Exodus 32:31
New International Version
So Moses went back to the LORD and said, “Oh, what a great sin these people have committed! They have made themselves gods of gold.

New Living Translation
So Moses returned to the LORD and said, “Oh, what a terrible sin these people have committed. They have made gods of gold for themselves.

English Standard Version
So Moses returned to the LORD and said, “Alas, this people has sinned a great sin. They have made for themselves gods of gold.

Berean Study Bible
So Moses returned to the LORD and said, “Oh, what a great sin these people have committed! They have made gods of gold for themselves.

King James Bible
And Moses returned unto the LORD, and said, Oh, this people have sinned a great sin, and have made them gods of gold.

New King James Version
Then Moses returned to the LORD and said, “Oh, these people have committed a great sin, and have made for themselves a god of gold!

New American Standard Bible
Then Moses returned to the LORD and said, “Oh, this people has committed a great sin, and they have made a god of gold for themselves!

NASB 1995
Then Moses returned to the LORD, and said, “Alas, this people has committed a great sin, and they have made a god of gold for themselves.

NASB 1977
Then Moses returned to the LORD, and said, “Alas, this people has committed a great sin, and they have made a god of gold for themselves.

Amplified Bible
So Moses returned to the LORD, and said, “Oh, these people have committed a great sin [against You], and have made themselves a god of gold.

Christian Standard Bible
So Moses returned to the LORD and said, “Oh, these people have committed a grave sin; they have made a god of gold for themselves.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
So Moses returned to the LORD and said, “Oh, these people have committed a grave sin; they have made a god of gold for themselves.

American Standard Version
And Moses returned unto Jehovah, and said, Oh, this people have sinned a great sin, and have made them gods of gold.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
And it was the day after it and Moshe said to the people, “You have sinned this great sin; now I shall ascend to LORD JEHOVAH; perhaps He shall forgive your debts.”

Brenton Septuagint Translation
And Moses returned to the Lord and said, I pray, O Lord, this people has sinned a great sin, and they have made for themselves golden gods.

Contemporary English Version
Moses returned to the LORD and said, "The people have committed a terrible sin. They have made a gold idol to be their god.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And returning to the Lord, he said: I beseech thee: this people hath sinned a heinous sin, and they have made to themselves gods of gold: either forgive them this trespass,

Good News Translation
Moses then returned to the LORD and said, "These people have committed a terrible sin. They have made a god out of gold and worshiped it.

International Standard Version
Moses returned to the LORD and said, "Please, LORD, this people committed a great sin by making a god of gold for themselves.

JPS Tanakh 1917
And Moses returned unto the LORD, and said: 'Oh, this people have sinned a great sin, and have made them a god of gold.

Literal Standard Version
And Moses turns back to YHWH and says, “Ah, now this people has sinned a great sin, that they make a god of gold for themselves;

New American Bible
So Moses returned to the LORD and said, “Ah, this people has committed a grave sin in making a god of gold for themselves!

NET Bible
So Moses returned to the LORD and said, "Alas, this people has committed a very serious sin, and they have made for themselves gods of gold.

New Revised Standard Version
So Moses returned to the LORD and said, “Alas, this people has sinned a great sin; they have made for themselves gods of gold.

New Heart English Bible
Moses returned to the LORD, and said, "Oh, this people have sinned a great sin, and have made themselves gods of gold.

World English Bible
Moses returned to Yahweh, and said, "Oh, this people have sinned a great sin, and have made themselves gods of gold.

Young's Literal Translation
And Moses turneth back unto Jehovah, and saith, 'Oh this people hath sinned a great sin, that they make to themselves a god of gold;

Additional Translations ...
Context
Moses Intercedes for Israel
30The next day Moses said to the people, “You have committed a great sin. Now I will go up to the LORD; perhaps I can make atonement for your sin.” 31So Moses returned to the LORD and said, “Oh, what a great sin these people have committed! They have made gods of gold for themselves. 32Yet now, if You would only forgive their sin.... But if not, please blot me out of the book that You have written.”…

Cross References
Exodus 20:23
You are not to make any gods alongside Me; you are not to make for yourselves gods of silver or gold.

Nehemiah 9:18
Even when they cast for themselves an image of a calf and said, 'This is your God who brought you up out of Egypt,' and when they committed terrible blasphemies,


Treasury of Scripture

And Moses returned to the LORD, and said, Oh, this people have sinned a great sin, and have made them gods of gold.

returned

Exodus 34:28
And he was there with the LORD forty days and forty nights; he did neither eat bread, nor drink water. And he wrote upon the tables the words of the covenant, the ten commandments.

Deuteronomy 9:18,19
And I fell down before the LORD, as at the first, forty days and forty nights: I did neither eat bread, nor drink water, because of all your sins which ye sinned, in doing wickedly in the sight of the LORD, to provoke him to anger…

sinned

Exodus 32:30
And it came to pass on the morrow, that Moses said unto the people, Ye have sinned a great sin: and now I will go up unto the LORD; peradventure I shall make an atonement for your sin.

Ezra 9:6,7,15
And said, O my God, I am ashamed and blush to lift up my face to thee, my God: for our iniquities are increased over our head, and our trespass is grown up unto the heavens…

Nehemiah 9:33
Howbeit thou art just in all that is brought upon us; for thou hast done right, but we have done wickedly:

made

Exodus 20:4,23
Thou shalt not make unto thee any graven image, or any likeness of any thing that is in heaven above, or that is in the earth beneath, or that is in the water under the earth: …











(31) Moses returned unto the Lord--i.e., re-ascended Sinai, to the place where he had passed the forty days and nights.

Gods of gold.--Rather, a god of gold. (Comp. Note 3 on Exodus 32:1.) The plural is one of dignity.

Verse 31. - Gods of gold. Rather "a god of gold."

Parallel Commentaries ...


Hebrew
So Moses
מֹשֶׁ֛ה (mō·šeh)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 4872: Moses -- a great Israelite leader, prophet and lawgiver

returned
וַיָּ֧שָׁב (way·yā·šāḇ)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's 7725: To turn back, in, to retreat, again

to
אֶל־ (’el-)
Preposition
Strong's 413: Near, with, among, to

the LORD
יְהוָ֖ה (Yah·weh)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 3068: LORD -- the proper name of the God of Israel

and said,
וַיֹּאמַ֑ר (way·yō·mar)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's 559: To utter, say

“Oh,
אָ֣נָּ֗א (’ān·nā)
Interjection
Strong's 577: Ah, now! I (we) beseech you!

what a great
גְדֹלָ֔ה (ḡə·ḏō·lāh)
Adjective - feminine singular
Strong's 1419: Great, older, insolent

sin
חֲטָאָ֣ה (ḥă·ṭā·’āh)
Noun - feminine singular
Strong's 2401: An offence, a sacrifice for, it

these
הַזֶּה֙ (haz·zeh)
Article | Pronoun - masculine singular
Strong's 2088: This, that

people
הָעָ֤ם (hā·‘ām)
Article | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's 5971: A people, a tribe, troops, attendants, a flock

have committed;
חָטָ֞א (ḥā·ṭā)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's 2398: To miss, to sin, to forfeit, lack, expiate, repent, lead astray, condemn

they have made
וַיַּֽעֲשׂ֥וּ (way·ya·‘ă·śū)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine plural
Strong's 6213: To do, make

gods
אֱלֹהֵ֥י (’ĕ·lō·hê)
Noun - masculine plural construct
Strong's 430: gods -- the supreme God, magistrates, a superlative

of gold
זָהָֽב׃ (zā·hāḇ)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's 2091: Gold, something gold-colored, as oil, a clear sky

for themselves.
לָהֶ֖ם (lā·hem)
Preposition | third person masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew


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OT Law: Exodus 32:31 Moses returned to Yahweh and said Oh (Exo. Ex)
Exodus 32:30
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