John 4:20
New International Version
Our ancestors worshiped on this mountain, but you Jews claim that the place where we must worship is in Jerusalem."

New Living Translation
So tell me, why is it that you Jews insist that Jerusalem is the only place of worship, while we Samaritans claim it is here at Mount Gerizim, where our ancestors worshiped?"

English Standard Version
Our fathers worshiped on this mountain, but you say that in Jerusalem is the place where people ought to worship.”

Berean Study Bible
Our forefathers worshiped on this mountain, but you Jews say that the place where one must worship is in Jerusalem.”

Berean Literal Bible
Our fathers worshiped on this mountain, and you say that in Jerusalem is the place where it is necessary to worship."

New American Standard Bible
"Our fathers worshiped in this mountain, and you people say that in Jerusalem is the place where men ought to worship."

King James Bible
Our fathers worshipped in this mountain; and ye say, that in Jerusalem is the place where men ought to worship.

Christian Standard Bible
Our fathers worshiped on this mountain, but you Jews say that the place to worship is in Jerusalem."

Contemporary English Version
My ancestors worshiped on this mountain, but you Jews say Jerusalem is the only place to worship."

Good News Translation
"My Samaritan ancestors worshiped God on this mountain, but you Jews say that Jerusalem is the place where we should worship God."

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Our fathers worshiped on this mountain, yet you Jews say that the place to worship is in Jerusalem."

International Standard Version
Our ancestors worshipped on this mountain. But you Jews say that the place where people should worship is in Jerusalem."

NET Bible
Our fathers worshiped on this mountain, and you people say that the place where people must worship is in Jerusalem."

New Heart English Bible
Our fathers worshiped in this mountain, and you say that in Jerusalem is the place where people ought to worship."

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
Our forefathers worshiped in this mountain, and you say that in Jerusalem is the place where it is necessary to worship.”

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Our ancestors worshiped on this mountain. But you Jews say that people must worship in Jerusalem."

New American Standard 1977
“Our fathers worshiped in this mountain, and you people say that in Jerusalem is the place where men ought to worship.”

Jubilee Bible 2000
Our fathers worshipped in this mountain, and ye say that in Jerusalem is the place where it is necessary to worship.

King James 2000 Bible
Our fathers worshiped in this mountain; and you say, that in Jerusalem is the place where men ought to worship.

American King James Version
Our fathers worshipped in this mountain; and you say, that in Jerusalem is the place where men ought to worship.

American Standard Version
Our fathers worshipped in this mountain; and ye say, that in Jerusalem is the place where men ought to worship.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Our fathers adored on this mountain, and you say, that at Jerusalem is the place where men must adore.

Darby Bible Translation
Our fathers worshipped in this mountain, and ye say that in Jerusalem is the place where one must worship.

English Revised Version
Our fathers worshipped in this mountain; and ye say, that in Jerusalem is the place where men ought to worship.

Webster's Bible Translation
Our fathers worshiped in this mountain; and ye say, that in Jerusalem is the place where men ought to worship.

Weymouth New Testament
Our forefathers worshipped on this mountain, but you Jews say that the place where people must worship is in Jerusalem."

World English Bible
Our fathers worshiped in this mountain, and you Jews say that in Jerusalem is the place where people ought to worship."

Young's Literal Translation
our fathers in this mountain did worship, and ye -- ye say that in Jerusalem is the place where it behoveth to worship.'
Study Bible
Jesus and the Samaritan Woman
19“Sir,” the woman said, “I see that You are a prophet. 20Our forefathers worshiped on this mountain, but you Jews say that the place where one must worship is in Jerusalem.” 21“Believe Me, woman,” Jesus replied, “a time is coming when you will worship the Father neither on this mountain nor in Jerusalem.…
Cross References
Genesis 33:20
There he set up an altar and called it El-Elohe-Israel.

Deuteronomy 11:29
When the LORD your God brings you into the land you are entering to possess, you are to proclaim the blessing on Mount Gerizim and the curse on Mount Ebal.

Joshua 8:33
All Israel, foreigners and citizens alike, with their elders, officers, and judges, stood on both sides of the ark of the covenant of the LORD facing the Levitical priests who carried it. Half of the people stood in front of Mount Gerizim and half of them in front of Mount Ebal, as Moses the servant of the LORD had commanded earlier to bless the people of Israel.

Isaiah 66:1
This is what the LORD says: "Heaven is My throne, and earth is My footstool. What kind of house will you build for Me? Or where will be My place of repose?

Luke 9:53
But the people there refused to welcome Him, because He was heading for Jerusalem.

John 4:12
Are You greater than our father Jacob, who gave us this well and drank from it himself, as did his sons and his livestock?"

Treasury of Scripture

Our fathers worshipped in this mountain; and you say, that in Jerusalem is the place where men ought to worship.

fathers.

Genesis 12:6,7
And Abram passed through the land unto the place of Sichem, unto the plain of Moreh. And the Canaanite was then in the land…

Genesis 33:18-20
And Jacob came to Shalem, a city of Shechem, which is in the land of Canaan, when he came from Padanaram; and pitched his tent before the city…

Deuteronomy 27:12
These shall stand upon mount Gerizim to bless the people, when ye are come over Jordan; Simeon, and Levi, and Judah, and Issachar, and Joseph, and Benjamin:

and ye.

Deuteronomy 12:5-11
But unto the place which the LORD your God shall choose out of all your tribes to put his name there, even unto his habitation shall ye seek, and thither thou shalt come: …

1 Kings 9:3
And the LORD said unto him, I have heard thy prayer and thy supplication, that thou hast made before me: I have hallowed this house, which thou hast built, to put my name there for ever; and mine eyes and mine heart shall be there perpetually.

1 Chronicles 21:26
And David built there an altar unto the LORD, and offered burnt offerings and peace offerings, and called upon the LORD; and he answered him from heaven by fire upon the altar of burnt offering.







Lexicon
Our
ἡμῶν (hēmōn)
Personal / Possessive Pronoun - Genitive 1st Person Plural
Strong's Greek 1473: I, the first-person pronoun. A primary pronoun of the first person I.

forefathers
πατέρες (pateres)
Noun - Nominative Masculine Plural
Strong's Greek 3962: Father, (Heavenly) Father, ancestor, elder, senior. Apparently a primary word; a 'father'.

worshiped
προσεκύνησαν (prosekynēsan)
Verb - Aorist Indicative Active - 3rd Person Plural
Strong's Greek 4352: From pros and a probable derivative of kuon; to fawn or crouch to, i.e. prostrate oneself in homage.

on
ἐν (en)
Preposition
Strong's Greek 1722: In, on, among. A primary preposition denoting position, and instrumentality, i.e. A relation of rest; 'in, ' at, on, by, etc.

this
τούτῳ (toutō)
Demonstrative Pronoun - Dative Neuter Singular
Strong's Greek 3778: This; he, she, it.

mountain,
ὄρει (orei)
Noun - Dative Neuter Singular
Strong's Greek 3735: A mountain, hill. Probably from an obsolete oro; a mountain: -hill, mount(-ain).

but
καὶ (kai)
Conjunction
Strong's Greek 2532: And, even, also, namely.

you [ Jews ]
ὑμεῖς (hymeis)
Personal / Possessive Pronoun - Nominative 2nd Person Plural
Strong's Greek 4771: You. The person pronoun of the second person singular; thou.

say
λέγετε (legete)
Verb - Present Indicative Active - 2nd Person Plural
Strong's Greek 3004: (a) I say, speak; I mean, mention, tell, (b) I call, name, especially in the pass., (c) I tell, command.

that
ὅτι (hoti)
Conjunction
Strong's Greek 3754: Neuter of hostis as conjunction; demonstrative, that; causative, because.

the
(ho)
Article - Nominative Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 3588: The, the definite article. Including the feminine he, and the neuter to in all their inflections; the definite article; the.

place
τόπος (topos)
Noun - Nominative Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 5117: Apparently a primary word; a spot, i.e. Location; figuratively, condition, opportunity; specially, a scabbard.

where
ὅπου (hopou)
Adverb
Strong's Greek 3699: Where, whither, in what place. From hos and pou; what(-ever) where, i.e. At whichever spot.

[one] must
δεῖ (dei)
Verb - Present Indicative Active - 3rd Person Singular
Strong's Greek 1163: Third person singular active present of deo; also deon deh-on'; neuter active participle of the same; both used impersonally; it is Necessary.

worship
προσκυνεῖν (proskynein)
Verb - Present Infinitive Active
Strong's Greek 4352: From pros and a probable derivative of kuon; to fawn or crouch to, i.e. prostrate oneself in homage.

is
ἐστὶν (estin)
Verb - Present Indicative Active - 3rd Person Singular
Strong's Greek 1510: I am, exist. The first person singular present indicative; a prolonged form of a primary and defective verb; I exist.

in
ἐν (en)
Preposition
Strong's Greek 1722: In, on, among. A primary preposition denoting position, and instrumentality, i.e. A relation of rest; 'in, ' at, on, by, etc.

Jerusalem.”
Ἱεροσολύμοις (Hierosolymois)
Noun - Dative Neuter Plural
Strong's Greek 2414: The Greek form of the Hebrew name: Jerusalem. Of Hebrew origin; Hierosolyma
(20) Our fathers worshipped.--She gives a sudden turn to the conversation. It is not that the question of worship is the all-engrossing problem of her mind, for which she seeks solution at this prophet's hands. Such questions hardly came then within the circle of a Samaritan woman's thoughts, and this woman's life had not been such as to make her an exception to the rule; but the heart, quivering before the eye that reads it as it never before had read itself, shrinks from the light that is let in upon it. She will speak of anything rather than of self. There is the mountain overhanging them, the theme of many a discussion between Samaritan and Jew; she will ask the prophet to decide that question.

Verse 20. - Our fathers. The "our" refers here to the Samaritans, just as the "ye" does to the Jews. She may be going back once more to Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, who worshipped and laboured at Shechem - but the mountain itself was not the site of a temple until the days of Nehemiah, and the temple in which the apostate Manasseh, son of Jaddua, offered sacrifices had been destroyed for nearly a hundred and fifty years. A chronological, if not more serious, difference is apparent between Nehemiah and Josephus (Josephus, 'Ant.,' 11:08. 2; Nehemiah 13:28). According to the former, the Samaritan schism which led to the erection of the temple was a hundred years before the period assigned by Josephus. For whereas Nehemiah says that the apostate priest whom he chased away was son-in-law of Sanballat, the Persian satrap in Samaria, Josephus makes Sanballat contemporary with Alexander, and represents the establishment of the Samaritan temple as originating with his approval. Josephus further ('Ant.,' 13:09, 1) says that the temple was destroyed by Hyrcanus, about B.C. 129, and adds that it had stood two hundred years. The temple was destroyed, but "the mountain of blessing" remained for the Samaritans as a place of prayer ('Ant.,' 18:04. 1; 'Bell. Jud.,' 1:02, 6). This was conserved, on the ground that Abraham and Jacob had here built altars (Deuteronomy 11:26; Deuteronomy 27:4-13). In Deuteronomy 27:4, however, Mount Ebal in mentioned as the place where an altar had been first built to Jehovah. In the Samaritan Pentateuch the word "Gerizim" had in this place been substituted for "Ebal;" and so it came to pass that Gerizim had been a place of prayer throughout the long interval When Jesus was at Jacob's well, he could see the ruins of the edifice where sacrifice and praises were being offered. Indeed, these have continued to the present day. The oldest shrine in the world for local worship still holds its own, hard by the very spot where the most complete overthrow of the principle of sacred places fell in divinest words from the lips of the Holy One. Our fathers worshipped in this mountain - Gerizim, where the ruins of the temple still abide - and ye say, that in Jerusalem is the place where men must worship. Jerusalem is not mentioned in their sacred books - Jerusalem, whose unity of sanctuary was recognized at length as the τόπος where the Lord would put his Name, and where alone the sacrifices could possess their historic and symbolic validity. Whensoever the Pentateuch may have been finally edited, all critics will allow that, at the time of the Lord, and in the Samaritan Version of the Pentateuch, the idea of such unity of sanctuary was a fixed principle. The Samaritans claimed Gerizim, and the Jews Moriah, as the place where Abraham offered his typical sacrifice, and both regarded the worship celebrated in their favourite shrine - the daily offering, the annual feasts (the Passover especially) - as giving worthiness to all the prayers and praises which they might be induced to offer in all places where they might sojourn. The woman does not submit to our Lord that he may settle this great question for her, but she makes it clear enough that she would like to know his verdict. The worship was the sacrificial worship where sin such as hers could alone be cleansed, and where her conscience could be set free for calm and continuous communion with God. 4:4-26 There was great hatred between the Samaritans and the Jews. Christ's road from Judea to Galilee lay through Samaria. We should not go into places of temptation but when we needs must; and then must not dwell in them, but hasten through them. We have here our Lord Jesus under the common fatigue of travellers. Thus we see that he was truly a man. Toil came in with sin; therefore Christ, having made himself a curse for us, submitted to it. Also, he was a poor man, and went all his journeys on foot. Being wearied, he sat thus on the well; he had no couch to rest upon. He sat thus, as people wearied with travelling sit. Surely, we ought readily to submit to be like the Son of God in such things as these. Christ asked a woman for water. She was surprised because he did not show the anger of his own nation against the Samaritans. Moderate men of all sides are men wondered at. Christ took the occasion to teach her Divine things: he converted this woman, by showing her ignorance and sinfulness, and her need of a Saviour. By this living water is meant the Spirit. Under this comparison the blessing of the Messiah had been promised in the Old Testament. The graces of the Spirit, and his comforts, satisfy the thirsting soul, that knows its own nature and necessity. What Jesus spake figuratively, she took literally. Christ shows that the water of Jacob's well yielded a very short satisfaction. Of whatever waters of comfort we drink, we shall thirst again. But whoever partakes of the Spirit of grace, and the comforts of the gospel, shall never want that which will abundantly satisfy his soul. Carnal hearts look no higher than carnal ends. Give it me, saith she, not that I may have everlasting life, which Christ proposed, but that I come not hither to draw. The carnal mind is very ingenious in shifting off convictions, and keeping them from fastening. But how closely our Lord Jesus brings home the conviction to her conscience! He severely reproved her present state of life. The woman acknowledged Christ to be a prophet. The power of his word in searching the heart, and convincing the conscience of secret things, is a proof of Divine authority. It should cool our contests, to think that the things we are striving about are passing away. The object of worship will continue still the same, God, as a Father; but an end shall be put to all differences about the place of worship. Reason teaches us to consult decency and convenience in the places of our worship; but religion gives no preference to one place above another, in respect of holiness and approval with God. The Jews were certainly in the right. Those who by the Scriptures have obtained some knowledge of God, know whom they worship. The word of salvation was of the Jews. It came to other nations through them. Christ justly preferred the Jewish worship before the Samaritan, yet here he speaks of the former as soon to be done away. God was about to be revealed as the Father of all believers in every nation. The spirit or the soul of man, as influenced by the Holy Spirit, must worship God, and have communion with him. Spiritual affections, as shown in fervent prayers, supplications, and thanksgivings, form the worship of an upright heart, in which God delights and is glorified. The woman was disposed to leave the matter undecided, till the coming of the Messiah. But Christ told her, I that speak to thee, am He. She was an alien and a hostile Samaritan, merely speaking to her was thought to disgrace our Lord Jesus. Yet to this woman did our Lord reveal himself more fully than as yet he had done to any of his disciples. No past sins can bar our acceptance with him, if we humble ourselves before him, believing in him as the Christ, the Saviour of the world.
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