king, he avoided it by getting out of the way, John 6:15.

(o) T. Bab. Sanhedrin, fol. 103. 1. & Beracot, fol, 17. 2.((p) T. Bab. Sanhedrin, fol. 43. 1.23:1-5 Pilate well understood the difference between armed forces and our Lord's followers. But instead of being softened by Pilate's declaration of his innocence, and considering whether they were not bringing the guilt of innocent blood upon themselves, the Jews were the more angry. The Lord brings his designs to a glorious end, even by means of those who follow the devices of their own hearts. Thus all parties joined, so as to prove the innocence of Jesus, who was the atoning sacrifice for our sins.
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