Exodus 32:31
New International Version
So Moses went back to the LORD and said, "Oh, what a great sin these people have committed! They have made themselves gods of gold.

New Living Translation
So Moses returned to the LORD and said, "Oh, what a terrible sin these people have committed. They have made gods of gold for themselves.

English Standard Version
So Moses returned to the LORD and said, “Alas, this people has sinned a great sin. They have made for themselves gods of gold.

Berean Study Bible
So Moses returned to the LORD and said, “Oh, what a great sin these people have committed; they have made gods of gold for themselves.

New American Standard Bible
Then Moses returned to the LORD, and said, "Alas, this people has committed a great sin, and they have made a god of gold for themselves.

King James Bible
And Moses returned unto the LORD, and said, Oh, this people have sinned a great sin, and have made them gods of gold.

Christian Standard Bible
So Moses returned to the LORD and said, "Oh, these people have committed a grave sin; they have made a god of gold for themselves.

Contemporary English Version
Moses returned to the LORD and said, "The people have committed a terrible sin. They have made a gold idol to be their god.

Good News Translation
Moses then returned to the LORD and said, "These people have committed a terrible sin. They have made a god out of gold and worshiped it.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
So Moses returned to the LORD and said, "Oh, these people have committed a grave sin; they have made a god of gold for themselves.

International Standard Version
Moses returned to the LORD and said, "Please, LORD, this people committed a great sin by making a god of gold for themselves.

NET Bible
So Moses returned to the LORD and said, "Alas, this people has committed a very serious sin, and they have made for themselves gods of gold.

New Heart English Bible
Moses returned to the LORD, and said, "Oh, this people have sinned a great sin, and have made themselves gods of gold.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
So Moses went back to the LORD and said, "These people have committed such a serious sin! They made gods out of gold for themselves.

JPS Tanakh 1917
And Moses returned unto the LORD, and said: 'Oh, this people have sinned a great sin, and have made them a god of gold.

New American Standard 1977
Then Moses returned to the LORD, and said, “Alas, this people has committed a great sin, and they have made a god of gold for themselves.

Jubilee Bible 2000
Then Moses returned unto the LORD and said, I pray thee, for, this people who have sinned a great sin and have made themselves gods of gold,

King James 2000 Bible
And Moses returned unto the LORD, and said, Oh, this people have sinned a great sin, and have made them gods of gold.

American King James Version
And Moses returned to the LORD, and said, Oh, this people have sinned a great sin, and have made them gods of gold.

American Standard Version
And Moses returned unto Jehovah, and said, Oh, this people have sinned a great sin, and have made them gods of gold.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
And Moses returned to the Lord and said, I pray, O Lord, this people has sinned a great sin, and they have made for themselves golden gods.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And returning to the Lord, he said: I beseech thee: this people hath sinned a heinous sin, and they have made to themselves gods of gold: either forgive them this trespass,

Darby Bible Translation
And Moses returned to Jehovah, and said, Alas, this people has sinned a great sin, and they have made themselves a god of gold!

English Revised Version
And Moses returned unto the LORD, and said, Oh, this people have sinned a great sin, and have made them gods of gold.

Webster's Bible Translation
And Moses returned to the LORD, and said, Oh, this people have sinned a great sin, and have made them gods of gold.

World English Bible
Moses returned to Yahweh, and said, "Oh, this people have sinned a great sin, and have made themselves gods of gold.

Young's Literal Translation
And Moses turneth back unto Jehovah, and saith, 'Oh this people hath sinned a great sin, that they make to themselves a god of gold;
Study Bible
Moses Intercedes for Israel
30The next day Moses said to the people, “You have committed a great sin. Now I will go up to the LORD; perhaps I can make atonement for your sin.” 31So Moses returned to the LORD and said, “Oh, what a great sin these people have committed; they have made gods of gold for themselves. 32Yet now, if You would only forgive their sin... But if not, please blot me out of the book that You have written.”…
Cross References
Exodus 20:23
You are not to make any gods to rival Me; you are not to make for yourselves gods of silver or gold.

Nehemiah 9:18
Even after they had cast for themselves an image of a calf and said, "This is your God who brought you up out of Egypt," and they had committed terrible blasphemies,

Treasury of Scripture

And Moses returned to the LORD, and said, Oh, this people have sinned a great sin, and have made them gods of gold.

returned

Exodus 34:28
And he was there with the LORD forty days and forty nights; he did neither eat bread, nor drink water. And he wrote upon the tables the words of the covenant, the ten commandments.

Deuteronomy 9:18,19
And I fell down before the LORD, as at the first, forty days and forty nights: I did neither eat bread, nor drink water, because of all your sins which ye sinned, in doing wickedly in the sight of the LORD, to provoke him to anger…

sinned

Exodus 32:30
And it came to pass on the morrow, that Moses said unto the people, Ye have sinned a great sin: and now I will go up unto the LORD; peradventure I shall make an atonement for your sin.

Ezra 9:6,7,15
And said, O my God, I am ashamed and blush to lift up my face to thee, my God: for our iniquities are increased over our head, and our trespass is grown up unto the heavens…

Nehemiah 9:33
Howbeit thou art just in all that is brought upon us; for thou hast done right, but we have done wickedly:

made

Exodus 20:4,23
Thou shalt not make unto thee any graven image, or any likeness of any thing that is in heaven above, or that is in the earth beneath, or that is in the water under the earth: …







Lexicon
So Moses
מֹשֶׁ֛ה (mō·šeh)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 4872: Moses -- a great Israelite leader, prophet and lawgiver

returned
וַיָּ֧שָׁב (way·yā·šāḇ)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 7725: To turn back, in, to retreat, again

to
אֶל־ (’el-)
Preposition
Strong's Hebrew 413: Near, with, among, to

the LORD
יְהוָ֖ה (Yah·weh)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3068: LORD -- the proper name of the God of Israel

and said,
וַיֹּאמַ֑ר (way·yō·mar)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 559: To utter, say

“Oh,
אָ֣נָּ֗א (’ān·nā)
Interjection
Strong's Hebrew 577: Ah, now! I (we) beseech you!

what a great
גְדֹלָ֔ה (ḡə·ḏō·lāh)
Adjective - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1419: Great, older, insolent

sin
חֲטָאָ֣ה (ḥă·ṭā·’āh)
Noun - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 2401: An offence, a sacrifice for, it

these
הַזֶּה֙ (haz·zeh)
Article | Pronoun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 2088: This, that

people
הָעָ֤ם (hā·‘ām)
Article | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 5971: A people, a tribe, troops, attendants, a flock

have committed;
חָטָ֞א (ḥā·ṭā)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 2398: To miss, to sin, to forfeit, lack, expiate, repent, lead astray, condemn

they have made
וַיַּֽעֲשׂ֥וּ (way·ya·‘ă·śū)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 6213: To do, make

gods
אֱלֹהֵ֥י (’ĕ·lō·hê)
Noun - masculine plural construct
Strong's Hebrew 430: gods -- the supreme God, magistrates, a superlative

of gold
זָהָֽב׃ (zā·hāḇ)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 2091: Gold, something gold-colored, as oil, a clear sky

for themselves.
לָהֶ֖ם (lā·hem)
Preposition | third person masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew
(31) Moses returned unto the Lord--i.e., re-ascended Sinai, to the place where he had passed the forty days and nights.

Gods of gold.--Rather, a god of gold. (Comp. Note 3 on Exodus 32:1.) The plural is one of dignity.

Verse 31. - Gods of gold. Rather "a god of gold." 32:30-35 Moses calls it a great sin. The work of ministers is to show people the greatness of their sins. The great evil of sin appears in the price of pardon. Moses pleads with God for mercy; he came not to make excuses, but to make atonement. We are not to suppose that Moses means that he would be willing to perish for ever, for the people's sake. We are to love our neighbour as ourselves, and not more than ourselves. But having that mind which was in Christ, he was willing to lay down his life in the most painful manner, if he might thereby preserve the people. Moses could not wholly turn away the wrath of God; which shows that the law of Moses was not able to reconcile men to God, and to perfect our peace with him. In Christ alone, God so pardons sin as to remember it no more. From this history we see, that no unhumbled, carnal heart, can long endure the holy precepts, the humbling truths, and the spiritual worship of God. But a god, a priest, a worship, a doctrine, and a sacrifice, suited to the carnal mind, will ever meet with abundance of worshippers. The very gospel itself may be so perverted as to suit a worldly taste. Well is it for us, that the Prophet like unto Moses, but who is beyond compare more powerful and merciful, has made atonement for our souls, and now intercedes in our behalf. Let us rejoice in his grace.
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