2 Samuel 10:4
New International Version
So Hanun seized David's envoys, shaved off half of each man's beard, cut off their garments at the buttocks, and sent them away.

New Living Translation
So Hanun seized David's ambassadors and shaved off half of each man's beard, cut off their robes at the buttocks, and sent them back to David in shame.

English Standard Version
So Hanun took David’s servants and shaved off half the beard of each and cut off their garments in the middle, at their hips, and sent them away.

Berean Study Bible
So Hanun took David’s servants, shaved off half of each man's beard, cut their garments in half at the hips, and sent them away.

New American Standard Bible
So Hanun took David's servants and shaved off half of their beards, and cut off their garments in the middle as far as their hips, and sent them away.

King James Bible
Wherefore Hanun took David's servants, and shaved off the one half of their beards, and cut off their garments in the middle, even to their buttocks, and sent them away.

Christian Standard Bible
So Hanun took David's emissaries, shaved off half their beards, cut their clothes in half at the hips, and sent them away.

Contemporary English Version
Hanun arrested David's officials and had their beards shaved off on one side of their faces. He had their robes cut off just below the waist, and then he sent them away.

Good News Translation
Hanun seized David's messengers, shaved off one side of their beards, cut off their clothes at the hips, and sent them away.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
So Hanun took David's emissaries, shaved off half their beards, cut their clothes in half at the hips, and sent them away.

International Standard Version
So Hanun arrested David's delegation, shaved off half of their beards, cut off their clothes at the waist line, and sent them away in disgrace.

NET Bible
So Hanun seized David's servants and shaved off half of each one's beard. He cut the lower part of their robes off so that their buttocks were exposed, and then sent them away.

New Heart English Bible
So Hanun took David's servants, and shaved off the one half of their beards, and cut off their garments in the middle, even to their buttocks, and sent them away.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
So Hanun took David's men, shaved off half of each man's beard, cut off their clothes from the waist down, and sent them away.

JPS Tanakh 1917
So Hanun took David's servants, and shaved off the one half of their beards, and cut off their garments in the middle, even to their buttocks, and sent them away.

New American Standard 1977
So Hanun took David’s servants and shaved off half of their beards, and cut off their garments in the middle as far as their hips, and sent them away.

Jubilee Bible 2000
Therefore, Hanun took David's slaves and shaved off the one half of their beards and cut off their garments in the middle even to their buttocks and sent them away.

King James 2000 Bible
Therefore Hanun took David's servants, and shaved off one half of their beards, and cut off their garments in the middle, even to their buttocks, and sent them away.

American King James Version
Why Hanun took David's servants, and shaved off the one half of their beards, and cut off their garments in the middle, even to their buttocks, and sent them away.

American Standard Version
So Hanun took David's servants, and shaved off the one half of their beards, and cut off their garments in the middle, even to their buttocks, and sent them away.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Wherefore Hanon took the servants of David, and shaved off the one half of their beards, and cut away half of their garments even to the buttocks, and sent them away.

Darby Bible Translation
And Hanun took David's servants, and had the one half of their beards shaved off, and their raiment cut off in the midst, as far as their buttocks, and sent them away.

English Revised Version
So Hanun took David's servants, and shaved off the one half of their beards, and cut off their garments in the middle, even to their buttocks, and sent them away.

Webster's Bible Translation
Wherefore Hanun took David's servants, and shaved off the one half of their beards, and cut off their garments in the middle, even to their buttocks, and sent them away.

World English Bible
So Hanun took David's servants, and shaved off the one half of their beards, and cut off their garments in the middle, even to their buttocks, and sent them away.

Young's Literal Translation
And Hanun taketh the servants of David, and shaveth off the half of their beard, and cutteth off their long robes in the midst -- unto their buttocks, and sendeth them away;
Study Bible HEB ▾ 
David's Messengers Disgraced
3the princes of the Ammonites said to Hanun their lord, “Just because David has sent you comforters, do you really believe he is showing respect for your father? Has not David instead sent his servants to explore the city, spy it out, and overthrow it?” 4So Hanun took David’s servants, shaved off half of each man's beard, cut their garments in half at the hips, and sent them away. 5When this was reported to David, he sent messengers to meet the men, since they were deeply humiliated. The king told them, “Stay in Jericho until your beards have grown back, and then return.”…
Cross References
2 Samuel 10:5
When this was reported to David, he sent messengers to meet the men, since they were deeply humiliated. The king told them, "Stay in Jericho until your beards have grown back, and then return."

Isaiah 15:2
Dibon goes up to its temple to weep at its high places. Moab wails over Nebo, as well as over Medeba. Every head is shaved, every beard is cut off.

Isaiah 20:4
so the king of Assyria will lead away the captives of Egypt and the exiles of Cush, young and old alike, naked and barefoot, with bared buttocks--to Egypt's shame.

Jeremiah 41:5
eighty men who had shaved off their beards, torn their garments, and cut themselves came from Shechem, Shiloh, and Samaria, carrying grain offerings and incense to bring to the temple of the LORD.

Treasury of Scripture

Why Hanun took David's servants, and shaved off the one half of their beards, and cut off their garments in the middle, even to their buttocks, and sent them away.

and shaved The {beard} is held in high respect and greatly valued in the East: the possessor considers it as his greatest ornament; often swears by it, and, in matters of great importance, {pledges} it; and nothing can be more secure than such a pledge, for its owner will redeem it at the hazard of his life. The beard was never cut off but in {mourning}, or as a sign of {slavery.} It is customary to shave the Ottoman princes, as a mark of their subjection to the reigning emperor. The beard is a mark of authority and liberty among the Mohammedans. The Persians who clip the beard, and shave above the jaw, are reputed heretics. They who serve in the seraglios have their beards shaven, as a sign of servitude; nor do they suffer them to grow till the sultan has set them at liberty. Among the Arabians, it is more infamous for anyone to appear with his beard cut off, than among us to be publicly whipped or branded; and many would prefer death to such a punishment.

Leviticus 19:27 You shall not round the corners of your heads, neither shall you …

1 Chronicles 19:3,4 But the princes of the children of Ammon said to Hanun, Think you …

Psalm 109:4,5 For my love they are my adversaries: but I give myself to prayer…

Isaiah 15:2 He is gone up to Bajith, and to Dibon, the high places, to weep: …

cut off

Isaiah 20:4 So shall the king of Assyria lead away the Egyptians prisoners, and …

Isaiah 47:2,3 Take the millstones, and grind meal: uncover your locks, make bore …

Jeremiah 41:5 That there came certain from Shechem, from Shiloh, and from Samaria, …







Lexicon
So Hanun
חָנ֜וּן (ḥā·nūn)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 2586: Hanun -- 'favored', two contemporaries of Nehemiah, also an Ammonite king

took
וַיִּקַּ֨ח (way·yiq·qaḥ)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3947: To take

David’s
דָוִ֗ד (ḏā·wiḏ)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1732: David -- perhaps 'beloved one', a son of Jesse

servants,
עַבְדֵ֣י (‘aḇ·ḏê)
Noun - masculine plural construct
Strong's Hebrew 5650: Slave, servant

shaved off
וַיְגַלַּח֙ (way·ḡal·laḥ)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Piel - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1548: To be bald, to shave, to lay waste

half
חֲצִ֣י (ḥă·ṣî)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 2677: The half, middle

of each man's beard,
זְקָנָ֔ם (zə·qā·nām)
Noun - common singular construct | third person masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 2206: Beard, chin

cut
וַיִּכְרֹ֧ת (way·yiḵ·rōṯ)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3772: To cut, to destroy, consume, to covenant

their garments
מַדְוֵיהֶ֛ם (maḏ·wê·hem)
Noun - masculine plural construct | third person masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 4063: Extent, measure, a dress

in half
בַּחֵ֖צִי (ba·ḥê·ṣî)
Preposition-b, Article | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 2677: The half, middle

at
עַ֣ד (‘aḏ)
Preposition
Strong's Hebrew 5704: As far as, even to, up to, until, while

the hips,
שְׁתֽוֹתֵיהֶ֑ם (šə·ṯō·w·ṯê·hem)
Noun - masculine plural construct | third person masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 8357: The seat

and sent them away.
וַֽיְשַׁלְּחֵֽם׃ (way·šal·lə·ḥêm)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Piel - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine singular | third person masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 7971: To send away, for, out
(4) Shaved off the one half of their beards.--According to Oriental ideas, the extremest insult which could have been inflicted. "Cutting off a person's beard is regarded by the Arabs as an indignity quite equal to flogging and branding among ourselves. Many would rather die than have their beard shaved off (Arvieux, quoted by Keil). It is remarkable that in none of David's wars does he appear as the aggressor.

Verse 4. - Hanun... shaved off the one half of their beards. To an Oriental the beard was the mark of his being a free man, and to cut it off on one side was not merely an insult to David's ambassadors, but the treating them like slaves. Moreover, as only the priests wore underclothing, and as the ordinary dress of men consisted of a tunic and a loose flowing robe thrown over it, the cutting of this robe short up to the hip was a vile and abominable affront. Of course, Hanun intended this as a challenge to war, whereas David had meant peace and friendship. 10:1-5 Nahash had been an enemy to Israel, yet had showed kindness to David. David therefore resolves gratefully to return it. If a Pharisee gives alms in pride, though God will not reward it, yet he that receives the alms ought to return thanks for it. Those who bear ill-will to their neighbours, are resolved not to believe that their neighbours bear any good-will to them. There is nothing so well meant, but it may be ill interpreted, and is wont to be so, by men who love nobody but themselves. The best men must not think it strange if they are thus misrepresented. Charity thinketh no evil. According to the usages of those days and countries, Hanun treated David's ambassadors in the most contemptuous manner. David showed much concern for his servants. Let us learn not to lay unjust reproaches to heart; they will wear off, and turn only to the shame of those who utter or do them; while the reputation wrongfully hurt in a little time grows again, as these beards did. God will bring forth thy righteousness as the light, therefore wait patiently for him, Ps 37:6,7.
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Alphabetical: and as at away beard beards buttocks cut David's each far garments half Hanun hips in man's men middle of off seized sent servants shaved So the their them took

OT History: 2 Samuel 10:4 So Hanun took David's servants and shaved (2Sa iiSam 2 Sam ii sam) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools
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